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Vol. XIII.— No. 1 

i A (Phota-Engmtedi, SuhmiH,d for Comptlilim in Our Prizt FtmriMng Clast. and One of Ih, Three Specimen. Selerleil aa lie Benl from the Whole Number Rectttied. 
■ Other Two Cttta {U and O are Likewise Shown Etaewhere in This Issur. You are Inriltd (o Send I'our Vote as to Which of These Sjteoimrns Shalt he Auarded First Prise, 
.<A SecomI and Which Third. For Particulars of Vollug. Set Page 8. (Size of Original, 15 x 16 Inches.) 


Western Penmen's Meeting. 

liVKR lllfM 

The third ttnnuni i-onvcution of the 
Western Penmen's AMoeiation wiw held 
in the rooms of the Iowa Commercial 
College, Davenport, Iowa, opening on 
Wednesday, December 26, and lasting 
tlirough the week. It was the most sne- 
cejwful meeting in the history of the as- 
sociation, and a more cnthtisiastic and 
enterprising asaeml)lage of penmen perluips 
has never convened. The proceedings from 
Ijcginning to close were of the most in- 
structive character, and never flagged in 
nterest. There were present about 00 
penmen, representing nearly all of the 
Western Slates. The list is as follow.': : 


rg. Mo. 

O. \\. Binnn, .l,„.l,sonville. 111. 

O H. Reed. Dixon. Ill 

, Uiibnquo, Iowa. 

Fnblic Schools, Dei 

Mi>. A. i\. I'lihntjr, Cedttl- Itapids, lowB, 
Mis ('. r. I'lirtias, MiuueBjiolis, Minn. 
Mrs, li. c. Wood. Davenport, Iowa. 

'I'lie iifw otlirers of the associatiou are 
as follows ; 

President. Cliandler 11. Peirce, Keokuk, 


E-Prcsident, C. N. Craodle, Dixon, 

Secretary and Treasurer, A. N. Palmer,, 
Cedar Uapids, lu. 

Kxeeutive Committee: W. P. Giesscman,. 
Chairman, Des Moines, Iowa.; C. 8. Cliup. 
num. Des Jloines, Iowa,; P. T, lieut<uu 
Iowa City. Iowa. 

I»lr. Pelree Lcails OO'. 

The convention was called to. order by 
its pre.-^ideut, C. C. Curtiss, of Minneapolis. ' 
on Wednesday, at 2 p. m. After the read- 
ing of minutes and reports of officers, the 
e.vercises were opened by C. 11. Peirce, of 
Keokuk, la., on "The Philosophy of 
Motion." He said all good forms must 
have a preparatory motion. Perfect ideals 
alone do not make good writing. Tbe 
motion of the hand while off the paper dur- 
ing the process of writing, constitutes the 
philosophv of movement. The proper esc- 
cution of any capital letter depends upon 
Its ajiplication. A movement, however 
HOod in form, however well impressed upon 

By I. W. PIrrsoyi 

P. T. Benton. 


Ihe miud, can never be made to harmonize 
:md produce unity of action without the 
application of this recognized power. The 
poetry of motion embodies grace, ease, 
style and the general pleasing effects shown 
in skillftil execution, which arc due in a 
large measure to the presence of this almost 
inexplicable force. The principles which 
underlie it or compose it systematically 
accord with the highest artistic pro- 
ductions. To understand it is to secure 
the shortest, easiest and best method to 
the highest possible attainments. 

Form should, however, precede move- 
ment in learning to write. This is a neces- 
sity, from the fact that pupils attend school 
at too early an age to render instruction in 
muscular movement practicable, their first 
efforts being with slate and lead pencil. 
Mr, Peirce said if he could have pupils re- 
frain entirely from any effort at writing 
until they were of sufficient age to have 
developed muscles, judgment, and pur- 
pose, he would proceed with movement 
rather than form, developing form as a re- 
sult of discipHnal motion. 

The speaker believed that there must be 
more or less finger action combined with 
that of the forearm, for the highest order 
of writing skill. Numerous illustrations 
and movement exercises were given upon 
the blackboard with an astonishing degree 
of skill, showing that the " philosophy of 
motion " had at least developed one phe- 
nomenal master of the chirographic art. 

A spirited discussion followed Mr, 
Peirce's remarks, his position being sus- 
tained by a large majority of the speakers. 


The evenmg session was ope ned by P. A, 
Westrope, of Grant, Iowa, on "Traveling 
Penman." He set forth his plan of organ- 
'v/.\n^ imd conducting special wnting 
iImsscs for a course of twelve lessons. 
His plan was to first visit the school 
officers and secure the nse of the 
most eligible public school-room, then 
visit the public school teachers, secunngso 
far as possible their co-operation and 
giving a free lesson to their pupils as an 
example. He then canvassed the neighbor- 
hood for pupils. He announced the first 
lesson free and collected no tuition until 
satisfaction was assured. His course com- 
menced with simple movement exercises, 
combined first with the principles, then 
letters and words. 

This exercise was followed by a discus- 
sion iu which was raised a question as to 
the relative desirability of the following 
form? for the reverse oval letters: 

By C. N. Crandle. 

On a vote of the members No. 'l re- 
ceived II. No. 3, 5; No. 3, 0, and No. 4. 

A. N, Palmer, Cedar Rapids, la., fol- 
lowed upon "Muscular Movement Writ- 
ing." His exercise was accompanied with 
numerous and skillfully executed black- 
board illustrations. He would drill from 
the start upon the pure forearm move- 
ment, leaving any necessary or desired 
finger action to be developed by the pupil. 
He also advocated the placing of the arm 
at an angle to the right of the margin of 
the paper, thus enabling the hand to swing 
from the elbow in making the long strokes 
of writing rather than to make them with 
a direct forward and backward motion of 
the forearm. 

These ideas called forth a very spirited 
discussion, Messrs. Curtiss, Crandle, Ames. 
Peirce, Chapman and others urging that 
the proper finger action should be ex- 
plained and taught with that of the fore- 
arm and that the forearm should be 
nearly parallel to the margin of the paper. 

irig on a roorablr ratbcr than a Sxed 

? nearly a right angle to thv margin. 

Palmer began bin movement drills 

the direct oval exercis**, following 

inverted. These ha first practiced 

M-rrt by count by motions in the air, 

'111 paper, endeavoring to attain a 

'if 200 down strokes per minute. 

'jcercises were followed by numerous 

combining varioufi letters. In all 

icticc he sought to lead pupils to 

ility to properly criticise their own 

He did not believe in the use of 

I' holders, fn his advance practice 

.[uircd pupils lo rover u page of 

irMOHN SlarlN a Speed ClaaM. 

proceedings of the second day were 
l.v A. E. Parsons, of Wilton Jimc- 

B. C. Wood, of Davenport, then gave 
an exercise upon " Blacklward Work." A 
largi- number of the members were sent as 
a class to the numerous boards surround- 
ing the hall. They practiced to time from 
niustc at the piano by Mr. Kinsley, upon 
the numerous exercises presented by their 
leader. The exercises consisted, first, of 
simple movements, then single letters, 
combined capital letters, words and sen- 
tences. The whole exercise was intenseiv 
interesting and called out many astonish- 
ing exhibitions of skill, notably from 
Messrs. Peircc. Wood, Picreon, Palmer. 
Duryea, Uoff. Benton, Crandle and Net- 
tieton. In accordance with a request of 
ye editor several of these exercises were 
transferred to paper and are shown by the 
accompanying cuts. We regret that many 

il tlif vuriuua briiDchps bvlucsjiog to a 
school course. The necessary reci- 
tations are so numerous '.hat, united with 
other incidental labor, a teacher's time is 
so overtaxed as to compel the devotion of 
very limited time to any one rccitntion or 
branch of study. Half an hour twice it 
week devoted by the whole school to 
writing is often as much &4 can be spared, 
and is even proportionately more than can 
be devoted to any other subject. The in- 
struction is to be given by an unprofes- 
sional teacher, most frequently without 
knowledge or experience respecting the 
proper style of copies or methods of in- 

This, the speaker believed to be a fair 
statement of the circumstances under which 
the vast preponderance of all the children 
of this land are forced to learn all thev are 

stances of each pupil as far as practicable, 
and to those who in his judgment were 
circumstanced favorably to the acquisition 
and practice of the muscular movement 
teach it by separate and specific iuftruc- 
tion ; to alt others do the best possible with 
finger movement. This is, of course, 
assuming that the teacher himself under- 
stands and can teach muscular movement, 
otherwise finger movement only is possi- 
ble. It is an obvious fact that any prac- 
tical use of the muscular movement 
requires much more time and effort than 
does the linger, and much more practice in 
after life to retain it; hence the finger 
movement is most certain to secure ordi- 
nary results for oi-dinary persons and for 
ordinary use. 

It was Mr. Ames's belief that writing 
did not receive attention commensurate 

iHii'ii ;? {Phuto-Enfimvrd) Svhmitted for Competition in our Prize Fimtrishing Ciass. and One u/ the Three Sjmiinem 
The Other Two Cuts (A and C) are Likewise Shoirn Ehenhrre in this Issue. ¥ou are Invited to Send Your X^ote a 
/Vise, Which Second and Whivh Third. For Parttcularx of Voting see. Page 8. (Size of Original, 10 x 15 Inches.) 

Iowa, who gave a very creditable 

u on teaching adult classes. lie 

»laced great stress on time as applied— 

it, to correct drill, and then to indi- 
Hdual speed. In o special contest by the 
"nembers of the association the word 
'moon" wa.s written by a large nimiber 
,9 times in one-half minute. Five minutes' 
rial on the .^anie word reached 1G5 words 
Ox five minutes. Counting was discussed 
it considerable length, and all agreed that 
to obji-ct was to secure uuiformity, and 
hat eventually the proper results would 
W produced without thought, and, rela- 
Ivcly speaking, without sight. Incessant. 
Dtclligent repetition is the sure road to 
ucccssful execution. 

Mr. Parsons illustrated upon the board 
it great length his plans of developing by* 
BOTement exercises, speed and accuracy 
if motion. Much interest was elicited, and 
11 agreed that his plan was meritorious. 

were written i 

D. T. Ames then addressed the associa- 
tion upon " Methods of Teaching Writing 
iu Ungraded Public Schools." Teachers 
of writing, when speaking of methods and 
systems, very naturally speak from their 
varied standpoints. A teacher before a 
class of advanced pupils, such as attend a 
business college for the specific purpose of 
qualifying for business, could not use or 
advocate the same methods that he would 
in the first writing grade of a graded city 
school ; nor could the teacher of a graded 
school advocate his plan for an ungraded 
public school. Here writing is taught to 
the masses, and under the most adverse 
circumstances. Thrown together are pupils 
of i-U ages and every degree of talent and 
attaimuent, to be instructed by a single 
teacher, for a short and often single term. 

to know of writing. Many of these pupils 
by force of circumstances, attend school 
for only a very limited period, barely ac- 
quiring the rudiments of the first branches, 
their life pureuits calling for the most 
limited use of the pen. Under these cir- 
cumstances, what is the proper course for 
a teacher to pursue respecting the teaching 
of writing ? 

First: If the teacher is able to write a 
fairly good copy upon paper and the black- 
board he should, if time will permit, 
write copies (preferably upon movable 
slips) illustrating and analyzing the forms 
and combinations of writing at the board. 
If not able to write a good copy, copy- 
books should be used. As a rule he 
believed that only finger movement can be 
taught or acquired under such circum- 
stancei. His plan would be that a teacher 
should first make himself personally ac- 
quainted with the capabilities and circum- 

with its importance from either school 
officers or teachers in our country schools. 
Next to reading it was the attainment 
most necessary and useful, and should 
receive attent'on accordingly. These views 
seemed to accord with those of the asso- 

Thursday afternoon C. C. Uearick, 
Council Bluffs, addressed the association 
upon "Engrossing," giving many practi- 
cal hints. Messrs. Crandle, Peircc and 
Ames joined in a discussion at the close. 

('. H. Peirce followed with an interest- 
ing and practical exercise illustrating 
" How to Gain Speed in Figures." Form 
stands first and must be nccurcd by the 
action of the fingers. Presenting the 
work in an order of simplicity as foilown: 
1, 0, 6, 4, 8, 5, 3, 9, 2, 7, is only in keep- 
ing with the proper presentation of any 
subject. After form follows speed, taken 
singly. With the very best results here 

wc may follow without sight, heginuingat 
u modi-rate rate and iocreaaing to that with 
Bight. Combining figures, two, three or 
more at a lime, wiU follow, gaining speed 
[wsitiveij- and giving enough practice to 
retain the highest points gained almost 
without effort. Speed in figures will give 
sjieed in writing. The profeaxional's rate 
of «peed in promiscnous work is 130 per 

nbttleton's metoods. 

" Word and Sentence Writing " was the 
next subject, by O. E. Nettleton, Peoria, 
111. Mr. XettietoD developed a very in- 
teresting and practical plan of instruction, 
using movement exercises graded from 
simple t« complex, practiced by his classes 
in concert, by count or beating time. His 
olassea often practiced in speed contests, 
both (|uality and speed being considered 
in determining the reHult. He advocated 
a style of writing above medium size, 
written with a coarse pen, without shade. 
Respecting the size of writmg, the con- 
vention was not in full accord, many ad- 
vocating a size below medium, on the 
ground that the hand could move over 
short spaces with greater ease and celerity 
than over long ones. In other respects 
Mr. Nettleton wan in fullest accord with 
the convention. 

At the close of his exercise there was a 
speed contest, in which the members 
joined as a class. The word "mine" was 
written the greatest i:umber of times by 
C. H. Peirce, 180 times, and three others 
wrote it 116 times each. 


Thursday evening the exercises opened 
with song by a male quartette, composed 
of Messnt. P. T. Renton, A. N. Palmer, 
R. H. Randall and A. R. Whitmore, W. J. 
Kinsley playing a piano uccompanimeut. 
The music was well rendered. An ad- 
dress of welcome to the association by the 
Hon. Joe H. Iiiiiu', ii« ihe representative 

of the Ml. 


1 then de 

Mr. ChaiBUan : The pi-esident of the \\ ■ 

the i-epresonttttive of the mayor of this bwiui i 
ful ei^, and through him to the good people i>f 
Davenport, their thanks for the cordiaj wel- 
come extended to us on " ' 

The annual address 

<lcntlemen of the Wesl 
;ioQ, and I 1 eould 
uoD of the association : 

The year just closiue 

■••"?ress and adva — 

V methods and 


the president v 

■ hbs been one of 

JM-Ogress and advancement in our beautiful art. 

s upon old usages 

indicates that the la' 
within our lines 

the i-coiitv of histi 

liMxl It to kwpswretly l>Hrnmg the Hi-es of the 
altiira of mteUiKonw. when all around them 


Every effort u> t.u}^i ■.. 
In giving it a nioi. 
world, and howevni i 
the complex business . 

lain among the great con- 

Lii>> the duty of our guild 

.J ..iiiansbipoiid kindred arte 
i till- strongest aids to the commercial 

1 you would begin i 
one who could ami 
lin andhanil, that \ 

ity ago, and mark the 

felt. In textile fabrics, m porcelain mid 
eoithenwares, iu the fashiomng of wood, 
stone and metal ; in printing, Uthogi-aphy ana 
engraving ; in architecture, painting, music, 
the drama ; in all the kingdoms of construct- 
ive thought and action, the spirit of beauty 
is filnonff— iinil eliiill ours alone remain sta- 
ti--u:u\ '. it .(iniiot. L.ut must move with the 
jif" ' - I'll ;ii]ii ii IS moving, as you and I 
kii-u, ..), {>:H:ilhl lines with the other and 


I' ■11. i...,..ii ,11 .w m>- tn hone that our 

■-'I'' ■■!! i - '"■>> !"■ "11.- ot much ma- 

1-1 -I. M ■ . ■ I ■ ., . . ti i.nd all. Let 

I- .iii'l 11M-' Ui-i -111. Kitious for the 

that dehgUtluJ memurius of the occasion 
y remain as the pleasant heritage of this 

After music by the quartette, brief re- 
marks were mnde by C. S. Chapman, of 
Des Moiues, on "Forged Writing," fol- 
lowed by a somewhat extended address 
by D. T. Ames, upon " Pei'sonality in 
Handwriting and the Detection of Forg- 
ery,*' which evoked th.e special compliment 
of a vote of thanks. 

Tlilrd D»y»8 Proceedln(r». 

At Friday moroing's session C. H. 
Peirce moved that, innsmuch as this asso- 
ciation recognizes in D. T. Ames, of New 
York, "not only a leading light of the 
profession, but one who has done more 
than any one else for the progress and 
elevation of his and our chosen calling," 
he be elected an honorary member of the 
association. This was unanimously car- 

D. W. lloll, special teacher of writing 
iu tlic public schools of Des Moines, gave 
a novel and entertaining lesson on 
" Tpiiching Movement " in the lower 
PT:i<l.-i ..f public schools, from the fact 
til I '1. "Tiling in the regular lessons is 
' I ill first gi-adeandno slates used 

!■ — i»us whatever. 

^h lli'ir illustrated in on easy. iJucnt 
;ind I i.|>tivatirig mimner his mode of teach- 
ing writing through the several grades of 
schools in his charge; all movement drills 
were m concert and in time according to 
music furnished by a music-box, which 
was easily regulated to measure any degree 
of time to suit the requirements of his 
classes. His first effort was to secure the 

good will and strictest attention of his 
pupils. He always accorded them some 
kindly greetiug, and exacted the strictest 
attention to alLthe details of his instruction. 

Mr. Hoff's plan was well received by the 
entire convention. In a future issue of the 
JornNAL it is probable that his plan will 
be more fully elalwrated and illustrated as 
we believe it deserves to be. 

After an extended discussion, in wluch 
many members participated, J. B. Dur^ea 
illustrated his plan of teaching " Busintfs 
Writing to Advanced Pupils." He believed 
in concert drill, but marked time either by 
concert or with a stick upon a box or 
table ; he made a free use of mo\ ement 

W. F. Giesseman followed with an in- 
teresting and instructive exercise on "Pen 
Lettering," illustniting his method of 

engraving steel and '■nppcr plates. He 
told how they were made by lines sunk 
into the plate, either by cutting with a 
graver or etching by acid, and could only 
be used for printing upon a copper-plate 
]iress. Wood and photo -engraving were 
made by cutting away the surface so as to 
bring the line into relief, and could be used 
to print upon any common printing press 
the same as type. Photo-lithography 
was the transfer of designs to the 
surface of stone. The talk was highly 
interesting. Mr. Bonsall wjis formerly a 
teacher of penmanship and a very skilled 
writer, and has developed marked skill as 
an engraver of tine script plates. 

C. L. Crandle, of Dixon, HI., followed 
with an illustration of his idea of *' Abbre- 
viated Writing." His ideas were ably 
presented, skillfully illustrated, and well 
received by the convention. We hope in 
the near future to present his abbreviated 
capitals and writing in The Journal. 

R. W. Fisher, Davenport, then gave an 
interesting dissertation upon "Business 
Correspondence," wliich was followed by 
a spirited discussion. D. W. Hoff occu- 
pied the remaining time of the session in 
the further development of his plan of 
teaching writing and movement with the 
aid of music. 

Friday eveuir 
Minii\v|i;ii humorous talk on "Penmanship 

I. Ill 111 .' by W. D. Showalter of the 

/.,/ v.'!'!,. Jacksonville, HI. Mr. Ames 
I'niiiiwid with Ji brief stiitcment of the 
eariy history »i ii-'urnanslnp impers in this 
country. Th.' i:i-t -t ^^\^\■U Iu- had any 
knowledge ^vi!- Mn II w' ./ r.,„-lin; pub- 
lished nearly ■-^■", m;,i^.'i-i' Ii\ II. W. Ells- 
worth, in New York. With this paper 
the speaker was connected. Later the 
Western Penman, by J. D. Conovcr, at 
Coldwater, Mich.; the Penman, by 
Thompson, of Cincinnati; the Peiunan 
GiKrtte, by G. A. Gaskell, then at Man- 
chester, N. H., which was finally merged 
into the Home Ovest, of Boston, soon dis- 
continued, when in 1877 The Penman's 
Art Journal was issued by A. H. Hin- 
man, then of Pottsville. Pa. After the 
first issue its publication was assumed by 
the speaker, by whom it had been con- 
tinued to the present time. Dui-ing the 
period of its publication the penmen's 
papers that have come and gone are well 
nigh legion. Mr. Ames gave some- 
what humorous description of the joys 
and tribulations incident to the publica- 
tion of penmen's papers. 

0. N. Crandle then led a contest in 
" Blackboard Writing," participated in by 
Messrs. Pierson, Peirce and Wood. In 
variety and skill the performance was one 
of unusual interest to all present. 

Mr. HofE being called for, treated the 
andience to several astonishing perform- 
ances on a harmonica, including the imi- 
tation of a railroad train in all its varied 
sounds. The performance elicited round 
upon round of applause. After this R. 
H. Randall sang, with piano accompani- 
ment, the "Sword of Bunker Hill" and 
a humorous song entitled "Father's Old 
Half Bushel," both of which were well 

Saturday morning at a. 
K-rs of the rnnvrntion wrrc 
i«grv l,v -Slr-.-T- W.. :-.,-! ,,„1 

Rock Island is beautifidly located in the 
Mississippi River. It contains something 
upward of 1000 acres, is owned by the 
United States and devoted exclusively to 

mihtary purposes. The round trip occu- 
pied obout two hours and will be remem- 
bered by all as one of the most pleasant 
incidents of the convention. After the 
return to the college rooms a short business 
session was held and the following resolu- 
tions «ere adopted 

Rf I I That tl -L-iVH I ih n recommend 
to t llv ipon the 

fie* I 1 » Cliffs. 

de\ 1 ent of the 

mu 1 

R •< I I That I I I Tillable means 
for securing rythm cal timt m the execution of 
tiacmg an extended rao\cmeut exercises m 
wntmt IS heartilj mdorsed bj the Western 
Penmen s isfcociotion 

Professor Peirce recommended the fol- 
lowing points for consideration at the next 
convention, and the Executive Committee 
were so instructed by unanimous vote: 

1. How to teach writing in our district 
schools to secm-e the very best results. 

2. How to instruct the teachers in Institutes 
that they may better lepresent the art of writ- 
ing to ttJe thousands of pupils in our gi'aded 
and ungraded public schools. 

3. Unshaded business capitals, 
(a) " " writing. 

4. Shaded business capitals. 
(a) " " wnW. 

The exchange of cabinet photos to be con- 
fined to members only, unless by special agre i 

Remarks followed commendatory of the 
valuable normal work being done by 
Messrs. Kinsley, of Shenandoah, la., and 
Crandle, of Dixon,*Ill. 

The subject of teacliing writing to 
pupils predisposed to use the left hand 
was discussed. A. E. Parsons believed 
that no effort should be made to in- 
duce the use of the right hand, and of- 
fered a resolution setting forth that such 
was the sentiment of the convention. The 
resolution was lost. Messrs. Peirce and 
Ames believed that all reasonable efforts 
should be made to induce the use of the 
right hand, from the fact that the very 
construction of writing was adapted to 
execution by the right hand ; yet it was 
their belief that the circumstances of each 
and every case should determine the course 
to pursue, and that no prescribed rule 
could be laid down. 

The officers of the association for 1889 
as named above were then elected. Be- 
fore adjourning these resolutions were 
unanimously adopted : 


Whereas, The thii-d annual convention of 
the Westeni Penman's Convention is about to 
close a most enthusiastic, pleasant and profit- 

Resolred, That the thanks of the association 
be tendered to Messrs. Wood and Van Patten 
for the cordial reception and hospitable enter- 
tainment extended to the numerous attendants 

Resolvi-i/, That this association appreciates 
thecoi-ili/Ll wrloiiiL).' l.'iiil..-r.M injt bv the Hon- 
orable >[.i\'.i .'r llii' iit\ ..t I'.ivnpnrt thi-ough 
theHi.n .1 ll. Lam , .il- ili.- ...Lljal invitation 
from tlir MiiMin.-^-. M.ri •. A^-.. i;iii.,n.^ 'I'hiit (Ins as-oriatii>ii extends its 
thanks t*j the press of Davenport for the Ub- 
eral reports uiade from day to day of its pro- 

The next session will be held at Des 
Moines, la., dunng Christmas week, 1889. 

An amusing contest in writing and 
flourishing blindfolded occurred on Satur- 
day evening after the close of the conven- 
rion between C. H. Peirce, of Keokuk, and 
I. W. Pierson, of Burlington, R. S. Bon- 
sall, of Chicago, and B. C. Wood, of Dav- 
enport. Mr. Peirce produced an entire set 
of capitals well nigh perfect in form, in 
alignment and all that goes to give quality 
to writing, also several specimens of plain 
writing which in its regularity and form 
was above criticism. 

While Pierson, Bonsall and Wood dis- 
played scarcely less skill, that which 
caused the most amusement of all was the 
effort of these gentlemen and some others 
present to draw a pig while thus blind- 
folded. 'Their creations were fearful and 
wonderful to behold, Bonsall locating the 
eye of his animal in the shoulder, while 
the "narrative" was attached to its back, 
while Pierson's pig was without ears and 
wore his eye in the snout. Other produc- 
tions were equally ludicrous. 

It wa.s the general verdict of those pres- 
ent that Mr. Wood in his third attempt 
executed a more perfect set of capitals 
blindfolded than he did with bis eyes 
open. It was suggested that in future ex- 
hibitions he write entirely blindfolded. 
The boys left the hall at a late hour, and it 
was the unanimous opinion that the even- 
ing was well spent. 

What do ffou think of our jrrize flourinhetif 
next month we will give some heautiful mm- 
pUa of ornamental work. Bu$ine»K kttern 
come in, too. Of rourse you intend to vote. 

Across the Continent. 

A dpflection ot nine milcR from ihc 

regular road on the return from the Vosem- 

Siin FranciHCO, and about 45 miles 

£0t from the former, ftave our party an op- 

rtunity to visit the celcbratetl Mari}K)sa 

of bJK trees. The monumental 

' and loftinous of these dominators of 

vegetable kingdom aro> ustouodiDg. 

persons who have heard all alwut 

and httve their proportions down 

Miii;m>s)i in, perhaps, all things 

. I 111. nioflt imposing of all th' 

. .f hig trees known in Cali 

rii> rr iire 050 of these old giiint- 

1.- Calaveras grove, which contnms lln- 
■ At Inrgest number. Standing out l>v it 
If i- that vpl.-iHli.l si.eriiiH-i,. tln-(lri//lv 

■ gr< 


ixl OT 

1 to 


of the pros- 
of one-sixth 

1 iillil 


ml o( 

11 the greatest of those 
the trees in the grove 
^ceeding 300 feet. In 



Fnthor of 


the prostrate 
Forest," is 

1 ffi- 

in U.' 


mote period, and its trunk is a 
for perhaps n hundred feet. 

several thousand years more. The wi-itcr 
was one of a party that rode through the 
opening in the tree on a stage-coach, just as 
shown in the picture. It %vould be ipiite 
possible to enlarge the "ate-way sufficiently 
to admit of two such vehicles passing 
through abreast. The stately magnificence 
of a grove containing such a number of 
these venerable patriarchs of the forest is 
quite beyond description. 

Our nest trip was to the hot springs or 
geysers of California, These are located 
something over a hundred miles to the 
Northwest of San Francisco, and attract 
many visitors on account of their hot sul- 
phur baths, said to have great medic. nal 



an certainly bear witnes.s 



p prorffts. Our return wsis 

tlirougli tl 

;; '';;," 

tihi! \:Tp:i Valley, famed 
■ r. 1 rniiucing districts 


1 1 !.' 

1 1. 1 nuked vine clad, 

with her, 

■■ , ■ ■■ ,1 

and pine, u 

1. 1 ,\ . 111. in, ■lit. 

These for.<t- 

; 1 'I. ■ .■■! ■!.:. :i .1 uric 

would think 

ih iDi. <>i -ii|>|>i\ ni" 1 IH roil- 

tinent with li 

mlicr lor Jiiit-- lu t urin-. Saw 

mills and lu 

uber piles were everywhere 

Besides tlic ii 

in and around Tacoma. 

imodiate supply of logs, im- 
are towed down from all 

mense rafts 

parts of the Sound. 

At Tacoma we took a steamer for 
Seattle, which is about 40 miles further 
up the Sound, and is a fast growing city 
of some 15,000 or 20,000 population. In 
some respects this is one of the best 
located and most promising cities of the 
Pacific Coast. It is rich in lumber, fruit 
and bops, and although further north 
than Maine has a remarkably mild and 

growing vigorously, new wood continu- 
ally making and bursting through the 
c-hwred portions, and is good for perhaps 

It wiis with reluctance 
that on the morning of Au- 
gust 9 we Iiiriicd our ftice 
homeward ' 'm in-r -i.ii. 

by E. C. .\tl,,M-..N r,>-i- 
dcnt (.f tl,. Surniiiicnto 
Business (oil (■;:<•. by wliom 
wf WL-n- trial. (1 to a day 
of delightful entertain- 
ment, driving through all 

tlie interesting portions of 
that beautiful city and its suburbs. 
SiK-rumento is one of the most substantial 
aii.l ]-r.tsperoiis cities of the Golden State. 
oiii \\:iy thence was over the California 
tml ur,(jon Railroad, which nins all the 
\\;i\ I.I Puget Sound, in the midst of the 
gnuulust mountain scenery. The road 
liua in the trough of two parallel mountain 
ranges, the Sierra Nevadns and the Shasta 
Hange, and in full view of both. Snow 
capped peaks are almost continually in 
sight. Among the grandest of these are 
Mounts Shasta. Hood and Tacoma, Of 
the latter we present a line (ait represent- 
ing it as it appeared on the middle of 
August, clad for several thousand feet 
from its summit in its never changing 
mantle of snow and ice. 

Our first stop was at Portland, a sub- 
stantial and growing city of ovirr 40,000 
population. It ha.i an immense tiade in 
lumber and salmon. While there the 
writer was the euest of A. P. Armstrong, 
of the Portland Business College, an ex- 
ceedingly clever and entertaining host. 
One day was spent in a trip by steamer u]> 
the splendid Columbia River, affording a 
view of much magnificent scenery. 

After a stav of three davs we left for 
Tacoma. Wash. Ter., which 'is delightfidly 
located at the southern extremity of Puget 

equable climate, frost being unknown. 
The mountain views from this point arc 
of the grandest on the Coast. Across the 
Sound, to the westward and in full view 
towering peaks, i 

to the east are 
Mounts Baker, 
while the Sound 
nnd Wiishington 
the niM"-t v.-.l.'f 
f,,r. ■■_■!■ .M'l i-.i. ■ 

of the Hang 

thr fn;i-"iv.- fnnnv 




which I 

> Spokjine Falls. 

cities along the rr 
Wash. Tor., from 
iug artist has taken an attractive little 
scene, and Montana's capital, Helena, a 
great mining center, about 100 miles from 
the western end of the park. At Living- 
ston we left the main line for a little 
branch Hue which landed us at Cinnabar, 
near the uorlhwcstem comer of the park. 
Prom this point the journey of explora- 
tion in that incomparable reservation was 
made by stage coach. We shall take the 
reader through the park in our next paner, 
and show hini things not to be seen elsewhere 
on the broad earthsofaras known toman. 


^fvot^ha^b ^cpa^l"i4icnt. 

Alt tiuitUr intttulf'l lorthh Jrjuirtmei.f 
{ineiudijtf/ ehorthnrnt rjrhanfjfi) fihouf// hr 
Mnt to Mr*. L. JI. Pachirfl, 101 £iigf 2Sd 
ntreet, Xfr York. 

The Shorthand World. 

Whatever may be snid or thought about 
the glut in the amunucDsis market, there 
seems to be no " let up " in the educational 
work dooc to fill the possible demands for 
»tcnogrraphcr8. Not only are shnrthand 
xrliool!. hcint.' multiplied oti all liand»«, iiiid 

another thing is accomplished which no 
kcen-sccotcd teacher will ever lose sight of 
— viz. : the conveying with the words and 
phrases which the student uses to promote 
his skill valuable Icesons concerning the 
very work in which he is engaged. These 
"sugar-coated pills" harm no one, but, 
like bread cast upon the waters, are sure 
to return, and to bless. Altogether, the 
work is to be commended. 

The Cosmopolitan Shorthamler has taken 
the first step toward annexation, and re- 
moved from Toronto to Chicago. Messrs. 
Bengough & Brooks say a graceful farewell 

Take, for instance, the following, that in 
one form and another may be culled from 
almost any shorthand periodical, and 
gathered from almost any thoughtful man 
or woman who has tried to get there: 

1. Make haste slowly at the start. Call 
nothing "shorthand" that cannot be 
read promptly and easily. If an out- 
line is difficult, practice upon it until 
it can be made with automatic e.\act- 

2. Carry words in the mind, not only in 
their sound, but in their meaning. If 
it bt' difficult to do this, practice upon 

meat of words without knowing their 
meaning. That is not a vocabulary — 
it is a junk shop. Make yourself ac- 
quainted with the different styles of 
speakere and writers, 

7. Get a pen that just suits you, and with 
which it is a pleasure to write, and rid 
yourself of friction, as far as possible, 
in every way. 

8. Practice. 

The English Tongue. 

Among all the translations of "The 
English Tongaie " received up to the pres 

JWJ'YAlLi' \iftW(c( oVcAW-'W.L 

V'^t'-^ ^^.t-.-...^-i.:.^^ 


r«i«.iuil)li>, liiitliful or clcceptivo, put foilh 
lo luif llii- \voiild-l)t' ^horthniKler to the 
• ouly ■■ foiiiitiun of knowltdirc, but books, 
and piTiodiciils abound, "systems" are 
multiplied and the general tendency to a 
" boom " in slenogiaphy is kept right side 
up by nil the devices that the disinterested 
"educator" can employ, So far, no- 
body is hurt by the excessive zeal, but 
everybody seems to be reaping a harvest, 
and the " revolution " in business methods 
foretold by the first perfected type-writer 
continues to revolve. 

Among the recent new books is Longley's 
"Dictntion Exercises, " an unostentatious 
cheaply printed pamphl it of 72 pages, with 
selections and original articles carefully 
arranged for stenogrophic work. The 
compiler, himself a teacher of great repute 
and the author of a I'itmanic system of 
shorthand, h«s made use of his "wide ex- 
perienee in this selection, taking care not 
only to secure " the best verbal and phrase 
ology praelice for all classes of work," bul 
lose enlist the intertst of the learner in 
what he is writing as to oeeomplish that 
condition of "mental grasp" which is es- 
sential to all eifcctive reporting. And 

in the October-November number, and 
Jlr. Isaac Dement, the champion speedist, 
starts the new series with a characteristic 
salutatory, and we arc left with the pleas- 
ing task of welcoming the coming and 
speeding the parting guest. We do it 
with pleasure, and without an imj dot. 

The champion typewntists. Miss Orr 
ond Mr. JleOurrin, had llicir innini.'s in 
New York on Friday ivri, ,11^ i ,, , ,i""^ n 
at Packard's BusinV^- ' I ', ,.- 

scmbly room was erowtli .1 nl, (, , i,,i 
lookere-ou, and the tla-lili.u linu., m,! 
monotonous click of the l!iriiit)i,'i(ni 
machine made a feast for eye and %ar. 
The tjucstion which a croaker'in the back 
row propounded: " What is the use of it 
allr was not answered on the occasion, 
and so we say here, it was a pleasant and 
appropriate tribute to skill, and a de- 
lightful entertainment to the amanueuscs 
of the city, who filled the hall. It was. in 
fact, a good thing, and ought to be re- 
peated in some form. 

More About Speed. 

It is interesting to note the various sug- 
gestions made by teachers and stenograph- 
ers concerning speed and the best way 
to attain it. and espeemlly to note that 
they ore generally sensible and pracHcable, 


^ bz-^ 




vi.4 ^^z:\-.x:-<\ 


.\.l.^..vl^...^..r:..^..'^.^./:...:).i .p.^...^ = 

L ^...-i\. 



it. Get some one to dictate sentences 
of suitable length, and practice repeat- 
ing them until you can do it readily and 
. Use all the common sense you have, 
and if you need more, get it. Follow 
the gist of a speaker's remarks, and the 
exact expression, if you can. Above 
all, don't make a sensible speaker talk 
nonsense. If you have to supply a word 
make it fit. 

Believe in youreelf— not aiTogantly and 
ub.sfinately, but with a modest confi- 
dence that will not moke you ridiculous 
if you should fail to do the best that is 
in you. Don't let slight failures dis- 
courage you, but rather make them 
help you. 

Kit-p cool. Let others do most of the 
flurrying and worrying. Don't burn 
your bridges, but leave open a sate re- 
treat, though you may never need to 
use it. Keep your wits about you. 
Get a large vocabulary, by whatever 
best means it may be done. Read dif- 
ferent authors; listen to different 
speakers; practice the art of composi- 
tion, in order that you may know your 
own paucity. Do not get an assort- 

cnt time, not one has been perfect. The 
best two are by D. J. Cleary, of Platts- 
burg, N. Y., and Chester Ashley, Lake- 
ville, Mass. Each has made one error. 
One is in translating Peace, pease; the other 
writes can for could. Though the article 
is composed of short words, it is difficult 
to read, and to be plain should be vocal- 
ized to some extent. One grammatical 
error occurs in the script, owing to the 
word tells being rendered tell n«. The 
key is given herewith. 

One of the best things to be said of our birth 
tongue is that it is void of art and speaks in 
short words. Its style is full of pith and 
pomt ; its terms are brief and tei-se, and in 
mode of flow is to a mark which it hits each 
time. The gi-and test of its foi-ce is found in 
the mass of its short, strong, curt, crisp 
words, which can say all that wise men know 
or can learn, in forms of speech and with 
sounds that so straight to the niiud and heart. 

think u 

r trihf of earth c 

' heads 

t foTcp and lifibt as the stars do their firw, 
they fill the Boul with floods of Imth so 
I as their swift sounds strike the ear. We 
I DO one U> teach um their worth. Tbifl 
ilu in on lu as the sun's twams do at mom, 
wo Icnuw it, and wakes in the snu\ and the 
■U- frame thrills of joy or throbs of mirth 
^ elad than a song can. Then we have a 
<iT wonls — such true ones of love, such 
' ' 'iivft of hope, such full one^ of force, mich 
ri;^ onm of right, such stiff ones of wlU, 
i of faith, such sweet ( 

» of tnith to thrill the heart. These 

rid for the taste of liian, s<> do our 
rmt; for ua stores of truth lo Mil 
n.i rhror UR in tlip dark dnvs nr 

. tliu wurld roiuid 
■ft. -words which 
' than all eai-th's 

s st*el, and as kind as Ood; 

Tlic qualificAtious necessary for suct-ess 
!is A stenographer and type-writer operator 
lire more extoosivc than tbt,' name of the 
!irt implies. An acceptable imd success- 
ful imiauuensis nowadays is more tlion ii 
mere writer of shorthand and an operator 
of the type-writer. There is very little 
dcniiind for stenographers and type-writer 
opi'ratore moroly, but there is n very large 
and ever increasing demand for'voung 
men and young women with good' busi- 
ness heads who have a thorough knowl- 
edge of stenography and type-writing. It 
is, of course, understood* that ability to 
spell and punctuate correctly is indispeusa- 

1 have been in daily contact with this 
subject for the past eight years, both as a 
pfrfornuT and as an employer of this class 
nf labor. It has also been my dutv and 
privilegv. until receully. to furnish 
amanuenses for the leading business houses 
ilowii to«n, and I therefore know some of 

the^ailings of which business men com- 
plain ; and being a stenographer myself. I 
think I know the reasons for these failings. 
The most cf>mmon complaint against 
stenographer* is that they are mere ma- 
chines— that is to say, they write mechan- 
ically. You drop tiie words into the ear 
and they come out at the ends of the 
lingers. An error on the part of the dic- 
tator is not corrected by this sort of sten- 
ographer. He simply writes sounds, and 
if his ear be unreHable, as is often the case, 
or the annunciation of the dictator be 
indistinct, he is apt to catch a sound that 
sounds like the right sound, but means 
something entirely different. He tran- 
scribes what he has heard, or what he 
thinks he has heard, regardless of the 
sense, and when censured for writing non- 
sense he will say : "Well, I didn't think 
that was right, but thafs what you «/«/." 
Edison's phonograph will do much better 
than that. The phonograph cannot exer 
cise brain power; it cannot discriminate; 
cannot use judgment; poss&sses no intelli- 
gence, but every articulate sound recorded 

even though he write but one hundred 
words per minute, is much more valuable 
than a one hundred and fifty words per 
minute man without it. What the former 
man has got he has ^ot, and he knows 
what it means, and when he hands in his 
letter he knows it is right ; wberejis the 
other man may be right and he may be 
wrong; he doesn't know which. 

By far too much attention is paid nowa- 
days to the cultivation of speed at the ex- 
pense of accuracy. Speed is a very desira- 
ble quality, but not nearly so indispensable 
as well-doing. Cultivate the habit of in- 
telligent writing, and speed will be ac- 
quired unconsciously. If your dictator is 
going too fast, ask him to ease up. If his 
idea is not clear to you, ask an explanation. 
If you come across a difficult outline, make 
an inquiry. You will appear much less 
stupid by asking questions than by taking 
chances on making senseless errors, thus 
not only incurring the displeasure of your 
employer, but detaining' him, perhaps 
while you re-write a long letter or con 
tract. Shorthand outlines are so mu 



upon its cylinder is i-ej)roduced with abso- 
lute accuracy. It has a faultless ear, and 
in this respect it beats the machine stenog- 
rapher. You possess brains; you have 
intelligence; you are capable ol the exer- 
cise of judgment and taste, and if you are 
not prepared to offer these qualities as a 
supplement to your shorthand ability there 
is no room for you in the commercial 

My experience has been that in order to 
make an intelligent transcript of anythinj; 
written in shorthand the matter must be 
intelligentJy heard and intelligently writ- 
ten. The mind must be concentrated on 
the subject under discussion, so that you 
know when you are through writing, 
without reference to your notes, the gist 
of what has been said ; and then, when you 
come to transcribe, even if you do occa- 
sionally encounter an undecipherable out- 
line (and the best of stenographers some- 
times do), your knowledge of the idea that 
is desired to be conveyed will enable you 
to substitute a word that will answer the 
purpose. It is impossible and unnecessary 
to burden the mind with the exact expres- 
sions. All you need is the theme. The 
stenographer who posses.scs this ability, 

alike, and many of them, even when writ- 
ten in the proper positions, represent dif- 
ferent words, which, although they may 
make sense, still convey an idea quite the 
contrary of the dictator's intention. 

The importance of type-writing must 
not be overlooked. In most shorthand 
schools tliis subject is treated with com- 
parative indifference. They havemachines 
for the use of pupils, but the necessary 
instruction is not given. Skill in type- 
writing is not such an easv accomplishment 
as some would have you believe. The 
machine is so simple in construction as to 
be operated almost at sight, but to obtain 
the best results from it requires the outlay 
of considerable time and patience. And 
of what value is your shorthand skill with- 
out the ability to make a neat and speedy 
transcript on the type-writer? It is not 
your shorthand notes to which the signa- 
ture of your employer is attached. The 
point from which he judges you, and from 
which his correspondents judge him, is 
your transcript. And still there are hun- 
dreds of stenographers in New York of 
absolute accuracy in shorthand whose 
type-writer work is a disgrace to them- 
selves and their employers: and why? Be- 

cause they have never been taught how'to 
himdle a machine properly. You will do 
well to take in alt the instruction afforded 
you. for the coming operator must be not 
only a writer, but a machinist. Type- 
writing is rapidly increasing in popularity, 
and the public are becoming more and 
more critical in their demands for perfect 
work. Employers now know the differ- 
ence between careful and careless operat- 
ing, and that "horrid machine'^ i.i no 
longer an excuse for slovenly work. My 
remarks in regard to the comparative 
merits of speed and accuracy in shorthand 
hold good also in type-writing. Write 
nothing faster than you can write it neatly 
and correctly. Ilemember that you can 
write from 10 to 30 words in the time ne- 
cessary to correct one error. 

When you come to seek employment 
don't be too hard to please. Don't com- 
plain if asked to do work outside of your 
own line. On the other hand, »ieek such 
opportunities. Get a general insight into 
all the details of the business. Make 
yourself generally useful. Relieve your 
employer of as much detail as possible. 
Ascertain what part of his work is most 
irksome to him, and try to relieve liim of 
it. If it is difficult, all the better. Seek 
difficulties. Take pleasure in mastering 
them. The very fact, of the work being 
ilifficiiU will give you an opportunity to 
>liiiw yonr ability, and make yourself 
\ :ilii:il)le, and eventually indispensable. 
I ciiiiiiol understand how young men pos- 
sessed of the intelligence necessary to leam 
shorthand can allow themselves to get into 
the "machine " rut. Some seem to have 
no ambition beyond that of stenography. 
Others have the ambition to do sometliing 
better, but do not know how how to go 
about it. I can tell you one way to do it. 
Start in with the determination to do well 
everything vou undertake. Hand in your 
letters to your empliivcr so carefullv, neatly 
and correctly writteu that there will not 
be the sli>,'htest occasion for alteration. 
This may go on for six mouths or a year 
before it is appreciated, but it will come 
in time. You will soon find that he signs 
your letters without reading them over. 
The next move will be to dictate all his 
letters to you, and then go home leaving 
you to sign them. Tfiis w t/ie k'ujhett 
.un„/'i;i„ti,t >in finplot/er can pay kin at^n- 
.,,,r>'r'i' '■ Hv rijid by he will turn over 

-"Ml i.ii|.,.i! ,iir litters to be answered 

\'\ I' 11- y«tu only some general 

iiii 1. i. 1..: is your golden oppor- 
tuiiity L.i,ul^.ai\, you will find more 
and uiuru letters handed to you, and 
eventually you will yourself conduct 
the entire correspondence, which con- 
stantly grows until you find it neces- 
sary to employ an assistant, and will 
dictate instead of being dictated to; and 
thus you go on and on until your name 
hangs over the door. If your employer 
is what is called a "crank," consider your- 
self lucky. Give me a crank, every time. 
Of course, there are cranks and cranks — 
some of them intolerable. That is not the 
kind of a crank I mean, but rather a man 
who 18 exceedingly fastidious in his tastes; 
has certain set ideas about how things 
should be done, and sticks to them ; who 
is very exacting in his demands ; poesessed 
of a disagreeable and repulsive manner, 
which he cannot help, and which it will 
pay you to humor. Anybody cin get 
along with an easy-going man, but cranks 
are cranky. They are hard to tolerate — 
but it pays. Get on the right side of them 
and you are all right. They know they 
are hard to please, but when you do please 
them they ^vill pay you more than any- 
body else rather tlmn let you go. 

To the young ladies I may say that there 
is lots of room for you in business. The 
■prejudice that formerly existed against the 
employment of female labor has been dis- 
pelled, and the demand for male and 
female stenographers is now about equal 

Such of you as intend to enter commer- 
cial houses must prepare yourselves for 
difficulties and annoyances at the begin- 
ning which will not be experienced by 
your brothers who are accustomed to the 
rougher side of man's nature. You will 
have to accustom yourself to the differ- 
ence between social and commercial 
etiquette. It will yo hard with you at 
first to be criticised and censured, but you 
must expect when you undertake man's 
work to do it in man's way. You must 
remember that business men have no time 
for conventionalities. Be punctual; ab- 
sent only when absolutely necessary. 
During business hours do not be afraid 
of work. Do not make believe working 
when you have nothing to do. Do not 
watch the clock. Treat the other clerks 
with civility and politene-s«, but with dig- 
nity and reserve. Thus you will retain 
your self-respect, gam the respect of your 
fellow employees and the good-will and 
appreciation of your employers. < 

I'ENMAN's Art Journal 

Advrrtising ratrji, i 

r> advertisfmmts taken /o 
f^lrculntlon !■«( j-rar 

New York* Janaarr, 18 

KiiiToniAi, C0MMBNT8 

Lemons In Pmctieal Writlntt No. 0. 
D. T. Amen. 
Koiin wntiit ivc I'triimcn of America. . . . 

wuiilfi t'l Exitmniff Sjicoimens 

KuiKATioNAi, Nt.TKs-Facts; fancips . 


The first frpits of our ytma competi- 
tions are presented in this issue. A large 
number of specimens were received. These 
were all submitted to Mr. A. J. Scar- 
borough, who was chosen judge by the 
votes of a majority of the contributors. 
Mr. Scarborough's work wils to examine 
the specimens and select three of the best, 
lit- is ipiite as ignorant of wlio the design- 
ers of these specimens may be .-is is any 
reader of The Journal. The competition 
htis been absolutely fair in every detail, 
and who could wish for three more beauti- 
ful specimens of flourishing than are shown 
in this issue? 

Now, it is for the subscrihens of The 
.TniMiNAL to do the rest. We have offered 
a prize for each of tliese flourishes. The 
first prize is $10 CHsh; the second prize a 
copy of Ambs' CoMi'EsmDM; the third 
prize a gross of Ames' Bert Penp. It is 
tor you to say for which flourishes these 
respective prizes arc to be awarded. Send 
u» at once on receipt of your paper your 
preference of the three specimens and 
your second ehoice. The one receiving 
the highest number nf vote.-; will luivr- the 
first award, the next "highest the second, 
and the other the third. 

We wish every Joprnal suhseriber to 
vote. Let there be a full, free and fair 
expression of opinion In voting, indi- 
cate the apccimeufi as they are marked— A, 
B and C respectively. All votes must be 
received by Februi.ry 10 at the verv latest, 
in time fnr ani...uurement of the result in 
ihe next issue. When the result is an- 
nouneed we shall give the names of the 
flourishera. Not one of them can have 
occasion to be other than proud of his 
work, whatever pri/.e it may receive. A 
good form of ballot to use is this: 
I think the priws slionW i>e awai-ded as fol- 
Si>eeimeii A. prize. 

In this connection we will give a choice 
of our regular premiums free to the first 
three persons (with allowance for dis- 
tance) who shall correctly name the au- 
thor of each of the prize flourishes. This 
is, of course, a side issue, and has no con- 
nection with awarding the prizes, but we 
have a curiosity to know if there are any 
of our readers who can place these speci- 
mens by their style or by reason of any 
individuality they may posses.s. 

Two YEARS AGO souic of our Western 
brethern conceived the notion of bringing 
together such members of the profession 
as were within convenient reach during 
Christmas week for interchange of opinion 
and discussion of topics, which would 
tend to promote their usefulness as teach- 
ers. The idea took shape at once, and 
from its inception the Western Penmen's 
Association was an assured success. Much 
good was accomplished at the first and 
second meetings, but it was very genenilly 
conceded at the recent gathering at Daven- 
port, Iowa, that no such assemblage of 
penmanship teachers had been got together 
to the knowledge of any attendant. Not 
[<< - iilarL"' 'in what we have reported with 
in ii 1. t:iii ;i-, the importance of the event 
ill iLiml- 1|, ihe reader is referred to our 
o.iii|iri-hiri-ive review of the proceedings 

In the next issue of The Journal we 
shall present some of the prize offerings in 
other classes — business letters, ornamental 
work, &c. They include some very hand- 
some specimens. In the line of essays on 
teaching writing, &c., we have had re- 
sponses from some of the foremost pen- 
men and teachers of this country. The 
papers will be printed as soon as possible. 
We believe that no such widespread ex- 
pressions of expert opinion on these sub- 
jects has ever been obtained before. And 
we flatter ourselves that our prize competi- 
tions have been a very conspicuous success. 

We have received a copy of the pub- 
lished proceedings of the tenth annual 
meeting of the Business Educators' Asso- 
ciation of America. It is a work of 300 
pages, and a valuable document for com- 
_merciai teachers, comprising full reports 
of the work of the Schools of Accounts 
and Business Practice, Calculations, Cor- 
respondence, Civics, Penmanship, Short- 
hand and Typewriting. This is the esti- 
mate placed on the work by Mr. R. C 
Spencer in a letter to Mr. L. L. Williams, 
of Rochester: 

No publicatiou has yet been issued of equal 
value to business teachers, tor whom it is full 
rjf eneourageuieut and inspiration ; and it will 
make a splendid impression both upon the pro- 
fession and the public regaitUng the work of 
business education. Probablv not more than 
100 copies will remain after filling the orders 
already entered, Business teachei-s can bettor 
afford to pay SIO tor a copy of this publication 

than bi be 

should see . _ .„ . 

placed in the hands of each member of 

copy of t 

its fac- 

' $1 a copy. 

ulty and of pn 

The price of the 
Orders may be sent to R. C. 
Spencerian" Business College, Milw'aukee, 
Wis., or to W. E. McCoi-d, Packard's 
Business College, 101 East Twenty-third 
street. New York. 

of penmanship some 
.1 a long list of suh- 

j!' 'h 

Practical Writing. 


Correct Position. 

Some years since, while visiting the 
main operating room in the gi'eat building 
of the Western Union Telegraph Com- 
pany, No, 198 Broadway, from which are 
sent and received daily tens of thousands 
of dispatches by over .100 operators, we 
asked the superintendent: "Were you 10 
a word required to specify that which 
causes you most annoyance in the writing 
of your vast business, what would it be?" 
Almost without hesitation, he replied, 

In this one word is summed up four, 
fifths of the cause of all illegible or bad 
writing. The careless pupil learns to 
write with difficulty; the careless writer is 
the torment of his readers, and what upon 
reflection is surprising is the fact that most 
of this carelessness might be more easily 
avoided than permitted, since it is a fact 
that the hand habituated to good and 
orderly forms repeats them more rapidly 
than it possibly can produce chance or 
disorderly ones. 

Teachers and learners, stick a jieg here, 
and if you doubt, try it. It is theformsthat 
are doubtful in their character that hinder 
and annoy the reader, most of which with 
the least care might be made unmistak- 
able in their identity. As an instance, a 
fonu like the following 

has no identity apart from the context; 
it may rea.sonably be taken for either an 

yyiy ^€^£y yC'C^ 

and when extended to 

the forms are still more doubtful, as it 
may equally well stand for any one of 
these seven combinations: 

Thus the importance of always employ- 
ing the proper curved line as a connection 
between parti of letters as well as 
between, letters will be very obvious. If 
the hand has been properly trained so 
that every motion comes from a correct 
and fixed habit, the correct forms are more 
rapid than the incorrect ones, because 
there is no false or hesitating motions to 
the hand. 

Fii.tii liic fuicgoing hints and illustra- 
\\"w- It Til liiiiidreds of equal importance 
wIihIi \\y riiiulit give, the learner will sec 
!i(i\\ \r\\ i--rn(ial it is to stand sharply 
n Mil inl iL:iiii--i such carclessncss. Sec to 
" III '' '!"» while the hnhit is being 
mimM-i] Mill '-tublish therein forms and 

certain iu their character. 

The following copies may be practiced 


-The Ln 



On page a are presented a large number 
f movement esercUes which we comn ' 
all learners for practice, also the 
rcises given with last lesson. 

D. B. Williams and A. U. Taylor, among its* 
teachers, has been compelled to seek larger 
quarters to accommodate its rapid growth. 

— The Amstpi-dam. N. Y., Business College, 
has both day and night sessions, and reports 

._ . , _iatural advantages. TTioi 

who biive bwu there don't wonder at the chal- 

— Giesseman, the accomplished penman of 
the Capita) City Commercial College, Des 


— Hon. E. < '. Atki(i-.i>ri \\\\\ next month cele- 
brate tht; maIi-i-uMi ;iiiiii\ II >iir'y of his business 
college at Sm i.ini' nt.i, t'al , which is one of 
the foi-emost commercial training schools on 
the Pacific sloiie. 

—The "Year Book" of the Yale Business 
College. New Haven, Conn., is so beautifully 
jiriiitwl and richlv illustrat^'d. and of such ad- 
niir.'ililt' .'iM ui'ji iiii'Mi ili.'ii It is impossible to 
.■.I 1 1 -I til. ,1, M-hool behind it 

is ,11. .1 ,1 , . , ..I itskmd. R. C 

Luwi i.Il- I- Mi. . I.I. I |.. i,,_ pcesident. 

— V.ii i 'lit the advantages 

of a cu\ii • : I w,-- Allentown, Fa,. 

Business I I i . u to Messrs. Black- 

man&l)"(N , i'. 1 1 1 ■ ■, for a copy of 
their ii"w,M •■ / ./,..:,;.., 

— O. P. Ju.iil, President or the CUnton. Iowa, 
Business College, otTei-s u new Remington No. 
2 typewriter, to whichever of his pupils shall 
attam the highest rate of speed on the instru- 

H. Alden Spencer. 1 m ■ 1 1 1 1 known 
penman and comim 1 • nomi- 
nated for Congri;-'- 1 1 1 ■ \MRiican 
Auti-Free-Trade !,■ 1. ■ i 1 . \ York 
Acs.sand the Wasiiu, i. other 
iom-uals. took occit-; ; 1 . nt Mi*. 
Spencer upon thir. n. n 1 ■■ \ \- .States- 
manship qualities. I ii ■ in im s i,. i. inng fra- 

some votes of being elected. 

— W. Y. Bohtho, of Dover, N. J., won the 
gold medal for best examination at the recent 
exercisps of the New Jersev Busine** College, 
Newark, The silver niedKl fell to .lohn B. 
Alien, of Newiu-k. Principal Miller and his 
as.sistantswere the recipients of valuable pres- 

id for the Philo 
l.'iny by A. W. 

Ohio, is highly praised by the Telegraph of 

lumbus, Ohio. The ceremony occun-ed at the 
home of the bride. The young people have 
1.-... :„■,„. Jqj, tijgj,. prosperity and hap- 


tliuta niML'nifyiii- i,'la>^<. is nen.vsury to bring 
it out, and still all done ^vitb a pen. Profwsor 
E. M. Barber has few rivals with the pen," 

—Mrs. Sai-ah E. , wife of E. E. ) liilds. of the 
Northampton, Moss., Til iiM -- '' i). , ilj.don 
November 28. She ■■■. ' ,,- ,,id, 

and leoves a httle !"■ 1 i.,ived 

husband's grief . Mr- 1 . . j\ \,-o. 

Am tJoi uvvi. 

ii<tli-l(l ColU^p. Khf WHS married throe 

' •mroud A Smith have a larj^ attcriidancp 

,. ir hiiMiii-^^ i-.ll. ,:.■. Atfbison, Kaii. 
"I i; 1 1' wi-ll-knuwti ucnaiao 

■ >t Stratiord. Out., 

K. Marlin a Bimimm Collefre, at Spokant> 
\Va«li. T<T., in onn of tJje inxtitunooK of 
T)irivui(; city rpferred to briefly iu our 

■ nitiii-iilrtl iirticU* on another pagv. " 

r..n -.,■ ult: ir.rl.i.Ung ■ - -" 

Thf vborthand 

-i|)ul, U to be conio'atu- 

land.Obio. Ht al-O t«fltbt* i«riiuiim;hi[- and 
commercial braDches by mail. 

—The twentv-third amiiversary of the Tren- 
toD Busin«s CoUe^ was duly celebrated on 
Tuesday. December 11. 

by Principal Rider. 

Death of Prof. John B. Holmes. 

Prof. John B. Holmes, proprietor of the La 
Porte, Ind.. Busines College, died suddenly 
on December 'if>. 

It is with more than usual sorrow that we 
record the paasing away of so worthy 

eof I 


Professor Holmes was endowed with a clear, 

ptvtivt, bail WlXvi .io Milbuui biatlumtT thau 
to do withnut this great work. Amos' Com- 
pendium irontinues to be the standard on en~ 
^roasing. letteriog, ornamental work. &c.. and 
ts also indispensable, lliese two works make 
a complete penman's encycloiiedia and library. 
The price ol the Ames Compendium is (5. 

We have sold a large number of these two 
Compendiums at a special combination figure 
of #10. saviag the piuThaser $2.50, and giving 


-If there is any busineas college )>criodical 

—A handsome ilium innted c 


letterwen-i 1.1 1, 
of The .l.H Kv 
writing loiiiMm. ? 

[larlmur has been tmcb- 
I- public schools of Tabor. 
iini-nof omnmenralletter- 
luiwnvoi-y fun- ileirre© of 

- : - 
I I liri, TejE., whone 
I . ( "(I ihe front [lage 

. a umiil'cr of cnnls and 
vhich proclaim him Xm be r yPhniH-Kngniftd) SubmiUed for t'oinpetUion in Our Ih-izc Floitrishing Clasx, and One of the Three Spei^iniens SeJected as the Be»t from thf Whole Niimbi 
Thr Other two Cuts (.4 and ft] are Lihewi$e Shown Ehewhere in this Issve. Tou are InritM to Send Tour Vole as to which of these Sppcimms sluill he Aw 
/Vr'zi', rrAiWi Sveond and which Third. For Particulars of Voting^ See Preceding Page. [Size of Original, 15x30 Inches.) Coll,.f^ 

highly cultm-ed by diligent 

.Journal extends 

'II Junction, Iowa, 

i a good penman. 
iiiiig people how to 
ijiit IS, suggesting 
imd furnishing 
I.e. Probably no 
< so much of this 

- bool at Na 100 Euclid i 

Hv leaves 
extend on 

fiiiaii. admired, honored, beloved, 
wife and six children, to whom we 
Host profound sympathy and con- 

a good deal in commendation 

brought from a press. It ■ 

ssive Age^ Kansas City. Mo., veryat- 
a without, as it is instructive within. 
—The editors of the Elevator^ published e 

gi-eat camestne.«. 

—Alack ! The Pen Art Herald has passed 
over to the great penmanship journal majority. 
But w_- have the Ink fiottU. as its revivified 
essence, with W. D. Showolter presiding at the 
safety valve. The paper is intercBting and 
worthy to live, it has moved to Chicago. 

— Some Business Points with profuse pic- 

otber thoughtful articles i 

I shorthand 

. - S. A. D. Huho and G. W. Walters have 
reason to be proud of their College Reporter. 
Helena, Montana. It looks as though there 
were a vigorous school back of it. 

—Among the latest arrivals in the com- 
mercial journal line is the Commercial World, 
Battle Creek, Mich., by J. B. Knig. 

fully written letter. 

Doii'tj'itil to totf on the prize npecimcim. 
TnE JOCRKAL renders are to he the judges 
of their respeetice merits. By the way, 
keep your ryes open for some gems in the 
other lines of penmanship, lehieh leiU eomr 
in htter. We promised you a letter paper 
this year than ever, and the promise shall be 


Practical Teachers and Penmen. 


In a roomy, light, niry studio, whose 
windows, north nnd enst, look out upon 
Rock River, with hucrkground of wojded 
hillH. nnd out upon the httlc Ncw-Engliind- 

At its meeting in Mionfapolis in July of 
the current year he presented his methods 
of conducting Inr^e claiiscs in penmanship, 
the exercise being considered one of the 
mo8t intercstiog and profitnble of the 
conveotioD. Likewise he is an enthusi- 
astic member of the Western Penman's 
Association, snd addressed it at the Cedar 
Rapids meeting last winter upon the sub- 
ject of abbreviated capitals. For the year 
just ended he was a member of the 
Executive Committee and was prominent 

C. N. Crandle. 

like city of Dixou, HI., nestling among 
thft Irees iilong its undulating streets, you 
miiy. six days in the week, find C. N. 
Crandle, the artist penmiiu, working busily 
a-" a bcnver. The studio is on the second 
floor of the main or college building of 
t he iVorthern Illinois Xormal School. The 
l>rofpsfior is so busy because of the special 
penmanship pupils seated at the tables 
about him. or he may be at work upon a 
piece of engrossing for some society, or 
perhaps on an original set of capitals for 
some penman's journal, or, again, it may 
be the heading of some ambitious paper 
just about to be born. Two hours of the 
day, however, the professor spends in 
leaching the students of the Xormal in 
classes that number way up in the hun- 

What does he look like ? Oh, he's a 
pretty fair-looking ftllow— a gi-eat deal 
better looking anyhow than you could 
nuike yourself believe after examining the 
accompanying portrait. He hasn't got far 
into the thirties, yet is rather above medium 
size, has a comfortpble, well-fed rotundity 
of body and glow tif countenance that 
^peak eloquently for Mi-s. C.'s mnna^e- 
uienf of his table; has a complexion tend- 
ing toward the blonde and a pair of frank 
blue eyes that sparkle and laugh like a 
boy's, until he settles down to business, 
when they snap. 

His family consists of his wife and little 
daughter, Eda May. Mrs. Crandle is 
herself no inferior artist and designer, and 
Brother Crandle is free to attribute much 
of his professional success to her aid nnd 
inspiration. The little daughter wins 
liearls outside the family, nnd it is uoed- 
h'ss to 8»y that she rules hearts within it. 
Sunday finds all three at church and Sun- 
<lay school in the Metho.lisl Episcopal 
church of Dixon. Mr. and Mra. Crandle 
hold a memhewhip in the Methodist or- 
gaui/aliou nnd urn teachei-s in the Sunday 

Professor Crandle is a member of the 
Business Educators' Association of Am- 
erica, having joined it at (.'hicago in 1880. 

in the deliberations of the recent session at 
Davenj)ort, Iowa. 

But we like to know what a man has 
been. Well, Crandle is a ftirm product — 
not a vegetable, I assure you, but genuine 
live stock. Early in life he began to play 
the "devil" in a printer's office of his 
native Sfnte, Indiana; came then to be 
foreman in the office; left the work for an 
education, which he obtained at Val- 
paraiso. Ind. ; has since taught his beloved 
art in the Valparaiso public schools, in the 
Normal at Bushnell, HI. ; in a private 
school of his own at Nashville, Tenn., and 
in the Northern Illinois Normal School, 
at Dison, 111., with which he has been for 
two yem-s connected. As for Professor 
Crandle, the penman, he has hosts of 
friends who will guarantee that "he's all 

DoTiU /nil to nf'iid in your riitr on our 
prise Jfonrin/ied aprrimena. Sriul if, too 
mthoiit thill 11. 

(|nl<-k Work \rith the P«ii. 

EuiTonoKTiTE Journal: 

lu the last issue of The Jouhnal I 

noticed au article under the heading of 

' ' Speed in Writing. " I never before tried 

how fast I really could write, and for a 

firet trial made the following speed: 

,„ ^ No. times wiit- 

WordB ten pel- minute. 

thought 21 

Mr. Pcirce makes the figure t three hun- 
dred times. I tried it twice and made it 
309 times, and with practice could do bet- 
ter. Youra respectfully, 

Will Ramsav, Jk. 

Wunt» lo Kxrhnnge SpeclmeiiN. 

Editoii OF The Joi-hnal: 

For some time I have had a scheme in 
view which I think, if carried out, would 
result in much good and might mibue 
some of us with more enthusiasm for the 

beautiful art. I refer to the exchanging 
of specimens between different members 
of the profession. My suggestion may not 
meet the approbation of others, but as for 
myself I stand ready and willing to cor. 
respond with any one who will exchange 
with me. 

Yours truly, 

R. E. MonRiss. 
AfrP/irrmn Institutr, JirpuhHtait Ci7//, .V/A. 
If tliis suggestion meets with the ap- 
proval of The Journal's readers we will 
open a list, publishing fiee the names and 
address of those wishing to exchange 

Tbe Peuman aud IIIm Gnu. 

Richmond, Ind., November 17, 1888, 
Pnop. D. T. Ames, 205 Broadway, N. Y. : 

Dear Sir~-P\ease accept my thanks for 
the Premium Gun sent to me for thirty 
subscriptions to The Penman's Art 
JomtNAL. It is an excellent long-range, 
close and hard shooting gun, well made 
and neatly finished, and will give good 
service to any one wishing such a present. 
Very truly, 

W. H. Shrawder. 
Richmond Bmin4f9s CoUrfje. 

Mr. Shrawder's elegant double-barrel 
breech-loading gun cost him not a penny. 
He took subscriptions among his pupils 
aud when they had reached thirty, claimed 
the premium guu to which he wa.s entitled. 
We offer even better inducements now, 
as you may see by consulting our new 
premium list printed cl.'ii'where m this 

Duping Young Men. 

The Business World, Detroit, in its last 
issue has the following: 

We clip the following paragraph from 
Marcus II. Fox's excellent article in The 

and in a short time turn them out with the 
written certificate of the principal, pro- 
nouncing the plow-boy that was a '* Pro- 
fessor of Penmanship." 

These boys, or young men. go forth into 
the country districts and villages, like 
young turkey gobblers that are assuming 
their first strut, and suffer the people to 
think that " The Professor would conde- 
scend to enlighten them in the mysteries 
and beauties of the Divine Art," which 
consists, in his case, in making large, 
sprawling cnpitals with an effort at display, 
with n iim/f nf i;n'"« ■md curves coiled and 
matted in - t I'inj iiv l< w;iidness, and small 
letters m:( I (. i- .i -- [\i<- page with tower- 
Now, tht^i \Mnii;i iiieu from the country 
that have a little start in penmanship that 
is far away from a good handwriting, 
puffed up with the thought that they are 
professors, with no slight emphasis on the 
" Professoi-s, " that are making such fools 
of themselves, are really dupes of the men 
who pronounce them " Professors " for the 
sake of getting their money. 

The young men from the country, if 
rightly educated, encouraged and directed 
by honest, capable teachers, make the 
most successful business and professionnl 
men of our land; but if bamboozled by 
designing knaves, so that their efforts are 
misdii'ected, and they conceive a wrong 
.estimate of their importance and ability in 
the start, they are lost to usefulness, and 
are lamentable failures. 

Wlij- not «et a $5 Compendium Freer 

The following from a letter from J. E. 
Garner, Harrisburg, Pa., relates the ex- 
perience of hundreds: "I am perfectly 
delightt'd with 'Ames' Compendium,' 
which I iecei\ed iis a premium, some time 
hist spiiiii^. To siiy that it is a most com- 
plete work of its kind is giving the work 
very sparing praise. We -would not know 
how to get along without it now that we 
enjoy the luxury of having it within our 
reach. I hope to be able to send some 
new subscribers^ to The Journal before 


rif/ Ink Copy Executed by 0. W. CraniUf, Pt-nman, Xorthir 
linois Normat School. Dixon, III. 

Penman's Art Journal, of September, 
on "The Professor:" 

"Nowadays ambitious young penmen 
need not despair, for by taking a six 
weeks' courae of instruction in some well- 
advertised ' pen art ' establishment he can 
be dubbed 'Professor.' Is this not progress 
in penmanship? Think of it— a professor 

There is a school down in Ohio where 
they take boys fresh from the plow 

the end of the present year, as uiost uf 
those who secured it through my recom- 
mendation as well pleased with it." Mr. 
Garner got his Compendium free by send- 
ing a club of 12 subscribers to Tue' Jour- 
nal. The number has since been reduced 
so that now a club of ten subscribers at $1 
each entitles the sender to a copy of the 
Compendium free. Each subscriber also 
gets a premium. 

Kerp a sharp lookout for our prizt aprri 
meiiH in tht Ffhruarij Journal. 


Brief L-<lucutioi)al Itenui 

The new <iitalr>(^p just isnicd Riven the nam- 
bcr of «tudHntJ< in Yale Univorslty as i:J(W. 

Tlip annual c-atalo^e of HarvuM Universitr 
Khows IS»1> Ktudvots. ngaintrt WVi last year. 

Among the Mtu<Ieut£ of Princeton CoUefce is 
one n Tuars old. 

Dr. Holmi« ix crcdit^Hl witb a^vrtinK *^^^ b 
child's training dhould begin IW) years before it 

In the Ix^ndon School of ctmkerr over 10,000 
youns ladien took a fuH courw of instruction 
during the past year. 

KanaOH bas a college attcnthince of one in 
U06, being i-xcMvled in this i "" ' " "'~ "" 

mittee of foi 

■ English and the other two 
Herman respectively. 

•II of »1,000,000 for the educa- 
lolored race in tbt.* South has re- 
made by Dantpl Hand, of Guil- 

-iH CoUego, Ficshfiuld. near Liver- 
ure two colored students from 
<'-c>ini. Joseph Griffin and James 
'>i'>'Iand — who intend to enter the 

I of the Bible i 
education, and can 
such by Roman Cathoii( 

Pane Ion. 

il-lmiiM whale is generally rich in 
'■l^do Blade. 

i>t; a boy drawing, give him the 
'1 li't him draw his own conclusions. 
■Willie, what is the copital of 

Tin- money taken there by United 

nn<l boodlers." 

lids established t 

ling class I stand near tho 

i;; class I stand on the crack 

I'lL,' desks, and in the 'rith- 

ni,) lit all, 'coewo just sit 

i'roceptress (at Vassar)— " Well, Miai Daisy, 
11 waiting for your recitation." 

|i ■ siiid his uncle, who had heard the 
■ak rather delightedly about his school 
hs, " what is your relative rank in your 


man called honorable who is up- 
IK his wife? Because he is above, 

\ nice zoulogifol distinction.—" You have 
iM a cat purr. 1 supposed" asked tlio Judge. 

■ Yes," replied tlio l^Iajor. 

■ Rut, (nifside; of poetry, you never heard a 

[ : !. ^Iinllowost grave in the world on 

)i -trvot, yesterday." 

II' ■■ iniith street?" 

^ I iriii Ba^vnso there and accused him 

■ 1' the day befoif. Ho said he wa.s 

I'M I •Ui.niiiht,' '^—Tid-BiU 

>'■■■ Ml llonw. why is a man sitting on a 
I ii 1 -"T likeone wliohasgone toHeavenf" 

'"^i J ^^stonier— I thought. Isancstein. 
1 didnt do business Saturdav. Isn't this 
111 Sunday f Mr. Isaaostviu (in a low, rev< 
lit tone of voice)— My front, to sell a coat 
. 'lot for sityvenUvn tollar vas not peesness: 
I MIS charity. 
Jentleman (to biiil fancier)— Can this jjarrot 

iinl Fancier — Yes, sir, 

iiuUemaii (t*H»arn>:!— PoUy want a cracker? 
; iirrot (siile null vt— Chestnut, 
:.-ntlPin«ii— ru take him. 


" Exact Phonography." 

distiDgmsh, i 
on the liue con 
(in tljis case ha 
Kiiisbing foatui 

of them tvben t 
them. The el,T 

fuid loopK ure attached, and hidi-Iengthcuiiig and dDnble-lcnt^thcniug applied, to the vo 

medially distingiusbing the two cU 

inserted «itb his permission. 

01 as the 
At another 

Mr. Bishop's book is copyrighted, and these extracts 

(c) Combined Initial and Final Use. 

. A> spis, 
I .. sdds(t5), 

...^., schts, 
.^ sjds(ts), 

..'U' snts, 

«-5 snds, 


'^ smbds(ts), 

°* snipts(ds), 

fij sfts, 

^ svds(ts), 

(S sthts, 
. 6 sdthts, 
3 s^ts, 
3 szds(ts), 
o*. szy(Wds(ts). 
oTj smts, 
<<^ smds, 
o-S' (l.u.)syts. 
"5 ,. srts(ds), 
o* (h.u.)sjds(ls). 
. '■^ srts, 

si?ds(ls), his aids. 

s(ts(ds), sites, sights, sides. 

sSts(ds)^ suds. 

...Sfdsfts), seeds. 

.sawts, souglit liis[n 
, sods(ts). 




sJts, sots, sods. 

sewds(ts), suits. 

s^ts, sots, sods. 

sewts, suits, sued us(liis). 

... soits. 



s7ds(ts), sides, sites, sights. 
s/ts(ds), sights, sites, sides. 

•s«wts(ds), sought us(his). 


WANTED.— A Teacher or Tj-pe-Writtnir 
who can assist in Isaoo Fitmun !>hort- 
Hand Depurlment. $t«t« exiMTienco and 
salary rvquired. Wantod. also, a youn^ man as 
ofHtv assistant ; must be a coinnimen;nd grad- 
uate and write u irood hand. Addrt^ss 
1-1 Proprietor D.*S. rolleftc^t. Louis. 


ehango of loeAtloD. or piYtmotion to 
broader flclds with lartivr salaries, should 
addreffl the 


W. A. UcCoid, Manager. Des Moines, Iowa - 

Now Is the time to enroll in order to secut« 

the best I 

r the 



[en o7 
*' Tho 
s hlm- 

4 TivtMir:it oi' pl^^nA^KHIP in 

clal Branches. 

Best recommend 
ofllco of The Pen 

ms furulslicd. Addi-ces 
'B H." 1-1 

I's Jf)iir»nr.aJ5 B'dway. N.Y, 

Teacher Wanted. 

For ii loudlnB lliisincss Colleyre : the succewful 
applicant must be an expert iiciiinan. a good 
mnthomatlcfitn and a gcntlunicn of correct 
habits, Addi-cas, inclosing photogi-aph and 

I -1 Box 403, Sacramonto, Cal. 

Literary College. Unexccp. 

ATliAi'HKn from Eastern Ontario, Otmi- 
du, wishes to secure a situation as Teacher 
of Penmanship tn a Commercial Cotlogc. Ha« 

had several yoara* expeilcnco in teaching in all 
the dopurtmciit« of a Dusiuc«s College Address 

offlcc of 1 

' P.." 






can ISiiy Onc-Hundrod Scl-^ of Blanks 

for lianking at one-fourlli tlicir 

cost by addressing 

I 608 Washtngton SI., Boston, Mass. 


FOR SALE.-^'7,,V;;i;K Vl,„iv,5K 

House Uoi>k-kf('|.iiiK. The n."w -ttinilurd edP 
tion of 1SS3. New iind in nrltfliiiil imckugca. 
Pricc-90 cpnl* coi.y. A-Mimi 


J\. Good C: li r 

12-1 I*. (J. Mi^ mo, Etmi Li v e r p ool. Ohio. 

W 1 ^i\i\ -Wiintfid-A xii^ssful Teacher 
W *- "V/V. of Uook-I(er'i>iii«: ainun tbor- 
ouKh)y convomtiit with buslnuw iiructices. 
Calory from iViva to SlJikl. position in one of 
laryc Iluslnvss Collcfre. A<ldrct»>, with refer- 

'"K.." carp of S. A. GEOHCiB & CO.. 



For more fiKiborate descriptions and richly illustrated list send ten 
cents for The Journai, for December. 1888. The following list contains 
many of our best, j.Rtniuius, but it is not coiuplfle. 


For $1.00 we will seud Tub Joubnal one year with choice of the following ele- 

gant pr.-i 

* fm: 

Lord's Prayt-r . . . . 
FIoiinBhed Eadh'- 
Flourished Stug. 

SiKC, 10 3 

Grant Memorial Size, 22 x 28. 

Garfield Memorial. . . " 19 x 24. 

Family Record " 18 x 22. 

Marriage Certificate.. " 18 x 22. 
Grant and Lincohi KuTogy (onr newest Penmanship Premium), " 24 x 30. 
These premiums are without exception careful reproductions of sorae of the most 
ch-gant upecimens of pen work ever shown in this country. Price by mail, 50c. each. 
In pIfKcnf liny of flic h)>ovo, a subscriber remitting $1.00 for The Joubnal may re- 
(■r-i\'- iw |.T. inimii u piifkiiL"- if Ames'' Copy Slipnt or a copy of Allies' Guide to Practi-,.! :,' ' /' ,,..,„-lui.. Iinund in paper, or the same in cloth binding for $1.25. 
JImHi m ' I r-./u, shj,^ have reached a tremendous sale and are taught /rom 

ill ' ' ' I iidiLj l>n>iii.hs colleges and clasmcftl schools of this Country and 

(iiiiMli. i h' I 111 nil '\ii_vlhing necessary to make a good, practical business pou- 
niiiii nf !i.|iirs..ii (,( jivcraj^c intelligence. For $2 we will send The Joubnal one year, 
the Oi/i//r in cloth and a copy of the Standard Practical Penmanship. 

Special Premiums for Clubs. 

To Mtimulate thone who interest themselves in getting subscriptions for The 
Jmiknal. wp offer h niunlxT of valuable itpecial or extra premiums to pay them for 
their time and ironliir. VimIit ihis arrangement ench snbscrtber wfU also be entitled 
to choleeof tlif tcirnljir preiiihims enumerated above, the extra premium going to the 
sender of tin rinh Winn |pi(!iiiums are sent by express the receiving party will 

For $2 \vt uiil Mini lull subscriptions and lui extra premium of j1?«c«' Ovide in 

For $10, ten suhscriptions and a copy of AmetC Compendium of Practiced and. Ch'- 
ii-niimtal Pntmniiship. The price of ihis superb work, recognized as the standard, is 
$5. We have heretofore sent it with a club of tteehe. 

For $2, two subscriptions and a quarter gross box of Ames' Beat Pens. 

For $2, two subscriptions and a book of Recitations and Readings, comprising 
urarit/ f'nnr hundred »tnnaard selections suitable for entertainments, private readings, 
•tr. The cover is heavy paper, with pretty lithographed design. We know of no 
volume of the kind likely to give as much satisfaction 

For $3. two sulwcriptions and the following standard work • History of the United 
si.<ii<.-<. ill ChrriiininLriciii Order, from tlie Discovery of America in 14ft2 to the year 
IHHN iiuiiMJNi II. In. mI Midiifactures as they were introduced; of other Industries ; 
ol i; I : ' I I I I i|.1ls and other Improvements; of Inventions, Important 
!>' Ill \ i; I M' >i; 1 I ( IIILDS. Printed from large type on fine paper, hand- 
Honii l\ I I iri < I. Ill \ 11 !i ink ;iiid gold side stamp. Reguhu* price. $1.00. 

I'ui ^i'j, six MibMriptiou.s and the following photographic outfit by express : 
The Wondrr ('(niirni ; a child ten years old can make a picture. It consists 
of !i ItciTiitifiil little cHmeni covered in imitation morocco, and will make a photo- 
(rriipli :uv44 iiirlu"- in ^i/.- .ind is provided with a Rapid Wide-angle Lens. It also 

iii'iii'li iv li. hi! jin I'liiics. two Japanned Iron Trays, two Bottlesof Developer, 

"II' I I' |. i!||.Ini. ^u,|;i, one Printing Frame, six sheets each Silvered and 

Hlin I I nil I' ij I ■ II. i; .11 h nt Gold or Toning Solution, twelve Card Mounts, one 
I'laU LiiiLi, i'lii. Shu I Huh^\ Pajjer and full directions for making Ruby Lamp. 
Thin iji'tjit fondiins all (hat is needed to make and complete a photograph 

For $0, nine subscriptions and the " Unique'''' Telegraph Outfit by express This 
•iiinple and neat combination set is made for our use by the New Haven Clock Co. , of Nen 
York Ii ;•. I'ftli <ti.:i]) and practical and thoroughly well made. Though designed 
f'T H ' • !■ ih' 1 I is no toy, but may be used on private lines from a few feet to 
M^' ' i III Two outfits of course are needed if two persons wish to both 

s'li'l ' i ; -.:i,;rs. The two cells will operate a line not exeeeduig 100 feet 

in Ini-ili, .til. -.11.1 ■ 1 11 should be added for every 1200 feet. Extra cells cost 75 (ents 
I'ach. ami i:\tru .>puol.s of wire of 100 feet length 75 cent-s each. Full instructions, al- 
phnbet, Ac., accompany each outfit. We will furnish extra suppdes either for cash or 

For If 10, tr>ii viih'^rriptifHi'^nnda Vihhratfd Flohert Rift, R, ..rn.-jtnn .<rti.„i .jiUd 
stn<-k. fiisi' li;inl. rii H, ]>i inl Mii|i, rheckcred and 22 caliber. Si iii liy ex press Ihtsi 
ritles arc iiiisinp.i — ' il in iln- i|ii!ililv of material and workmansliiii. 


rl Sho 

'tr/, Ion 



siiliseriptions and an elegant 7V/v, 
luj art eximpUts. This is a rare barga 
This is the cheapest reiiahU breech-loading fowling piece of wliich 
knowledge, and will do all the work of a much more expensive gun. 

For $80. thirtv 
Wiilch, worth $25. 
with or without nion 
M.'^.■llle^^!^udSToI. , 

Splendid Extra-lleaty Rolled Gold Plate 
■ Plain or Engine-Turned Back and Front, 
of the first excellence, with Sweep-Second 
ki'il in a wnndcii box and sent by express. 

For $17, seventeen subscriptions and the following 
handsome extra premium by express : 

Charles Dickens' Complete Works (Universe Edi- 
tion); fourteen volumes ; 12 mo. Superbly bound, and 
altogether one of the richest editions of the unapproach- 
able novelist's works in print. By express. 

The price of this set is $10.50 when sent otherwist- 
than as a premium. 

present subscriber sending subscriptions to secure any of the above 
special premiums may include his own renewal among the number. In that 
case bis time will be extended on our books for one year, whether his present 
subscription is out or not. A person working for a club to secure an extra 
premium may send his subscriptions as he gets them and they will be placed 
to his credit and the extra premium sent when the requisite number of sub- 
scriptions have been been received. The club worker, however, must notify 
.18 that he is working for an extra premium, so that we may give him credit 
for all the subscriptions he may send. Unless he does so notify uis at the 
time of sendi-ng the subscriptions we will not recognize his claim. 

There is absolutely no chance for a club worker to lose any part of the 
fruit of his toil. If for instance he should start out to send us thirty sub- 
scriptions for the Watch and should only succeed in getting ten subscrip- 
tions, he would be entitled to receive the Flobert Rifle or any five of the 
special premiums offered for two subscriptions, and so on. 

The following- Premiums are oflfered for new subscriptions ONLY: 

_ The following is a special premium offered to anv prrst-tit Kiihsi-riher who 
will scud us one new subscription (with regular premium) and $1 to pav for 
same. The new subscription must not be his own renewal nor that of' jinv 
other present subscriber. 

Four Books In One! No Household is Complete Without Iff 


good time,ei0o7ou 


RruadpaKaUi,jom with tJie cNililreEi after tea id 

MBerre and chillj -i 

1 we are Ured ; and « e Iraow of do amusement 

We have pubhtihed o 

book to answer thia qiiORUon, and a wooderrul 

contains four tliuoBfi 

induced Wttf^°b?i"^i^tE^ve^1:un?el'vT^ 


School EsliibitiODB a 

rienls. Parlor ExbibiUouH, Social OatljtrJnea 


--a veritable storehouae ot good thlDgs (or alL 

f Ar-Ti'.oClIAitADE3.withrinidirectionBbowto 

i . Ah^flVfout^BHri^^^i^p" ?TOifil%.^"a^ 

lUU iriLkN CBBily periormed, jet exceediD^ly myRtlfyiDic to your amJleDco. Then^tlfero 

The following is offered as a special premium to any present auLxci-iler who will send 
us two new subscriptions (each with regular premium) and ^2 to pav for same. The new 
siibcriptioiis nnnt not inchide his owu reneuni iit>r tluit nf imy other pn M'lit siihs. rihiT 


Address I5,*,T, .A. Tk* ESS, '.Publisher Penman^ Art Jm 


aoct*. SOforflOcta, 


mil till- iMldn-w of evfri' <«rd-wrJU;r who 

[ '>~tii]fard and 1 will n^turn n blank 

t'j re|)lacc the one you iim>(I, and 

iii'-tbloR besides to r«p«}- you for 


Penmanship Department 
Sortliern IlUiiois Normal School 


Le^^on^ and IV]ail i^peci9Uie3, 
'AAum'z GEMS OP Flourish I KG, 


G. e. Hanei^, Solumuug, O. 

I phvite famlllcf) ut $^.C 
n^ulurs frt^f. Address 
(KEE & HENDERSON. Oberlit 



wtiii will send sm-cimeiis of their wrltinK. flour- 
-liiiiK or photos of pen work to H. B. PAIt- 
sdNS, of tile ZHnosvIIle, O., Business College. 
wi)i i-ccoive by return mail fllmilur spoci- 
iiiiiiH, fresh fi-om the pen, or photog-raphs, iW- 
ii'iiding upon what iRscnt for exchange. 
No epecimciis sent in cxchunne for any kind 


.. Jtou addressed In ray own 

deaorlpti ve of Lessous by Hall, Ex- 

BxerotBes, Capitals, 

,. E. PARSONSrwllton Junotton. Iowa, 

I, aod I will 8oi)d you addressed 

.. Hove meat*, Ti 
I. Flouriahlng, p1 

o postal oards need apply. 



. "■ 'pen art In the South. 

' ' 1 all klnHs made for c 


'*HV'«C^ ^e, oErdg, to Kotory>| 
Kels«7 A; Co. iU«rtd«n, Conn. 



10 Cents. 


10 C<MltS. 


lO CentM. 


10 Cuts. 

5 1 5 East State Street, Trenton. N.J. 

"EXACT phonography; 

lysTRVCTIOS. of the XE 
by Geo. R. Bishop. Stcno(i^nii 

irealingall simhf • 

OAK posmoy 

or groupof souii'l 

Com-lU-1.-**vifll tir 

11^1 " ' ■ - ' I 

ERy I -I - 

N. Y 


Stock Exchange. Ne 



No pen over put npon the market has given such universal satisfaction as AMES' BEST PEN. F 
pert work It ts abiolutely unapproachaMe. For ordinary business work It is unexcelled. Amaauen! 
t« on it. Accountants prefer it to aU others. Ladies pronounce It the best they over tried. Ca 
lt«ra and pemnansbip ezperta use no other after tbey have tried it. 


cause In givlTiKourorder to the leadtne English pen-makers we didn't ask for the cheapest artlcl 

ii'orkmea oa our orders, bandgriud, band-pick and polish ou 

Th it is precisely what has been done. Is it any wonder t 

I-Tom a barrel full of testimonials we quote Ihe following 

The Ife Plus Ultra of Pens. 

So writes J. P. Mcdsger, professional 

e output Is the very best steel pen that 

in. Jacolis Creek, Pa. : 
" Ames' Best Pens received. I do not 
wonder that your expectation has been 
surpassed. It is certainly a superior pen, 
being fine pointed, durable, flexible and 
possessing a quick action." 


U of Uridgeport, Ci 

-I like it and use it. 
Wauken H.< 

IiOBSons In Plain Writing." 

" I bave given Ames' Best Pen 
thorougb trial and take pleasure in recoc 
mending it aa first class in every respect." 

" After a thorough trial I can safely say 
that Ames' Best Pens are excollent. I have 
had a number of my special penmanship 
students try them, and all expressed them- 
selves as highly pleased." 

W. J, Kinsley. 
SJicnandoah, la. 

and unqualilied approval. In fact I 
lighted, I have long sighed for just such a 
pen. Enclosed please find $1. for which 
please send me a oue-pross box. 

jAMts W. Harkins. 
Teaclicr of Writing in the Curiuia Cmnmer- 
cial College, Minneapolis, Minn 

Distances all Competitors. 

" Ames' Best Pens beats all I have ever 
had before." P. B. S. Peters. 

Profesmr of Penmanship, St. Joseph, Mo. 
Price 35 cents a auarter iri 

Peerless t Luxurious I 
'* I am doubtful whether a p 
lade for fine, artistic writing i 

Best Pen. If you had 
"The Best "no one would have doubted 
the title." G. Biiler, 

American Pen Art ITttU, Woomr, Ohio. 

Unsurpassed for General Work. 

" Having very thoroughly tested Ames' 
Best Pens in general work. I can .say with 
pleasure that ihey are superior in every 
parlicular, and hereby commend them to all 
desiring a smooth, easy and lasting pen." 


Bryant & Stratton Susinesa College, Provi- 
dence, R. I, 

"For a pen that combines the essen 
qualities for plain writing, flourishing ; 
artistic pea vork, Ames' Best is euperioi 
any 1 have ever used." A. C. webi 

Penman aiid Artist, Nashville, Tenn. 



' Best Pens a thorough 
trial and have come to the conclusion that 
they are indeed rightly named. Thev are 
the most durable pens I have ever used." 
A. E. Dewhurst. 
Artist Penman, Utiea, N. T. 

On the Top of the Heap. 

" Ames' Best Pen meets my highest ap- 
proval." CnANDLEIt n. PEinCE. 
Peirce Business College, Keokuk, Ja. 

" I like Ames' Best Pens very much." 
C. 8. Chapman. 
Joiea BuaiTiess College, Des Moines, la. 
hox. $1.00 a grross box. 



COLLEGE, IVcivai-lc, N. J. 

ch College. 264 and 266 West 
125th Street. N9w York. 
. DUDLEY. Kesidciit PriiKipal. fornlcrl.v 

; Part 11. i],75." 

BIaLEE, Fiioliiutr, Wuasler, OWo. 

SHORTHAND 't:»f»"i:My uuit,. 
TEN O GRAPHERS ^^;°{'''*''''' 

CYCLOSTYLES, ^g;„';jf •',;;,' '"' 
ALIGRAPHSTThJ b^="'writi'ng 

Shorthand Writing 


) books, pencils, pens, rubtier 
will be fent, postpaid, or ex- 
any part of tbe nalt«d SUtes 

805 Broarfway. New York. 


Standard Typewriter. 


327 Broadway New York. 




834 Chestnut St. 


201 Washington St. 


Le Droit Building. 


9 N. Charles St. 


1 2 Third St. 


196 La Salle St. 

St. Louis, 

30S N. Sixth St. 

St. Paul, 

1 1 6 E. Third St. 


84 E. Market St. 

Kansas City 

322 West 9th St. 

London, lOO 

Cracechurch St., cor. 

Leadenhall. u 1:: 



La Salle St. 



The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

Easy, Accurate uiid Iteliable. St.nd ftaiUp for a 
aa-pauo Circular. Machine:! renU-d on trial. 



7 S2S. 

nhy student Kunr- 

"ohool In 



young people to ieam .Shorthand 
uail. I will take you through 

i;. Every worthy 8tn('-- - 

uutecd a iiosition. l.artte^t Shorthand 

tiuns Itwiilc.>.^t>thtnifto*elvS*tlie"l. 

;i 1 riiil. Over 100 gnuluates in plesisant and remiin' 

ilin! ptr month. SfnJ your nsnie and beeln this 
faf^lrmilDL'Biudyatonce. Address W. T. LAllI- 
MOKE. lusiruptor Shorthand and Typewriting. 
Western Normal College, Sbenandoab, low*. 



Give itie a trial order, readers, aiiJ 
I will do my best to please you. 
Send U. S. silver coins or two-cent 
stamps for any of the following: 

System of l^fjAon arraDged for homo or 

offlcf practice, frcKh from my jHjn — i'Jc, 
A compIeU-' Compendium of Written 
Copies and Exorcises for f^aioiiig per- 
fect controloftJiemuacularmovcmoQt.91. 00 

Combined CapiUUH ^0 

Vai-Icty Capitals 20 

iMTge sheet filled with various signatures, 

including your own 25 

15 riain White Cards, n-jtb your namo. . . .20 
1.'. Four-ply Wedding Bristol, with name. .25 

in OiitEdgo, withnome 25 

l.i Plain Bovcl, H-ith iiiune 30 

\^ Oold Bovul. with name 30 

IS GilUEdgeAs&orted Comers, with name, .il 

Curt-fully tultlre 

BOX 63. "STATION W.," 


I'iil,lisli,.,l iii„„il,lv In n. M<l,ii,l,laii. 
I'linoip,,! mill IVmiiim of llic Cmiiilii 
HiisiiH-vs C'lilliirr, of (.■hathiim, Out., is ii 
li«' i-.\|ii,Tiiiii of P(!iiinnnslili) «n<l I'rne- 
llnil Kiliinilioil. 
A i-om-sc „r I .- l,y M, Mcl.achlmi 

SUc. To Ii.uchi.|,<, oiilv 3r-„: Whii-li i» 
leas lliaii llii- tost of publKation. 
Send flc. for siimplc copv. 

123 D. McLACHLAN. 




la now one uf the departments of Jxis AnRelfs 
ItiiNlriess Culk'i;u iinil EnKllttti Training School. 

My school t>y iiintl Is now a prononnoud success. 
Twenty leasoiis for ili>,00. Send for circulars. 
Those wlitlilni; a. tliuroutclt drill nuder our personikl 
liialruellou will fli>d uo better place than the Pen- 
inanHhtp Depjirtment of this college. Send for 
I'ollego .Toninal, spoclnions of onr best work 30 

rt... D. B. WILLIAMS. Princpal, 



449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 

Business Education 


the FiTBt School of '.ts kind In America. 


XludenU tioip tijUUrtd from trrry S(at4 ana 
Territory ami nearty ail RritLih Amtrit<M I'rovinem. 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 













y of the foUowine « 

) remitted merctiandlze 

••The Best Fountiiin Pen. 


cei r 

New Spi 

'•racf ■ 

PeDmanshlp, bythe Spen- 
Compendium, completa In B 

tal Penmanship $5 

es iJook of Alpbal>et8 16 

ee' Guide to Practical and Artistic Pen- 
manship, In D'lper 50c.j In oloth 7 

lllanis'aQd PackaM'sQema.. 

rd Praotica " " 

Brothers . 

inccrlan ( 

I. per part. . 

i£lbbe'8 AlpnaDeta, Qve slips, S5o.; complete 

-set of 17 slips 

Little's lUustraHve Handbook on Drawhie... 

Orant Memorial 22x28 Inonea 

Kamily Record 18x2a '• 

MarrtugeOerllfloate.... 18x23 " 

11x14 " 

Oarfleld Memorial 19x34 '■ 

Lord's Pniyer lOiM " 

BooMding Slag »lx32 " 

FlourlHhcd Eagle 24x32 " 

Centennial Picture of Progress.. .82x25 " 
" " ...28x40 " 
Euloiryof Lincoln and Grant. ...23x38 " 
Oruaineutal and Flo urishi^d Cards, 12d68lens, 
new. original and artistic, per pack of 50. 
100 by mall 

1000 " 84.60: by express 4 00 

Bristol Board, S-sheet thick, 22x28, per sheet. 50 
£3x28 persheet, by express... 30 

French B. B.. S4x!U, 
Black Curd-board. SSxSS, for white Ink 

Black Cards, per ift) 

Black Cards, per 1000, by express 


:. per bottle, bye 


Winsor & Newton's Sap'r Sup.In(Ua Ink Stick 
Prepared India Ink. per bottle, ' 
Ames' Best Pen. H gios=3 box . . 

Ames' Penmen's Favorite No. 1, per 

Gillotfs 303 Steel Pens, per g 

Spenoerlan --,t-- 

Engrosslng Pens for lettermg. 
CrowQullfPen, very line, f..", 
ckeo Pen. for t.-f )ri 

J4 gross b 


Broad— set of Dm 

Oblique Penholder, . , 
"Double" Penholili r 

straight or ohlUjiir 
Oblique MetalTi|>siu>l 

efloh.'ic.; per iln/.- 1 
Writing audMeasinliij 

New Improved Pantoc 


Sense Binder, a fine, stiff, cloth 

uiuuer. Journal size, very durable , 

Roll Ulackboardtt. by ezpi'ess. 

No. 1, size a xSfeet 

No. 2, " 2J^3^feet 

yard, slated on , „ 

46 iDChes wide, per yard, slated both sides. 2 25 
Liquid Slating, the best in use, for walla or 

wooden boards, per gallon 6 00 

1 good bank note paper is kept lu stock, and 
•ders will be filled by return of nmll nr express 
Thefraftioiinlrlpnnnim.UiMTisare : Va 5's lO's 25'3 
and 50's,iii .:.uv. nimt, i,r..|".rtion8 ; the hills are 
iuthe doiiiiiMiiKitj.,11, <,| r-. ;.>v. r,'a, lO's, 20's .■JO's, 

nakeSojc.-, ;U"(K, ■_• fii...-, ^ fens, ami one each of 
,hea). 5ti, lint. .',0.1 and I.iXK) dollar notes. 
The proii..rliou In which the different denonilna- 
ions are printed Is that which lone experience liaa 
iemonstrated to best me'st the demands and eon- 
veuience In business practice. We cannot furnish 
the Script in other proportlims than those named, 
except upon speoial order and at additional cost. 

Fractional Currency per 100 notes.. ft .6 

■' 600 '..8 00 

1,000 ' 500 

2.000 " BOO 



) 00 


are kept in Bt(X)k and sent by return mall, or ex- 
press. 30 cents each, or $3-00 per dozen. Orders 
for new and speulal designs promptly filled. W*) 
bavo stock dliJlomas for business colleges an J 
mlscellaiieuus institutions. 


the preparation of all manner of display cuta 

..,. inequalled. Send for estimates. 

best facilities for making photo- 

e unequalled. Send foi 
- 'J68t faoilltU ' 
a pen aud li 


engraved outs l 


Of most of the thm 
I>ean>(i in Tub Joyn.vAL and our publicalloni, 

duplii :iUs will be furuisbed for low prices. 

w.' «ni -ii;.|,lv, 'if puWUA^r*' m/«, any standard 

■■. .,ik ,11. |.,Mi,n ii'-l.niln print; also any bookkeep- 

■■'■'- ^uitlimelio or other educational 

.' V with order. In all cases. Unless 
It 1 I II. r>!. I.I 1. met no goods will be sent by 
iii;ill, t» ttinjcn.'!. nor by express, C. O. D.. unless a 

mmtitiifent loss. Diin't waste your time and ours 
by writing us to '* send so-and-so <you have forgot 

bnt reliable goods. 

I of prompt and efficient s< 
Address, D. T. AMES, 

1H»6 Broadwar, New 



No. 128. 

Expressly adapted for professional use and orna- 
mental penmanship. 



All of Standard and Superior Quality. 








Special penmanship department, thorough 
ourse, good teachers, good everything. Circulars 
eut free. Address 





"V^^tW^^i ii'j j'ii'ttM 

Makes a Shaded Mark of Two Colors at a Single 
Stroke. Sample set of three sizes by mall, »l.OO. 
ClroHlar and sample writing, FREE. 
3-13 J. W, STOAKES, Milan, O. 


I^aper Warehouse, 

Nos. I 5 & 1 7 Beekman St., 



By nra,NEW IffijpE IXGeEjj,. 





Counting-Housc Bookkeeping," 

: Book 

. UfeK. 

DllY «o 


)s SET. I'ltACTicE Book. 
Sbconu Business Series. 

Knvurablp airaiiffemente nmdcwitli nusiness 
Citlleces nud Public and Private Schools for 
introuuction and wse. Di'scriinlvo List now 
rtady. Correspondence Invited. 

The bost Pfn in the U. S., iind best penman use theai. 



119 & 121 William Street, N, Y. 

$2.00 for $1.00. 

The host steel pen of Euglish mnuuraclure is 
worth Sl.OO per gross. 

The iVircv Philosophical Treatise of Penman- 
"hiii. which contains 700 questions and 700 an- 
swera, besides other valuable matter, retails for 
31.0U, nud thousands of volumes have been sold. 

To give this book a wider circulation, the fol- 
lowiug offer is extended to a generous public : 

For $1.00 I will scud a grosa of 604 Oillott's 
Pens and my Treatise to any address In Canada 
or the United States. 


Pros. Peirt-c Ku*. Coll. lO-tf 



|^^» 30cts WORTH ', " SCROLL 

I"" "" " , nl 





How to become Expert at Figures.— 10.000 Sold 
ao cts. postpaid. Star Ptib. Co., St. Louts, M o 


' A thousand yeai-s as a dny. No arithmetic 
teaches it. A short, simple, practical method bv 
R. C. ATKINSON, Principal ot Sncrjimento Ousi- 
iiees College, Sacramento, ("al. By mail, 50 cents, 
.iddrcss n& above. 



iiiiuiuidiiou oi my wpccmllict not iid\L-iti' 
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eraDraclng a complete library of practical writing 
lucludinK the new Ma?l. Alphftbet, capable ot 
being written by any one leetbly five times as fast 
(^ ordinary writing. Is mailed for H.OO, from the 
New York office only. Address 



Written Letter ao 4» 

Whole Arm Capitals 25 

Specimen of Flourishing 'gg 

LS(^rn|> Itouk Spculmen of FiourlVh- 
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Af.i.iil.-ii Series ofCopies In Accurate 
< '"n.-d Movement Writing, with 

'*'"'-*■'* 8,50 

■ vvritlnc is perfeotly beautiful. For ao 
curacy 1 doubt If it oun be excelled,"-//. W 

W. G. CHRISTIE, Peumau, 

-IS Poughkeepale, N. Y. 


YOU regularly READ a business paper ? If not, why not ? Are 
1 business? Do you expect to be? Are you ambitious of ad- 

. ement? What are You Doing to secure it? Undoubtedly you are 

1 trious, painstaking and observing. These are excellent qualities, but 

It the more extended knowledge that comes from reading, progress must 
~~arily be slow. The young business man needs to know something of 
istory of his time — the history of business methods of to-day. This is 
il recorded in "The Office," which is emphatically the business man's 
nal. It is the exponent of the best modern business methods. It illus- 
s improved office appliances, and is the office man's cyclopedia. 
We want every reader of the Penman's Art Journal to see "The 
rri-:," and will send a specimen copy to all who will write for it. 
Monthly, $1.00 a 

Box 1663. 


.^7 CoLLKGE Place, Nev 

Men and Women Differ in Character. 



I m-w Manual of Cbaracter R«BdinK for the people. It w,U abow you how to read people as you would 

I book, ftud soe If rii^y are lnclin.;rt to be good, upripbt. honest, true, kind, charitable. Iotidb, joyous, 

ja|..|i.v and trustworthy people, such as you would like toTtnow, and be inlimntely associated with, 

A knowledge of Human Nature would save many dIeappoli,tmenls iu scfio! and business life. 

1 his is the most comprehensive and popular work ever publUhtd for the price. aa.OOO copies hav- 

iit I". 11 sold the first year. Contains aiKi large octavo poges and 250 portraits. Send for it and study 

ij.i- >.iit -I-. 11.1.1 ;il.u \,.ui' own character. If you arenot 8ali^fied with the book, you may reiurn 

I. post-paid, on receipt of price, ouly 40 < 

potVLER A, wi:lln <o.. i:? 

• - ^F""^ trlc. SI. Cl gontlc. M. ■ _ ,m i 







I riru ll,,,xr nhmM i;.«- Ihcm. 

Demy. Btzc lOH x 10 inetacs. 

V niONumi«(halr-buuml>. - . SI 50 

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for the pBAt IS years with D. T. Awes. 



= Con, Bboaiiwat. ■= 

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^^ Write for circulars and send ih* 
wobookatfeutsand '.>! «i iii'i in <.<:,r„ 
for Tcrapning and 

ttteel dniSQ portraits 1 1 



Now Extensively Used and Endorsed by the lead- 
ing Business Colleges and Schools through- 
out the United States and Canada. 


The largely iucreased sales of these popular ami practical 
works are gratifying evidence of their merit as reliable and thor- 
ougli te.vt-books. Each year shows a marked increase in the number 
of live schools and teachers who, appreciating their value, are rap- 
idly adopting them to the exclusion of all others. 

Sadler's Counting-House Aritlimetic. 

An improved work on Business Calculations, comprising over 
500 octavo jiages, specially ai'ranged and adapted as a practical 
Te.xt- Book for Business Colleges, High .Schools, Academies and 
Universities. More extensively used iu Business Colleges than 
any similar publication. Retail price, $2.00. A specimen copy 
will be sent, charges prepaid, upon receipt of ^1.25 to such 
teachers, school officers, boards of education, &c., as may wish to 
e.xamine it with a view to adoption, 

Sadler's Commercial Arithmetic. 

For Busim ss Colleges and Commercial Departments of High 
Schools and Literary Colleges. A reliable e.xponent of the best 
Business College Methods of Instruction. Every teacher of 
business arithmttic will be delighted with this volume, for it 
contains just what he needs — no moi'e, no less. A special edition 
is also published for Grammar Schools and Academies. Retail 
|irice of either edition, §1.50. A specimen copy of either edition 
will be sent, charges prepaid, upon receipt of 75 cents, to teachers, 
school officers, boards of education, &c., who may wish to exam- 
ine it with a view to .adoption. 

Sadler's Inductive Arithmetic, 

Or " Arithmetic without a Teacher," contains every principle 
of arithmetic, custom of business, item of iuf..rmation and form 
of solution which you will be likely to need. It is the book for 
j'oung teachers who wish to perfect themselves in their profession 
by studying the most successful methods of teaching this branch. 
Price per copy, postpaid, $1.50. 

Sadler's Hand-Book of Arithmetic. 

A Modern Text-book for Modern Teachers ; a practical work 
tor practical people. Contains no tantalizing lules or definitions, 
no theoretical abstractions, but confines itself to teaching thorough 
arithmetic in a thorough manner. For 8up|)lementary class prac- 
tice it is invaluable. Contjiins over 4000 pr.actical problems, and as 
1 teacher's desk copy it no equal. Price per copy.postpaid, $1.00. 


The Counting-house Arithmetic and Business College Edition 
of the Commercial Arithmetic are supplied with Keys, a compli- 
mentary- copy being presented to any school adopting either of 
above te.'ct books, whose initial order is not les^ than twenty-four 
copies. All the examples in these te.xt-books, whether simple or 
difficult, are solved in full. Price for the Keys separately, $5.00 
per copy. A special price is made to teachers, however, of $3.00. 

Correspondence invited and orders solicited, 
introduction. Address 

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Nos. 10 and 12 N. Charles St., 




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hi' I II 1 oi III ii< mty to Mjmo old fogy buaiucss < 

, ...i .III. I I'!/" that you b" 

f the books that spring u 
' ■ * ik-kecpihg 

>DtalolnK t 
c written by eomcbody i 

ijfft and tho 

fthtng, coDtalnl 
ten by some' 

dutiefl than 

capable of doibfr 

by whl<!h you 

Double- Entry 

-- your fondest 

employer and credit- 

whloh has been 


ilep from 1 1 



and but f 



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il for circulars. AKcnls wart*?d Konntain Hr.l.ler flJlt>d with beai ouulity GOLD PEN. Stylo, 
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(Aucnt/I "VooBft PHOTO -• 


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7 rt t Fl 

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ful in this particular line. $3-00 pays for six 
lessons; which will do a pei-severing student 
about as much good as n six weeks' course 
under a teacher's pergonal supervision. Try 
six lessons and get a start in the right direction. 


iind Plain and Ornamental Penwork exe- 
cuted to order in elegant style and at 
mc derate prices. 

One Dozen Written Cards, l.'jc. ; Better 
qual ty, 30c. A Gem of Flourishing, 10c. 

Lessons given in any branch of the art 
by mail at price.? within the reach of all. 
SiTitl «t!imp for particulars. 



Description of those Hade by 

No. 1 i- I ,11 Old Ehgllsh and 

Serman 'i < \,.-t. 

No. :>iii 1,1 Head.- 

No. 3 1. I In- pen is revfireed 

Il ft. liaving a very 

n Text,*" and adapt- 

fiil Script.^nd especially adapted 

"Marking Alphabet,': and 

pUihi work. 

^, but ©pccially lor aniall 

No". 8 may be called the "Rl»ck." as the letters 
ieem to be made of square pkt<^. 


s adapted to rapid a 




Tabor, Iowa.' 

By H. J. Piitman tt W. J. KinsUy. 

The Latest, Best, Most Complete 
and Cheapest thing of the kind. Seven- 
teen beautifully lithographtd .^lips and the 
linest and most explicit Instruction Book 
published ; enclosed in a neat and substantial 
case ; mailed to any part of the world for Fifty 
Cents. Send for our new descriptive circular 
giving testimonials, &c. 

Patmfin & Kinsley's Pens. 

No. I.— Double-elastic, for students' pi-ac 
tice work, flourishing, card w " ' " 

writing of all descriptions. 

No. a.— The"Busii 
pen for rapid 


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PUTMAN & KINSLEY, s„';„i;„.!:,';.^„'f.?i„ 

Eight Reasons Why This TrulyJIational System Is The Best 

"^^^„?orJ?ir t°\^f not have to write through from ten to twenty books 

' ++ ^'""^ bj'stem. ()nl\- Six books. 

h ff^® ^""^ entirely free from useless lines like double loops, ovals, etc. 

TU^ '""-""■' inmplete system to present abbreviated forms of capitals. 

stR-ulMv' 1^"^°'"^ '® uniform, each word filling a given space and no crowding or 

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words used are all familiar to the pupil. Contrast them with such words as 

-P h K I '"■'I'"-'-"'-'' ^)1"^ tenaflv, niiinetic, and xulhus." 

thin nwh p°"tam? four pages of practice paper-one-sixth more paper 

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The BARNES PENMANSHIP has compelled the publishers of every Series in the market to , 
already added several of the special features of this New" Series. 

An Elegant Specimen Book containing all the Cople 


of tho Series sent GRATIS to 



A. S. BARNES & CO, Publishers, 

their books. Six have 


Lessons in Practical Writing. 


Correct PositU 

_!(, in ulteu rciuiirkcd by people advaocwl 
Ljeimi that writinj; in general is not ao 
lod now as it wiis in thHr day. If lega- 
lity 14I011C be considered, it is qviitc 
obablc that this is true Forty or fifty 
an Hjfo iL routid sluided hiitid writing 
th rt finger movement was almost uni- 
ereally in vogue in this country. No style 
mid be better constructed to give legi- 
IHty. The round, formal shaded letters 
and out almost with the distinctness of 
rpe, and when slowly made, with the 
DSt accurate of all movements for writ- 
ig, thfi finger movement, could scarcely 
U of legibility. IJut in those days mcr- 
XBndise and mails did not tly on the wings 
f steam or thought with the lightning 
irer the telegraph or telephone. With 
W snail pace of business, a snail-like 
nod in writing was in keeping; but as 
)eed in transportation and commerce has 
icrcased, quickening thought and action 
I every avocation of life, more rapid and 
iro methods of recording and transcrib- 
ig thoughts have been imperatively de- 
tauded. Hence, not only improved 
lethods in style have been sought and 
Iscovered, but its hnndmaidens, the 
•nograph and type-writer, have come for- 
lard to share and lighten ns well as to 
kdlitnte the labors of the pen. 
T9 the credit of an old shaded round 
knd, then, we place legibility; to its 
Bbit slow execution, owing to the diffi- 
ilties of complexity in form, larger size, 
ladcd lines and finger movement. This 
•log the fact, it is apparent that any 
nprovemeut must be in the lino of over- 
kuiing the»o difficulties. 
First, we simplify forms. The first of 
to accomptmying alphabets is the 
andard form of capitals used 50 
lars ago, which nniuires 1((2 dis- 
DCt motions of the hand to make, 
hilc that of the modern hand which 
lUo^vs requires only 90, As the forma 
'. the latter are more simple, and 
ith K'^ parallelism of lines, the strokes 
B made with) less care, and hence 
ore rapidly. Owing to the larger size 

/ ^ A/ // 

/ / jl/l / / 

^ J / #//7 / 

Model Writing of Fifty Yearti Ago. 




Sfoderii^ctiait iVntimj a* ninlued To-day 

of the old hand the pen was required to 
move over a much greater distance in 
writing, in fact nearly double that of the 
modern business hand, while the labor of 
shading each downward stroke wiw very 
much greater and less rapid than in un- 
shaded lines. The combined foreann and 
finger movement employed in modern 
writing is very much more rapid aud less 
tiresome than the finger movement, 

For these reasons it is fair to assume 
that four pages of the modern writing may 
be executed in less time and with greater 
ease than one written in the old style. 
While we concede that the old style is 
probably the most legible, yet we unhesi- 
tjitingly accept the new, all things con- 
sidered, 08 incomparably the best. Had 
men considered personal safety first of all 
things in locomotion they would have al- 
ways troveled on foot. But they have 
willingly sacrificed something of safety to 
gain speed and ease by mounting a horse, 
or boarding a carriage or a steam car. So 
in handwriting we willingly lose slightly 
in one direction that we may gain much 
in others. 

The accompanying cuts show a few lines 
written in the old style of shaded roimd 
hand, together with other writing exe- 
cuted in approved modern practical 
style. With the latter we believe it is an 
easy matter to obtain four times the rate of 
speed as the former. The following copies 
and exercises, together with copies and 
exercises given in the last lesson, may be 
practiced from. 






/P' ^i^k<ixr?i^J.^Ci^y^ 

The Prize Flourishing Contest. 

A Rftm8rkal»I> Clone tniitol It.tnt-cn 
Monre, /aiior and Scliofiuld. 


. ihP 

•i:nmk.n of the couktkv sav it was 
ikand compbtition, and i'hovb it 


The first of our Beries of prize com])c- 
titioos, that of the flourishing clnss, has 
proved a rucccm beyond our most sanguine 
expectationB. The votes came trom every 
State and Territory in the Union and evcrj- 
Canadian province. There were 3409 opin- 

Hall, C. K. Ball and M. F. Knox, of 
Quincy, 111. 

The first five responses* received in which 
the names of the authors were correctly 
named, with due allowance for distance, 
were from W. S. Hart, C. N. Faulk, B. 
F. Williams, I). W. Moses and F. E. 
Cook. Any one of our penmanship pre- 
miums will he sent to each of these gentle- 
men upon receipt of a letter making 
known his preference, according to our 
offer Inst month. 

The opinions of experts in any matter 
are always seasonable and interesting, and 
no less 80 because tbey may differ. The 
opinions of leading penmen as to what con- 

C?/./^ . 

_^ _ ^ aJ^^^O'-f^^/' 

-|^,J^^«^.*^ r^'^y^^',^^ '""/..rzr^.r^^^ 

The Above Ctds werr Photo-Engraved from Slips smt tts by Lyman D. Smith, of Hart- 
ford, Conn., Shonnng the Work of the PupUs in the Public Schools of that City, of 
WhicJi he is the Writing Superintendent. The Cuts Show a Fair Average from about 
One Hundred Slipn. The Writer of the First Note is Twelve Years of Age, and of 
th« Second, Fifteen. We Should be Glad to have More of this Sort of Work from 
PtiMic School SupeHnt€nd.ents for Revimo. - ^ -^ ■ 

ions uxpressed as to the relative inerita of 
the three )>rize flourishes. This table 
shows how the fotes were cast: 

1st prize. 

2d prizp. 

■a prizif. 
















Specimen B is therefore accorded the 
first prize of $10. It is the work of HI. 
B. Moore, of Morgan. Ky. 

The second prize, a copy of the Ames 
Compendium, goes to specimen A, which 
was exeeutcd by C. P. Zaner, Columbus, 

The third prize, a gross of Ames' Best 
Pens, becomes the property of Fielding 
Schofield, Quiney, III., the designer of 
specimen C. 

The competitiou was conducted with en- 
tire fairness and without prejudice, and 
the ballots carefullv counted. 

Tweuty-fo>ir voters correctly name the 
authors of the different specimens. They 

F. E. Cook, Stockton, Cal., Business 
College; .1. P. Byrne. Jameitowu, N. Y., 
Business College; C. M. Weiner, South 
Whitley, hid. ; D. A. Uriffitts, Hill's Busi- 
ness College. Dallas, Tex. ; W. S. Hart. 
Haddonfield, N. J.; D. W. Moses, Al- 
liance, Ohio. ; E. A. Holmes, Wales, 
N. Y.; E. M. Barber, Southwestern Busi- 
ness University. Wichita, Kan. ; R. H. 
McMillen, Chapman, ICan. ; A. M, Hargis, 
O mud Island, Neb.. Business College; L 
H. Thornbury, Haggerstowu. Ind. ; B. F. 
Williams. Turuey, Mo.; W. M. Manly, 
Nashville, Teun. ; C. N. Faulk, Siou.x 
City, Iowa; A. J. Smith, Anamosa, Iowa; 
D. R. Barker, Sudbury, Vt. ; P. T. Ben- 
ton, Iowa City Commercial College; Mr. 
Harvey, Clinton, Iowa; A. Philbrick, 
Marion, Iowa; F. Q. Steele, Cambridge, 
Ohio, and H. P. Behrcnsmeyef. C. B. 

sritutes a good flourish, as shown in their 
votes on our prize offerings, will assuredly 
be received with 'pleasure. It should be 
borne in mind that these voters had no 

ground is hardly gn'at enough. B, 1 
think, is greatly overdone by too much 
filling in. C is very neat, but rather too 
simple to show the skill which the author 
probably possessed. 

G. M. Meade. Principal Fort Smith. 
Ark., Commercial College, A, B, C. 

A. J. Dalrymple, penman at above in- 
stitution, B, A, C. 

D. L. Hunt, penman. Western Business 
College. Hutchinson, Kan., C, A, B. 

Miss M. D. Harman, Monroe. Wis., 
B, A, C. 

F. C. Patty, Farrell, Tex., B, A, C. 

J. G. Dimawav, Little Rock, Ark., Com- 
mercial College, A, C, B. 

Prof. C. A. St. Jacques, St. J. Bte. 
Academy, Montreal, B, A, C. 
InaacN Voles C^ 

E. K. Isaacs, Valparaiso, Ind., indicates 
his first preference only. It is for specimen 

Louis G. Hiukel, Worcester, Mass., 
B, A, C. A is very good, but B is a much 
finer piece of penmanship. The more one 
looks at it the more there is to study 
about it. 

J. C. Blanton, Hardeman, Ga., A, C, B. 

L. R. Walden, Austin, Tex., B, A, C. 

C. E. Chase, Pen Art Department, Hia- 
watha, Kan., Academy, B, A, C. 

L. W. Hallett. MiUerton, Pa., B, C, A. 
Kane's Prercrcnce. 

J. C. Kane, penman of Eaton & Bur- 
nett's Business College, Baltimore, B, C:, 

A. Specimen A is good in design, but 
somewhat coarse in execution. Specimen 
B is immense for pleasing, in the design, 
grace and harmony of stroke, but savors 
of the " too muchy." Specimen C I like, 
especially for original design and natural 
ease of streamer, which is not enhanced any 
by the abrupt beginning of the flourished 
strokes. This is also perceptible in their 
use in the wings of storks. Otherwise it is 
good, unless possibly in the grotesque ap- 
pearance of a stork holding streamers. 

J. M. Vincent, penman, Packard's Busi- 
ness College, N. Y., B, A, C. 

W. L. Beeman, Superintendent Actual 
Business College, Red Wing, Minn., A, 

B. C. 

-about 2 feet in length 
Why wi'l penmen continue to make birds' 
heads like those in the margin of specimen 
A ? I never saw a bird with head and 
beak like those, uor has any one else That 
spoils all of Mr. Zaner's otherwise beauti- 
ful work, I think specimen B a gem in 
every particular, and a credit to Mr. 
Moore, and I hope the prize will fall to 

D- L. Musselman, Quincy, III., C, B, A. 

F. G. Steele, penman, Cambridge, Ohio, 
A, B, C. 

E, M. Chartier, Texas Business College, 
Paris, Tex., B, A, C. 

J. P. Byrne, penman, Jamestown, N. Y., 
Business College, A, B, C. 

J. H. Bachtenkircher, Princeton, Ind., 
Normal Academy, A, B, C. 

B. C. Wood, Iowa Commercial College, 
Davenport, Iowa, B, A, C. 

R. W. Fisher, of the above college. 
A, B, C. 

M. V. Hester, Ridge Farm, II!.. C. B, 
A. B has the most work in it, but 1 like 
C best on account of it beinc so natural. 

P. T. Benton. Iowa, City Commercial 
College. A, B, C. 

W. F. Giesseman, penman Capital City 
Commercial College, Des Moines, Iowa, 
B, A, C. B is decidedly overdone, yet it 
is well done. 

J. S. McGaw, Celina, Ohio, C, B, A. 

P. R. Kincaid, Pleasanton, Kan. For 
roomy work, neatness and grace, I give 
first prize to A; for grandeur, second to 
B; for simplicity, third to C. 

E. E. Gaylord, Milledgeville. III., 
A, B, C. 

E. J. Kneitl. penman, Stratford, Ont.. 
A. B. C. 

Charles O. Winter, penman and en- 
grossing artist, Hartford, Conn. First 
prize to B, because it is the best speci- 
men of hoii'f Jiile flourishing, and is 
very well done; the design does not 
amount to much. Second prize to C, as 
the flourishing is good, but not enough 
range to it, and the design is pretty. Third 
to A, as the flourishing is good, but the de- 

Flourishi-d by E. H. Bohinn, Wioliita, Kan. ' Photo- Kngraved. 

means of knowing who the authors of the 
specimens were; therefore there could be 
no bias to their expressed opinions. In the 
subjoined votes preferences were given in 
the order in which the letters indicating 
the specimens are placed : 

TfaronsU n>bb> Spectacles. 

A. C. Webb, Nashvillf, Teun., A, C, B. 

The only objection I can find to A is that 

the contrast between eagle and back- 

W. D. F. Brown, penman. Auburn, 
R. I., B, A. C. I think B is the only pure 
piece of flourishing of the three. The 
prizes were offered for flourishing and not 
pen-drawing, that is the reason I put 
specimen C for third prize, as it contains 
but little flourishing. Specimen A is well 
executed but poorly designed. The pen- 
holders, according to the ratio ot size com- 
pajed with the eagle and palette, must 

sign is a "chestnut " and not at all origi- 

C. M. Ward, Elizabeth, N. J., B, C, A. 
After thorough examination under magni- 
fying glass, for steady hand, unbroken 
strokes, symmetry, and considering size of 
originals, and especially clear outlines and 
delineation of subject, I think above about 

J. H. Ralston, Baltimore, B, A, C. 

C. M. Valimrfliw. Ind.. C, B, A. 
A. .1. CVlm«D. London. Ont., A, B. C. 
n. ir. (ram, Portlund. Mf., B. A. C. 
V. T. Smith sod Lloyd MorriiwD. Atchi- 
oo. Kan., Biwinow College, A. ('. B. 

A. G. Conrood. K. N. Draper and 
Thomiw Lloyd, of above colI"?ge. C, A, B, 
Farlvr** Favorite. 
n. H. Farley, superintendent of writing 
9 State Normal School, Trcntoo, N. J., 
i, B, C. 

J. B. McKay, Dominion BusincsM Col- 
lege, Kingston. Can.. A. B. C. The 
^hed linwi in Hi>fcimen A harmon- 
utrh better thnn in B and C. It re- 
I more skill to execute the lines in A, 
and 1 find fewer blemishes in A. The 
general appearance of specimen A is 
better than B or C. I place B second for 
I skill shown in the genera! flourishing 
the birfl, not mentioning the ginger- 
The design of C is excellent, but 
(he flourishing is very defective. 

executed. Specimen C second; better 
arrangement of stroke* and design. 

W. J. McBride, ornamental pcDmao, 
Chicago. A. B. {". 

C. V. French. Baylewi Business College, 
Dubuque. Iowa, C. A, B. 

G. B. Jones, Select Writing Academy, 
Rochester, >'. Y.. B, A. C. 

H. B. Paraon** Choire, 

H. B. Parsons, Zanesville, Ohio. Busi- 
ness (.'oilege, B. A, C. Undoubtedly B 
is the most skillfully executed piece, but 

E. G. Evans. Principal Burlington, Vt , 
Business College, B, A, C. 

W. S. Chase, penman and designer, 
Madison, N. H., A, B, C. 

W. J. White, Duff's College, Pittsburgh, 
B. C, A. 

E. M. Barber, penman, Southwestern 
Business College, Wichita. Kan., A, B. C. 

O. P. Judd, Clinton, Iowa, Business 
A, C, B. 

of superior dcsi^ and e<(ual skill, and I 
would give B the second place on the 
merit of execution. They are all gems of 
flourishing, and reflect credit ujHjn the 

J. D. Briant. Raceland. La., A. B. C. 

G. W. Temple. Cicero, Tex.. A, B, C. 

A. C. Dorney, Allentown, Pa., Business 
College, A, B, C. 

D. A. Griffitts, Hiils Business College, 
Dallas. Tex.. A. B. C. 

F. H Hnll*<« Oplnlnn. 

F. H. Hall, penman. Troy. N. Y., 
Business College, C, B. A. The B and C 
specimens are both so good that it is dif- 
ficult to determine. My reasons for giv- 
ing judgment in favor of C are these: 
Originality, simplicity and beauty in de- 
sign. It is artistic and realistic in execu- 
tion, and superior to A and B. 

L. L. Tucker, penman, New Jersey 
Business College, Newark, B. C, A. 

voted first prize to specimen B. I think 
there is more pure flourishing on this than 
either of the others. I have voted second 
prize to specimen C — it is a novelty. I 
have shown the specimens to a large num- 
ber of good penmen, and they all seem to 
agree with my ballot, 
O. O. Rourkc, Man»hal]town. It>ws. B. 

A, C. 

H. E. Perrin. Mankato, Minn.. B, A, C. 

D. C. Rugg, Miuueapolis, Minn., B, A, 

A. M. Wagner. Danville, lod., B, A, C. 
P. M. Hager. Fife Lake City, Mich.. A. 

B, C. 

F. B. Palmer, Caledonia, N. S.. B. \. 

C, Specimen A is ,a verj' good dtaign, 
but I think the greatest amount of skill is 
displayed in specimen B. The flourishcr 
of A is evidently an advocate of the ob- 
lique holder. 

E. M. lluutsinger, Huntsinger's Busi- 
ness College, Hartford, Conn., C, A, B. 

,, Shively, penm: n. Fort Scolt, Kan., 

iroiiKh KlnMlvyfm SpectaelPN. 

J. Kinsley, penman of Normal 
, Shenandoah, Iowa., A, B, C. A 
originality, skill and harmony. B 
uTcatest skill, not so much origi 
and is overdone, which fact de- 
irom its appearance. C shows most 
ility, is fairly harmonious in design, 
<'<i not show so much skill as either 
i. They are all elegant specimens 
11 add to the fame of the artists who 
r<\ them. 

h". Wellman, East Jaffrey, N. H., 
A and C are more original thnn 
:ind B exhibit more skill in placing 
Lid are more harmonious, B is a 
, but a trifle overdone. 

l)e l.aud, De Land's Business Col- 
■ ppleton. Wis., C. A, B. 
>. Thompson, penman, Templeton, 
II my opinion, B is by far the finest 
-t beautiful. A comes next. 
; Parsons, penmsQ, Wilton Juuc- 
WB, B, A, C. 
A. Dix. Business College. Garden 
;au.. B, C. A. 

('r«ndlc*« Idea. 
Crandle, penman of N. I. Normal 
Dixon. 111., A. B. C. A first; 
design and skillfully 

O. W. Wallace, penman, Wilmington, 
Dei., Commercial College. A, B. C. 
Lowe l.lkeN r BeHl. 

A. W. Lowe, penman, Wilbraham, 
Mass., C. B, A. I think C best on ac- 
count of its clearness and simplicity. 

W. A. Moulder, penman, Adrian. Mich., 
A, C, B. 

FlNb Gives A Ike Palm. 

J. F. Fish, penman. Ohio Business Uni- 
versity, Cleveland, A, C, B. 

Louis Keller, Kendal Isville, Ind., B, 

A, C. 

L. L. Wiley, Superintendent of Writing 
in Public Schools of Painesville, Ohio, 

B, A, C. 

H. S. Taylor, proprietor Salem. Ohio, 
Business College, B, A, C. 

Pelrce*N Nollon of FlonrlBhliKT. 

C. "H. Peirce, Peirce Business College, 
Keokuk, Iowa, B, A, C. My vote stands 
on the highest order of skill. 

E. Stouffer, penman, Tonmto, B, A, C 

Will Peard, Jr., Orillia, Ont., B, A, C. 

C. E. Beck, Russell. III., B, A, C. 

Chas. Breidecker. Writing Instructor in 
Public Schools of Columbia. III.. B. A, C. 

J. N. Maxley Stuttgart, Ark.. C, A. B. 

WebBier^M Prcrerenee. 

S. R. Webster. Moore's Business Uni- 
versity. Atlanta, Ga., C, B. A. C 
should receive first prize on the gi*and 

A. 8. Osborn, Buffalo Business Univer- 
C. A. 


Uarmon^R iVay of Looking At It. 

G. W. Harmon, penman Soule's College, 
New Orleans, B, C, A. B is my choice 
on account of the beautiful arrangement 
of the lincj) and the shades about it, which 
are cxcjuisite. I think C should have 
second prize on account of its having 
been executed by a hand of rare skill in 
that particular line of work. The eagle 
comes in last, but there is scarcely much 
difference shown in the respective ability 
of the three persons. 

A. A. Clark, Superintendent of Writing 
in Public Schools, Cleveland, Ohio, B, A, 

F. P. First, Springfield, Mass., A, B, C. 
L. H. Axtell, Reels, Iowa, B, A, C. 

J. P. Quigley, Goshen, N. Y., B, A. C. 

G. G. Strickland, Stillwater, Minn., A, 
C, B. 

J. J. Hagen, Hendiuni, Minn , A, B, C. 

L. J. Columbus, Crookston, Minn., 
C. B. A. 

L. E. Le Kane, Beatrice, Neb., A, B, C. 

Chester Ashley, Lakeville, Mass., C, A, 

D. E. Blake. Galesburg, Mich., B, A, C. 
Palrlek'ft Preferenee. 

W. H. Patrick, penman. Sadler's Busi- 
ness College, Baltimore, B. C, A. I have 

Tou are invited to send 
of opinion on 
lehiek appear in thin iti»tu 
Next month, hnxinenii Uttem. 


itnl itpecimenv 

Vot-e eitrly. 

To Nave «3.50 l« 

Says The Bookkeeper, Detroit, Mich. : 
From Mr. D. T. Ames, New York City, 
publisher of that excellent paper, Thk 
Penman's ArtJoitknai,, we have received 
a copy of Ames' "New Compendium of 
Practical and Artistic Penmanship," a 
large, handsomely bound and superbly en- 
graved book of 70 pages, full of valuable 
suggestions and aids for the student of 
penmanship. Leaving the introductory 
pages ot nidiraentary exercises and sug- 
gestions, the work carries one through by 
easy stages to what would seem to be the 
very limit of intricate penmanship, and 
ends by showing designs of steel pen work 
which it would seem could only he accom- 
plished by an engraver. We can heartily 
commend this work to any one desirous of 
excelling in this branch of the art. 

Everyone who has bought a compendium 
(and we have sold thousands) says it is re- 
markably cheap at $5 a copy, the selling 
price, postage prepaid. The splendid new 
"Spencerian Compendium," complete in 
seven parts, sells at $7.50. This with 
" Ames' Compendium " makes a complete 
penman's library. We will furnish the 
two for only $9, thus saving the purchaser 

§ftoztl'ia4^b ^C'pa'tt'Mac-M^. 

AU matter intended /or thi» deji.^ 

{including nkorlkand exekaniffti) thmtUl be 
gent to Sfrs. t. U. Parkard, 101 East 2U 
atrfft. Knr Tori: 

A Method of Examination in 
Shorthand Work. 

An examinalion of forty shortliand 
pupils was recently conducted nftcr this 
fashion : 

1. Ad urticlc of SOO wordii in very simple 
language wa.s dictated at a very slow rale, 
each student bcinfj required to get every 
word and iwk for a repetition if he failed 
to do so. 

3. Another article of 300 words, more 
difficult, was dictated, also very slowly. 

3. A short article, which each of the 
class had read from jihonography and ^vrit- 
tcn ten times, was dictated at the rate of 
50 word* u minute. 

4, Another article, which they had also 
read from phonography and written ten 
times, was dictated at the rate of 75 words 
a minute, nobody being allowed to ask for 
a repetition. 

This was all that was done as class work. 
The individual work was timed, each pupil 
being required to work without coinnumi- 
cation with any other student, and the 
time required for each paper was recorded. 
Three phonographic slips were provided 
and distributed to the class, one at a time 
to each pupil, but not in the same order. 
These were transcribed in the order re- 
ceived, and as soon as finished were 
handed to the teacher, who recorded the 
time spent upon the transcription, giving 
the pupil another slip until the three 
were finished, the time consumed upon 
each being taken. Then t'\rec type- 
written slips were di-itributed to he 
written in phonography, each stu- 
dent, us before, being timed, and hav- 
ing but one slip given him at a time. This 
completed the examination, which covered 
from two to four hours, according to the 
ability and quickness of the pupils. 
Each jmpil was dismissed from the room 
as soon as he had finished the prescribed 
work, leaving his note-book with the 
teacher. The hooks were all critically 
examined by the teacher, and a system of 
marking was adopted, tOO being taken 
as a maximum; 1 being deducted for 
each omission in dictation or transcrip- 
tion, 1 for each error in position, 2 for 
each incorrect outline which involved a 
violation of a principle, 1 for an incorrect 
outline that was no violation of principle, 
showing only a lack of judgment, ^ for a 
word written in full that is a contraction. 
J for reading one word for another, the 
outline being the same for both, 1 for mis- 
reading a woi-d when the outline would be 
different from the word read. 

The above method is submitted for 
what it may be worth, with the hope of 
eliciting comment and suggestion from a 
few hundred of the teachers to whom this 
io!irnal comes. How shall the best results 
be attained iu teaching shorthands 

The great secret of speed is not in writ- 
ing the word quickly, but in shortening 
the time in passing from one outline to 
another. — Jambk E. JIfjjhon. 

Expert Testimony as to 
Amanuensis Work. 

One of the most interesting ft-aturi^s of 
the Business Educators' Convention, held 
at Minneapolis last summer, was the in- 
vasion of the Shorthand Section on the 
last evening by the practical stenogra- 
phers of the city. Their presence suggested 
the idea of putting them on the witness 
stand, and many useful hints for the 
benefit of the profession were thus ob- 
taiued. We give a very few of the many 
points that were brought out : 

A» lo Ihe i:»f of iho Type-Wr||f>r. 

Mr. McCaratli on the stand. 

Q. How fftstcau you write* Ans. It is diffl- 
eult to tell. I woulfUi't like to soy. 

Q. Whatareyourduties; Aus. Coi-rasitond- 
eiioe almost ontu^ely, ' 

Q. Do you write letters without dictaliu 
Alls. Yesi; a good many; perbaiishalt 
Q. Do you write them on the t>'pe-wnt« 

■ understand the rules of 
IS. Yes; but I don't know 
an he got from teaching. 

ti and adapt your let^ 

Ab lo the Effecl of Sliortliand on the 


Q. Do you find shorthand difficult or trj'ing 

to the eyes i Ans. No, I think not. 1 never 

had any ti'ouble with my eyesight iu any way. 

In tv-pewTilitiL' 1 siiiiiclitiu- nin troulJled m 

'""''' try my 

iu sbortlinij'l 
both to nil . 

1 n~arid a relief 
'i iM' plass on tbe 

I .l.-i 

hurt them. 

'i do' 

I WM \ 

'mVk!,'.i V.'i '"u,'rti,und! 

ot think shorthand" has 
ery much atroid that it 

ivould alTect them, but I have r 

Q. Do you write with a pen or a pencil ; 
Ans. With a pen. 

Mrs. Speucer : I want to withdraw all I 
have said about the tendency of shorthand to 
alTect the eyesight, I now see that I have 
studied the proposition inversely. It is tbe 
tendency of people who have ti-ouble with 

iii.'U has said 
1 • take a lower 
r have to take 

1 pile 

niake^ the 

der it. If the 'employer would pay a liberal 
salary he wmild find thiit tht> in-rvi^s and eve- 

I found that shurthmul 

when you began ? 

Twn years. 

y. Were not yoi 
An.s. Perhaps I wi _ 


Q. Did you ever have as close occupation be- 
fore ? Ans. No, I have been vvitb sick pei-sons 
in my own family. 

Oo Putieliiuliou. 

Testimony of Mi-. Collins: 

Q. You have studied the rules of punctua- 
tionf Ans. Yes; but as wasstatedby a youii" 
lady a few months ago mv emrl ypfs no 
quite exact ni. If I 1 n 1 1 i 1 t i ut 

they want a paragraph 

y Doyou Lvei have to conect the gram 
maticalconstiuction of mattei dictated to you i 
Ans Ye* my instructions are that if I see 
an^luug wong to conect it 

" have anj difficult) m dividmg 

J i 



recommend. Would you 
ilerecor re( Ans. Re.' If 

^yuable, I would carry 

— , r . . ' ""^ Bj uauiv, 1 wouia carry 
Uie^ whole thing over and put it on the next 

Stmographi), Boston, Charles C. Beole, 
editor, IS n bright, original little maimxine, 
and costs only 50 cents a year 

Speed is the 

S. Deme 

— 'Ple result of familiarity 

shorthand churncters.— Isaac 

the Phononraphic Magaiini. always wel- 
come, IS made doubly so this mouth by the 
fine portrait of Benn Pitman which" ac- 
companies it. It is not the portrait of an 
old man, though the hair aod beard are 

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Two Boym lliat Saw llif Klnc 

Two AiJifrieftu l)o.V8 made tht u<:<iuMint- 
iiiice of the King of Denmark, this slim- 
mer, under verj' ptTiiliftr circumstances. 
Tlit-y were )ikj'l«rking in tJic streets of 
(*o[K-'nhii(fen, and ont- Imy tossed the 
otlier's hat into a tree. Whi'le the victim 
wiiK trying to dislodge it, there came along 
nn old gentlemaa, with umbrella under his 
iirm and his hciid buried in his book. 
" I^iease, sir," said the hatless boy, "will 
you get my bat?" The old gentleman 
ilHhcd around with bjti umbrella for about 
five minutea, and failing to dislodge the 

partnership, the Bryant & Stratton Interna- 
tional Chain of Bufiinesfl Colleges, as it 
wm called, comprised alwut 40 colleges, 
located in all quarters of the continent, 
from Portland, Me., to San Francisco, and 
from Montreal to New Orleans, but after 
that time a jwrtion of them dropped out of 
existence and the remainder came under 
the individual control of the local princi- 
pals, who, as o rule, were, before its disso- 
lution, membere of the firm of Bryant & 
StTanou.—Hoeh^titer Conunn-cial lierirw. 

The maid 

Five years ago thi 
typewriters i 

the city, it is stated 

for the dead mole, as he saw only four 
beetles under the carcass, he rcburied it 
and in six days found it overrun with 
maggots. It was not until then that the 
thought struck him that these maggots 
were the offspring of the beetles he had 
seen, and that they performed tbe burial 
rites in order to provide a place to deposit 
their eggs, where the newly-hatched young 
might have food for their nourishment. 
Continuing his observations, Mr. Gleditsch 
placed four of these beetles under a glass 
case, with two dead frogs. One pair 
buried the first frog in 12 houi-s, and on 
the third day the second une was similarly 
disposed of. The professor then gave 
them a dead linnet, and a pair of the 



Photo-Engravetl from Fen-and-lnk Copy. 

hnt, allowed the boy to mount his shoul- 
ders, and, with the umbrella, finally cap- 
tured the hrtt. As the boy dismounted 
mid thniiked the old gentleman, another 
geutlomau caine along, who saluted and 
ciilli'd the one with the umbrella, " Your 
Miijp.'tty." Being an American boy, our 
boy was not paralyzed, but he thinks the 
kiug deserves his kingdom. In fact, the 
Kin^r of Denmark is a capital fellow. He 
love-; Id mingle with the people in their 
* ■ ' ol of 

tongue that would fiiiii Im i-iI. lui lii:it 
test has fomiidable rivuls. The f.illnwing 
short sentences, as their authors niaiutaiu, 
do wonders in baffling the ordinary powers 
of speech : 

Say, should sueh a shapely sash shabby 
stitches show. 

Strange strategic statistics. 

Give Grimes Jim's gilt gig-whip. 

Sarah in a shawl shoveled soft snow 

She sells sea-shells. 

A cup of coffee in u conper coffee-cup. 

Smith's spirit-flask split Philip's sixth 
sister's fifth stjuirrel's skull. 

Mr. Fisk wished whisk whisky. 

A Bucollf Itljl. 

And now the honest farmer packs 

His apples up for town; 
This is the top row of his sacks 

o o o o o o o o o 

And tluK is lower dowu. 

tli!ii Miii<in ... 1 ,1- i,„ ,t,,i throughout 
the couritrv, wliuii snll ily the Bryant & 
Stnitlon Uiig, are actually under th« per- 
s<inal iiianageiiient of Bryant & Stratton, 
wherejis Mr. Stratton, of that firm, died 
in 1807, and Mr. Bryaut's interest in com- 
mercial schools has since that date been 
confined to the Bryaut & Stratton school 
iu Chicago. At the time of Mr. Stratton's 
death and theconsequent dissolution of the 

by one of the agents ; and there are now 
over 350 Remington Standard Typewriters 
and Caligraphs in use. It is stated that 
the sales of this mouth will largely exceed 
those of any former mouth, both in this 
city and State. There are a large number 
of young ladies learning to use them, and 
as a rule they make the best writers, — 
Tmlianiipolin Journal. 

InHect tlnderlakers. 

Nearly every *one is familiar with the 
burying beetle, and many have, perhaps, 

beetles set to work to bury it. They 
pushed out the dirt from beneath the 
body; then the male drove the female 
away, and worked alone for about five 
hours, turning the linnet around in a more 
convenient position, and occasionally 
mounting the body to tread it dowu. 
After resting for an hour it proceeded, as 
before, alternately excavating and pulling 
the bird from below, and then treading it 
down from above. It was buried by the 
end of the third day. In 50 days the four 
beetles had buried four frogs, three small 

Floral Tlme-PleceM. 

Each flower, bird and insect has its ap- 
pointed time in the shifting panorama of 
beauty and music that stretches through 
the year. They perform their parts as 
regularly as actors in a play, all keeping 
well their places, and appearing only when 
the piece expects them. This accuracy ex- 
tend even to days and hours. The nat- 
uralist Thoreau said that if he were placed 
in tbe fields after a Rip Van Winkle sleep 
of unknown length he could tell the exact 
day of the year by the flowers around him. 
Other close observers of nature have 
claimed the same. Before mechanical 
clocks were common it was an ordinary 
habit to read the time of day in the flow- 
ers. Every blossom has its precise hour 
for unfolding its petals and for shutting 
them. Although the light and tempera- 
ture affect these movements there is al- 
ways a strong effort made by the plant to 
keep its allotted time. Day flowers that 
are imprisoned in darkness still follow 
their usual out-door habits. Most flowers 
open at sunrise and close at sunset, but 
there is no hour of the 24 when some 
blossoms do not awaken, and there is 
none when some do not begin to sleep. 
This motion is generally gradual, but 
morning flowers open rapidly, and after- 
noon flowersclosc very rapidly. Linnteus, 
the father of modern Botany, constructed 
!i flower clock which would tell the hours. 
The followmg list of opening times is 
taken from his arrangement, and has been 
corroborated by other authorities : 
3 a. m Purple Convolvulus. 

3 " PlordeNot. 

4 ■' Goafs-Beard. 

.5 " Yellow Poppy. 

6 " ....Spotted Cafs Ear. 
6.30 " Sow Thistle. 

7 '" Water-Lilies. 

7.30 " Venus's Looking-Glass. 

8 *' Scarlet Pimpernel. 

8.3G *' Nolana. 

ft " Marigold. 

9.30 " ... Red Sandwort, 

10 " Fig-Marigold. 

11 " Lady Eleven-O'clock. 

12 m Blue Passion Flower. 

'i p. m .Pink Pimpernel. 

4 " Lady of the Night. 

Tt " Night-blooming Catchfly, 

D *• Marvel of Peru (Four O'clock). 

7 " White Evening Lychnis (Night 

blooming Cereus.) 

— Harper'a Young Feopli^. 

Tilt* Dead Sea. 

Oue of the most interesting lakes or inland 
seas in the world is the Dead Sea, which 
hits no visible outlet. It is not mere faucy 
that has clothed the Dead Sea iu gloom. 
The desolate shores, with scarcely a green 
thing in sight, and scattered over with 
black stones and ragged driftwood, form 
a fitting frame for the dark, sluggish 
waters, covered with a perpetual mist, and 
breaking in slow, heavy, sepulchral-toned 
waves upon the beach. It seems as if the 
smoke of the wicked cities was yet ascending 
up to heaven, and as if the moan of their 

watched its operarions. Noticing that 
dead moles and other small animals laid 
on the loose ground soon disappeared 
Professor Gleditsch concluded to invest- 
igate the cause. Accordingly, he placed 
a mole iu the garden, and on the morning 
of the third day found it buried some 3 
inches below the surface. Though won- 
dering why this service was performed 


mole, two grass- 

— ^j. — , the entrails of a fish, anif two 
morsels of the lungs of an ox. 

Wife— "George, do the Indiai 
travel in single fllef ^* Husband- 
saw but one. and he did," 

fearful sorrow would never leave that God- 
sraitten valley. It is a strange thing to 
see those waves, not dancing along and 
sparkling in the sun, as other waves do 
but moving with measured melancholv' 
and sending to the ear. as they break lan- 
guidly upon the rock, only doleful sounds. 
This is, no doubt, owing to the great heavi- 
ness of the water. This experiment was more 





nptnK of everj- 
as if we bvl been beaten with 
I Nor wag the wnt^r we took into 
vuthawhit le» vile than the most 
in drugs of the apothectary. That 
H'^li laiinot live in tbix strong solution of 
biluiiK-n and salt i« too obvious to need 
proof; bnt to say tliat birdx cannot tty 
ovcr it and live is oneof the exnpgerations 
of travelers, who pcrhjips were not. like 
•ourwlve*, no fortunate a« to we a flock of 
duckH reposing on the water in apparently 
good health. And vet thiM wan all the 
fife we did see. The whole valley wa« 
one Hcething cauldron, tindc-r more than a 
trojiical »un. God-fon»aken and man-for- 
saken, no green thing grows within it, and 
It nmains to this day us striking a monu- 
ment of God's fearful judgments as when 
the lire from heaven devoured the once 
mighly citiej* of the plain. 

Bow the winters are drifting like flakes ot 

Anil tho tmmmer-like buds between. 
Anil the vears in the shenf , how they come and 

they go 
Oa the river's breast, with its ebb and its 

An it glides in the shadow and sheen. 

And the June with the r 

B of the isle is " Long Ago," 

Tiere are heaps of dust — oh! 

'^Tbere ai-e bands that are wuved from the fairy 

By thf flthil mirage he lifted in air. 
And we sometimes bear through the turbulent 

Bweet voices we heard in the days gone be- 
When tho wind down the river was fair. 

Oh! reninmberei] for ave be that blessed isle, 

All the day of our life until night ; 
And when evening glows with its beautiful 

And our oyeii ai-e closing in slunibei's awhile. 
May the greenwood of soul be in sight. 

FunbiouM lor the Dead. 

Jiuin"s H..dL:e continues to s'ell burying 
crepc'M. r<':i<l\ iniulc; and his wife's niece 
dreKHt"- dcjid I urijsea at as cheap a rate as 
was foniii'rl\ done by her uunt, having 
not only been educated by her, but per- 
fected in Edinburgh, from whence she 
lately arrived with idl tbe newest and best 
faiihiuiis for the dead. 

From the article on " Bird Music " by 
Sinfeon Peitse Cheney in the November 
Ceittiiri/ we quote the following: "The 
loon !!< not a singer, but his calls and 
•boutings exhibit so great a variety of 
vocal qualities that we must consider him 
a member of Natvire's orclie-strn. 

In the summer of 1887 I spent a few 
weeks on tlif liuniers of Trout Lake, St. 
LawreiM. (nunty. N. Y. This beautiful 
little isliiii.l .lolled lake, some three miles 
long, Iru- \n-uii inhabited for years by 
three or four pairs of loons. There they 
lay their eggs and rear their young, and 
there I found a good opportunity to study 
them. On one occasion a small party of 
UR discovered a nest. When we were yet 
a gtmd way off the wary sitter slid from 
tight utto the water, darted along beneath 
our iKiat, and was far into the lake before 
she came to the surface. The nest, simply 
a little cavity in dry muck, was on the 
ruins of im old nuisknit house, not more 
than 8 or 10 inches above the water. 
There were two very dark eggs in it — 
never more than tsvo are found in the nest 
oftheUxm — nearly iu* large as those of a 

The lime of sitting, as 1 was informed, 
is f«»ur weeks. Wilson says of the loons 
that " they light upon their ni'sts," but a 
careful ob8er\'er, who had several times 
seen the female make her way from the 
water lo h*r nest, told me that thev shove 

themselves lo it on their breasts, very 
much as thev push themselves in the 
water. I was also infornu-d that the 
young are never fed upon the nest, but 
are taken lo the water on the back of the 
mother, where they remain nod are 
fed for a time, and then are launched 
upon the waves for life. At this age 
one can row up to them and take them 
in the hand, which they delight in "giving 
har<I nips with their long and Timber 
bills, but when a month old tbcy seem as 
wild and cunning an thoir parents. 

Plnicera, Teeth and Breatb. 

A young Indy from Walnut Hills, Ohio, 
takes Mr. Packard to task in the "Cosmo- 
]>olitan Shorthander." for re<)uiring his 
model "girl amanuensis" to have clean 
fingers, white teeth and a sweet breath, on 
the ground that girls do sometimes have 
''disordered stomachs" and "deranged 
livers," in spite of themselves, and more- 
over, when a girl is "compelled tosit by the 
hour taking the dictations of an employer 
whose breath is foul with tobacco and 
whisky," it is quite too much to expect 
her to return only sweetness. This may 
be alt true, little Buckeye, but you ouite 

of the Borne Journal little thought that 
the newspai>crs of his own country would 
Iw using thousands of forest trees daily to 
satisfy the demands of millions of readers. 
In home affairs, the probable depletion of 
our American forests should be kept in 
and paper-making wood ought 

How !■ Ihl«, Brother Pelreer 

An exchange says that when the city 
council of Keokuk proposed to buy cyclo- 
pedias for use in the public schools, one 
member, an alderman, was opposed to it, as 
he "did Dot believe the scholars could 
ride the blamed things." 

A OelCHtfal Cltv Afloat. 

At Canton, (.'hina, some 2.50,000 people 

ntinuously upon boats. 

never step foot 

cud to another. Tiir v-im. . inih. n ii:ive 
a habit of continuatl- il'. -l. luMid, 

and thus cause a v.\r-o i. ,■ i i ■■ iM,- in 
effecting a rescue, w hii. m m nn m i.iraes 
this is impossible, ami ii i-lnlil is liinuucd. 
China is an over-populated country and 
the Chinese have profited by this drowning 
proclivity in reducing the sin-plus popula- 
tion. They attach fioats to the male cbit- 

ensis gets her place and her salary from a 
man who is willing to give her the one and 
able to give her the other, and who has 
the privilege of choice in matters of taste. 
As between two girls, the one having clean 
hands, white teeth and a sweet breath, and 
the other being too busy looking after her 
sluggish liver to give proper attention to 
cleanliness, the " na-sty man" would be 
most likely, other things being equal, to 
take the former; and then the latter might 
uot get to be a "girl amanuensis" at all. 
That was what Mr. Packard meant. 

Nenrspaiicr rroiti the l^oc. 

In reading a daily newspaper, says the 
SUitiontr, one cnn scarcely realize the in- 
gredients that enter into the composition 
of the material on which it is printed. 
The general conclusion is, that a sheet of 
paper is made of rags, groimd into pulp, 
and theu mixed with ingredients sufficient 
to get the requisite quality and thickness. 
Away back in the " forties " such was the 
case, and there are many printers and 
paper-makers now living who will testify 
to the fact, especially as regards news- 
paper .stock. All this has changed, and 
at present there is scarcely a particle of 
cotton fiber used in its mimufacture. Con- 
siderable wood pulp is yet imported from 
Germany and France, but our American 
forests furnish an abundance for our 
wants. Almost all the great daily papers 
:ire now printed from this material. 
When the gifted Morris sang " Wood- 
man, spare that tree," the associate editor 

dren so that they < 
they tumble into the n 
are without such protection, and arc usu- 
ally left to drown — such accidents being 

Au Export AmaiiuenBls, 

"So, young man, you think you can 
use the type-writer and write short-hand, 
do you? Well, how fast can you work?" 

"H'm," begim the youth, modestly. 
"If you'l pour a quart of oil over the 
maclunc, I'll show you what I can do with 
it. In regard to short-hand, I make it a 
rule never to keep over five minutes ahead 
of the speaker, but if you wish ." 

lie was engaged on the spot. 

~rh Carloon. 

Miss Travis — You have had at least a 
dozen offerw of marriage, haven't you, 
Belle? Miss Dc Smith — Yes, I supporeso. 
Miss Travis — And refused them alW Miss 
De Smith— Yes. Miss Travis. Miss Tmvis 
— What makes vou so obstinate and fool- 
ish. Belle? Miss De Smith— Oh, I sup- 
pose it is an old motto that I used to 
wTite and re-write in my copy-book at 
school: " Learn to sav no." 

—Burlington Free Pre9». 

LoNo MEAsntE.— Ten mills make one 
cent. 10 cents make one dime, 10 dimes 
buy u full gross of Ames' Best Pens, every 
one warranted. Let the American eagle 
scream — Peerless ! Luxurious '. 

Practical Teachers and Penmen 



The features of the picture given here- 
with will be recognized by hosts of his 
friends as those of John R. Cnmell, Prin- 
cipal of the Albany Business College, one 
of the best known business educators in 
this country. Born in Troy, he spent his 
early life there, and at the age of 18 
took a commercial course in the Bryant & 
Stratton College. His special ability in 
the Hue of business education showed 
itself so plainly that as soon ns he gradu- 
ated he was engaged as teacher, and be- 
fore he was of ago he purchased the col- 
lege, and thenceforth devoted himself 
to business college work. 

Mr. Cam ell was one of the original 18 
who ot Buffalo in 1867, after the disin- 
tegration of the "Bryant & Stratton 
Chain of Colleges," united to form the 
International Business College Associa- 
tion. Mr. Cnrnell was the youngest mem- 
ber of that group, among such men as 
Packard, of New York; Sadler, of Balti- 
more; Bryant, of Chicago; Williams, of 
Rochester; Spencer, of Milwaukee; Fel- 
ton, of Cleveland, and others well known. 

For ten years Mr. Carnell successfully 
conducted the Troy College, but incessant 
work told upon liim and he was obliged 
to give up. A complete rest, spent in 
travel and study, restored his health, and 
in the spring of 1884 he returned to his 
congenial calling, pinchosing a half in- 
terest in the Albany Business College mid 
entering into partnership with Prof. C. E. 
Carhart, under the firm name of Carnell & 
Carbart. To his work here he brought 
the courage and "push" which have al- 
ways distinguished him. and almost from 
I be date of his connection with it the 
Albany Business College leaped into 
prominence and fast outgrew the already 
imieased accommodations provided by 
the new firm. A new building was de- 
cided upon, and a four-story double-front 
edifice erected especially for the college 
is now the pride of Mr. Carnell's heart 
and the joy of the college students and 
professors. His rejoicing at the comple- 
tion of this greatest enterprise of his life 
was shadowed by the sudden death, in 
Xovember, 1887. of Professor CJarhart, hi.s 
partucr, with whom his relations had been 
of a most delightful character. Saddened 
by this shock Mr. Carnell nevertheless 
took up the added burden and Iuls with 
watchful efficiency piloted the college on 
to increasing numbers and efficiency. 
During the past summer he associated with 
himself Prof. S. D. Gutchess to aid him 
in the college work. 

The nan to PIre Vour Bad 
Wrlllue Al. 

Perry Jones, the Superintendent of the 
Dead Letter Department of the New York 
Post Office, has just recovered from a se- 
vere illness, which prostrated him for sev- 
eral weeks. He is familiar with the writ- 
ings of every language except the Chinese 
and Arabic. To decipher the characters 
of the Mongolians and Arabians who send 
missives to this country he has a special 
assistant. Some of the work of elucidation 
which .Tones accomplishes is absolutely 
marvelous. The foreign letters are not 
necessarily the most difficult to decipher. 
The hiiir-clutchers are mainly those which 
come from Pennsylvania Dutchmen, who 
apparently write with plowshares and in 
that peculiar vernacular of their own 
which has ever created a feeling of pro- 
found awe in the minds of the most en- 
thusiastic linguiste. Jones savs that he 
ascribes his success in discovering the in- 
tent of apparently illegible writers to the 
fact that he endeavors to put himself in 
the place of the writer, and tries to imag- 
ine how he, if writing to New York, and 
ignorant of writing and spelling and lo- 
calities, would attempt to express himself. 
He has been in the post office 20 years] 
and lor one-half that time in his present 
position. He is talked of for the superin- 

PENMAN'S Art Journal 

Advertiitina rn/r*, 30 rCTif* per agate !tnr , 
fi.SO p«r inen, fach insertion. [h'Kcounts foi 
term and space. Special eaitimaten furtiirivet 
on apptication. No adrertisemmts taken foi 

'/■■iirt^l; one number' 10 
..,./• 1 except to bona fide 
uh^iril}er» to aid thein in 
lis. Premium list on page 

New York, Fobrnarrj 1889. 


It in utee^mry for uv, by reiison of a 
jUioil o/ iiH/fess inquiries received, to atjain 
aity that all unerpired HuliSeriptiojii on the 
Ijookn <tf The Penman's Gazette mil he 
enrried out by tiit, as announced when. Wit 
hought oat that paver. We then mid, and 
here repeat, that /or the three numbers 
which The Gazette missed htsf 
each subscriber for that paper will hm 
time eztended'^ three months. This ii 
trust, explicit 

i to obviate any fur- 
an the subject, which 
that might he mttre 

ther ^orrempondence 
romumrs much tim 
profitably employed. 

The ^^occmber, 1888. numhrr »/ The 
JoiTRNAL has become nearly twhnuHted. 
We hate but a fete copies left and iciV only 
dispose of them with complete _ft7*«. We 
iPish to buy copies of this issue'at 10 cents 
each, or to exchange for them copies of any 
other tissue or choice of our penmanship 
premiums. Those having copies to dispose 
of itill confer a great facor by letting us 
hare them. 


The result of our flourwlipd specimen 
l)rize coiupetitiou is given elsewhere. We 
were quite prcpnred for n warm n'-sponse 
from our friends, but the volume of letters 
fiiUed out iistouished u». There is murh 
food for serious reflection by penmen iu 
the delnils of the voting given. The brief 
extracts from letters show how different 
iirtists will come to widely different cou- 
ilusions from the same premises. Every- 
body knows how doctors will disiigrce, 
and penmen, without any doubt, have 
thai much in common with them. Urothcr 

Moore ought to be a proud man, and so 
ought Brother Zaner and Brother Scho- 
field— and doubtless they all are. On one 
thing every one is agreed: The specimens 
arc unifonnly elegant, and either of them 
wovild be a credit to any artist. 

So widespread has been the interest 
taken in this competition that The Jnim- 
NAi, is considering arranging another on 
even a broader scale. We shall think the 
matter over carefully, and probably have 
something further to say iu point next 
month. Nothing is so stimulating and 
productive of improvement as a good, 
healthy competition. 

Next month we shall show some very 
neat business letters. We hope, too, 
in the next issue to be able to begin the 
printing of some of the papers and essays 
for which prizes were offered. So many 
contributions were received iu this line 
that the work of handling them has been 
necessarily slow. Wc have papers from 
some of the foremost penmanship special- 
ists in the country, and it is safe to promise 
that no aeries of articles that ever ap- 
])eared in a penman's paper has been so 
comprehensive or grasped the whole sub- 
ject of penmanship instruction so fully as 
that which we shall print as the outcome 
of our prize competitions. 

While on the subject we may say that 
some very elaborate and beautiful flour- 
ished specimens submitted for competition, 
which in merit fall little below those al- 
ready printed, will appear in The Joiir- 

We shall esteem it a great favor on 
the part of any friend who may put us in 
the way of securing copies of The Journal 
for last November. We are willing to 
exchange any other number for that one, 
to buy them at teu cents each, or to give 
any of our pen premiums in eveu exchange 
for them. Eveu a single copy will be 
gladly received. 

Hehe is an excellent 
from Thomas Powers, Watertown, N. Y., 
which we hasten to act upon: 

I would like to see published in The 
JoruNAL a list of the cities of the United 
States in which, special teachei-s of jieu- 
manship are employed; also the salaries 
paid in each. If a notice were published 
in The Jouhnal requesting teachei-s to seud 
in the names of such I think it would 
be complied with. 

Any inform'itiou iu the lint- indicated 
will be gladly r-jceived. It. of covirse, 
should be as explicit as possible, with the 
number of special teachers and their ad- 
dresses, if practicable. A compilation of 
this character might open avenues of 
profitable emi»loyment for many penman- 
ship teachers. 

ur circulai-s seeking 
iufoimation about business colleges have 
not been as general as we could wish. We 
have about a hundred answers, but it ia 
the other two hundred that we are anxious 
about. New blanks will be sent on appli- 
cation. This is an undertaking of the 
greatest interest to the profession and we 
hope it will be encouraged. 

We have been dsing Barnes' Jet 
Black Ink in our office recently and find 
it to he a very satisfactory article. This 
is an enterprising house, and everything 
that it handles is first class. The new 
Barnes National Pens are no exception. 
You can test their merits yourself by 
sending ten cents to the firm (luldress on 
the outside page of this puperj for an 
unique sample card of pens, showing ten 

The recent addition of the Gazette 
subscription lists to those of The Journal 
naturally caused some friction, especially 
in the cases of those who were on both 
lists, and entailed a large amount of extra 

labor on our working force. The diffi- 
culty increased when our secretary was 
taken suddenly and seriously ill. A few 
days later the head subscription and 
mailing clerk was also taken ill. That 
was some weeks ago, and neither has yet 
been able to resume his duties. At the 
same time we were suddenly deprived ot 
the services of our general superintendent, 
to say nothing of the oflice boy. It would 
be difficult to imagine a chain of much 
more adverse circumstances, and the hand- 
ling of our business has suffered some- 
thing in consequeuce. The mail parcels 
received daily at The Journal office at 
this season range anywhere from 100 to 
500. The letters and parcels sent out are 
about the same. Our friends must appre- 
ciate the difficulty of handling this busi- 
ness with practically a green force. 

We consider this explanation necessary, 
as during the past month we have been 
behind with our orders. Many subscribers 
also complain of not having received their 
paper last month, or of having received it 
very late. This number is also a little 
late from the same cause. We are now 
even with the business again and every- 
thing is going smoothly. 

The closing installment of our "Across 
the Continent " Series was crowded out 
of this number. It will be printed next 
month. The grand Yellowstone Park will 
furnish the inspiration. 

School and Personal. 

— I. W. Pierson, the veteran jjenman, has 
gone to Chicfigo to instruct the students ot 
Bryant's Business College in the mysteries of 
the chirograplue art. Piei-son has won his 
spurs as a teacher and a writer by yeare of de- 
voted service, and is iu all reBpects qualified to 
Eierome du"ector of so inipoi'tant a branch of 
study ill one of the foremost schools of com- 
mei'cial training iu the world. 

— After a 15 years' eounectiou with the 
ZanesviUe, Ohio, Business College as student, 
teaeher, principal and joint proprietor, Prof. 
H. B. Pai-sons severs his connection with that 
tustituttoD, and on April 1 will open the Na- 
tional Business Univei-sity. at Columbus, Ohio. 
He is a thoroughly capable instructor, a mas- 
ter of his aii;, and is bound to meet 'with suc- 

— This is from the Clipper, Burlington, Vt., 
of January 3: "Evans' Business College, 
Burlington, opened Wednesday, after the holi- 
day vacation, with an Inci-eased attendance. 
E. G. Evans, the principal, is a thorough and 
pi-actical business man, and during the time he 
has been connected with the institution (some 
five yeai*s) he has gi-eatlj- added to its facihtjes 
and usefnlnass, until noiv it ranks with the 
best business colleges in the country. Its in- 
creasing number of students attests the fact 
that it is being so recognized. A special 
teacher is iu chai'ge of the Shorthand Departs 
ment. We can heartily recommend it to all 
seeking a business course." 

— We have received a handsome engraving 
showing the beautiful buildings of the Morixjll 
Institute, late the College of Ai-t and Com- 
merce, Johnstown, Pa. The attendance at 
this institution now exceeds 240, and is fast 
growing. Messrs. Bennett & Greer are the 
enterprising proprietors. 

— J. M. Wade, Emlenton. Pa., repoils very 
gratifying success in inipai-tiiig penmanship 
instruction by correspondence. He advertises 
in The Jodrnal. 

—The paragraph appended is clipiied from 
the Quincy. 111., Daily Journal of January 2(}: 
" Pivsf Piolilinir KflinApUl. the ac-eomnlished 

in behalf of the s 
chosen i"emai'ka. wlii 
to in a most happy ■ 
highly prized such i; 

I. „ 

_ _ __ _ t duty weU done i 

highest reward, and tlie advancement of his 
pupils as his richest gain." 

—A. C. Webb issues a cuculoi- of his Nash- 
ville, Tenn., college that is both artistic and 
business-like. Webb is one of the real artists 
of the profession. 

—A miniature brochure from E. M. Char- 
tier's Texas Busintss College, Paris, Tex., is ex- 
ceptionally attractive in its aiTungement and 
mechanical appearance. 

—The engraved New Year greeting from 
Hem-y C. «n.t Mis, Suni A. Spencer, of the 
Bpenceriiiii in ir,. i I!.-., Washington, is 

— W, II - I ;in elaborate and 

beautiful'jii. ■ - forth the advan- 
tages uf his Lenu a 1 liiiMiic-"vs College, Stratford, 
Out. He accumpauies it with a map, which is 
a pleasing novelfy. 

— Daleville, Miss., ha-s a flourishing commer- 
cial school, and iti name is the Cooper Normal 
College. l''.\rrll.iii i;isir 1- ■-huwu m the cata- 

— E. J. KiM-iii, Ml, Ont,, has given 
up theproii-,-,ir,ii ni |i.[iiiiiiiiwliip to enrage in 
jom-nalism. in cuunectiuu with Mayor Butler, 
of that city, he is conducting the Stratford 

—To A. E. iioics.— People who wiite us for 

, say their prospects i 

quantity and quality. 

— C, H. Goi-sline. a qradiinte nf thi^ Rtnto 

— L. D. Hobaek, an excellent penman, takes 
the place vacat«l by I. AV. Pierson as teacher 
of wi-iting Qt Elhott's Busine-ss College, Bur- 

^ L staff 

bers of his class. 




Hon. 1 

Ulie-ssed by 

knotvn iia Hk' pit-siiluig ulUi*-i ul the National 
Repubhcan Convention at Chicago last summer. 

— Johnson & Osboru say they aiv exceeding 
their exiiectations in the attendance of their 
Biisinev> I'nLvn.iry BiifTalo. N. Y. They 
issue nil i\i i-ni.h I'olk^ge palter and gen- 
eral fiM'iil. II 111. I iiiji !■ IU keeping. 

— Criimil'' \Mii'- 11- that the Northern Illi- 
nois Normal >Scbool, at Dixon, has passed 
through a yearof unexampled prosperity, with 
brightest prospects for the future. 

— A pushing man is G. Bixler, of Wooster, 
Ohio. He makes money on both his school and 
publications. If you should ask him to tell you 
the secret of his succe^ he would do it iu two 
words — " Judicious advertising." 

letters durinji fhf past lunnrh un account of the 
voting on om- prize-tlourished specimens, added 
to the normal increase for the busy season, 
makes it impo.isihle for us to notice one-twen- 
tieth of the handsome letters and specimens 
that have been received. We will take up a 
few that arc most conveuient at hand : 

— C. N. Faulk, Sioux City, Iowa., sends a 
very pretty bird-Hourish. SodoesG. L GuUick- 
son, Dixon, I11.;J. A. Couover, Owenville, 
Ohio, and C. G. Fechner, New Berlin, Texas. 
The latter also sends cai'ds and vmnous speci- 
mens, all ci-editahle. 

—An unique conceit in the way of pen di-aw- 
iug and semi-flourishing is from Clarence E. 
Chase, of the Hiawatha, Kan., Business Col 

— L. E. Lelane, Beatrice, Neb., is responsible 
for a set of oi-derly capitals, anumher of smooth- 
ly executed signatures and a fau- bird. He is 
a promising young penman. 

—From J. T. Perry, a student of the Iowa 
Commercial College, Davenport, we havesome 
neatly executed caids and a nice set of Italian 
capitals. The best set of Italian capitals re~ 
ceivedduringthemouthisfromthepenof A. E. 
Pai-sons, of Wilton Junction, Iowa. He sub- 
mita another set of capitals of unii|ue design. | 

(ji'j<lel Imsinww letter <L-'>tri' - tr'iu »> . 1' 
^»ij. Apburn, R. I. It " '- mr. lil-'l f i 
I/-- rtrtnpetitioiw. iHit «a- r.-.iv"i t--' 

AilAms, who forgot to give his ad- 

tlif author of two setii of busmen 

<me particularly deserring of note— 

)i .vp found their way to our deak. 

M Wagiwr. penman. High Point. N. C. 

- <'ry rvf^lar and litylish set of capitoli* 

1 1 1 k-tt(.-r8. \'nrious exemsee arc sub- 

. ^ J. P. Howard, Bagswell, Tex. They 

A '^rk of hinuK-lf and hts pupils. 

hiivfi not wen a. prvUier letter in many 

iijiii (me which cuinm from Miw Anna 

' < <nductor of penmunfihip in the public 

f SpringBeld, Moiw, The writing is 

■ li'ar<"ut and t'lvgant in form and 

point. During tliis period he used an oblique 
bolder, but at length came to the conclusion 
that tlie straight artic:e was the better, and 
adopted it. at the same time modifying his 
views somewhat as to the correct writing 
movement. He sends us *ome exercises which 
represent bis present ideas, ard they are much 
better than the othera. 

— Some very handsome specimens of color 
work with an automatic pen come from S. T. 
(irier, Boniwtville, Ohio. He submits at the 
some time commendation of his work by those 
well-known pen aitists, Unah McKee, Oberlin, 
Ohio, and C. P. Zaner, Columbus, Ohio. 

— In the line of engrossing, C. H. Dlakslee, 
New Haven. Conn., sends us photographs of 
three ornamental pieces. One of them was 
execut«d in Germany, and bears a portrait of 
the late German Emperor, "Unser Fritz." All 
of the work is very good. W, J. Elliott, pen- 
man of the Central Business College, Stratford, 
Ont. . sends specimens a photograph of an orig- 

utes some capitals and exercises, together with 
a written letter, which speak well for his skill 

—The letters received from the following 
showthem to beexcellent peiimen: 

J. E. Uustus, principal of the business do- 
mrtment of Bethany Collece. Liudsborg. Kan. ; 
\V. J. Ives, Business College. Leavenworth. 
Kan. ; D. W. HofF. Des Moinev. Iowa ; W. H. 
Shrawder. Richmond, Ind., Business College: 

■ " " -. . ■ ^ -versten, 

r. J.' 
_. . Hart, 
1, Etirekn, 111., 
Business College; AV. L. Starkcy. Coleman's 

Tenn.; VV. L. Bunkei 
J. C. Kane. Eaton & H.: 
more: F. E. Persoa-, I 
W. Steele, Raleigh. N 
E. H. Fritch, North" ■ 

A few days ago i 

Wichita, Kan. ; 
A. G. Vates, ^ 
Kan. : J. M. Adams, l-o: 

Comly S. L, Lobb. 1702 North 

^_ _. ladv. who is teaching in 

otthe frontier dtetxicts of California, wrote 

to ask mo bow idie could obtain such instruc- 

better irtt\/ of /mrnino penmansntp oy mau. 

John It. Cornell, Albany. S. V.—l »nd you 
mv best wishes for the success of Thk Jocrkai. 

Want to Exchange Spec 

Editor OF Thr .Journal : 

I am with Mr. Morriss in regnrd to ex- 
clianging specimens. The hwt number of 
The JoiTRNAL is immense.— .1. ./. Dai- 
ri/mple, Fort Smith, Ari: 

Editor ov The Journal: 

When you publish a list of those pen- 

/ fin m'' " „„, / \y „,/'- 

'(,, i:fr:-^-^;,, ^s^^^g'^ 

ivien E tFhotO'Engraved) Submitted for Competition 
Other Cut is Liknvise Shoum Elsewkert in this lasxte. 
18 J 18 /tu-fccs.) 

and One of the Two Specimens Selected as the Best from the Whole Number Hecrioed. The 
Vour Votr as to which of these Specimms shall be Awarded First Prize. [Size of Original 

1 Clarence E. Oruisby, Stafford Springs, 

^We shall show in an early number of Tire 
. pretty piece of ornamental work 
S the pen of the popular yoimg artist, A. E. 
Utico. Dcwhui-st ba.s excellent 
is a hard worker, and will be heard from 
e of the lendefs in this line. Send for his 

Mtti-tin. Lane, Kmi., sends capitals 
t automatic speciuiuns. 
—A handsomely engravtid ornamcDtal busi- 
CftPd comes trtmi Robert PhUip, Sacra- 
Dto, Cal., and rt-presents his work, 
-Various exercises are submitted by Frank 
II, Kane. Pn. J. M. Wnde. Emlenton, Pa., 
a proof of a set of capitals engraved 
1 blnrk. Both the wxiting and the en- 
are executed by bimaelf and tlie work 
lether creilitable. 
-We have a number of exercises from A. J. 
'Boiith. .^Vuamosa, Iowa. Some of them show 
what lie calU his "purely muscular" style. 
whii-li he infunus us he spent a great deal of 
i'i> ill trying to bring up to a satisfactor>' 

inal deuign by himself, which is particularly 
strong in its lettering. Another specimen in 
kind is from the facile pen of E. L. Burnett, of 
Stowell'sB. & S. Business College, Providence, 
R. I. Dumett is thoughtful enough to rein- 
foi-ce this contribution with a striking photo- 
graph of himself, for which remembrance we 
ore duly mindful. D. L. Stoddard, a promising 
young penman of Emporia, Kan., likewise 
sends us a portrait repi-esenting himself in the 
attitude of exhibiting a framed piece of en- 

— T. J. Risiuwr, of the Utica Business College. 
semLs his N>mpliments in a l)eautifnl Christ- 
mas salutation. 

-William Robinson. Wasliago. Canada, con- 
tributes to our Scrap Book a vai-iety of speci- 
mens, including o set of business capitols. 
canis and flourishes, all of which show him to 
be a clever penman. A creditable bird flourish 
buars the name of J. F. Cotart, Emporia. 
Kan.; another that of A. Garvin, of (Jarrin's 
Business College, Indiana|K>lis. Still other 
flourishes come from S. B. Will»ert. Andover, 
Oliio, and E. C. Wiles, Ong. Neb,, the latter 
who says he is only 1.5 years old also contrib- 

Philodelphia. Pa.; Wesley 
iist*T. Pa.; H. A. Howard, 


A Little Late In (.ettlnie In Type, but 
too Ciood tu be LoNl. 

,1 H Hiv>,}fiT>. Worcester, Mass.— I am 
jii*i 111 [■■■■■iMut ui cuds tumounciug the matri- 
Kvi. .: ■■■li The Gazette and 

V .1 fatherly privilege, I 

-_., I r 1 1 1 ■ which you have 

111 1 , (bought you would so 

:■■■:■..', . _i;ri_i_tion8of TheGazette, 

but timi- vv..ik.- "niidors. Your beauty, style, 
bold and frank natuit: have made you very 
captivating, while The Gazette, susceptible 
creature, has yielded to your arguments in 
both judgment and alTection. I heartily ap- 
prove the union, and may you live long and 

■ ■ vuirk, fi 
■ conemtii 

, and Gazette. 

mens of penmanship accordiag to R. £■ 
Morrias' article in Titk .Tourkal, 1 wish 
you would put my name on the list, too. 
— t'. O. Frrhnrr, Nnr Berlin, Trx/is. 

Editor of The .Iocrnai.: 

The plan Mr. Morri.-^s speaks of ha« been 
in my mind for some time, and if writina 
would he acceptable to any of the pro- 
fessionals I would be glad to have my name 
on the exchange list, and think at le»st 
myself would be betietited by so doing. 
—D. C. liugg, ArrhUnthl li.,^. Col.. Mh.- 

O. L. (Jnllickson, Dixon, lU., and J. P. 
Byrne, .Jamestown, N. V., Bus. Coll., also 
write to have their names put on the list. 

[The writers of the above are all good 
penmen, aa shown by their letters. Other 
parties wishing to' exchange specimens 
may have their names enrolled bv writing 
to the Editor of the .lontSAi.. ] 

" '^^cs -^f^^Cfee^ 


ultlMWod to B.'f. Kei.i.KV. office "f the /e! 

Tlif Turkish Uovemment has forbidden the 
Moslem rhildrcu to attend Christian schools in 

The freahnian t-lass at Oxford numbers 652. 
At Cambridge there are 8H3 freshmen. 

A ehftrt*r ha« been granted to Rutgers 
Feninlv College empowermg it to confer the 
uHual college degrees. 

Only l!t high schools of Iowa pay their prin- 
elpttls «1200 or over, and of these t«n fulfill the 
duty of dty principal or superintendent. 

Oreek is no longer a compulsory subject for 
entrance in Winchester, Harrow, and Marl- 
linronjrh, tlm-e «>f the great English publit- 

■inldi-i'ii from to 14 was about ;tU per ceut., 
rt bile till! increased eniollment was nearly 100 
■:K'r wilt , and the Increase of expenditures was 

or the 5U.()00 copies of the "En- 

cluiipcdia liritoniiicn " that havi 
O.-en Issued 40.0(H) h 
thi? UiiiU-d State's. 


Pittsfleld. ; 


A whiskey gla^ is frequently u cough-hic- 

" This is a backwai*d spring," said the young 
lady, as she adjusted the wires of her bustle. — 
Jio'sfon Budget. 

Gallagher should be a mail agent, because 
there is so much " letter go " about him. — New 
Orleans Picayune. 

The Russian law prohibits Joking about the 
Czar. That's why 

There are two things a woman will always 
jump at — a conclusion and a mouse. 
:" A City Hall bootblack is the son of a wealthy 
bneidn County farmer. The father believes in 
iiinkint.'- hay while the son shines. — Micfr. 

I Im Pi- I- -nine chance that a young house- 
,,.,., Hi ^))oiige cake will be light and airy 
I :\ 111 II. i. (IS dream, but there is also some 
I hiiii . ihiir II confirmed old maid of 63 will get 
iiiiiiiii-ii, — SuiiiervHle Journal. 
A Hebrew scholar last week iu Boston 

Sicked up a copy of one of Howells' novels. He 
egan at the back end, recognized the style, 

— Number 1, volume 1, of the Businejis 
CoUegr Guide, St. Thomas, Ontario, is on our 
table. It is a bright little eight-page paper, 
edited by Messrs. Phillii>s & Carl, proprietors 
of the College. 

—The Southern Penman is the name of the 
new journal published by L. R. Walden, of 
the Austin, Tex., Business College. We trust 
that the geiual promoter of the enterprise will 
realize large dividends. 

—The Practical Edru-ator from the Osca- 
loosa, Iowa, Business College, is a well-printed 
compilation of entertaining matter. 

— From Johnson & Osboni's Buffalo Busi- 
ness Univei-sity we have the Business Educa- 
tor, a large 13-page paper, beautifully printed, 
and thoughtfully edited. Some plates of Mr. 
Osbom's handsome peuwork are submitted. 

— The Synoptic of the Richmond, Ind., Busi- 
ness College, has some pretty penwork, by W. 
H. Shrawder, the penman of the school. The 
paper is attractive thi-oughout. O, E, Ful- 
ghum is at the head of the faculty, 

— The Spencerian Neivs from the Spencerian 
College, Cleveland, Ohio, is a new paper, and 
an uncommonly neat and pretty one. Alfred 
Day is its editor. 

— Bixler's vigorous youngster, the People's 

old. .SIr. has 

becomes a law unto himself because of under 
standing the reasons for his processes. 

Clews' book, "Twenty-eight 

amount of curiosity. 


tell about 

his 28 years' ejqwricnc 



center of 

and we presume u> -a 

\mI! ii<>' 

he disap- 
^uf nearly 

pomted. The book i^ > 
800 pages, elegantly i 
and Mr. Clewsd^w^i n- 


1 Ullll . 

. Ml 


his long experience n.-. 

i\-e style. 

He mokes no attfinpr 


III ^Mll 

i-eal inherent literary i 

bereft of any of 

the tricks of false adornment which i 
times used by the popular author to supply 
lack of matter or thought. The author dis- 
cusses a variety of subjects having a practical 

)n Wall street bi ' 

ntimately and i 

therewith, all of public i „_ . 

aim of the book is to demonstrate the personal 
honor and integrity of Wall street men, and the 
honesty of their methodsj in opposition to a 
popuJai" but su{)erficial o[)mion that they are 
detective in these qualities. Wall street, as the 
great money center, is shown to have been the 
mighty lever of industrial development, f— 

elevating the country to an international posi- 

^^((^^ZiflJ ^^ 


I Astern Deestriot, 

authority ni his school. — Qlen\ 
Falls Jiepublican. 

It you have a prablem that you 
can't work out go to a druggist. He 
can always give you a solution.— 
Tcicas Siftinys. 

Teacher — " How do you pro- 
nounce Heliogabalus i" 

Boy— " I hate to speak of him. 
sir; be was such a monster."— riuif. 

Stranger—" May I ask what your 

Tally-ho Driver (in acollege towu) 
— " Uh. 1 coach the students." — 
Burlinutun A>r<- Press. 

TeucliiT— '■ Anil when the prodi- 


Peuwork Exeetited by J. A. We 

, of the Pcrrtland, Oregon, Bu. 

t College. Photo-Engraved. 

" What do you call i 

I'he youngster quickly answered: 

" An Italian." 

Then a new topic was introduced. 

Teacher—" If you do not study your lessons 
you will never climb the ladder of fame " 

Bad bov-' 1 doirt want to." 

Teacher— •• Why not?" 

Bad boy— ••"Cause the girls would laugh at 
the uatches on my pants before I got halfway 
up the ladder."— /I cco/a Record. 

\ electricity with a velocity 
wr second requires ten secon 

Scholar (intenupting)- " Give it up. Pm uo 

An • liiclmii iJ!-ri>iug" was reported in this 
siiiti' a ii-\s ilii\sjii;... It occurred at the Indian 
Sc!ji|..1 :it L iti Uvle. and was caused by one pupil 
pill, luj; » liLtil j.niou the seat of another. The 
■■uprismi'"-15 said to have been painful, but 
or iFhort duration.— ATorW-tfoicn Bemld. 

" What game do you scholans play the 
most J" inquired one of the school trustees. 

"Hookey ! " cried the bo>-s, in unison.— Wr»-- 

President— " Yes, Mr. Snapper, the faculty 
have decided that you have broken the ruiet 
and theix' is no com^ for us but to suspend 
you." ^ 

Studeut— " H'm; how about suspending the 

L»xample," said Miss Longhircb, 
nothing, but 

I interested that be forgot I 

and became _ 

breathe and died.— Li/e 

"Was the baby bruised at all when it fell iut" 
the cistern ? " 

" Not the slightest: it was soft water, you 
know."— ./iidpe. 

Boss (to new dry goods clerk)— "Yourname, 

Clerk-"^r. Wurms." 
I Boss— "Ahl go iu the tape department."- 
Detroit Free Press. 

Mrs. Yoimgbride— " Ob, Charlie, 1 saw the 

can be bought for a song." 

Chai'lie- " I never sing." 

He — " I see Miss Jones is back from Paris," 

She (a spirited rival)—" I noticed her dress 

was cut rather low, but I didn't suppose you 

could see her back from thatdistance.'^— 7"ea-aa 

Exchange Counter. 

—The College Star, Hiram, Ohio, is a vei-y 
considerable twiukler. 

— Heald's Businesit College Journal, San 
Francisco, is as crisp and vigorous as ever. 

—A. E. Fai-sonsis giving his friends a very 
spicy paper iu the Monnal, Wiltoa Junction, 

—There is a-great deal to interest intelligent 
people in the Pacific Business College Review, 
San Francisco. It is edited by T. A. Robhison, 
M. A., President of the flourialiiug college. 

—The Day Book, from Drake's Jei-sey Busi- 
ness College, is compact, pithy and typograph- 
ically excellent. 

Writing Teaclier, Wooster, Ohio, bears the 
impress of its proprietor's indomitable energy. 
Its new heading is a decided improvement. 

—The students of the Atchison, Kan., BusL 
ness College, publish and edit a very ci-editable 
monthly paper called the College Revieic, 

—Our neighbor, the Ojffice, «» Duune 
sQ'eet, New York, has an-angod tlii'ee com- 
petitions in practical accomiting, and offers 
$500 in prizes. The scheme speaks volumes for 
the enterprise of the directors of this valuable 
publication. It is fully elaborated in the De. 
cember issue, which you may get b>' sending 
ten cents to the address above 

-Messrs. John C. BucklieeA; Co., publishers, 
l^-J-l^ Wabash avenue, Chicago, favor us with 
a copy of the new "Standard Bookkeeping," 
by Ira Mayhew, of Detroit. This new book 
presents a well-graded, thorough coui-se of 
business study, comprising a wide range of 
work, from the simplest manner of keeping ac- 
counts for farmers, mechanics and merchants, 
by single entry, to the use of double entrj' for 
the most compUcnted business of firms and 
joint-stock companies. The author first dis- 
cusses the elements of the science. The suc- 
cessive steps are easy, progi'essive and full of 
insti*uction. The student is led to compre- 
hend thoroughly the principles upon which the 
science is based. These are at once applied in 
solving examples for practice and in writing 
up sets of business transactions. The learner 
thus masters and enjoys his work from the 
beginning, advances rapidly in it, and soon 

tiou in trade and commerce unprecedented iu 
its progress in the history of any other nation. 
The book has nearly 800 pages, and many 
portraits of leading men of the "Street." It is 
sold at (3.50, and will be supplied from this 

What is True Learning? 

Editor of The Journal: 

True learning does not consist, as many 
schools now make it consist, in the knowl- 
edge of languages but in a knowledge of 
those things to which language gives names. 

The Greeks were a learned people, yet 
spoke no language but their own. Instead 
of languages their schools taught science 
and philosophy, and it is in the things 
science and ])hilosophy teach that learning 

Nearly all scicntitic learning come from 
the Greeks. All that was once resident 
iu the dead luuguages, that may be con- 
.sidered useful knowledge, is now given in 
the living languages — hence, dead lan- 
guages lire useless, and the time spent in 
teaching and learning them is thrown 
away. Their study should be abolished. 
The dead languages do not create knowl- 
edge, and are no longer the best means of 
communicating it. Their pronunciation 
is unknown. Even the presidents and 
professors in our Universities are more 
Ignorant of the Greek and Latin languages 
than the illiterate peasants of olden times. 

True learning should consist in scientific 
practical knowledge. New Era. 

nstruction in Penwork. 

The open text in thin lc8son is made with 
ble-poiotecl |h'U and rapidly, aa per 
ictioos in leseoo ten. It in notnecen- 
ry to close the points in the principles 
ith the doiible|)otolcd pen, as they can- 
t easily be miide perfect. 
Clooe them, and draw the lines across 
I broad end of the stroke;* with a com- 
m pen. To put on the nhuding turn 
r lettcnt bottom KJde from you, nnd com- 
iDce with the heavy lines at the batie. 
le ithading on " Richard's " in done 
th white ink, nnd the [Ktaition of letters 
laid be the Htime a» in shading the open 
H. If gold ink iH used the etTeet will 
very rich. The ornamentation around 
•e names is done with the forcarni 
nrement, holding the pen ns in writing, 
septing, of course, the little touches 

'o styles of figures ure given, appro. 

late fr)r OerniPn text or Old English. 

glo pencil outlining should be used in an^ 

Of work. In our next lesson we will 

comiiM'iiir uu iu<m- eluliorate ktti-ring. 

The Ancient Copyist. 

\<n Kiillrrlr Otil ol ExUlcnce bv 
itiroduetlon of llie Type- Writer. 

Ill inlrodmtiou of the type-writer has 
in the ancient copyist entirely out of 
lence. Before modern mechanical in- 
iiity devised this nieano of overcoming 
(i.tii-iencirs of liiid handwriting there 

aides. Altogether, the copyist in a large 
theater had his hands full throughout the 
reason. Independent of the theater were, 
also, men who had made a trade of copy- 
ing plays, legal documents and manu- 
scripts for publication. That there was 
Quite a number of these might be inferred 

altered all this. There is a typewriters 
desk in every hotel office, and type-writ- 
ing establishments all over town. Tou 
now haveyour manuscript converted into a 
book even before it goes to the printer's 
hands. Indeed, there are publishers iu 
this city who »«ud manuscripts to the type- 


Photo Engraved from Fen-and-Ink Copy by H. W. Kibbe, and Presented in IHustration 
of hia Lesson on thi^ Page. This Cut is Repeated frdm Last Issue, as the Lesson 
wai AcetdentaUy Omitted from that lasur. 

plays which arc acted and the books which 
are sent to the press are but a drop in the 
huge bucket of production, consequently 
the prosperity of the type-writer cannot be 
gauged by the amount of matter nctually 
made public. I know one woman who 
inake« a business of copying plays alone, 
and who keeps from three to a half-dozeu 
girls continually busy. She once informed 
me that out of some hundreds of plays 
which she had copied during the ye«r she 
had, although she followed the dramatic 
papers very closely, as a matter of curiosity 
only discovered about a dozen that had 
been put on the stage. The others had 
been consigned to the limlw of rejection, 
that holds so many unfulfilled dreams,— 
Alfrnf Triimhh in 'Piffshun/h IhiUrfhi. 

Ho%v Soiuc- Bis neii ttrlte. 

Historian Bancroft uses a stenographer 
and typewriter, but he thinks 2.')0 words 
a good day's work, and James O. Blaine 
thought he was doing well when he ac- 
complished 1500 words of a morning. One 
of the fastest writers among the public 
men of to-duy is Admiriil Porter, whose 
brain works like the wheel of » dynamo, 
tbroMng off sparks at ever}' turn, and 
whose pencil rushes across the paper at 
almost telegraphic speed. 

Adiainil I'orter wrote his history of the 
United States Navy in 11 mouths, and 
during this time his average was at least 
73,000 words a month, or ueuriy 2500 
words a day, including Sundays. 

The book is as big as a dictionary, and 
contains from 700,000 to 800,000 words. 
During many of these days he did not 
write at all, and his average during his 
working period ran as high as 5000 words 
a day. Admiral Porter is fond of writing. 
He never uses anything now but a lead 

PbotO'Bngraved from Penrand-lnk Copy Eixemtttd by S. R. Waster, Moor's Business College^ Atlanta, Qa. 

waa «iuiie a trade driven by the scrivener. 
Id the copying of plays especially he found 
couKtanl employment. Each theater usu- 
ally hud a copyist attached to its staff. 
Sometimes he was the prompter, who thus 
added to his emoluments, and at others an 
entirely independent member of the com- 
pany. When a play was accepted several 
clean copies had to be made of the com- 
plete work, one for the prompter's use and 


■ l>r'-^' 

E of accidei 

Each part had ulso to be copied off for 
eacli individual player, and the dii 
for the carpenter and pMpei 

from the fact that at one time thev had a 
sort of an exchange in L'nion Square, 
wh«re they iised to gather daily and very 
often work among the beer mugs on the 

Indeed, beer was as essential a fiuid to 
the professional copyist as ink. He was, 
as a rule, a decidedly snuffy and grubby 
person, given to chronic alcoholism, and 
as careless in his attire as he was irregular 
in his habits. Most of these men had been, 
I fancy, actors, but if they acted no better 
than they wrote, I do not wonder at their 
change of profession. Nowadays we have 

writer to be copied in order to save the ex- 
pense of the innumerable coireetions by 
the printers which would be necessitated 
by the bad handwriting of the author. 
There is a firm of young women who make 
a specialty of handling manuscripts of this 
sort, and who somehow or other contrive 
to extract sense, as well us dollars for 
themselves, out of manuscript beside which 
Horoce Greeley's was copperplate. 

In addition to books which are printed 
and plays which ore acted there are. us 
may be imagined, a good many that never 
ee the light of public day. Indeed, the 

pencil, and he sayn he cannot think wel' 
without he has his pencil in his hand. He 
had a slight attack of pen paralyris once, 
and his hand refuses to act whenever hi«* 
finger touches the steel of the pen. 

He began his novel writing for amuse- 
ment, and he wrote " Allan Dare" with- 
out any idea that it would be published, 
much less dramatized. He stands up 
while writinc, and, when he becomes in- 
terested, he works right along for hour.-* 

George Bancroft works 


Blaine did his best work before noon. 
and Logan worked both morning and 



. BTBjmBii: 



For more (■laborate rlescriptions and richly illustrated list send ten 
cints for The Journal for December, 1888. The following list contains 
many of our bent premiums, but it is not complete. 


rill semi TiiK .If. 

For 11.00 w 
Kiiiit pr.-uiiums frrr. 

[.ortl's Fmvcr 

riotiriHlK'd EflKlc 

Klourislicd Stag 

{'cnteiri Pirtiireof Progri 

Grant and Lincoln Eulogy (our newest Penmanship Premium). 

These premiums are without exception careful reproductions 
ek'gBnt BpeoimPDS of pen - - • - 

with choice of the following ele 

Grant Memorinl Size, 22 x 28. 

Garfield Memorial... '< 19x24. 

Family Record " 18 x 22. 

Marriage Certificate.. " 18 x 22. 
■ - - ■ 24x30. 

; of the most 
shown in this country. Price by mail, 50c. each. 

In pi. 

ribove, a subscriber remitting $1.00 for The Journal may re 
i_''* of Amfi^ Copy Slips, or a copy of Amcti' Guide to Practi 
//.. bound in paper, or the same "in cloth binding for $1.25. 
1/ slips have reached a tremendous sale and are tnvght f\ 

Canada. Th«y coutaiu cverytlung i 
man of a person of average intplligcm 
the Gitide in cloth and a copy of the 

dl schools of this Country and 
good, practical business pen- 
send TaE Journal one year, 

Special Premiums for Clubs. 

for Tm 

To stimulate those who interest themselves in getting subs. 
JouRH.u,, we offer a number of valuable special or r.vtra premiums to pay them for 
their time and trouble. Under this arrangement each subscriber will also be eutitled 
to cholceof tlie roipiilar premiums enumerated above, the extra premium going to the 
sender of the club. Where premiums are sent by express the receiving party will 
have to pay the express charges. 

For $2 we will send two subscriptions and an extra premium of Amet' Ouide in 

For $10, ten subscriptions and a copy of Amefi' Compendium oj Practical •and Or- 
mtmmtal Peninannhip. The price of this superb work, recognized as the standard, is 
$5. We have heretofore sent it with a club of twehe. 

For $2, two subscriptions and a quarter gross box of Avie^" Best Pens. 
For $2, two aubscriptioDs and a book of JRccitutiona and Readings, comprising 
nearly /"oHr /n/Hf/rff/ standard selections suitable for entertainments, private readings, 
ficv. The cover is heavy paper, mth pretty lithographed design. We know of no 
volume of the kind likely to give as much satisfaction. 

F..r*'.> iwnsiilis.iiptinnsiMKl I lie following standard work ■ Hintory of thr United 
s' ;, i(, 1 1,1 .n.i . I. ii tii.1,1 hull the Discovery of America in 1492 to the year 
1 I I I 1 1 1 rfs as they were introduced ; of other Industries ; 

..: i; .; i .!. i i- _ |r, hhI other Improvements; of Inventions, Important 

li'i.i ,,_Vi i;\ I \l(i|;^ I ( llll.DS. Printed from large type on tine paper, hand- 

nd gold side stamp. Regulm- price, $1.00. 

nd the following photographic outfit by express : 

child ten years old can make a picture. It consists 

n covered in imitation morocco, and will make a photo- 

;ind is provided with a Rapid Wide-angle Lena. It nKo 

i'lates, two Japanned Iron Trays, two Bottles of Developci, bound in. 

For $0, six subscriptic 
7'/if Wonder Can. 

sheet* caoh Silvered i 

)rk. It is 

both chi'ap 
of learners, it is 
mile., in length. 

ill Soda, one Printing Frame, 

; it Ik- of Gold or ToniiiL' Snlntimi t\^,A\,- Ciul Mounts, nn. 
Kiiby Paper and full .Iimmiui i .i nmI hi i;iih_\ Ljini|i 

j.iimis and the " f/yv^./ ■ , •' u . v|ii-ss Tins 

lou set is made for our use l.\ lU. iN. » ll.i^^ti t h.^k (. o . of Ni-w 
aud practical and thoroughly \\ell made Though desiguol 
no toy, but may be used on private lines from a few feci tn 
Two outfits of course are needed if two persons wish to both 
The two cells will operate a line not exceeduig 100 fee 

I -hould beadded for every 1200 feet. Extra cells cos~t 75 cents 
' ' I I I \- "I wire of 100 feet length 75 cents each. Full instructions, al- 

|ii;ii I, .V ,. L ,,inj,aii\ i :i(h outfit. We will fumish cxtra suppdcs cithcr for cosh or 

For $10, tea subscriptions and a Celebratid Flohert Rifle, Rtmiiij/t^n action, oiled 
stock, case hardened, pistol grip, checkered and 22 caliber. Sent by express. These 
rifles are unsurpassed in the quality of material and workmanship. 

For $25, twenty-five subscriptions and an elegant Breech- Loading Douhle- 
liarrd Shot Ouji with loading net complete. This is a rare bargain, the gun selling 
readily at $30. This is the cheapest relialile breech-loading fowling piece of which 
we have any knowledge, and will do all the work of a much more expensive gun. 
Sent by express. 

For $30, thirty subscriptions and a Splendid Extra-Umvy Rolled Gold Phtr 
Watch, worth $25. Elegant Hunting Case Plain or En^ue-Turncd Back and Front, 
with or without nmnogram. \ time-piece of the first excellence, with Sweep-Second 
>Ii'v. iiiiMi ;niil SiMi- A 1 1 u uMKNT. Securely packed in a woodcn box and sent by express, 

. — 1 For $2, two subscriptions and c'.ioice of the following stand- 

r-^t - — — - — Til works : The celebrated Alto Edition of popular twelve 

f T ^ ,,,^j I iiios., comprising over one hundred volumes of the most pop- 

liu- and best selling books. Each book is bound in flu- 

aiidsomest manner,_ with a beautiful black and gold suU- 

ornamental "side and silk ril^mi marhrr. The list 





Cooper : Adam Beae> by Georxe EUot. 

The retail price of these works is : 
speak for themselves. 

enty-five cents per volu 

For $17, seventeen subscriptions and the following' 
handsome extra premium by express : 

Charles Dickens' Complete Work.s (Universe Edi 
tion): fourteen volumes ; 12 mo. Superbly bound, and 
altogether one of the richest editions of the unapproach- 
able novelist's works in print. By express. 

The price of this set is $10.50 when sent otherwise 
than as a premium. 

present subscriber sending subscriptions to .■< 

special premiums may include his own renewal among tlie number. In that 
case his time will be extended on our books for one year, whether his present 
subscription is out or not. A person working for a club to secure an extra 
premium may send his subscriptions as he gets them and they will be placed 
to his credit and the extra premium sent when the requisite number of sub- 
scriptions have been been received. The club worker, however, must notify 
as that he is working for an extra premium, so that we may give him credit 
for all the subscriptions he may send. Unless he docs so notify us at the 
time of sending the subscriptions we will not recognize his claim. 

There is absolutely no chance for a club worker to lose any part of the 
fruit of his toil. If for instance he should start out to send us thirty sub- 
scriptions for the Watch and should only succeed in getting ten subscrip- 
tions, he would be entitled to receive the Flobert Rifle or any five of the 
special premiums offered for two subscriptions, and so on. 

The following: Premiums are offered for new subscriptions ONLY: 

The following is a special premium offered to any prextnt nuhxrri/nr wlio 
will send us one new subscription (with rt^gular premium) and $1 to pay for 
same. The new subscription must not be his own renewal nor that of any 
other iirescnt subscriber. 

Four Books in One I No Household is Complete Without It I 


rryEame or other imubement, Uian ihoBewlie'roin reticence and 
r? We wad UD tTwe°are t'^'d- d ^" V ^'^'^ T^' " "''^' *'"^" 

pnce. Itia a compIeW text-book for Public itnd PrlvaW Enterinin- 
meDts, Pnnte Tiieatntnlg, Parlor ExbibiQous, Social GaUutIdi!^ 

roi tlipm. Itfives tome very e^celluDt PARLOR DIUHA3, eanilr 


The following is offered ns a special premium ti 

S' FAiLY oYCLOpii OF iiiLiiiii 

Addrts^ I>. T7-".A.3ME3S, Publisher Penman's Art Jo 

When in Boston Matthew Arnold was 
satly struck, soys the BoHfori Hrrnltl, l>y 
democratic government of our read- 
He entered a reading-room 
day, and saw a small, barefooted 
faewsboT sitting in one of the best chairs. 
iDJoying himself to the utmost. Tlie 
•eat essayist was amazed, and asked: 
I you allow barefooted boys in this 
I ? You would never see such 
igbt as that in Europe. I do not bc- 
ire there is « rca<liDg-room in nil Eu- 
) which that boy, dressed as he is, 
fUld enter." 
^Then Mr. Arnold went over to the boy, 
I him in conversation, and found 
lat he was reading the "Lift of Wash- 
hgtou," and that he was a young gentle- 
1 of decidedly anti-British tendencies, 
^d, for his age, remarkably well in- 

f Mr. Arnold remained talking with the 
loungster for some time, and, us he came 
bway, he said : " I do not think I have been 
} impressed with anything else that I have 
riving in this country as I am 
^ow with meeting this barefooted boy in 

napid Promotion. 

A Dutchman whose son had been em- 
|)loyed in an insurance company's office 
ffas met by an acquaintance who inquired : 
PWell, Mr. Scliiiider, how is Hans getting 
Dong in his new place ? " 

' Shoost sphlcndid; he Tos von off der 
Urectors already." 

'A director! I never heard of such 
^pid advancement — the young man must 

& genius.^* 

he .><houst write a sphlendid 

ayes, plenty of people write good 
but you said Hans was a direc- 

'Bo he vBs" (indignantly) "he direct 
Ptom circulars ten hours efery day al- 

Perils of Education.— Uncle Rastus 
his young hopeful)— " 'Dolphus, yo' 
ing rascal, yo' take dat slate pencil 
len yo' mouf, and stop chcwjn' it! " 
'Dolphus— "Yes, pa." 
k Uncle Rastus — "Don' yo' know it am 
ngerous to de linin' ob de stummack to 
? slate pencils? Some day eddication 
I kill yo', chile, kill yo' sho." 

^tional Business University 

^I.UniBl!«, . - ^ . . . OHIO. 

I thoroughly educated 
i all Kinds of Pen 

B.— 1^~ No flourished sijeei 

higbesT style of the a 
=■ .-.« flourished specimens n 
ivcelpt of $1.0ll^will briefly < 
[letter fresi 

S~AVfl.'i'i' """*will frankly say so. iind return 

ni S2.0U f orvour trouble. 

^1 worlc will be done and signed by the Pres- 

I^IItl. BNGAGE my services to a tlret- 
class Business School. Ten years' expe- 
,. » In Commercial College work as associate 
roprietor. Kofcrenccs and speotnions if de- 


483 Oak St., Columbus. Ohio, 

s college 

[/■ANTED.— Cood man for bu 

Q Western city- Must havt ^-.^o ^u i„i^- 
huaond dollnre. No others need investigate. 
pllego Is business corporation with capital 
lok $10,000. Addi 




change of lOLution, or promotion t<i 
fields with larger salaries, should 

^ A. McCoi-d. Manager. Dcs Moines. Iowa. 


lO Cent!.. 


10 Cents. 


lO Cents. 


lO Cents. 

515 East Stale Street. Trenton, N. J. 



can Buy One-Hundred Sets of Blanks 

for Banking at one fourth their 

cost by addressing 


1 608 Washington St.. Boston, Mass. 


FOB !|i.\LE. Sliorlhaud School tn 
City of Brooklyn. N. y. Located in 
principal business building, and elegantly 
completely furnished. Established two-yc 
titid doing a proflttiblc business. Addrc» 

Care of D. T. Ames. 2115 Broadwny, New V( 




Accountants prefer i 

to alio 





I It the best they e 

and penmanship experts itao qo other after thoy have ti 


9 In givlngourorder to the leading English pen-makers, we didn't ask for the cheapest article 

" ' " * ethe b^'.^tmuteniil oblainiiblc.'oiir InstrucLioiis read, "put your most skillci 

pens, BO that you can warrant every pen ii 

-kmen ou our orders, haud-giind, band-pick aud pollah 
Thfttinpreclflely what has been done. Is it aay wonder that the 
quote the following : 

utput 1b the very best steel pen that 

Prom a barrel full of testimonials 
Tho No Plus Ultra of I'( 

So writes J. P. Mcdsger, professiooal 
penman, Jacobs Creek, Pa.: 

" Ames' Best Pens received. I do not 
wonder that your expectation lias liecn 
surpassed. It is certainly a superior pen, 
being fine pointed, durable, flexible and 
possessing a quick actiou." 

From the 


From the Joint Author of a "Series nf 
Xessons in Tlaiu Writing." 

" I have given Ames' Best Pen a 
thorough trial iind tike pleasure in recom- 
mending it us first class in every respect." 

n. J. PUTMAN. 

Minnt-apolis, Minn. 

" After a thorough trial I can safely say 
that Ames' Best Pens are excellent. I have 
had a number of my special penmanship 
sludenls try them, and all expressed them- 
selves as highly pleased." 

and uuqualitied approval. In faot I 
lighted, I have long sighed for just such a 
pen. Enclosed please find $1, fur which 
please send me a one-gross box. 

Jamti-s W. Harkjns. 
TaifJicr of Writing iit the CurU'«8 t'omincr- 
cial College, Minmapolia, Minn 

Distances all Competltora. 

" Ames' Best Pens beats all I have ev 
had before." P. B. S. Pt;TEns. 

Profcsmr of Penmannliip. St. Joseph, Mo. 
Prico 35 ceut 

Peerless I I.uxuriou8 1 

" I am doubtful whether a pen can be 
made for fine, artistic writing superior to 
Ames' Best Pen, If you bad named it 
"The Best" no one would have doubted 
the title." G. Bixler. 

Ajncrican Pen Art Hall, Woo»cr, Ohio. 

"Having very thoroughly tested Ames' 
Best Pens in general work, I can say wilh 
pleasure that tbey are superior in every 
particular, and hereby commend them toall 
desiring a smooth, easy and lasiingpen." 

E. L. BuitNETT, 

Bryant t6 Stratton Business College, ProuC 
dcTice, 21. I. 

Boats the World on any Kind of Work. 

"For a pen that combines the essential 
qualities for plain writing, flourishing and 
artistic pen work, Ames' Best is superior to 
any I have ever used." A. C. Webb. 

Penman and Artist, 2\^aj*7imlle, Tenn. 



"I have given Ames'Best Pens a thorough 
trial and have come to the conclusion that 
they are indeed rightly named. They arc 
the most durable pens I have ever used." 
A. E. DEwnuRST. 

Artist Penman, Utica, N. T. 

On I he Top of the Heap. 

" Ames' Best Pen meets my highest ap- 
proval." Chandler H. Peirce. 
Pcirce Business College, Keokuk, la. 

' So Say We All. 

" I like Ames' Best Pens very much." 
C. S. Chapman. 
Iowa B'isin4:ss College, Des Moines, la. 
a uuarter fiross box. $1.00 » gross box. 



COLLEGE, IVe-warlc, 3V. J. 

anch College, as-l- and 266 West 

125th Street, Nsw York. 
\V nTTDLEY, TtMJciPnt Princiiitil, formeilv 

lilcd to aoy addi 

tdlogue and College Journal 
H. COLEmiN. Fi'in. 



GlliEUN BIaLEH, fufliisliEr, Wooster. OMo. 

Pernin Universal Phonography, 

SHORTHAND, «'">""'ei>iy taupi,. 
TENOGRAPHERS i^ '.nTS h c'a 



Shorthand Writing 

of writing. 

2 Teacher ot Shorthand. PittsY 

S^ R/^ A ^^^^ ^'^^ contaiulDg cnai 

I aV^/a plete outtit for Shurthaiid 
mi>1l.t, Huoh u9 rioie books, penollR, pena, rubtMT 
UKxtand, ef<i , ft«,. will bo nent. |ioHt|ialu, or ex- 
,)re39age prt^paiil, to any iiart of tho United "jtates 
on receipt of »l. " " — 

i Broadway, New York. 


Standard Typewriter. 

chines. Buy tbeiii with tlie Hltl Vll,l!:(it; OF 
HETUBNING th.tii unhioken at .my time 
nthin 30 days C. O. I), for full rnk*- imi.l If imt 


gold aod s 

Send for clrctiiar and priie-liai. 
327 Broadway New York. 


NfH (IFFirES: 


834 Chestnut St. 


20I Washington St. 


Le Droit Building. 


9 N. Charles St. 


12 Third St. 


196 La Salle St. 

St. Louis, 

308 N. Sixth St. 

St. Paul, 

1 1 6 E. Third St. 


8.I. E. Market St. 

Kansas City 

322 West 9th St. 

London, 1 OO 

Cracechuroh St., cor. 

Leadenhall. (1-12 



whole cost to the pupil will he 42.00 for text 
book and supplement and a stump in each letter 
for return postage Pupils who give me most 
" trouble " by reason of their determination to 

phonography taught h 
to Muneon's, and is th 
form of Pitman's 

neral resemblance 
highly improved 

La Salle St. 




The Wonderful Machine fur Writing Shorthand. 

Eaey, Accuiate and RcliiihU.. Send slamp fur a 
Sa-piigo Circular. Waoliliitis reuted on trial. 
St. LoulH, Mo. 
ll-ia Price Itetiwud to sas. 


cnitlve positiond i his v 

fHt>vlnHtlnir study in on 

Western Normal Collci 

ycnir mime and begin this 
It-, Address W.T.XAItl- 
[irthaod and Typewriting, 


Give me a trial order, readers, and 
I will do ray best to please you. 
Send U. S. silver coins or two-cent 
stamps for any of the following: 

HysU"ni of Copies orrnnged for home or 

office practice, fresh from my pen — 25o. 
A complete Comjwudium of Written 
Copies and Exercises for goining per- 
fect control of the muBcular movement f 1.00 

Combined Capitals "-W 

Variety Capitalfl 20 

Large iiheet lliled with vsrious stgDAtures, 

including your own 2.5 

\h I'luin White Caitt*, with your name. . . .'M 
15 Four-ply Wedding Bristol, with name. .25 

15 Gilt Edge, with name 25 

1.5 Plain Bevel, with name :J0 

la Gold Bevel, with name 30 

16 Oilt-EdgeAawrtedCoi-ners.withname. .25 

Can-rullr nildress «ll lei tent lo 


BOX 63, "STATION W.," 


Piiblishca nioiithly by D. McLnchlun, 
Principn! and Penman of the Canada 
BiimincRs College, of Chatham. Ont., is a 
live pxpnnent of Penmanship and Prnc- 
ileal Edncation. 

A nourae of lessons by Mr. McLachlan 
i» now in progress, wliich will be contin- 
ued for about 1.5 or 18 months, 

The is nu 8-page paper hand- 
somely illustrated with outs from the work 
of distinguished A uerican Penmen, and 
should be in the hands of every teacher. 

Re^ilar subscription price, per annum. 
50c. To teachers, only 25c. Which is 
Icits than the cost of publication. 

Send 5c. for sample copy. 

ls-» D. McLACHLAN. 




Is now one of the departments of Los Anfteles 
Buftlness College and English Training School. 

My Bohool by mall Is now a proaoitnoed success. 
Twenty lessons for VS. 00. Send for circulars. 
Those v.l8hlDB a thorouifh drill under our personal 
Instruction will flrnl no better place than the Pen- 
mnnshtp Department of this college. Send for 
Collofte Journal, .specimens of our best work .^O 

oil.. D. B. WILLIAMS. Princpal, 



449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 


Business Education 

The FiTBt School of Its kind In America. 

I.AHOSLT Pathomized *sd Hiaui-T EHnoiWKO. 
StuJeiUs now tgUtertd frotn eveiy Staft and 
Trrritorv and Marly <dt BritUh Amtrican Prwincet. 












Any of the following articles will, upon receipt 
of price, be promptly forwarded by mail (or express 
when 80 stated): 

When 10 cents extra are remitted merchandize 
will be sent by registered mail. 
Ames' Compendium of Practical and Orna- 
mental Penmanship $& 00 

Ames' Book of Alphabets 1 fiO 

Ames' Qatde to Practical and Artistic Pen- 
manship, in p-iper 60c.j In cloth 75 

Ameb' Copy Slips for aeif-Leamera 60 

Wilhams' and Packard's Oems 5 00 

Standard T*raetical Penmanship, by the Spen- 

New Spenoerian Compendjom, complete in 8 

parts, per part... . 60 

Bound complete 7 50 

KIbbe's Alphabets, five allps,e&o.; complete 

set of 17 slips 75 

Little's lUustrative Handbook on Drawing. . . 60 

Grant Memorial 88x28 laohes 50 

Family Record ISxSS " 60 

Uarrlafe Certificate ISxSS " SO 

" " 11x14 " 60 

Garfield Memorial 19x24 " 60 

Lord's Prayer 19x24 " 60 

Bounding Stag 24x52 " 60 

Flourished Eagle 34x32 " m 

Centennial Iloture of Progress... 23x25 " 60 

Eulogy of Lincoln and Grant 22s2S " 50 

Ornamental and Flourished Cards, 12 designs, 

new. original and artlstlo, per pack of 60, 30 

100 by mall 60 

1000 " M.Mibyexpress"!.'.!!!."!."!"'." 4 00 

Bristol Board, S-aheet thick, 23x38, per sheet. 50 

S2x38 per sheet, by express. . . SO 

French B. B., 24x34, " " ... 75 

2ax40. " " ... 125 

Black Card-board, 23x38, for white Ink 60 

Black Cardsi per 1000, by express 2 00 

per sheet, quire 

^'batman's by mall, by ex. 

Drawing paper, hot^press, \rsi;.10..% .16 $ 1 20 

;; 17x22.. .30 2 00 

£Ix30!! !25 8 76 

26x40.. .65 7 00 

&lx58.. 1.75 80 00 

WlnBor£Newton'8Sup'rSup.lDdlalQkStlck 1 00 

i*Tenared India Ink. per bottle, by express. . . 65 

Amex' Best Pen, H gross box 30 

Ames' Penmen's Favorite No. 1, per gross. . . 90 

" K gross bx8. 25 

Gtllott's 303 Steel Pens, per gross . , . . . . 1 00 

Spenoerian Artistic No. 14, per gross 1 00 

Engrossing Pens for lettenng. per doz 35 

Crow-qQlll Pen, very Sue. for drawing, doz. . T^ 
Sonnecicea Pen, for text lettering— Double 

Points— set of three 20 

Broad— set of five 25 

Oblique Penholder, each IQo.; per dozen 1 00 

"Double" Penholder (may he used either 

straight or oblique), eacu 10c.; per dozen, 1 00 
Oblique Metal Tips (adjustable to any bolder). 

eaoh5c.; perdozen 36 

Writing and Measuring Ruler, metal edgred.- 90 

New Improved Pantograph, for enlarging or 

diminishing drawings 1 25 

Ready Binder, a simple device for holding 

papers , 10 

Common Sense Binder, a fine, stiff, oloth 

binder. JouRNAt,8h^e, very durable 1 60 

Roll Blackboards, by express, 

No.l.slxea x3 feet 175 

No. S, " S^xsW feet l 75 

No. 3, " 8 X4 " 260 

Stone Cloth, one yard wide, any length, per 

yard, elated on one side 1 28 

46 Inches wide, per yard, slated both sides. 2 25 
Liquid Slating, the best In use. for walls or 

wooden hoards, per gallon 6 00 


on good bank note paper Is kept In stock, and 
orders will be filled by return of mall or express 
The fractional denominations are : I'a. 6's. lO's. 25 's 
and 60'e,ln convenient proportions ; the bills are 
In the denominations of I's. 2's. 6's, lO's, 20's, SO's, 
lOO's, 500's and l.OOO's, which are printed on sheets 
of fifteen bills each. They are prop'irtioned so as 
make 8 ones, 8 twos. 2 fives, 8 tens, and one each of 
the 20. 50. 100, 600 and 1.000 dollar notes. 

The proportion in which the different denomina- 
tions are printed Is that which long experience has 
demonstrated to best me-it the demands and con- 
venience Id business practice. We cannot furnish 
the Script iu other proportlitns than those named, 
except upon special order and at additional cost. 

Fractional Currency per 100 Tiotes . . % ,f> 

" 600 aoo 

II II '11,000 ' 5 00 


750 notes representing $83.S30 capital i 7 00 

1,500 II II 166.600 " 12 00 


are kept In stock and sent by return mall, or ex- 
press, 80 cents each, or $3.00 per dozen. Orders 
tor new and speolui designs promptly filled. Ww 
have stock diplomas for business colleges ani 
miscellaneous Institutions. 


For the preparation of all manner oi display outs 
our facllltlos are uneqnalled. Send for estimates. 
Also we have the best faolllties for making photo- 
engraved outs from pen aud ink copy. 


Of most of the thousands of cuts that have ap- 
peared In Thb Journal and our publications, 
dnpUcales will be furnished for low prices. 

We will supply, at publUhdrg' rales, any standard 
work on penmanship In print ; also any bookkeep- 
Inz, commercial arithmetic or other educational 

Send the money with order, In all cases. Unless 
this requirement Is met no goods wilt be sent by 
mail, it any cat*, nor by express. C. O. D., unless a 
sufficient advance Is made to protect us against 
contingent loss. Don't waste your time ana ours 
hy writing us to " send so-and-so (you have forgot 
the price) and you will remit," or to ask us If we 
" cBii'l take less," We can't. We handle nothing 
but reliable goods, and ail who favor us with 
orders are assured of prompt and efficient service. 

Address, D. T. AMES, « 

SOB BroadwKT, New York 

t'Ular. Mention Penm 

Osgoodby, Official StenoR- 
if not Rati sfac tor)-. Send for 



Expressly adapted for professional use and orna- 
mental penmanship. 



All of Standard and Saperior duality. 






Makes a Shaded Mark of Two Colors at a Single 

Stroke. Sample set -"*■ •--^- •• --"^- 

Clroular and samph 

Stroke. Sample set of three sizes by malt, •iToO. 

Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & I 7 Beekman St., 



m Q VR.HEW itoJpt PJ\t]CE5J *. 




Adapted for use with or without Text-Book, 
and thf only set recommended 


Counting-House Bookkeeping." 

^o^I^..88ION Set. Hook for C.bnerai, Usk. 
liANKiNO Set. IIcsikess Forms. 

Dry Goods Set. Pkactke Book. 

made with Business 

idy. rem 

The best Pen in the U. S.> and best penman usb them, 


This Pen, known by the ubove title Is manu- 
factured of the beat steel, nnd carefully selected. 
They are particularly adapted for Public and 
Private ScnoolB and Bookkeeper's 
in Boxes contalDinK 36 Pens, t* 


o-iit 119 4 121 William Street, N, Y, 

$2,00 for $1.00. 

worth $1.00 per gross. 

The Peirce Philosophical Treatlee of Pennian- 
ship, which contains 701) questions and 700 an- 
swers, besides other valuable matter, retails fOr 
$1.00. and thousands of volumes have been sold. 

To give this book a wider circulation, the fol- 
lowing offer Is extended to n generous public : 

For $1.00 I will send a gross of 604 Gillott's 
Pens nnd my Trentlae to any address lu Canada 
or the United Stjites. 



fend S1.25, $2 or $3.fi0 for a 
Tiple retjill box hy expi-ess of 
pliL-8t(iin<lie.siii .\raerica. Cut 

n.. 1. ^■ihi i-M -,;,iul strictly 

; I >rii i:i 

PV^^40 COUPON OFFERS ''c^ 1000 





T O W to become Expt 

postpaid. Star Pub. Co., St. Louis, M o 


' A thousand years as a day. No arithmetic 
teaches it. A short. simple, practical method by 
K. C. ATKINSON. Principal of Sacmmento Busi- 
ness College, Sacramento. Cal. By mail.. W cents. 
Address as above. 



Bli-d c 

!■ 15c. Pa 

in Indiii In 

largin^tand reduting dfsigns iKih/ 5<iO. Lessons 

information of my specialties not advertised 
here. Small flourish nnd catalogue for 5c. 
Address P. B. S. PETERS, 

Penman Hltner's rollege, 
H-K* St. .Joseph. Mo. 


STUDY. LATjyfiurl OltEER 

at SIGHT use the - INTERLINE A K 
CLASSICS." Sample pane and Cata 
ool Books, free. C. DbSilver&Sohs 
ahiut 1102'St,, PHILADELPHIA. PA 

Gem^ of f-^loUri^l^in^ 

Mailed to all parts otthe World tor SEVENTY-FIVE 
CENTS. Circulars Free. 

©. 1®. Zaner, ©olumbUj, O. 

Practical Penmanship, a portfolk 
DiuuiauiuK a uuiDplete library of pruotloal writing 
Including the new Mac'..: Alphabet, capable ol 
being written hy any one leelbly Ave times as fast 
as ordinary wntlnE, la mailed for Sl.W). from the 
New York oflBce only. Address 


t '■"'■" 

"W. G. CHRISTIE, Penman, 

i Poaglikeepate, N. Y. 

"pVO VOU regularly READ a business paper? If not, why not? Are 
you in business? Do you expect to be ? Are you ambitious of ad- 
v.HH ement? What are You Doing to secure it? Undoubtedly you are 
HHUustrious, painstaking and observing. These are excellent qualities, but 
without the more extended knowledge that comes from reading, progress must 
necessarily be slow. The young business man needs to know something of 
the history of his time — the history of business methods of to-day. This is 
found recorded In "Thk Office," which is emphatically the business man's 
journal. It is the exponent of the best modern business methods. It illus- 
trates improved office appliances, and is the office man's cyclopedia. 

We want every reader of the Penman's Art Journal to see "The 
Office." and will send a specimen copy to all who will write for it. 

Monthly, $1.00 a Year. 

P. O. Box [663. 66 AND 68 Duane St,, New York. 

Men and Women Differ in Character. 


xx:e3.a.i>s j^t^t^ f*jilg:eisz 


. Manual of Character Reading for the people. It wiU show you how to read people as you would 
k, and see if they are inclined to be eood, upright, honest, true, kind, charitable, loving, joyous, 
r and trustworthy people, such as you would like to know, and be intimately associated with 
knowledge of Human Natiye would save many disappointments in social and busloess life. 
lis 18 the most comprehensive and popular work ever published for the price. 25,000 copies hav- 
■on sold the first year. Contains 200 large octavo pages and aso portraits. Send for it and study 
•■ you see, and also your own character, If you are not satisfied with the book, you may return 

•• will send it carefully by mall, post-paid, on receipt of price, ouir 40 
in cloth binding. Address 


J, !Vew V«rk. 


lHAfiBTcH"ORCANCO.hOoftlb"r?BiI'?h££^'ffc^ i gCRIPT CUTs'"'^ 




A.'i'cn/ Biink-hMper diuuM imc them. 

Demy, size lOJ^ x Ifi inches. 


Penman and Designer. 



picued up by teachers 
' 'titriKus. XclenredS'" 

(1,-1 >>.. L 1 u..rkedforyou. JlAICl 

>^' ■ ■ ■ ■ '■ ^'i.ii'-nTids. i,.llh^n..m. 


12ror20ct« .in fori 


t the addi-ess of every card-writ^i 
iB paper. Send me your name ar, 
apostal card and I will return a blank 

^J^^ yo" .spmethitig besides to repay you for 

postal card to repli 

1 you something b< 

r trouble. EDWIN STOCKlN.'Watertown 


Penmanship Department 
Xortherii Illinois Normal Scliool 


J. B. DIIIc, Principal. 



Le55on5 and IV]atl ^peciaUicj, 


©HE 2AHE^IAN ©0LUE6E OP BBW pl^ijl 

<$. e. 2AHER, (SOIiUMBUS, O. 

HENDERSON, Oberlin. O. 



Who will send specimens of their writing, flour- 
shinp or photos ot pen work to H. B PAR- 
SONS, of the Zanesville. 0.. Business College, 
will receive bj- return mail similar speci- 
mens, fresh from the pen, or photographs, de- 
pending upon what is sent for exchange. 

Nil specimens sent in exchange for any kind 
of engraved work. 5-12 


■' Send me your name written in full, and 35 cent«. 
and I will send you one dozen or more ways or 
writing ft, wi*,h inatmotfons ; or send me a 3 cent 
stamp, and I will send tou addressed In my own 
hand, price list descriptive of Lessons by Mail, Ex- 
t«ndea Movements, Tracing Exercises, Capitals, 
Cards. Flourishing, etc. Address, 

A. E. PARSONS, Wilton Jo 
P. 8.— No postal cards need apply. 



Th I id riR school iif pen art In the South. 
n*- i;.ns at <1 dmwinKS <>f all kin 's ni.ide fur . n- 
^^^) ' ^ * ^ ""V ^I'"'"!*;' ue a licittd with parties 
desinnK flr-t .la « w.-rk hI rea onuhle prices 

F ir olrcularsMnd Kiieci'iieiisnf nen-work iiHilrf>«« 
A C WEnn N.iBlivni^,Tenn. fi-19 

fi^HB^fetampB fc 
'**W^^^type, car 
Kelavj & Co. ilexlAtUy Com 

"type, cards, to faotory. 




. PRfoKE-rr. pruL ■ 



Penmanship, in Public Schools, Book-keep- 
ing, Shorthand, Typewriting, Telegraphy, 
Drawing in Public Schools. Vocal Music in 
Private Schools, Vocal Music in Public Schools, 
Art in Private Schools, Physical Culture, Syn- 
thetic Sound System, Instrumental Music, 
Manual Training, Military Tactics. Kindei- 


i Till 

, Elocu 

The Art Teachers' Employment Agency, 

nf Des Moines. Iowa, will afford you an oppor- 
tunity to obtam such employment as you wish. 
Rat*B very cheap. Send stamp fur pai-ticulars. 

CHAS. J. CONNER. Manager, 

Des Moiues, Iowa 

Daring tbe Entire Year of 1888 

The Mutual Life 


on which the dividends nf thf n.nipany 
had considerably more tlmn doubled '(!■ .nm- 
SlBO.OOO of original insimni-'. ilir (MviHiiul Ad- 
ditions amounted to ?:il-'..>"7l I'l; Hii' -'iM'f. r;il I/. 
mlta being $43,374.19 {2i> per cent I ojorc than 
the face of the policies. While the total 
amount of the 88 death-claims was g3Hl.87t.ll), 
the actual cost, or the premium payment, there- 
on by the assured was only 5140.648.07— leaving 
a clear profit to the estate of the deceased of 
8240.720.12, besides giving an avei-age of 36>A 
years of Life Insurance up to the average age 
of 73 years. 

The Longest Term Insured was 45 
Years, in the case of William P. Freeman, who 
insured at 2t( and died at 71— the policy of '^,m\ 
realizing to his estate $7,277, for the SS.140.71 
paid in premiums 

The Oldest Age at Death was 87. in 
the case of (larisa E. Isdale, who insured at the 
Hjfe ot 53 and died at W. and whose policy nf 
S'.'.nOO returned S4,]5P to her estate, at a not co5t 
iu premiums paid of only Sa,4^.(Kl. 

The Mutual Life and the Equitable Records, 
so far as the latter hae been given out, stand as 


S.TPerCent. I 26.1 Perrent. 


The Mntnal Life Insarance Co, 


RICHARD A. McCURDY, President. 

For the year ending Deo. Slat, 1888 

Incroaw 1» A.^ot^. - 

■ . $7,2 75,301 (IS 

SiiriiluB at foar iiur rpul., - 

$7.»40.0«a 68 

Increase In Surplus, - 

- $1,645,622 11 

Polirloa In force, • 

1&8 360 

Increaso durlnR jenr, • 

- • 17.420 


iniiih niid JIortgiigPN, -. $49,617.874 0:! 

oiled Slntos and other NocuritloN, (48,010.704 14 
> and LoaiiH on rollat- 


Wright's Book-keeping Simplified— Business Methods, 

A handBoniP volume of S72 najioi, coni 
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Jet ntf kiiau>~lt eniaiulji 

P. A. WRIGHT, 769 Broadway, N. Y. 

0: KouQtAln, $1.00 a 

J. CJLRIC'H & i 

®cbkY l^ooT) &P(i0TO- 




See condensed list on 
Page 28. 


E. K. ISAACS' '^^'^^^^'^^'^ ALPHABETS. 


.lily c 

and but 



part of the ITiiited Stntcs 

il prices to the tnide or atircritfi. 

« not refused, but oi-ders for H ( 

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SLOT & v-v,.. 
BookseUers, Statfonerg, Printerg and m 
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six tcf^ons and get a start In the riglitdireetion. 



and Plain and Ornamental Penworlt 1 
cvited to order in elegant style ace 
moderate prices. 

One Dozen Written Cards. 15c. ; Better 
i|uality, 90c. A Gem of Flourishing, 10c. 

Lessons given in any branch of the art 
liy mail at prices within the reach of all. 

Send stamp for particidars. 


■i-l-.' TJTICA. IV. -V 

Iptlon of those 

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Any or all of above, 15 cents each. 
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■ Maikliie Alphabet." and 
. 1.L11 o.pwially for Ninall 


I, SI." 



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Most Comi 



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pen for rapid, unahailed writing. 
PRICRS.— Ramplen. lOr., Quarter Oro§)i, 30c. 

By H. J. Putmon 

The Latest, Bes 

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Eight Reasons Why This Truly National System Is The Best 








—The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books 

111 order to learn the Sysleni. Only Six books. 

-The letters are entirely free from useless lines Hlce double loops, ovals, etc. 

The complete S)-steni to present abbreviated forms of capitals. 
-The lateral spacing is uniform, each word filling a given space and no crowding or 

stretch ng to secure such results. 
— Beautifully printed by Lithography! No cheap Relief Plate Printing ! 
—Words used are all familiar to the pupil. Contrast them with such words as 

vlus, tenallv 

elic, and : 

— Each book contains four pages of practice paper — one-si.\th more paper 

than in the books of any other series — and the paper is the best ever used for copy-books. 

—Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted 

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—Very low rates for introduction. They are the cheapest books in America. 



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And scores of other places adopt Barnes' Penmanship for exckisive 
use in their pubUc schools. 

1 he H..\RNES PENMANSHIP has compelled the publishers of nearly every Series in the market to revise their books. 
Iiave already added several of the special features of this New Series. 

An Elegant Specin 

Book containing ali the Copies of the Series sent GRATIS 



A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers. 


Published Monthly 
205 Broadway. N. Y.. fof $' pei 


. the Post Office of Nc 
IS Second-Class Mail Mat 

D. T, AMES, Editor and Prophietob. 
B. F. KELLEY, Associate Editor. 


Vol. Xril— No. 4 

Penmanship in Public S chools. | 

It is our purpose in this our initial 
article simply to convey a general idea of 
the plan and methods pursued in present- 
ing the above-named subject. The de- 
tjiils of our plan will appear later, in the 
form of a series of illustrated lessons. 

Penmanship consists"of pen reproduc- 
tions of concepts of script letters and 
their various combinations. 

The prerequisites of good penmanship 
are, first, correct copies; second, clearcon- 

and their action controlled by that func- 
tion of mind known as will-power, while 
reason determines the direction, speed, 
force and duration of muscular action, 
aud the degree of muscular tension neces- 
sary to such reproduction. 

The resemblance of reproductions to 
ideal forms depends upon the extent to 
which muscles are subjected to mind, the 
mental and physical condition and the 
adaptation of copies and material chosen. 
A reproduction never equals the ideal or 
"mental copy," for the reasons that con- 
ception precedes execution, and is invari- 
ably superior thereto. 

ij determined by the accuracy and 

Without attention inmtruHion in not pos- 
RihU. Pupils mvist Her; they must hear; 
they must heeth 

Objects may cross the vision unobserved ; 
they may be viewed in a careless, super- 
ficial way, or they may be examined with 
thoughtful scrutiny. Sounds may vibrate 
upon the ear unheeded; they may be 
heard with indifference, or they may be 
listened to and comprehended. 

In each of the above coses the impression 

wonderful machinery, and to remove the 
impediments and friction which prevent 
freedom and ease in it« action, are thechiej 
ohjeefs to hf. gained, and emfmdt/ the grand 
iieeret of all successful instruction in pen- 


Indefinite conceptions of form, position, 
movement, speed, checks or stops, con- 
scious inability or fear of spoiling some- 
thing, are unconscious restraints upon 
muscular action. This class of impedi- 
ments arc not only the most formidable 
obstructions, but the most difficult to ap- 
prehend and remove. Their presence and 

Copy Executed by J. P. Byrne, Penmanship Department Jamesiovm, N. Y., Business College. 

ceptioDs; third, definite knowledge of the 
process of construction ; fourth, good ma- 
terial; fifth, a position which will admit 
of the freest possible action of the writing 
muscles consistent with strength, precis- 
ion and bodily comfort; sixth, favorable 
mental and physical conditions, and, 
finally, thorough mental discipline and 
persistent, iuielligent and systematic mus- 
cular training. 

The ryr. obierce^; the ear listens; the mind 
eonerives; the will directs; the mitscles exe- 

Thc reproduction of script concepts ne- 
cessilsites certain movements of the arm, 
hand and tingei-s. These are set in motion 

Correct conceptions of form, and of the 
position and movements necessary to re- 
production, must of necessity precede in- 
telligent muscular discipline, aud muscular 
discipline is a prerequisite to proper exe- 

The aceurney of mental conceptions de- 
pends ui^on the degree and quality of at- 
tention, and the nature of the instruction. 
The qualiti/ of concepts depends upon the 
accuracy of copies, the models, examples 
and methods used in illustrating form, posi- 
tion aud movement, and the manner and 
spirit in which each is presented, granting 
that due attention has been secured. The 
iirailahillty of concepts for repeated repro- 

is correspondingly vivid or indistinct. 
Only ponaciouH sight and sound convey im- 
pressions to the mind. The distinctness 
of these impressions is determined largely 
by the manner of observing and listening. 

The human body is the highest type of 
mechanism. Infinitely perfect in all its 
detail, it is capable of the most powerful 
or the most delicate motion. It yields to 
the slightest propelling pressure and 
guiding influence ; responds to the slightest 
demand upon its action; moves with the 
greatest precision, in both rapid or deliber- 
ate movements; and when properly oper- 
ated is absolutely free from friction. 

To reyulatf the force which operates this 

nature are often indicated only by the ex- 
pression on the pupil's face, but more 
frequently in the character and nature of 
his movements. 


Mind is the motive power — the incentive 
to muscular action. All voluntary action 
has its origin in the mind. At first this 
actioQ is the result of conscious, ond subse- 
quently of unconscious mental dictation. 
The latter is true when cocstant repeti- 
tion has converted conscious mental nnd 
physical effort into unconscious habits of 
thought and action when motion has be- 
come automatic. 

It is not sufficient that a teacher under- 
stand the lueasurements of letters and the 


raethorlu of construftion. nor ytt thnt he 
he ahle to execute with skill. These cer- 
tainty are most essential: hut, id additioD 
to these, he must he poMciwcd of that 
knowle<1ge of mvnr udc] eftel which will 
I'nahle him to trace the cause by observiog 
the cfTert. In fact, thf i/oirer of' correct ion 

phyficttl capacity and capability of a pupil 
ere we can hope to mold his habits of 
thouerht and action. 

Kvery rcnult boa a cause. In penraan- 
ship form coincides with the motion which 
produce*" it, hence if letters are not per- 
fect the motion is incorrect. Both good 
and poor results may be traced directly to 
some condition of mint/, mutrle or mate- 
rial. The existence of boldness or tim- 
idity, carelessness or overonxiety, indiffer- 
ence or eamcstncBs, imcertainty or self- 
confidcDfe in the mind of the writer, a 
clear cut or an accurate conception of 
form, position, or movement, n» certninly 
determines the form, natwe and quality of 
the Teprodurtion an that form is jtrodured 
hy motion, and that mu«cU» are moted and 
rontrolhd liy wiU-poierr in obedience to men- 
tal dictation. 

If writing contains weak, irregular lines, 
the motion wants strength and velocity. 
If letters are too wide or too far apart, too 
niiicli freedom hns been allowed in apply- 
ing lateral sweeps. If too narrow or 
crowded together, the cause is want of 
freedom in that direction. If results are 
too large, either the arm bos been driven 
with too much force or the fingers have 
been used too freely. If of irregular 
heights, widths or slants, a corresponding 
irregularity will be found to exist in the 
l)roductive motion 


We instruct jmpils as to the physical 
structure and capacity of the writing ma- 
chinery, also as to what impedes and what 
fiieilitatos muscular action. We teach 
them to reason and to investigate as t% 
means of self-correction. This is es- 
pecially true of our advanced grades. By 
citing their own cases we convince pupils 
that motions which creep from a drowsy 
mind are sluggish, feeble and uncertain, 
while those which a'-c stimulated to ac- 
tion by a strong will and controlled by a 
clear, active mind are characterised by 
strength, speed and precision. We tell 
them the injurious effects upon the nerves, 
of recent overexertion, of overanxiety, 
or the stimulating, strengthening and sub- 
jecting power of mind over nerves when 
will-force is exerted in that direction. We 
study their faces, and seek to determine 
their state of mind. We tell them that 
mental composure and a cheerful mood 
facilitate execution, imd how relative 
|H)!(ition or direction of motion determine 

We instruct pupils in the selection, care 
ami use of material. Our investigations 
l»r.)ve to them that poor position, soft 
i"iper, shaq) or worn pens, close-fitting 
sK-eves, cuffs or bracelets, increased weight 
or pressure at arm rest or excessive mus- 
cular tcneion obstruct motion, render 
uuiscles less elastic, limit their action and 
necessitate greater phytical effort. We 
teach them the power of position; the 
advantages of one position over another; 
the influence of position upon movement ; 
the relation of time to motion and of mo- 
tion to form. We require them to write 
with different rates of speed as a means 
of determining which is the most easily 
ontrollcd. They soon discover that to 
increase the speed beyond a certain limit 
lessens their power of control and renders 
the result proportionately inaccurate, or 
thnt to diminish this speed will rob the 
movement of that quality so essential to 
strong, rapid and graceful penmanship. 

We endeavor to impress them with the 
importance of cultivating habits of self- 
reliance. They must learn to be self-con- 

tident. self-watchful and .iclf-corrective. 
To acquire these habits is to extend the 
benefits of our instruction to the pupil's 
home and into his after-life. 

Teaching Writing in the Public 

Airarded First Prize in The Journal 

Prize Competition, No. 2. 

Writing may be properly considered 

both an art and a science. The science 

comprises what is designated as the theory 

the teacher should be educated in the 
science of writing according to some 
standard system, that he may be able to de- 
monstrate the forms of the different letters 
and give instruction on position and move- 
ment; yet to understand a subject does 
not necessarily imply the qualification to 
impart it toothers. Again, the ability to 
faultlessly execute beautiful forms does 
not insure the ability to teach writing; 
neither is it necessary that the successful 
teacher of writing be an expert penman. 
At the same time he should possess a fair 
degree of skill in writing on paper, and 
especially on the blackboard, as there ia 
nothing that will inspire a class more 
readily with a desire to excel than well- 

ol writing, while the execution is the art. 
It is acknowledged that art and science 
advance together, mutually aiding each 
other. Therefore it is quite obvious thai 
the labor in acquiring a good handwritings 
is twofold — partly mental, partly mechan- 
ical. First, a knowledge of form and a 
correct conception of all its requisites. 

formed letters on the board. The success 
of a teacher depends not only on his 
knowledge and enthusiasm, but on his abil- 
ity to impart the one and arouse the other 
in his cla.08. . ' 'S- — ' 

lie should place himself on a level with 
his pupils, and adapt his explanation to 
the capacity of the dullest. Remember 

Phiito-Engraved from a Letter Received at Thb Joubnal < 
Course of Business. 

Second, well-directed practice to secure 
proper execution. Thus mind and hand act 
together. Intelligent effort will secure 
better results than mere mechanical imita- 
tion. It is of absolute importance that 

the motto : " Take care of the poor writers, 
the good ones will take care of them- 
selves." Always discourage the exceed- 
ingly disastrous and false idea so prevalent 
among our teachers that "writing is a 

special gift, acquired only by the favored 
few." Nothing will retard the progress of 
a class more than this fallacious notion. 
Why give it so much currency when it is 
no more true with regard to writing than 
it is of reading, arithmetic or any other 
subject ? A good easy handwriting suit- 
able for practical purposes cannot be 
acquired in the public schools by the 
regular copybook practice alone, but must 
be supplemented by the instruction of a 
teacher who has a correct eye and can at 
once discern where the pupil has failed in 
his practice; at the same time can clearly 
illustrate the faults and offer such timely 
suggestions for their correction as will aid 
and encourage the pupil in overcoming 
them. There is very little inspiration in 
cold, lifeless copybooks, and they are 
frequently "as much abused as used;" 
they admit of very little movement, and 
make poor substitutes for teachers. Every 
lesson in writing should be preceded by 
a drill on some simple movement exercises 
upon loose paper for five or ten minutes. 
The object of the drill is to educate the 
muscles of the arm and call into play the 
lateral motion of the forearm or sliding 
movement across the page. Position of 
body, arm, hand and pen should be ex- 
plained and fully illustrated. To gain a 
uniform speed in these exercises it will be 
found an excellent method to count for 
each line in the letter or exercise. Some 
trouble may be experienced at first if the 
teacher is not careful to see that all 
understand the plan. To ilhistrate, place 
the copy on the blackboard and count 
for each movement or line you make; 
thus in small i count one, two, one, 
dot, or up, down, up, dot; for n, one, 
two, one, two, one. Apply the count- 
ing in a similar manner to exercises and 
words. Great care is nectssarj- to see that 
all associate the count with the movement. 
Some will find the count too fast, others 
too slow; urge the slow ones, restrain the 
fast ones; thus the teacher will secure 
promptness, precision and uniformity 
throughout the class. As an incentive to 
study and practice the blackboard should 
be used freely, teaching enough analysis 
of the letters in the copy to give a clear 
idea of their form and of the principles 
used. Train the eye to see, the mind to 
think and the hand to act correctly. The 
mind conveys the desired forms to the 
hand, and is then assisted by the eye and 
the sense of touch in directing a proper 
execution. This should be practically 
demonstrated to the class by explaining 
some letters on the blackboard, and after 
they have made a number ask them to 
close their eyes and continue the same ex- 
ercise, using the mind's eye for the sake 
of comparison. Thus pupils may be led 
to see quite clearly the relation of eye, 
mind and hand. While the class is prac- 
ticing in the copybooks the teacher should 
move about the room, correcting position 
and movement and offering such sugges- 
tions as he deems necessary. Encourage 
the pupils to think, compare, criticise and 
correct while they write. 

Tracing is a very good method for young 
pupils as an auxiliary in their first efforts 
in writing. It relieves the mind to a 
certain extent of the form and makes it 
easier to secure proper position of body 
and pen; at the same time the pen is 
being carried over the correct forms of the 
letters, strengthening the proper mus- 
cles. When lead-pencils are used they 
should be of sufficient length to be held 
properly. Never allow short pencils in 
the class-room. If possible replace slates 
with paper; good results will follow. 
Pen and ink may be introduced in the 
second class. In teaching writing there 
are three very important elements— viz. 
position, movement and form. It is al- 
most useless to refer a class to the ordinary 
stereotyped explanations of these essentials 
fouud in our regular copybooks, unless 
they are practically illustrated and ex- 
plained. After the teacher has given ihe 


(hu^ a clear conception of wbat they are 
t.. do, he must then make it equally cleai 
how it is to be done. Remember '^theory 
is <»ne thing and practice another," 


t'orrect position gives power ond is con- 
■•idered the first essential element to secure 
Kood writing. There are only two posi- 
tions suitable for public schools. — "front " 
mil ■' right side" positions. The teacher 
must use his own discretion in choosing 
position for the class, as a great deal de- 
pends on the light and kind of desks used. 
In front position the scholar should sit 
s(]Uftrely in front and close to the desk. 
Lean forward without touching the desk 
or bending the body, the feet level on the 
floor, the left a little in advance of the 
right. The right arm should rest very 
lightly on the muscles just forward of the 
elbow, the tip of which should project 

arm and Combined. Finger movement 
consists of the extending and contracting 
action of the thumb and first two fingers; 
the uails of the third and fourth fingers 
should act as a sliding rest fur the hand. 
The lateral motion of the forearm should 
accompany the finger movement, which 
should be explained by the teacher placing 
the child's arm on the desk in proper po- 
sition, hand and forearm straight, holding 
the elbow in place with the left hand 
while he swings the arm backward and 
forward across the paper, as a door is 
swung on its hinges. The teacher will 
find this the most apt and accurate move- 
ment for beginners, yet he should intro- 
duce and encourage the muscular action of 
the arm as soon as possible. 

Whole-arm movement consists of a free, 
unrestricted action of the whole arm from 
the shoulder forward, the elbow and fore- 

acquire, and is adapted to perfect, easy and 
graceful writing. 

This is the mental part and requires a 
large proportion of the teacher's time. In 
each lesson the exact form of the letters 
should be stamped upon the mental tablet 
of the pupils so clearly that they can be 
fairly executed with eyes closed. The 
small forms of the letters should be taught 
first, taking them in the order of their 
simplicity. The whole letter should be 
presented to the beginners before the 
elements are presented. As soon as fair 
knowledge is gained of a letter, it should 
be written t^ingiy first, then in combina- 
tion, increasing and diminishing the spac- 
ing. Insist on the use of the lateral motion 
of the forearm in forming the connecting 
lines. The teacher can simplify the study 
of the letters very much by introducing 


Photo-Bngraved from Copy Executed by J. C. Miller, Penman Trhnmer''s Business College, Chamhersburg, Pa. 

over the edge of the desk. The left arm 
should be placed on the desk ftt right 
angles to the right, iis a prop to steady 
and support the body, thus giving the 
right arm and hand perfect freedom for a 
free aud easy movement The elbows 
should be kept 4 or 5 inches from the 

It should be held lightly between the 
thumb aud first and second fingers, letting 
it cross the second finger at the root of the 
nail about f inch from the pen's point and 
the first finger opposite the knuckles. The 
thumb should be bent outward at the first 
joint, and the upper end of it placed 
against the holder opposite the first joint 
of the forefinger. The third and fourth 
fingers should be beut into the hollow of 
the band enough to form an easy sliding 
rest on the tips of the nails. The wrist 
should be kept straight and not allowed to 
rest on anything. Turn the hand so that 
the holder will point over the right shoul- 
der; this will bring the nibs of the pen 
sijuarely on the paper. 

Proper movemen^ gives ease, rapidity 
and grace, and is the result of a correct 
position. It may be considered under 
four heads— viz., Finger, Whole-arm, Pore- 

arm being raised slightly from the desk 
and the nails of the third and fourth 
fingers acting us a sliding rest. This 
movement should not be taught in the 
public school unless it is by a special 
teacher of writing, and then only occasion- 
ally in senior classes to develop the free 
action of the arm from the shoulder. 

Forearm movement is the whole arm 
restricted by a vibratory rest on the large 
muscular swell of the forearm between the 
elbow and the wrist It is peculiarly adapt- 
ed to rapid business writing and should 
receive special attention. For individual 
explanation, stand behind the pupil, place 
the fingers of the right hand on the upper 
part of the forearm to keep it from sliding, 
the thumb at the tip of the elbow which 
projects over the edge of the desk; thrust 
the forearm forward with the thumb, 
allowing it to spring back again in place. 
By repeating this a number of f.imes the 
pupils will undei-stand and acquire this 
movement <iuite rapidly. 

Combined movement is the united action 
of the forearm and finger movements and 
secures the most complete power over the 
pen. The forearm furnishes the propel- 
ling motion, and is assisted by a slight ex- 
tension and contraction of the thumb and 
fingers in guiding the pen. This is the 
best and most difficult movement to 

some practical analysis, showing the 
elements and principles common to letters 
and their similarity. As an illustration 
take the letter /, remove the dot and it 
leaven the first principle, which, if prop- 
erly understood, will give the key to a 
large number of letters. Place it on the 
board and call the attention of the class to 
its size, shape and slant. Show that the 
two up lines are not parts of a circle, but 
of an egg-shaped oval, and that the down 
stroke is a slanting straight line. Explain 
how the short turn imd sharp point or 
angle are made, aud that the line must di- 
verge from the very point at the top. 
After the form is fully explained and a 
clear mental image is conveyed to the 
pupils, let them assist in building letters. 
Repeat the last two lines of the i 
principle to form u; by a slight change 
of the H, w is made. Invert it, and 
add the last two lines of i to form 
n ; repeat the first two lines for m. 
The n may be built from the / by 
arching the first curve over with a full 
left curve. Draw a straight line Irom the 
dot to the point of the letter to form 
d; cross it and ( appears; add the 
loop below aud j/ may be pointed out; 
and by a slight change q is added 
to the group. In order not to confuse, it 
is better not to group too many together. 

Show how i may be converted into 
/ by the addition of the loop, to which 
add the last part of te to form 6, 
and the last part of n to form h ; 
invert the h and it gives y. Space 
will not admit of further illustration. 
Teach the class how to criticise their own 
work, as well as the work on the board. 
As a rule, all down lines should be light, 
straight and parallel. AH up lines should 
be uniform curves. Turns must .be short 
and uniform, angles sharp and equal. 
Observe unifonnity in size, slant, spacing 
and in the small openings made by the 
angles and turns. Teach the relative 
width and height of the letters. Capital 
letters are all based upon the oval or parts 
of it; therefore the teacher will do well 
to impress the class with the importance 
of secuiing a correct conception of the 
common ovol or egg-shaped principles. 
The capitals may be divided into 
-■— ■ three groups, as follows: t. 
Those formed from the oval 
fold— X, Z, e, r, N, M, H, 
K, J, J, U, V and Y. 9. 
Those formed from the com- 
plete oval— 0, C, D. E, A. 3. 
Those formed from a com- 
bination taken from the two 
ovals called the stem — P, B, R, 
S, L, O, T, F, and old forms 
of J, N, Af, H and K. The 
general principles of presenting 
the small letters may be ob- 
served in teaching the capitals. 
Special attention should be 
given to their proportions. 
Require the class to know the 
height and width of each letter 
and the length and width of 
alt the ovals in the different 
letters. Drill the class on the 
true shape of the oval and in- 
sist on it being made with a 
continuous stroke; never allow 
them to stop in making a curve 
or oval turn. The teacher 
should place the letters of the 
different groups on the black- 
board. Show the class the 
parts that are common and 
fully explain the characteris- 
tics of each letter or the part 
to determine it. For example, 
take the first group, in which 
the oval fold, with a very 
slight Changs, is the common 
part of all the letters in the 
group; have the class assist 
you in adding to the fold the 

-^ characteristics of each letter— 

for the X two curves, for the Z 
the loop, for the Q a small loop and a com- 
pound curve, for the W three curved 
lines. Thus all the letters of a group 
may be built on a common part. While 
practicing discourage all piecemeal work ; 
have the class aim at the complete 
form of the letters, as it is the only 
way to develop fluent writers; ot the 
same time, every part of the letters' 
should be perfectly understood if the 
best results arc expected. Continuous 
capital letters make excellent exercises for 
senior classes. They impart that power and 
confidence which under complete control 
secure perfect forms and graceful lines. 

Tbe Pull Alphabel, 

The sentence " Frowzy quacks jump, 
vex, and blight," consisting of only 28 
letters, is the shortest grammatical alpha- 
betic composition yet known. It contains 
no repeated consonants or proper names, 
and in point of brevitv I think that it 
cannot be surpassed. "John quickly ex- 
temporized five tow bags, " has held posses- 
sion of the field heretofore. — Uuiilent^ed 

Queen Victoria's speech at Glasgow was 
inscribed on a piece of parchment no 
larger than a three-peony bit by a man 


^fioz^haM 6 ^c pa t U n c h t 

All nuitter intrmhil fur (hi* ,hf,<trtmenl 
{'mrludin'i ihorthand rxfhmqf*) nhuuUl hf 
K^Hf. to MrH. L. II. Pnrhinl, 101 Kast 23(7 
ttrfft. Nrir Tori- 

Are Shorthand Schools on the 

A writiT in the i'h..uo,jr«phir Worhl 
(Irnwfl ttsad picture of iitTiirs in Connecti- 
cut. It scfin* that less than a year iigo 
I he enterprising principal of the Hartford 
IIi>;h School thought it would be ii good 
thing to have a typewriter or two in bli 
building for his giris to practice upon, 
iind m he got a couple and set the girls at 
work. Now we learn (luit all the steno- 
graphic schools in that neiglilwrhood have 
Ntruck thcircolors and surrendered. Either 
the shrewd Yankee girls prefer getting 
something for nothing, or the shrewd 
Yankee schoohniwter who dominates the 
Mnrtford High Sclwol has got hold of the 
right end of things, and by doing supe- 
rior teaching has left the special short- 
hiiiid srhool.H in the lurch. The writer 
who records the fact seems to take a lugti- 
brioui look at things, and wants to know 
il the end has come. Seriously, we think 
it has — that is, the end of poor teaching 
and pretense. If theshorthaud schools of 
Connecticut or elsewhere cannot keep 
tli.'ir chis^cs nilcd. th.- <-iinsc dc.cH uot \\v 
ill Ihr f;icl Ihiit Mr. H;ill li;i-^ d.-fincd lli.-ir 

(iiiii i& olTcrcti free; it ih solely bectiuse 
the girls do nof get what they want iu one 
place and do. in another. Any special 
shorthand school that permits itself to be 
beaten by a shorthand departmcnj, in a 
])ublic free school has only itself to blame; 
and if it cannot stand up under such com- 
pililion the sooner it lies down and bel- 
lows the better. All honor to the Hart- 
ford High School, and the other thing 
to the weak .Tereraiahs who bewail well- 
directed enterprise. 

PlillRdclpliln SteiiuKraplirrH' Ammo* 

Several h\mdi'ed stenographers met on 
Friday evening, April 5, at the College of 
Commerce, Twelfth and Chestnut streets, 
Philadelphia, for the purpose of takitiy 
piTmanent steps for the organization of 
I he Philadelphia Stenographers' Associii- 
tion by the election of the following 
(ifticers: President, Francis H. Heiu|)orley; 
vice-presidents, Oliver B, Barden J W 
11. f Collins, Miss Sue Wilkius; 8ecretar\, 
Henry T. C. Wise; assistant secretar\, 
Miss Adelc Wilson; treasurer, Oliver B 
Harden; board of directoi-s, E. A Haw 
thorne, J. W. R Collins, J. B Bonner, 
A. !■:. Hubbard. Mrs. L. E. Holman and 
.luhn Dixon. 

The new association intends to ha\e 
club rooms located iu the central part of 
the city, open every night in the week 
(except Sunday), where members of the 
association ctiu meet for social purposes 
and for study. The zeal and interest 
which the atenographoi-s have evinced 
prove that such an association will till a 
long-felt want, and one that will be appre- 
ciated by every lover of the art. The 
qualifications for active membership are 
the ability to write 100 words a minute 
and read it correctly ; associate members, 
however, will he admitted who caa write 
TO words a minute and read it correctly. 
Writoni ot all systems admitted. 

Applications for membership may be 
made to the secretary, Henry T. C. Wise, 
Boom 785, Drexcl Building. 

PrcKldrnf IlArrlBou*H Typ«>n-rllt<r 

*'Miss Sanger, President Harrison's 
typewriter," says an exchange, "and the 
tii-st lady ever employed at the White 
House iu a clerical capacity, is a very 
«luiet-looking maiden. She wears a Utile 
white apron and dresses in sober-looking 
eloth that make her look as demure as a 

Quakeress. Her hair is brown, and she 
wears it piled loose on the top of her head. 
Her eyes are blue or gray, of the sort that 
you can't tell which, and large. Her face 
is the face of a country girl in the. plump 
roundness of its red cheeks and the clear 
carmine lips, .\ltogether. she is as pretty 
and demure u little typewriter girl as you 
will find in a day's journey. She looks 20 
yciirs old and probably looks older than 
she IS. But she does not look like the sort 
of a girl whom it would pay you to try and 
elicit state secrets from, for there is a firm- 
ness about the mold of her rounded chin 
and a quiet, self-contained look in her 
blue-gray eyes that convinces you as soon 
as you see her that 'she knows her busi- 

Canadian Shorthand Society. 

The Jouknal is indebted to W W. 
Perry, stenographer, secretary of the 
Canadian Shorthand Society, for tht fol- 
lowing otJicial (condensedj report of the 
proceedings of the society's seventh 
monthly meeting : 

Tlie meniliei-s of the Canadian Shorthand 
s.>.i.t\ lirlil ilicic ^..■v.'nth monthly meet- 
in- I'll- Mh> \.Tn l'^■^■--■''l III their room. Associa- 
;i..ii il.']i| I'm/'oiii.., rlir |in'sideutin the chair, 
Ml, ii„. .■x.rLiii. ..I .M.'ii.iav, April 11. The 
l>i •"•iilint <i|iri!ril iIk' rtin^ t)V anoouncing 


aijd also ^ , „ 

taken looking towanl Imlcluig oiiutlier Wiiting 
Machine Si>eed Cniitest on siniiJiutern^to that 
held last j-ear. wliieh was so very successful, 
open to oil writing inacUiues. 

Minutes of last meeting read and approved. 

Mr. Dunlop, on behalf of Isaac S. Dement, 
pi-esented a copy of " Sugj;estions and Re- 

aud i;< I' I I i<M'~i-utedtotbe librai'y 

of till- -.. ' 'Mi,.! 

Till' i.'M") I ..[ th. I' iiitt«« on Granting of 

Certili'dW- I'l.r oIliik'iK y to shorthand-writei-s 
was adopted, as follows : 

1. That the loose methods of issuing diplomas 
by many shorthand schools and teachers in 
Canada is productive of serious evils, viz.: 
1. Misleading the recipients to overrate their 
abilities, and to suppose themselves fitted for 
nositions that tbey are not at all qualified to 
'l. Imposing on employers of shorthand 


lit: the path of the really 

2 For these leasona «c would itcommend 
that the Canadian Shoi thand Snciet^ Oh beuig 
mdependent of all bt-hooU in which phonogia 

pb> I's tnight tnk m hand (he issinng of 

3. We would i*ecommend that, for the pur- 
pose of carrying out this plan, moutlily 

adrnissiou to the 

ifiait.- u|".n paynu-nt of the %\ 
The carrying out of this rejiort was given 


proficient and those who 

Sound and Sense. 

Thf ITrif^T, always bright and interest- 
ing, never fails to publish something aliout 
shorthand with each number. It has kept 
up a lively discussion for some months 
upon the value of shorthand in newspajier 
work. The April number has air article 
on this subject from Will M. Clemens, 
who claims that it is a positive disadvan- 
tage for a newspaper reporter to use short- 
hand: and the reason for this is that the 
shorthand man gets all of a speech or ser- 
mon, while the longhand reporter takes 
down the pith of it, which is what the 
newspaper editor wants. Why a short- 
hand writer cannot get the pith of the 
matter, but must write it all because he 
can, Mr. Clemens fails to state. He says: 
" I found by experience that in the report- 
ing of a lecture or sermon the use of 
shorthand gave me only the mund of the 
speaker's words, while the »en»t was a 
missing quantity. In reporting lectures 
or sermons in longhand the »en»e is ob- 
tained and not the sound alone. It is 
much easier to condense a lecture as one 
reports it, taking only the fine points and 
best thoughts of the speaker, than it is to 
condense the report of shorthand notes 
after the lecture. " 

Is it logical to suppose that a shorthand 
writer cannot condense his report at the 
time of taking it ? 

The very fact of having a shorter 
method of writing ought to give him more 
facility in this regard, as he has more time 
to think and ought to be better able to 
sift the important from the unimportant 
points. A good reporter writes short- 
hand mechanically, as be does longhand. 
Then why cannot he sift and digest what 
he is reporting with even more care than if 
he must make ten times as many strokes to 
the word ? 

As to getting mund without sense, that 
is machine reporting. One might as well 
be a phonogia ph. 

A bright girl in a shorthand school said 
to her teacher the other day after a test of 
speed in which she had uot succeeded in 

taking all the dictation: "Mr. , I 

could have taken it all if I had only known 
how to write the words." She was right. 
When one knows how to write all the 
words there is abundance of time to write 
them, even at the rate of 150 words a min- 
ute But hesitation over one word will 
lose the time of writing ten words, and 
sometimes putting the thought on the out- 
line drives everything else out of one's 

A Utter recently published iu one of 
the shorthand magazines would be amus- 
ing if it were not sad. The writer com- 
plains that her employer and dictator ex- 
pects her to understand the meaning of 
what he dictates, and to this unrea-souahle 
requirement she makes answer that she has 
quite enough to do to take down his words 
without understanding them. This is the 
sort of amanuensis that lowers the profes- 
sion in the esteem of intelligent people. 
With such an estimate of the duties of an 
amanuensis, what can be expected but 
unthinking and therefore unsatisfactory 
work? Five dollars a week is ample com- 
pensation for such services What the busi- 

knows not ouly how to write but what he 
writes, and who after taking down a letter 
in shorthand can without referring 
to his notes give the gist of it. An aman- 
uensis who is sati'jfierl ti) write and read 

word for another that \\.\- iN. -.mie out- 
line, without reguiil tn rlir m nsv, leaving 
little inaccuracies of the dictator uncor- 
rected — in short, exercising no "gump- 
tion" in transcription — is no amanuensis, 
but a machine, for which business men 
have very little use in the present and will 
have none at all in the future, 

A shorthand reporter should be clever 
and intelligent. There is a story told of 
an uneducated reporter who is saidto have 
rendered the well-known Latin quotation, 
^'■Amieux PUito, (imieim Socrates, Sf,d timjiir 
p^rtV/M," as follows: " I may cuss Plato. I 
may cuss Socrates, said Major Veritas." 
Eiihu Burritt. the learned blacksmith, 
once closed an address with this sentiment : 
" Labor — thought- honored labor — ;may be 
the ouly earthly potentate that shall be 
crowned on this continent." He was sur- 
prised and disgusted to find it printed in 
the next morning's paper: " Labor 
thought -honored, may be the nail lately 
patented shall be crowned on this conti- 
uient." Rev Dr. Edwin H. Chapin was 
one of the most rapid speakers of his time, 
and he was a terror to the general run of 
reporters. Once, in a sermon, he used the 
following language: "Christianity has 
been the oriflammc of freedom in all ages." 
The ignorant reporter rendered it thus: 
" Christ has been the horn-blower of free- 
dom in all apei."- The Writrr. 

How long does it take to learn short- 
nand, my son? Well, that depends on 
what you want to learn it for. If you 
want to be a court reporter, in which case 
you will have to report just exactly what 
the speaker says and nothing else, it will 
take you two or three years to learn. But 
if you merely want to report political 
speeches, in which occupation you simply 
look wise while you make hen tracks, and 
then go to the office and write down the 
speech from memory, making the speaker 
say whatever you think will the 
managing editor and hurt the other party, 
about SIX weeks' light study, with intervals 
of recreation, will be a thorough university 
coarse.— Bnr(htt>: 

A simple knowledge of shorthand 
and typewritiug at the (irfsent time 
is almost worthless. The stenographer, 
to be successful, must now be able to 
take from dictation a good rate of speed, 
transcribe, spell and punctuate correctly, 
and above all use grammatical language. 
The shorthand writers who possess all of 
these requirements will surely succeed, 
while the drones and those who lack the 
requirements must give place to them. — 
O. I. TibhitU. 

It is not the gentle winds and the sum- 
mer sea which prove a craft's seaworthi- 
ness. The lowering clouds, the heaving 
billows, the roaring gale, the raging storm, 
the breakers, the rocks, often tell a sad 
tale of shipwreck. So iu the experience 
of the stenographer, that general ability 
which comprises a thousand traits, such 
as ready wit, perception, grit, good 
memory, a well-balanced mind, coolness, 
keen hearing, thoughtfulness, adaptability 
to circumstances, common sense, &c., is 
often of greater importance than merely 
high speed.— tf. H. Warren Stlpp. 

In order to write fast you must first 
of all have the ability to think fast. You 
must think all around the speaker's words 
and meaning. As to your phonography, 
you must think fast and decide instantly 
and permanently. If you are not a fast 
thinker you must become one, or else re- 
main a slow writer. Keep cool, think 
rapidly and decide promptly. — Munmn 

When the ';/' tick was adopted, 
proximity for of was abandoned; there- 
fore, proximity is used only for eon, 
com and cmw, according to Munsou. 
There is always a slight hesitation iu 
writing words with less than the or- 
dinary space between them, and it is a 
question whether it would not be well to 
use the dot for the prefixes above men- 
tioned aad discard pioximity altogether. 


hmorj.^.J^^..^. -■- jr. (junior).^ 

home ^rr^.„r:-rr^..KT^.-y!r^ juriBpnuicnce .^-. 


nporUince.l,.T7^.r7^C-"rrr!^ knowledge... ^7.. 

,»r.iliciBl-ly ^n^ - 

Mignity.-c^^ lianpiage 

. ^r\„. 'rr\.'7'\y. leglslamre . t7. . 

„,^:\3 -r-^^-U lenglh-y ..^.. 
long (at(j,) 


nlelligont . V -^ 




perpendicular A. probable-y . 

r \ 

perpendicularily.' ^ proporlion . 

phonogniplicr ,^-L. public-sb.VV V V V V^.TTA^ 

performance.. ) prohabilily.-V.'"^-- 

\ probable-y ..A a. 

;icularily .!._.. ^ proportion — \ . . . J^^ - . - 

phonograpbic . 



phonography ..^:^. Qualify . 

plaintiff ,..\ 

plenipotentiary A quarter 

popular-ity .. \.V"...--.\. question .C C^..C^..^ 

■K, VA , 

|iOBsibIe-y V - - 

practicable-y . . . .^TT^. ."TT^- - . - ^Vrv^Rei-olIect .^...^J..^.-... 

practical-ly .\—- recollection, y/; 

nractice .^.....^-..\..^- recoverable. ZT^./Ta.. 

preliminary . ^)yr^^. - 





Massachusells - O 

Mr. (mister) 


everlheless .^rrVlA. 

New York 



. obje.l \ \|-N N 
, ol.jec'lio„\).\. 
..observation .\\. 


^ opportunity ..V 

.owe ., .i.,... 

. Parliament 


^^^ "S' 

notwithstanding ...'S:'. peculiar ■-\--. \--.-.^- 

Novcnil.cL . .^~rV_ - peculiarity 

..■lory .f ... 

religion. ^..7^.^^... 

remark . . . JrT-. . r: . .^TTr-. . }rT:t Saviour -.V_ 

remember. _VT-.vT\^?NfTT>....>r:^.. September .-5^tts 

V. .e,era,.^..^ 

remembrance ...]Vrni shall , 

represent . A. /\|. A- A,^rTA..»lionld j 

representation. ^Aj.^rTiAj.- signify „...--_...^ ^. .r^.. 

repuhlic-sh.A.A.A .Av- iUJ..^_^.^TT?^^ 

repngnanl . A_ A-,^. A_^..... similar ..^ 
responsibilily A -A- .similarity .! 

responsible-y ./}....... - singular ..^ 

resurrection ../^. somewhat ., 

Rev. (reverend). ,/V. .soulliern ... 

revolutionary ..^ry:'. speak ...^. 

Romau Cnttiolic. A..t. special-ly . 


spoke. .\..V \ \-4.. 

San Francisco ..... subject ...\X. 


salisfnclion .... subjection 


rHtr«P£\!vi;vNs I'iyluii .utvwssA 

Practical Teachers and Pen- 

('. n. KoMnnon 

T)n; gentleman whoso portrait itt shown 
on thin page ts the proprietor and active 
hfiul of the Union Business College, La 
Fiivifte, Ind. In this occupation he has 
liiTti cngMged for six years, and the ({uolity 
of Iii8 latjors in attested by an attendance 
III tliitt time of more than 200 pupiU, repre- 
senting half a dozen States. During the 
same period Mr. Itobioson has bocu also 
actively engaged in teaching writing in 
tiic public schools of La Fayette, and his 
cITortH have been rewarded with a marked 

Mr. Itobinson is a young man, thrifty, 
piisliiiitr, rliscriminating. lie is a good, 
.strong pniiiiiin and posHGsBCs qualilications 
of n high order m a teacher. Personally 
he \h genial and a man of many friends. 
The community with which he is identified 
iH proud of him, and very justly so. 

Handwriting of Authors. 

According to a well-known literary 
niitliority. Joaquin Miller is one of the few 
who write so it is impossible to read tbo 
rnnnuRcript. Swinburne is another. There 
is « manuscript poem of his that it is im- 
possible to read entirely. Some verses will 
read along quite fluently, but others are 
illegible. lie probably writes with a 
quill pen, and a bad one at that. His let- 
ters have no shading, and he is not par- 
ticular about dotting his i's or crossing his 
t's. Wolt Whitman writes a very char- 
acteristic- hand— big, boldly-formed let- 
ters; careless, but very distinct. He also 
UNcs a quill. A letter of Raskin's looks us 
though he might have written it with the 
point of a pin, but it is very easy to read. 
The words stand a good distance apart, 
occasionally joined by the crossing of a t. 

"Yours in basic, Kate Field," written 
in a square, bold hand, is very character- 
istic and easily recognized under any cir- 
cumstances. One could hardly form a 
proper idea of Julia Ward Howe from her 
handwriting. It looks us though the pen 
barely touched the paper, and bears the 
marks of haste. It is not hard todecii)her, 
however, except the Howe in the sig- 
nature, that might as well be anything 

Now comes the worst writing imagin- 
able. It is a page of manuscript in one of 
Mrn. t)liphant's stories. If she had writ- 
ten it with the point of a hair, the strokes 
of her pen could not be any finer. When 
this manuscript was first received in New 
Aork some six years ago the printers re- 
fused to set it up. They declared that 
they could not read it. George Macdonald 
writes a large, manly hand, with bold, 
black strokes and unmistakable signature. 
Robert Buchanan writes an easily read. 
affcet«dly literary hand, as though he were 
trying to be unintelligible, hut did not 
like to be altogether so. He puts little 
curlycuea on his letters that lu-e rather 
boyish. William Winter, of the New York 
Trihiiuf, writes the most remarkable hand 
of all. The letters look like forked light- 
ning. His directions on an envelope are 
very plain, and you begin the letter swim- 
mingly, but, before you know it, you are 
brought to a stuud-stiU. His penmanship, 
for all this, is pretty as well as unique, 
and there U something quite poetic about 
it. Journalists are more apt to write badly 
llian authors, for they write under pressure. 
They should write better than any one else! 
or at least more distinctly, for the reason 
that there is no time to revise their proofs. 
Horace Greeley and ex-Governor Bross 
have long had the i)alm for writinn the 
most unreadable "copy" that printers 
ever had to handle. There is a specimen 
of Governor Bro&s" writing in almost every 
printing office in the country, preserved as 

An English Printer's View of 
Bad Writing. 

"News Printer," writing to the City 
Prena, makes the following remarks upon 
the above subject: "The art of writing 
(if it can be so called) is, I regret to say, 
studied by very few but clerks, and. not- 

to his earnings whether he has 'copy' 
with which he can go straight along, or 
manuscript which is written in such a 
style as to cause him, every few minutes, 
to stop work, and endeavor to make out 
the crabbed hieroglyphics of the so-called 
' writing.' Nor must the innocent reader 
of yotir note, or of these lines, imagine 

C. M. Itohmson. Piopneto} of the Union Business College, La Fayette, Ind. 

withstanding the immense amount of 

writing that is done for the Ptess, and the 
large number of persons whose ^ocatlon 
consists of putting their {and other 
people's) thoughts and utterances to paper, 
the unfortunate compositors and 'Press 

thftt eminent men, or men clewrflo'various 
branches of learning, are any better than 
other people Indeed, to us poor ' slaves 
of the press, the rule seems to be that 
the more clever and talented a man is, 
say, as a writer, doctor, lawyer, theo- 
logiao, politician, &c., the worse and 

readers' can give overwhelming evidence 
as to the illegibility of handwriting. 
Now, sir, this is a great loss to the com- 
positor It makes a serious difference 

more illegible is his handwriting. It 
seems ^ though they studied everything but 
this. With some writers it really means 
being educated up to the point of reading 
their writing. I hope I am not taking up 

loo much of your space, but I would men- 
tion one or two cases bearing on this sub- 
ject. Ai: author who had written a book 
and had it printed refused to pay for the 
numerous corrections with which he was 
charged ; and on the case going into court, 
the judge decided that the writing was so 
bad and illegible as to justify the printer 
in charging for the consequent corrections. 
Another instance is that of tlie penman- 
ship of a celebrated writer a few years 
ago. The compositors could not read the 
writing, and the author arriving on the 
premises while the unraveling of the 
puzzle was proceeding, the manuscript 
was submitted to him, but he was totiilly 
unable to read his own handwriting! In 
conclusion, I but a week or two ago re- 
ceived a letter from an M. P., and if I had 
not known who it was from, it would have 
been impossible to have understood the 
signature! Nevertheless, a ray of light 
pierces the gloom in the existence and 
growing use of the typcwritei-s."— ik^nrfon 
yKnij.) Xfecdre Advertiser. 

Ink Fresh from the Plant. 

There is a plant which grows in New 
Granada which, if it could be only grown 
in sufficient quantities, would not only be 
of incalculable value in a monetary sense, 
but an aid toward lightening the labois of 
tlic ink manufacturer. It is commonly 
known as the ink plant, and the juice is 
used without any preparation. According 
to the traditions of the country, its prop- 
erties seem to have been discovered during 
ih administration. A number of 
II uments destined for the mother 
ii>uiiif\ were embarked in a vessel and 
iiiii-iiiiurd around the Cape. The voyage 
ju.'Milii. lie an unusually tempestuous 
one, ami as a consequence, the documents 
became saturated with salt water. Those 
written with the ink of chemistry be- 
came nearly illegible, while those written 
with *' chanci," as the name of the juice of 
the plant was known, remained unaltered. 

As a result of this discovery, a decree 

the Spn 

issued that all Government 
cations should in the future be written 
with the vegetable juice. The ink is of a 
reddish color when freshly written, becom- 
ing perfectly black after a few hours, and 
it has the recommendation of not corrod- 
ing steel pens as readily as ordinaiy ink. 

The Opinion op am Engiiosseii. — 
"Your Compendium has been of inesti- 
mable value to me in making my designs." 
This is the verdict of Charies H. Blakslee, 
engrossiLg penman. New Haven, Conn. 
Hundreds of the leading ornamental pen- 
men of the country have said the same 
thing in one way or another. The fact is 
no pen artist can hope to get along with- 
out it. The price of the Compendium is $5. 
We give it as a free special premium 
for a club of ten subscribers {each with 
regular premium). We are now making 
a special oflfer of the Ames Compendium 
and the new Spencerian Compendium 
(price 17.50) for only $9. 

ITIIrroHCoplc Poninniifililp, 

A card of the size of a postal card 
was recently sent to The Journal 
office by William A. Shaw, of Philadel- 
phia, steuograper to ex-Attomey- General 
Wayne MacVeigh. Mr. Shaw claims that 
one surface of the card contains 59(i2 
words, comprising St. Matthew's Gospel 
from the first word to the word ' ' him "" in 
the 27th verse of the ninth chapter. 
The writing is so minute and close to- 
gether that the card presents to the 
casual glance an unbroken black surface. 
As for the number of words, 5062, we 
haven't counted them, but it seems to us 
there might as well be a million. As no- 
body on earth can ever hope to read them 
with any implement short of a Lick tele- 
scope, it really doesn't matter. 


The New York Eceninff Worhl has beeu 
stirring up the punsters with a conundrum 
contest for a pnze. Here are some of the 
offerings of the jolly jokers: 

Why do the i-ecrimiuations of married 
couples lesL-mble the sound of waves on the 

By.^MiM-ilMv ,,i, iMiiniiiii-sof the tied. 

^Vhy was Noah the gieatest financier 

Because he floated a limited liability c 
pauy when all the rest of the world wa 

what public singer draws the best? 

AH I .JOrKN.-fLT- 

.-^9Vx^'fe%«iv\-^ ^\^\>5.v^\.v»v^ \5\N^^^C.m. 

Flourishing, liki- fiction, appeals strongly 
to one's imagination, and like poetry, to 
one's sense ol harmony. Like the former 
it is fascinafiug, and hkc the latter in- 

Knowledge and skill combine more 
closely in this than any other art. With- 
out the former the latter can be employed 
only in aping others; without skill knowl- 
edge is as a candle under a bushel. 

The three essentials in flourishing are 
grace, harmony and artistic beauty. The 
first is that which rounds the curves; 
the second arranges the curves in one 
harmonious whole, and the last adds the 
shade and polish to that which grace uud 
harmony have so pleasingly arranged. 
Grace is produced by skillful motions; 
harmony by study and artistic beauty by 

If you have a good knowledge of art 
and can write skillfully you will have little 
or no dithculty in learning to dourlsh — in 
fact, you will find the road to the *' palace 
of flourishing " pleasant and easy. But 
without this knowledge and skill you 
will find it a very tedious and difficult art, 
with but little recompense in the end 
other ihan u few recommendations stating 
that '* while your work is very graceful it 
is not natural," or "while your flourish- 
ing is very beautiful your writing is poor." 

And were I to advise any one on this 
subject I would say, be proficient in 
writing, learn engrossing, practice draw- 
ing, study jiortraiture, and, lastly, add 
the graces of flourishing. The latter 
serves as a capsheaf, but it won't do for a 

To achieve success we need the practi- 
cal elements of art; to appreciate it we 
need the beautiful. Flourishing is orna- 
mental rather than practical. It consists 
of a series of strokes made rapidly and 
gracefully, A stroke made slowly is not 
flourishing — it is drawing; yet it may be 
in the form of flourishing. 

The fascinating and inspiring qualities 
of this art lie in the skillfully made and 
gracefully curved strokes. To watch the 
pen of an artist at flourishing move 
gracefully off, and with a few strokes 
make with almost magic rapidity some 
form in ideality's domain seems almost 
miraculous, but it is not; it is the prod- 
uct of skill. 

For those who desire to learn flourishing 
I have arranged herewith copies for prac- 
tice, beginning with the simplest exercises 
and ending with a design. All strokes 
representing freehand rapid work were 
made as represented, and should be prac- 
ticed in the same manner. 

Hold the pen (as illustrated) between the 
thumb and second finger, both of which 
should be well curved, the former at the 
point marked x, so as to allow the end of 
each to come squarely against the holder on 
opposite sides close to the pen. The holder 
should rest against the first finger, which 
should be held well out from the rest, and 
the little finger should serve as a sliding 
rest for the hand for ordinary work, but 
for large bold strokes it wdl be necessary 
to allow the hand to rest on the pisiform 
bone marked o, in order to prevent the 
finger coming in contact with freshly-made 

i frnn 

gle of 

strokes freely and linnlv, .inrl ihi'slmded 
ones with more furr.-iiiii |m.mIh > u^-ss than 
the light ones. Sl-u that IjmiIi t'-cth of the 
pen press upon the paper evenly, so as to 
make a smooth shade and a strong line, 
and prevent the flipping of ink on the 
light strokes. Do not get discouraged if 
you fail to execute the designs as well as 
the copies, but persevere. Patience, study 
and practice will produce the desired rc- 


time ami work 

Take 'one dcs 
faithfully at it until you secure a har- 
monious effect. Study simplicity, har- 
mony and design. Be earnest, be pro- 
gressive, be original. Make but few 
strokes, and make them freely, firmly and 

•:nmans Art Journal 

« per agatf Hnr. 
9'i M) per tncn, racn iTwrrrK/rt. Diacountg for 
term and nmcf. Sptriat eMimatea furnished 
on anplieaiion. So adrn-tiitmenta taken for 
Img than fi. 

hwrrmgv rlroiilBllon Ia«l yemr over 

SrtbKrripfioii : Ont year $1 ; one nwmbpr 10 
emtM. Nft frei, samplrs exctpt to bona.fldr 
nunila toho are avbBcrihers. to aid Ifiem in 
taking gubHCriptionn. Premium Hut on p.fil. 

W. H. Horneman, of theBrantford Btwf; 
nfM College, Branttord, Ontario, is THh 
JOURNAL'S accredited agent tn that city 
and mttnity. 

New Tork, April, 1889. 

■rillriK tn the Public Cohoote 

fiV Association: Cn- 
Snoiety; Sound and 

gravings to illustrate the series, {niauy of 
which we have in hand) arc fully up to the 
text. They will be used freely, and this 
series of lesaons, if the editor's 30 years' ex- 
perience in this line counts for anything, 
will make ti very decided impression. 

Would it not be well in arranging the 
diite of the next meeting of the Business 
Educators' Association to make it either 
just before or just after the meeting of the 
National Educational Association? The 
latter will be in session at Nashville, Tenn., 
from .luly 16th to 20th, inclusive. The 
Business Educators are to meet in Cleve- 
land, Ohio, at a time to be fixed by the 
E.\ecutive Committee, of widch Mr. E. R. 
Felton is chairmau. The two cities are not 
far apart, and it is more than likely that 
manv teachers would be glad of the oppor- 
tunity of attending both conventions. 
The matter is respectfully brought to the 
attention of the Executive Committee of 
the Business Educators' Association. 

A NtiMBEK OF PAPERS wcFc received for 
competition in our Prize Class, No. 3, 
•'Teaching "Writing in the Public 

from him printed in the March issue of 
The Journal. Mr. Steele's letter was as 
follows : 
Editor OF The Journal: 

Allow ine to make the suggestion that the 
readers of The Journal "chip in" anrl help 
make up a handsome purse to be divided 
iuto, say, tlu*ee prizes for the best design and 
work suitable for a large specimen piece. Tbis, 
I think, would bring out the best workei-s in 
the profession in larger numbers than hereto- 
fore. 1 would like to see a first prize of at 
least $50, and aiu willing to start it with $5. It 
is worth something tu design and execute a 
really good, large piece, and prizes suitably 
large fall heavily on one man— eveu an editor. 

F. (1. Steele. 

Cambridge, Ohio. 

The size of the entrance fee would, of 
course, be governed by the number of 
comi>etitor3 and the aggregate of prizes. 
With #50 as a first prize. |15 would do 
for the second and $5 for the third. This 
gives a total of $70, to raise which would 
require 14 contributors at $5 each. This 
we may regard as a minimum number, as 
a larger entrance fee would be practically 
prohibitory. Of course The Journal is 
ready to do its full part in contributing to 

New Use for the J-Sqvare (Bcinp a Gentle 
Domestic Hint to the Wires of Artist 
Penmen, for Which we are Indebted to 
" The Bookkeeper." 

thank J. A. Crawford, teacher of pen- 
manship iu the Hillsboro, Ohio, College; 
J. L. Burritt, A.M., Bayonne, N. J.; G. 
H. Chopin, Jacksonville, Fla. ; and J. L. 
Stewart, Muscatine, Iowa. 

Now, cannot some of the other readers 
of The Journal further extend the list ? 
We should like also to know the names of 

TW Pu/./.llnK Mv 
The Busincce-L'T 



The Flouriahtiig Conte»ta. 

A number of well-known iienmen have 
signified their intention of competing in 
TuK Jovrnal'h second great flourishing 
I (uitest, as nimounccd last mouth. Others 
who intend to enter will oblige by notify- 
ing us. The prizes offered are as follows: 

$'jr] for best flourish. 

»10 for second best. 

.Vmks' Compendium tor third liest. 

A penman may submit as many speci- 
mens as he likes, but can only take one 
pri?.e. Conditions of contest same as in 
The Journal's first flourishing contest, 
imd prizes to be awarded by vote of The 
Journal's readers. 

I'rofessor lloffa writing lesson (ilhis- 
t ruled). 

Te ichiug Writing iu the Public Schools 
(second pri/,e article), u spirited contribu- 
tion, by F. J. Toland {illustrated). 

Kibbc's instruction iu pen lettering (il- 

Two large plates of engrossing (one by 
new proeeas). 

Page lesson in nourishing (illustrated by 
two beautiful desiguR), by Fielding Seho- 

Ornamental spceimeu by A. E, Dew- 
hurst. Oeneral illustrations by Tun 
.hnuNAi.'s stall inidotliei^. 


The introduction to Mr. Uofl's series 
of lessons in writing, printed ou anothei 
|).ii:;e of (his issue, gives pnimisc of some- 
thiugout of the common iu writing les- 
.s.uis and something very valuable tc 
students and teachers of writing. The en- 

Schools." No two of the competitors 
designated the same judge, so that in that 
respect there was no choice. The labor 
of reading and judging so many papers 
was quite formidable, causing us some 
embarrassment at tiret. Finally we com- 
muuicated with each of the competitors to 
know if Mr. B. F. Kelley, of Tre Journal 
staff, would be accepted as judge. The 
choice was approved by all the competitors, 
and lie was, therefore, selected. Mr. 
Kelley has had years of experience in just 
the kind of work he was called to pass 
upon — teaching writing iu the public 
schools — and no better judge could have 
been chosen. Most of the papers submitted 
were type-written. Mr, Kelley wiis not 
aware of the authorship of any of the 
papers submitted for competition, nor will 
he know the name of the prize-winners 
until he reads them in The Journal. 

Shall We Have an Ornatnentai 
Prize Contest? 

Treasury DEPARTsiE-iT, 

Washington, D. C, 
Mai-ch --'0, 1880. 
Mv Dear Mr. Amkm: 

In I'elatioii to the prize contest suggested in 
yoiu' liist issue, I would like to contribute 
whatever suui may be decided upon ua an en- 
trance feu, and to submit a pen drawing (or 

Will J 

u adv: 

e subject '. 

J. W, Swank. 

The above relates to an ornamental |>en- 
work contest suggested by F. G. Steele, 
Cambridge, Ohio, as outlined in a note 

the purse. The cost of engraving a page 
specimen alone is nearly $20, and the cost 
of engraving three or four, jmssibly half 
a dozen, such specimens is a very consider- 
able item. 

As the matter now stands, we will say 
that there is $10 subscribed toward a 
necessary purse of $70. If any other 
readers of The Journal with a penchant 
for the ornamental in pen art feel inclined 
to enter info such a competition we shall 
be pleased to hear from them. 

Special Writing Teachers. 

Several friends have, during the past 
month, forwarded to us supplementary 
lists of special writing teachers in the 
public schools. Any further additions 
will be greatly appreciated by the editor. 

Besides the cities employing such writ- 
ing teachers, given in the March number 
of The Journal by Mr. Thomas Powers, 
Watertown, N. Y., we have the following 


Chillicothe, Ohio $1,0(K) 

Washington C. H.. Ohio 400 

Hillsboro, Ohio 500 

Kenton, Ohio 50(t 

Augvista, Ga 

Saratoga, N. Y , 

Decorah, Towa 

Boston. Mass. (High School) 

Orand Haven, Mirh 

Ithaca, N. Y i,*joo 

Ottumwa. la (about) t,000 

For these additions and for other per- 
tinent information the editor has to 

(he special writing mistn 
is practicable. 
Editor "!■ Tin .t..i i \ m 

■ ■" ■. I h. veil, Mich, 
would 1" II I ^viiig the pro- 
portion of " M 1 ' III' li I- -piciaT teachei-s, 

bookkeepiiic with tin.- ijeimiausUip / How many 
teach Iwth drawing mid penmanship ( 

In MuskegoUj Giona Haven and Grand 
Rapids the special teachei-s 1 -""' '" 

ship you li 

3 both feminine. 

The only coiTect solution of the intricate 
signature printed in the March number of 
The Journal is from J. H. Bachten- 
kircher, Princeton, Ind., who writes that 
he has "never seen the signature." The 
name is Silas P. Yount. 

A number of subscribers made guesses 
more or less inaccurate. E. Bowers, 
manager of the Union Publishing Com- 
pany, West Bowersville, Ga., thought 
it might be Silas P. Sound or Silas P 
Jornd. To E. M. Cnise, 3321 Wallace 
street, Chicago, the hieroglyphics looked 
like they might be meant for Silas P^ 
Yorud. E. C. Frizzell, New York, read the 
address Silas Hornd, while Charles Watson, 
nil Greenmount avenue, Baltimore, Md., 
figured it out into Silas Horner. 

The Business-Letter Contest. 

The result of the voting on our prize 
business-letter Bpecimens proves to have 
been almost as one-sided as in the voting 
on the ornamental Bpecimens. By a ma- 
jority of nearly 4 to 1 Trre .lornNAi, 
readers decide that specimen H is the most 
desirable style for a business letter. In 
nil there were 1744 votes cast, a little more 
than hiilf the number cast in the tlovirish- 
ing contest, which was also triangular. 
The voling was ns follows: 









Total 1.7« j 1.737 


Seven voters indicated only tirst choice. 
The author of specimen H, the first-prize 
winner, is B. F. Williams, penman of the 
Sacramento, Cal.. Business College, a 
graduate of the Normal Department of the 

School and PersonaJ. 

—J. A. Crawford, an excellent writer, is 
teaching penmanship in the Hillsborough. 
Ohio. College. 

—There is a dash and grace to the penman- 
ship of J. M. Wade, Emlenton, Pa., which a 
professional might envy. We had never heard 
of Mr. Wade until about a year ago, wheu he 
began to advertise in The Journai,, but we 
liave had many good reports from Mm since. 
And so it goes. The " youngsters" are on the 
alert, and those who have the "snap and go" 
in theni are giving the veterans a very spirited 
! race, and asking no odds of tbein, either. 

— D. D. Darby, Northboro'. Ohio, advertises 
ornamental pen specimens, chiefly in the line 
of flourishing, and presents some flatteiring 
testimonials n-om such a well-known penman 
as W. J. Kinsley, Shenandoah, Iowa. 

—We are informed that the Ohio Business 
University, Cleveland, Ohio, under the man- 
agement of P. I). Qorsline, is enjoying a very 
flattering degree of prosperity. It has a very 
capable i>enman in the person of J. F. Fish, 
and publishes an attractive school paper called 
the Cnireraihj K.rpomnt. 

—J. H. Crabb, formerlv of Crabb's Writing 
Parloi-s. Wilmington, Del., has transferred the 
scene of his operations to Philadelphia. 

—We have before us the prospectus of the 
long-promised penmen's directory which has 
Iwen uiwlei-taken bv F. S. Heath, Gossville. 
N. H. It ought to be a good thing, and we 
hope to see it soon. 

—Prof. E. C. Atkinson, proprietor of the 
Sacramento, Cal., Business College, has 

College, Quincy, 111., 

. member of his fac- 

a large class of yoimg men and women paving 
the way for a successful businees career. 

—One of the best business writers we know 
of is P. T, Benton, of the Iowa City Business 
College. He is something more than a mere 
mechanical penman, too, being a man of very 
progressive ideas, both on the mside of bis pro- 
fession and out of it. 

—The Tabor. Iowa, Business College and 
School of Penmanship is an insUtution presided 
over by C. E. Jones. We have often had oc- 
casion to refer to the work of Mr. Jones, and 
invariably in commendation. 

—Howard Keeler's Amsterdam, N. Y., 
Biisincfis College Iwasts of having enrolled US 
names in the first six months of its existence. 
We have received from the principal a photo- 
graphic insight into his well-appointed school- 
rooms, surmounted by a portrait of himself. 

— The catalogue of the Jani'-tnun. N. ^ . 
Business College has been exiiiiiiin'l I'V n- ^^ itli 
much pleasure. It leaves th-- Iii:i|.m p.-iili- .-nui 
pursues a method of it.s mm ihit i- '.<\\ 
attractive. Principal W. A. Wnniin-r i> tn l.<- 

—Amity College, College Springs, Iowa, a 
flourishing classical and art school, is up to the 
times with a well-organized commercial de- 
partment under the charge oC C. O. Wood- 

— E. 0. Philhps, who has completed a coui-se 
of penmanship at the Buffalo Business Univer- 
sity, and O- O. Dext«r, a teacher of some years' 
standing who has lately brushed up at the 
Rochester Business University, have formed an 
aUiance and are " itinerating " through New 
York State organizing writing classes. Their 
headquarters are at East Shelby, N. Y. 

— One of the most accomplished penmen and 
teachers of penmanship that we kuow is W. 

^ia- ^^^ rrj ^ / 






a^/f J y^ 

Engrafftl from Fen Copy 

Gem City Business College, Quincy, III. 
His reward is a full-bound copy of the 
new " Spcnceriuii Compendium." 

The writer of letter G. which was 
awarded second prize, is Louis Keller, 
Kendallville, Ind. The prize is a copy 
of "Ames' Compendium." Mr. Keller 
has twice before borne off laurels in .Jour- 
nal contests of II different kind, having 
been successful in the literary contests of 
last year. 

The author of specimen F is H. A. How- 
ard, of the Rockland, Me., Commercial 
College. Many of the voters who put 
Professor Howard's specimen last took oc- 
cosiou te say that they would have given 
it the prefereuce if the contest were one of 
professional writing instead of writing for 
purely business purposes. While all 
readily acknowledged it to be a beautiful 
penmansliip specimen, the shading, the 
elaboration of the capital letters and the 
precise squareness of the lOps of small let- 
ters i and '/ were freely criticised as being 
impracticable for ordinary business pur- 

The editor of The Jodrnal is ex- 
tremely gratified at the widespread interest 
that has been taken in these penmanship 
contests. Nothing that a penman's paper 
a loug time has attracted 

has done 

much attention within 

the lines of the 

All Othebs Knocked Oirr.— Ames' Best 
Pens are used exclusively at our desks, and 
e think no others equal to them. Please send 

other gross. — Rya ' '" " ' '"'" ' 

n atr^et, Philadet} 

1 business letter!. 

ulty. Mr. WiUiams is Thb Journal's first 
prizewinner in the business letter class. He 
got his position through an advertisement in 
Thb Journal, to which half the writing teach- 
ers in the business colleges of the country owe 
their places. 

-The pubbc schools of Reading, Pa. , have 
secured a very veduable insti-uctor in writing 
and commercial branches in the person of A. 
W. Dudley. Mr. Dudley is originally from 
Detroit, aiid was long identifled with the old 
Mayhew Business College, of that city. 

— W. F. Parsons, of Dnluth. Minn., proprie- 
tor of Parson's Busin&ss College, of that c'" " 

and business : 

—A. D. Skeels, of the Canada Business Col- 
lege. Chatham, Ont., is a very capable and 
penman, who is getting the best 

nizing and appreciating a good thing when it 

presidetl over by H. T. E^glehoi-n. 

— F. M, Sisson sends out circulars from New- 
iwrt, R. I., soliciting orders forpenwork. Card 
^vr^tmg is his specialty. 

?ry handsome engraved card < 

, and Enos Sj^ncer, 
B. E, A. eii-cles, secretary and treasm-er. 

— We have received a circular and price list 
of penmanship, issued by J. B. Graff, Phila- 
delphia, a very capable penman. We believe 
it was Isaacs who pointed out with his charac- 
teristic perspicacity that the ability most essen- 
tial to a i^euman (to any one else, perhaps) is 
the ability to m^e bis pen-ability known. 
(ivnff ho-s plenty of future ahead of tiim if he 
ttould tnkf the proper steps to get introduced. 

—About 400 pre.sent and former students 
took part in the annual reunion and conutr- 
e of the Canada Business College, Ham- 

graeefully fliling the oflices of superint^nd- 
coudueting the 

1 the Coburn Institute, ' 

H. Patrick, Baltimore, Md., of the faculty of 
Sadler's Bu^ness College. Mr. Patrick's let^ 
tei-s are models of smooth, chaste, elegant pen- 
manship—just tUe kind of penmanship, too, 
that plejises tlie business man. Mr. Patrk-k 
<)ffei-s his professional services to the readers of 
The Journal, and it will be worth while to 
look over our nidvertising columns to see what 
he lias to say. 

To unemployed teachers of writing and i 

peets are said to be of the best. 

—A, D. Taylor, who has written cards the 
country over and is now teaching penmanship 

athletic celebration he 
walked away from the local talent at a great 

— R. McCaskie, No. 110 Iverson road, West 
Hempstead, N. W., England, has favoi-ed us 
with his comprehensive catalogue of shorthand 
and other publications and specialties. There 
are many valuable books on the list, especially 
to shorthanders. Mr. McCaskie introduces the 
Munson system to British phonographers 

stylish letter. 

—There is a little 
of Philadelphia that goes by the name of J. M. 
Byrnes. If any of our friends there know him 
we should be glad to hear from them. Soiiu' 
of them must know him, as he borrows some- 
body's Journal every mouth, and then wr- 
sists in annoying us with stupid and ridiculous 

— We have liefure us a lai-ge batch of speci- 
mens wTitteo by students of Wright's Business 
College, Brooklyn. The movement is clear and 
free and the penuianship uniformly good. The 
pupils of this popular institution are making 

and other wriui-^' uiticlcs, have the invention 
in hand and are putting it on the market 

—The great auditori\im of the Metropolitan 
_pera House, Ni 
uf amusement, v 
April 11, the o 
niversary r""" 

and pretty much ( 

.1 Pock- 

i Succeed" was his subject. 

and there i 
V. Baldwin. Diplnm 
gra<luate$ from th<.- -i I 
tnein girls. Fixini tli 

Wright's Business College, Brooklyn. 

C'ltibfi for ITIurota. 

Journal have come in the paat month. 

As they are equal in size we can do nothing less 
than call both kings. E. C. Atkinson, pro- 
prietor of Atkinsorrs Business College, Sacra- 
mento, iiends line. The other comes from 
J. M, ViiR'i'iit, llii' urll-kii.iM'n penman of the 
fnr'iilt-,' nf'. Unsiiiess College, New 

National BimJne^ College, !* 
sends one, George F. Page, i >i t 
Business College, another. TIj 
a leading Canadian busiue^ss n 

excellent headway under the guidance of that 
well-known p ' ' ....... 


well-known penman, teacher and v 

H- of the other inembeii* of the 
II 'field. Gem Ci^ Business Col- 

Business College, 
„ ..., ^. ^^ ,- , . . S. Biennan, Hali- 
fax, N. S., 20; P. T. Benton, Iowa City Busi- 
ness College, IW; C. C Fi>ii(.b, Dubuque, Iowa, 

Business College, il , '■ '^V Tin i. Penman 

Sonlfi's ( iill 'i' m-, ii(i. 

Clubs of from 1 n i . , i leen re- 

ceived from I., i: I ' ! uia, Tex,; 

W. H, Todd, Ed.lM /, I II McCool, 

Spencerian Writiu- \i;i.l.-iii\ , rinljuielphia: 
J. F. White, teai'l..-! \--u\ \V:, mi.', Iii,|., Busi- 
ness College; S. K. Wr|.~i,.| .M, ,..,,.- Business 

s College, Atlanta, t 

We have just got 
tion of " Ames' New 
popularity of this 

its sales outnumb" 
on the market. 

pupils >V1,„ I,,,,,- 

pei-soniil jiivtfiiri i. 

largest and best know 

of other well-known schools have alsr 


N. Y., have long been identified witl 
cial training. As the l'i)iiiiilei> and 

their capacity us 
text-books that ttu' 
out English-speJik 

nounced a few i 

black hoir-lines they would do us and the 
readers of The Journal a great favor by in- 
forming us respecting it. 



It is Raid that thi-rv are whole cimnties in 
Kentucky in which not a single school existo. 

Now York City will wpend over 1100,000 thiii 
year in teaching Oerman in its public schools 

Connerticut has a student in college t<i every 
:>iV personii. This is mid to be the best in the 

A ti'Arnp <-nt<-rixl a AfiiJiit- ^c)in..i, s|K^lleil 
down fv-rlKKly, ami lli.'ii «-nt "ii -i^'lliiiy all 

John Wfiltera, teacher in Jackson Township, 
Ohio, asked a boy in the advanced grammar 
class to ez])lain tne relations of the participle, 

ithin'. The rrot wanted the earth, an' they 

learu how to split 

flS weeks. —iJefroif Fi-c. 

■1 table) — Oeorge. ' dear, 
■iti- bank cashiers from 

ifii-jiillii i;.. .uut, my dear, though there 
s li-s-s Imiijiiudc there, they have more latitude. 
Teacher — " Now, Bobby, how much do six 

that way. Five and five make ten." — Kr- 

Will RamBav. Jr., Rochester, N. Y., sends 
The Journal tbt- following, for which he iht- 


There wns no reply for a moment; then a 

childish little voice in the rear of the room 

" 'Cause this is a Prohibition town." 
Mre. Hopeful: " Is my boy improving 

"How lovely! Thedarliugl He'll Ih" a great 

diflcovei-ed Anii-i 1. i - i, ,,[ ^,,ii\, ,11 h'^w 

to briugau egK with \<.ii to srh-H.|. if voii 
don't happen to have any eggs in the house, a 
little butter will do."— /-Vicp^iirf.! Btdtter. 

■' Now, Willie." said the Sunday-school 
u>«cher, "you may tell me why Noah went 

"WeU. whywBsitr' 

"Somebody had borrowed his uuibrella.' 


The candle wick is up to snuff. 
Mi&'HmderKtandings — Ciiris' feet. — Dansville 

A barber's shears shut up when at work and 
io should the barber. 

Husband—" It is strange how the smallest 
pecimens of men get the best wives," 

Wife — " Ob, you flatterer ! " 

The worst form of ' ' writer's cramp " is being 
rauiped for funds. — Boston Courirr. 

No old maid should despair. Naomi didn'i 

you have heard of Hogg r' 
Miffi C— " Well, I should say 1 had. Father 
and his friends never talk of anything but bog, 
hog, hog, all the time." — Yankee Blade. 

Outline first with pencil, then with ink, 
leaWng openings at points where foliage is 
to appeal' in front. Next make the foliar 
ami then shade the body of letters. The 
foliage stroke is very simple and is 
illustrated at the left of A, It should be 
made with a pen that give-s a thick, strong 
line moving in any direction, as a fine line 
will give a weak effect every time. A pure 
forearm movement should be used, and the 
stiokes should be short and nearly in 
directions indicated. 

Work only for effect. Do not try to 
bring out any leaf in detail. 

EKin September 
a ffoorj disciplinarian 
Book-keepifiK. <~orre 


[ the Bd| 



ARMSTRONG. Portland, Orecon, 



POSITION WANTBDwithsomegood&i 
■■ mercial School, by a Teacher of Peniiifl" ' 
1 ployed 

by a Teacher of Peniiiaoship 
auu tommerciBi tranches now employ^ '" " 
Eastern Business College. Salisfactory 

" sirinir a chanee. also the most unex 
references as to cb racter and ability 


r desirioir 
Care Pknitan' 

■Journal, gfe Broadway. W. Y- 

WANTED.— An A No. I Ten c her of Penman- 
»» ship Id a BuBineKs Collpne. Applicant 
should wnte a superior hand and be able to do 
Kneroaslnsr. Position is a good one and worthy 

care D. T. AU'S, 805 Hroadwoy. New York. 4-1 

Flourished by Frank E. Cooky of the Stockton, Cal., Business College {Photo-Engra 

pet« and give tbe'baby a bottle of ink to play 
with. — A^?Tisfoii'ii Herald. 

At a bugging-bee for the benefit of a church 
along the up|>er Hudson a few evenings since, 
a man. while blindfolded, hugged his wife for 
several minutes without knowing whom he was 
hugginii. AVhen he did fltui out he wanted his 

hug Uv \\ OS consider- 
^ 'laughter is griev- 

to the de^ and making known her 

Work rapidly, holding the pen firmly to 
the paper, and don't forget (hat old motto, 
"Try, try again," if at hrst your foliage 
looks someH'hat flat. The shading on the 
body of the letters should be made with a 
coarse pen, or a 303 which has been used 
until it is unfit for fine writing. No fine 
lines should appear in it. Make every 
touch strong and put the lines, which 
should be made in short sections, close 
together at the right and bottom of letters, 
and if they touch each other in some places 
the effect will not be injured. The short 
cross-strokes are put on last. Following 
Z will be noticed a clump of foliage for 
the learner to practice upon. In writing, 
regularity is a point to be secured, but in 

fl^lTO TEArHBRH WANXED.-A flrst- 
1 class Penman and Teacher of Bookkeep- 
ing; send specimens. Also a thoroughly com- 
petent teacher of commercial urithniptic aiu\ 

Send photos and state salary. Keference. To 
begin Sept. Ist. Address "COMMEKCIAL," 
care of The Penman's Art Jodhnal. 4-tf 


change of location, or promotion to 
broader fields with larger salaries, ehould 
address the 

W. A. McCord, Manager. Des Moines, Iowa. 

Now Is the time to enroll in order to secure 
the best positions for the i 

Finally, when the room was cleared of appli- 
cants fni- a moment, she sidlwl up and whirred 

t.i ihi' litirnrinn - "Say' have you got Pope's 

Ml - M.i^t;li > vv hvilii-i >ln.' would take my 

1. u. 1 , lui tliL: I rtil, ii--. I'm rather " 

Maid of All Work-- Yes, sir ; and she says 
she won't, sir, not if you was to hoffer 'er the 
olo balphabit ! "— MmcA. 

Mamma (to Finnic, who had been lunching 

pollt*', y ■ 
pleius.-, ... 

Flik^^b u .; \ !{..{ say 'No, thank 
g»',7,'"" * eve,Ttbi.,g."_ 

It is said that there are 2750 laugungm. Tm- 

, and said 'Yes. 

a who could speak them all. 


best references. Addrt 


s Journal, 205 Bi-oadwaj-, N. Y. 


— III the line of flourishine we must credit 
H M Churtier. of the Paris, Tvx., Business 
I tillege. with the most acceptable offeriogs 
'luring the past moutb. Next iu order, aj]<l 
wiiixely Im-Iow them, is a binl from E, ft. 
' MHisleod, Willow Lake, Dak. The same art is 
i-xi-mplifled on cards, &c., by Charles Graot, 
imvenport, Iowa; Arthur T. Ely. Berkey 
' Una (who also sends visiting cards), and 
-M V. He8t«r, Ridge Farm. III. From the 
littler we likewise have capilal combinations 
'xecuted with great freedom of movement— 
\»n tree for practical purposes, yet not without 

—Very handsome capital combiuntions come 
, W. H. McNeil. Flint, Mich. The i 
very well known to us. but the \ 
s undoubted talent. 

■eptionally ' 
- bearing the beading of the Spei: 
less College, Wa-shington, D. C, we re- 
vived a package of «-ritten cards that speak 
ighly for the skill and taste of E. T. Mower, 
]>upil of that iustitution. The strokes ore 

U. N. Crandle, pemnan of the big normal 
school at Uixon, 111. , we have an elaborate and 
journal heading, " The Mu!«ical 

—And now we have to bow to the fair sex 
again. Miss Jennie P. Willis, teacher of i>eu- 
manship, Winona, Wis., favors us with a large 
number of slips, showing the work of her nu- 

tiful Wl-iriiii; im't li srt nl' r,|j,ita!s (r^^ 

young penmen would not be proud to claim. 
Their execution is too deUcate and the ink used 
is too light for photo-engraving. Verily, Wis- 
consin is coming to the front. 

—A large page, representing the balance- 
sheet of a ledger, admirably done, came to this 
ofBce several weeks ago. "*' 

rtrcivc.i since the March Jouknai. was 

M. H. McNeUl, Flint, Mich. 

Charles J. Morse, 21 Lincoln street, Somer- 

ville, Mass. 
(-'larence E. Chase, Hiawatha Academy, 

Hiawatha, Kan. 
A. D. Brown, Dixon, III. 

Alamo Citv But 

Antonio, Tex. 

t Bowersville, Ga. 

J. C, Hlaiitiiii. Hardeman, Ga, 
J. C. StuHrt, Muscatine, Iowa 
C. J. Lysing, Nipoma, Cal. 


nrrfffaj^w-^i rr^^^^.i 

1 '''^^Z ^ 


; Abov^i C-ut Bepresenls 6 New Diploma for the Use of Business Colleges. 27ic Diplovm Itself is Printed Upon a Fine 
Quality of Linen Paper, Size 18a=23 Inches. They.jpiU he Kept in Stock and Supplied at Very Reasonable Hates, or 
they may be Ohanged upon Plate to Suit Any Business College, and Printed in Any Number at Very Low Cost. This 
Diploma, as will be Seen, may be Used for Any Department of a Business College. 

KHixl and the combinations harmonious, 
Ncutly wTitten cards also come from D. L 
st^Kldard. Eniiioria, Kan. The l}est written 
turds we received during the peist month (from 
n piofessional standpoint) are from the pen of 
Kdwin Stockin, Watertown, Mass, Since Mr, 
SUickin has made known his ability by steadily 
advertising in The Joi'rnal he has been 
coming vei-j' rapidly to the front as a leader in 

-The Joi-ii 

) make its lowest 
bow to its ninc-year-olii little friend Maiy 
(.■fl8e, of East. Di's Moints, Iowa, for an original 
pencil sketch. The pers}K>ctive and the execu- 
tion for a child of this age are really extraor- 
dinary. In the same connection we must ac- 
knowledge the receipt of a well-mitten little 
note from Agues E. Jewell, Romeo, Mich., 
seven years old. She is a pupil of A. G. Bot- 

—Here is a real galaxj- of good writei-s. each 
reprp.soiited by n letter of the very di-st chiro- 
«'""l'''i' '■"■" ■■■■'*■;;'.■ F. Page, Troy, 

1 Noi 

uU Co 

, Bit; Rjip'< 

>~' I \ I' I VV. J. fclliott, 

■'" ' ■ I ■ ' ■ ■ .. - M... .1-1.1, Ont.; T. 

^' '■ ^1 I I 1(1 U 1 It III;; Academy, 

iilHdelphui, A A. Clark, Ckveland, Ohio. 
—I. W. Hallett, the well-known penman, 
ods us the photo of an ornamental piece made 

cohi^nT.; W. G. Wcstlake. Meadville, Fa.; A. 
T. M, Leramond, 
French, Boston 
Postroffioe (The Journal's old stand-by in 
the East); L. A. May, Iveadville, Col.; C\ H. 
Spear, Plattsburg. N. Y. ; Louis D.Seuai,608 

the gold pen piize); W. L. HtarkL'y, Coleman's 
National Business College, X.u^itk i; :\I 
Neale, principal Fort Smith, Ail: I'lninn.r 
cial College; H. Treacy, I'ium,, si., k V.n.l, 
Chicago; W. M. Wagner, Hi-I I i .mi N ( m 
very superior penman) ; T T W iI-mh, i.iiiui. \, 

Dexter, East Shelby. N. Y 
principal W innipeg, Man. 
lege; Frank MarceUns. Wesi 
R. Day, principal Sa: 
College; M: C. McG. 
Business College. Kyli 

Day, N. Y.; A. 

Ont., Business 

principal Prairie City 

Specimen Exchangers. 

The luldress ot R. E. Morriss, who heads 
our list of specimen (•\changera, is McPher- 
son Institute, Republican Citv, Neb., in- 
stead of Kansa.«, as given in the last issue. 

I). L. Stoddard, Emporia, Kan., wishes 
his name dropped from the list, his time 
being largely occupied. 

These additions to the list have been 


For 39 Cents In Stamps 

I will send you twelve cards with your name writ- 
ten In my best style, and l.^ gross Gillott's Cele- 
brated litM E. F, Pens in handsome box. 

lean furnish you with anything In the line of 
Penmen's Supplies at prices that will surprise yo ■. 

Send for Bty Cirru'ar». 


II WA■rl!KTOW^. I»1A»S. 

Northern Illinois College tf Pen Art, 

Thorough i 
nggooS posltio 



A Bufiufes roHece situated in one of the At- 
lantic Cities, c-tabl^hPd SO jears, with all the an- 
coiotmeiitik and rairlllties : low rant ; well-patron- 
^ed and an cxuellent bu'Iness LOW FOB UASH. 
Pe«8on for Belling, poor health. Addresa 

coreoj The Pemiak's AiiTJotiR.VAL, 306 Broadway, 

Goodwin's Improved Book-keeping 


Contains 293 pages. 
45 of which are de 
vott^d to the book- 
keeping of 


Wholbsalk :— Uepai 
clerks; salesnipn; eh' 
department ; fonno 

e Is made dtreclly to debit o 

ioles Book from 

pers : entering 

; Sales Journal with special 

.__ Rers and department's: «b- 

f dally, monthlj and jeorlr t^ales : ship- 

r Rales LedKers and c 

a Book : Individual Cosh £ 

—The ChecH System 

mary sbeer« ; cashier's coupon ; packers' coupon; 
charge department : credit department; checxinR 
deoarlment ; CO.D. salt-s ; ftl.O.D. sales; Clerks' 
Sales Book ; Clerks' Abstract Books; Department 
Sales Books ; Department I^frer ; proving sales 
checks ; the reKister-gheet method ; the rearister- 
book method; the sales-dieet method ; Retail Sales 
Ledgers : Proof Ledgers ; Cheuk Aiialynis ; Sum- 

Any book-keeper who Impt's to olitain a 
In a larRe wholesale or reltiil house, or nt 
who is in any way couiifCti^U witli such 
will And this article of inestimable value. 

21 ,541 copies sold Up to April Vi, IW9. 

Tenth euitlon published April, IR^D. 


Price Tlin 

e pamphlet 


Room 16. 1216 Broadway. - NEW 




utiful Motto, such lis 

■■ Home, 
■rose. No 

tor a>c° 
tea, 200. 
<cnd tor 




D. KJ-- 



t people l8 


the leading penmen can dc 
we chal enge any muscula 
the United States to duplic 

" Seeing- is Believing." 


Loch Bo» 113. i'U Minneapolis. Minn. 




Lettering i 

d the highest commenda- 


Is the desiening of Omaraental Pen-work. Resolu- 
tions. Testimonials, Xc . executed in a flrBt-cloBS 
manner. Large pieces of Flourishine, LetterSjf 
and Pen-DrawJnga done in the best possible manner. 
Correspondence solicited and satisfaction euoran- 

12-12 A. E. DEWHURST. Utica, N. Y. 


Our Complete Work. $1.00, with 
45,00 Certificate. 

Rook -Keeping and Shorthano 

Taught by Mail. Catalogiic Free. 

Iowa Commercial College, Davenport, 

Shading T Square 

llnjt, . 

e by aid or the ( 
oomiiion draft! n(i*i'<'>)- the Hum hein? siin!,i.ircii at 
perfoot IntervalHi unci exvfruuil iKrnjiMlv n- ilmi' 
made free hnnd. Tlio spu. . ) 

■eveoelt'ljtliB of nn Inch, .< 

Wo (rive lierowUh Sped - , 

engnived directly from rtillFu ■ i . . . i 

Ihenqiiiire, with the rapidity of fi,f liarn! Ilru's 

Sent aecurolf paokca by express tu uuy uirLol 
the United States or (.'aniida. Address for circular 
fflvlujt prices and dt'Bcrlptloii. D. T. AMES, 

Doslfrner and Drafuman, i 


I hiiud Rafely; and, aftir 


Makes Wpitinga Pleasure. 

There is Nothing Like It 

My Written Compendium is 

proving a perfect substitute for lessons 
by mail. Those who have bought it 
arc gliding into a free movement and 
easy style of writing with as little dif- 
ficulty as I could ask were they under 
my personal supervision. The Com- 
pendium is a success as a //tfwt- ;V/f/r//d- 
for, because 1 use a method in the 
first exercises which compels the right 
movemetit. I firmly believe any young 
person of common sense may become 
a graceful writer by following up the 
idea carried out in this compendium. 
It embraces everything necessary in a 
fifteen lesson course, and would be a 
big help to traveling teachers. Price 
One Dollar by mail, post-paid. 

BOX 63, "STATION W.," 



10 Ceutfs. 


10 Ceuts. 


10 Cents. 


10 (Jouts. 


515 East State Street, Trenton. N. J. 


Rapid ^Vrltliiie is ill'*- F^r SL*iy Cents 
he vTill m;til you "Blxlcr'H PllySlCSl 

Traliilne lu Penmanalilp," 64 pnges. 
riitl Lloih biniling. :.nd the •• People's Writ. 
Inte Xeaclier,** a handsomely lllusirateil 


BIXLER, PnUlisliEr, Woosler, OMo. 



IhARBACH organ CO. 800 nl^'i St. PkA.«*» Phi 


Standard Typewriter. 

Bupertorlty of our ma- 
chines. Huy them with the PRIVILEGE OF 
RETUBNTNG them unbroken at any time 
within 30 (lays C. O. D. for full price paid It not 
RESPECT. Handsome illustrated pamphlet antf 

Hample book of i 

Championship of the World, 

At Toronto, in open Contest, Aug, 13, 1888. 


327 Broadway New York. 

F'liilii'ii-li.liiii, «-1-l rhc^tniit St.; Tloston. 201 

^ The Modern Way 


The old drudgery of conducting correspondence 
personally with a pen is a thing of the past. The 
demand fur sU'iio^raphci'tj and tjiiewriters 

is increasing every day. No well regulated 
house will do wilhout one. Young men and 
young women alike fill these desirable situations. 
Ife Procure Sitiiatioifs for our Gruda- 
ates. Shorthand taught by mail. Send us your 
name and we will write you full particulars. It 
will cost you nothing. Address 

W. G. CHAFFEE, Oswego, N. Y. 

nti H. J. Put 

,/. Ktnslry. 

The Latest, Best, Most Complete 
iind Cheapest thing of the kind. Seven- 
teen beautifully lithographed slipH and tliu 
tlnest aud most explicit Instruction Book 
published; enclosed in a neat and snhsinntin 
ease; mnilcd to any part of the world fdv One 
Dollar. Send for our new descriptive circular 
giving testimnniuls, &o. 

Futman & Kinsley's Pens. 

No. 2, ■ ■ I- li.. • I'.ii " f or book-keep- 
3ra. biK.k kr , I ,11, -1 11.1, lit-, and all wishing a 
|ien for ra/ilrl, intsliiitlfd writing. 

rBlCKS.-SftmpIeii, lOc, ({aarter 6roi». 30c. 
(Iroai, SI. 00. 

POTMAN & KINSLEY, 8h';„?«d°o"a1..'f.r^„ 

Pernin Universal Phonography. 

The only Non-Sbadinv, Non-Position. Connec- 
tive Vowel Short-Hand. NoU'-Taking Style io 
-• lemons. liCgible as Print. Reporting 

"" * legible and briefoat in "«" 

npletes a eoiinse by mail 

Style the 

il lesson and circulars free. Write 

Detroit. Mich. 

$4 gZ.f\ A neat box cont 

1 aOUa plete outfit for 
pupils, such aa uote hooka, petoUa. ] 



iirely withmit '■!„ 
lole cnst to tb..- i 
ok and suppiemcn 

most highly improved 


Catonsville, Md 

Mention this mnga/ini 


H. Y. city. 

La Salle St. 



The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthanc 

Easy, .\oeurate and Reliable. Send stamp 

aa-pago Circular, llaolilncs rented un trial. 


St. I>oiiiti. Mo. 

II -'8 Pria- ntdutxd to SaO. 

^;i.OO, nl^h in .«lr,<„rr. 

I am going to sav very Httlc about this 
course. The fact'that'l was obliged to 
stop my advertisements because I whs get- 
ting more students than I could attend to 
is in itself sufficient proof of it.s merits. 
The instructioDS and copies for this course 
iire all fresh from the pen and will always 
be my very best work. The student is 
taught to write a rapid, easy style and in 
the very shortest time possible. The plan 
for conducting this course '\a original, and 
to it I credit the wonderful success I have 
had teaching by mail. 

That I have had wonderful success is 
shown by the following specimen of im- 

Thc old style I clipped from his letter or- 
dering the course, and the new style he 
sent me after completing the course. His 
P. 0. address is Chambcrsburg, Pa. He 

lincerely thank you for the bindlv 

sfled. and^ many times repaid f 

C. WALK.' 

my small iDveslment of $3, 

Those who wish to become fine penmen 
at small expense, and are willing to give 
the subject a little attention, will tintl in 
this course just what they want. 


larger than the 

ordinary bolder but do not weigh half as much ; 
they spring just enough so that the- - 
pteaeingto write nitb. Those using ll 
n\\\ guaraniee never to have write 
Price by mall. 35 centseach or throe t< 

e Spencerian Oblique 1 

cheap f The kind 


when a good 

elnsiic. "Pricei 

; quality. 500 ahi 
J50 sheets. $1.50. 
50 sheets, $1.30. i 

^•y flne point, 
gross, Sl.^ 


not do good wiiting with poor ink. My 
I positively the bett made. It Is very 
elossy, but wltl not lub off ; it makes a 
line and flows freely. Sent by express 

quart. Iteuipe for makmg t 

cards vie have 


t sends sontf of the ftnent written 

t akillful penmen i 
Tiie following packsgi 

Paekaeo No. 3, price -2a c«n>H« 

) beautiful set of cdpitale, a fine spec 
lourlshingand sampled of card writing. 
Paobage No. 4, price 35 coatM, i 
4pccin>en of tlourlsblng. set ot capitals. 

5, price 40 ceuli, coutalos 
: of business capitals and 

e-quarter gross 


inly pie) 

e styles 

I original styles 
iil)Oveslii>uld be addressed, 


J'liNMA N, 

NO. 30 Johnson St., SYRACUSE, N. Y. 

\ough to I 

card u 

'« VU 1 »I«l HN.VI, 




For $1 we wlU Bend Tbk Jocbjial one year with 
loloe ot the follon-infi; elegant pramtun)B/r»: 

jrd'BPrayer Size 19x24 

loiiriHbed Eagle . - - . " !M i "^ 

MarrfaEe Certificate " IB x ii 

Uranl and Lincoln Eulofty <our newest 

Penmanship Premluiut " ^4 x 80 

Tbeeepreraiumsare without exception careful 
reproductions of some of the modt elegant speci- 
mens of penwork ever shown in this country. 
Price by mBil. 60 cents each. 

In pi ace of any of the ahove. a s-ibacrlber r 
tingfl forTHB JopaXAL may receive na premiu 
apacitaeeof Jmea' Copi/S" 


I'ractical and Art 

I cloth binding 
51. «. Both the Ouide and Copu Slipn 
reiiched a tieniendous sale, and are taught from 
m some of thf leading husmess colleges and clas- 
sical schools of this country and Canada. They 
cuntam everrthing necessary to make a good, 
liructical business penman of a person 
intelliBence, For 83 we will send Thb Jor 
one year, the Otitde in cloth and a copy of thi 
standard i'ructical Penmanthip. 

Special Premiums for Clubs 

To sUmuiate those who interest themselvps ii 
cettnig subscrijitlons for Tbe Ji 
uuiiiber of valuable sptciiil or rxtra premiums 
pay them 

.ing party will bav* 


Circulars. . . *<>.<Jl 

Specimen Flourish. -50 

Specimen Letter 5" 

Fifteen Written Cards. .50 

Six Styles of Penmanship, . .50 
Fifteen Combinations, new, ' .50 
Zanerian Compendium of Busi- 
ness Writing, . . . 1.50 
Iwelve Lessons by mail, . 
Columbus, Ohio. 
P. S.— All work done by Zaner. 

jB^^KULlAE^'r'ait CO?,' Box"'i WU rorUand. M«lne.»*» 

Pho.oaiaphic Outfit by e.\pre88. Ih 

lubscriptious and the Vm 

grip, checkered, twen 
} subscriptions and i 

logram. It has the sweep second 
id stop attachment. Sent by express 
o subscriptions and choice of two 
■fc*. Alta editioJ, comprising 

u.ired Fopi 

travel, history, biography, ad' 
Action. &c. These books are beautifully boundi 
List ot over one hundred of them In Tnx Joubnai. 
for February. 1S«). 

For S17. BeveDtean subscriptiona and Dickeiit' 
C'implitf Works, fourteen volumes, handsomely 
bound. By express. 

^ff~ A present subscriber sending subscriptions 
to secure any of the above special premiums may 
Uciude hit own renenal among tbe number. In 
that case his lime will be extended on our books 

out or not. A person working for a club to secure 
fin extra premium may send his subscriptionj as 
he sets them, and tliey will be placed to his credit 
auJihe extra premium sent when the requisite 
number ot suljscnptious have been received. Ihe 

W^-m |/~Woo-)> & PlioT o -- 


New Yoi^k Fine poftrait Companij 

That will make you Elegant Crayon Portraits 
from $5.50 to S7. 50, for which the prevail- 
ing Market Price is from S25 to $60. 

These prices are to introduce our work, after which we shall charge Dtore— and 
you will pay it wilUngiy. But we are too busy to give further particulars now. Next 
month we 8haUeaU for agents (exclusive territory given). Good agents make excellent, 
wages without wearing out their Rhoes and their lungs, as our portraits canvass for 
themselves. Refer to Prof. I). T. Ames, editor of The Penman's Aut Journal. 


i lu getting ten 
special premi 

subscriptions, he 

should only sm 
any Ave < 

r). T. A.1-IES, 


Most Durable, Most Elastic, Most Satisfactory 
and in the long run far the Cheapest. 

We Use no Other. 

""l^u^Si" Ames' Best Pens. 

Sales larger tliaa of any pen ever put oq the American 

market (in an equal period), yet the price of Ames' Best Pen is 

a little higher than that of other pens. 

But is it not worth your while lo pay a few cents more on 
the gross and get a pen that mil give you better service and 
outlast two of the ordinary sort? 

Quarter gross, 35 cents ; one gross, ^1,00. Special intro- 
duction price to schools. 

r>. T. AMES, 


The leading sclioi 

and H| 


drawliiKS of 


M'ltli parties 



A UOUMI>(< U|Ift'lNE!98 !«<.'UOOI. 

Special Penmanaliip Department, thorouph 
courae. Kood teachers, good everytblng. tir- 



COLLEGE. N'eTrar^ N. *T. 

Trains Young Men, Tlnys, MidOlf-iiirort Men 
and Young Ladles for a suwi'ssf ul start in Ilusi- 
ness Life. The Ijiigest and most popular School 
In the country. Course of study corablnce 
Theory with Practice, by a system of busioees 

Hut«s Low. Graduates assisted to situations. 
The Illustrated Cutnlut'iK^ i.n.i ClLno Journal 

National Business University 

(■OL,UMnxiS, - - 

Young mPD and ladie 

I done in the highest style c 

Notlourishf" - 

?ceipt of 

9 letter fresh trora the pen. If 

.ell your worlc will frank' ■ 

J 82.0U for your trouble. 

• o\fio. 

luffhly educnted 
all Kinds of Pen 

for bUBinesfi. Entfrossi 
le in the " ' 

■csr No 

II nd send 

_ ora the I 

■xcell your worlc will frankly si 
.■ou 82.0U for your trouble. 
All work will be done and Fiyned by the Pi 

Idllegeofm dmmerce: 

'\^>^ brVantV^-^JRATTPN 

IIIMINEHM. Superiii SHOnTIlANI»poutw. 17 

S^nLt^^ti'titLMfl.' ^Hos j.^i^R^teKErr. p™l'" 

These Schools are 
uraon^ the best of their kind 
Good boHid in privite familiea 


writing it, wi'.h Instriictioi 
stamp, and 1 will send yo 
hand, prloe II 

addressed iu r 



P. S.— No postal oardB need apply. 

Junction, Iowa. 

.'5ilkand:rjatin Ribbons 


il.r for *1,50. 

^ sizes and styles iiidicahxl. Where cuts are to be sent 
The numbered cute represent a tew of the hundi-ods of 
'-. Hundreds of other cuts for sale, illustrating every 
J order, either from your originals or ours. Signatures 
it reasonable prices. Our work ffuaratiteed to be (he 

lifu gomla ar<.- t<i be sent C. U. U. This is imperative. Addi-ess 

JD. T, -A-L^ES. SOB "Broa-dway ISTe-w- TTorlt. 


Description of Ihoie Made by 

No. I la a coniproiDlse between Old Englfsh and 
(lomian Text, eiutler than either. 

N(i. 2 majr be eslled the"8olld Itvad." 

Nu. 8re«einbleii Nu. I, only the pen Is reversed 
iiTid the shade cornea on the left, having a very 
jitearlnK effect. 

No. 4 la baaed oothe " German Text," and &daj)t< 

Nci. 5 N a beautiful Script, and especially adapted 
to Miiall pens; reiynsefnl. 

No C U bated on the "Marltliitr Alphaliel." and 
Is adapted to rapid and plilti work. 

No. 7 Is similar to No. <:, but e-pecially for sniull 

No. fl may be called the "Block," as the letters 
si!Hm to be made of square nieces. 


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Handbook OL . 


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Garfield Memorial .!!.!!.!!!!!!!.' IBrM 

Lord's Prayer JQsM 

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aA Vfc. MUNtY, strURt YOU BUY 

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- I.I I. t.W.7lVHPAro.lto7lon, 

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I pen of EiigllBh manufacture is 


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teaches it. A 8bort,8implo, practical method by 
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embracing a complete library of practical writlag 
Including the new Majfl. Alphabet, capable ol 
being written by any one legibly five llmea as fast 
^ ordinary writlQK. Is malTed for 11,00. from the 
New York office oiUy. Address 

Spencerlun BuHJneBB Cftllcge, 

VIM -Jornvvi. 

T1>c iiuist iioinilar and successful, and the only complete aeries of Conniiercial Text Books published. Tliese books are now used by neu 
hi all of tlw best Business Colleges and Commercial Schools in, the United States and Canadian Provinces, and are everywhere accepted t 
ihi; standard works for commercial study. 







AOf tl 

ThU work, tliu flntt of onr riublleatlont. jippearo 

•i.iii niiiiiiiiuh it> natrons nnd Moitds 1 

\ lo-ilnv Its bt»i 
c and loyal with 

i-ely tlio' 

■ \\ iii'l lh« ityle of writing Is tht) 

■III. 1 I II n I >|<li>lti]y iknil Kr'ulii''lly(l^v(''*>P<^'l 

'■I l.ndi n cIum ..f llfly with your Boftkkeeplnjr 

li 111 to ti-bfefc. The Iitngir w.^ use it tin- bolter wc Hkc It." 
fitUmonhiU equoHy tnthvHa*Ho, ^pith 


r Calaloffut, Stnd/- 


Tbia imbUoatloH wu Issaml a few yean after the Book- 
kooplu; anil has i>rovvit ii worthy cuinpiuiliin to It, »nd 
its success has boon scorooly loss proDouncod. 

Commorclsl Idw, onco regarded by must students nit 
ilry and tedious. Is mulo by Its iiu> one of the most In- 
tvrcMlDg and praHUble studlvs In the currlouluin of tlio 
r/>mmerclal school. 

Tho following topics ore •u 
tncts, Kogotlsblo Paper, Si 
Affoncy, Portnerahlp, Joint 
I'roperty, Corpontlnns, Bnlln 
tvshtp. Insun- ' " 

iwl In the work: Con- 
or Personal Property, 
ok Companies, Law, 

r AnvlghtmeD 

d thoir aub-dlvlslor 

' Law by I 

nont and range of subjects." 

"I believe your Commcrolal Law will supplant all tl 
>IdL'r t«xt-bDoks In that line." 

"I pronoimco It to be the mwit UcuAabtt work of tl 
(Ind now In the morlcvt. It Is plain, conolne and y 

"We think your Commercial Law the best ever pu 

COMMERCIAL ARITfllTIC SfiTfiDly Lessois iD Mm. 

This is comparatlv(-ly a 

introduction, Tft ei 

., having conio tram 
i. Notwithstanding 
the fhct of Its Into npp«araneo In the scbnol year, sii 
ruvunible was the tmprosston It produced, that It secured 
in Immediate introduction Into a large number of iwid- 
ng Buslnusa CVillogca and other Schools. Although It 
t Is only a little over six months since tbo book first a]>- 
lieareiji three large editions have been oxhausle<l. 

Teaehcra who ore usinir It In their classes oxproM 

Co in i>U men to unil Con^nttulatio 
Mew Cummerclal Arlthmeti< 
Teachers U^lng It. 


and teachable Arithmetic 

"It Is thorough, practical nnd complete." 
"For nncUcal sohool-room ivork we thin 

r Com 

"Accont our hoarty congmtulutlon 

It Is In every way a worthy comnanl 
ndmlrablo te)rt-books. Onr student 
ptcas«Ml 'svlth It— Ihey ore delighted,." 



nlierever It has found a homo, only tl 
wf pmlse ore accorded It. 

given of all words regarding which thei 

Specimen Test! muni 

"It Is the b«st colloction of words I e 

"Send mo by express another 2<Ki 8( 

ftpolllng. It Is the most prnolloal dpe! 

" I consldor your Seventy Lcaaons In 

d to tcacnera of com- 
> nil schools, iiuhllo and private. 

ner. It 
ber of elegant script 

.^etlcra^as \vl"ri'nubl"''the pupil to 
correspondence in a crwiitable man- 

ofllif foreyoin)-' jmblications will be mailetl postpiiid to teachers or school olticers at thf spfcl;il intr-Khiction pri^e. .'^perimeii payes of theliooks^.togethei' 
iniiTi^r irstiiiionials aiul fiitl particulars regarding llu-ni and alir^o regarding our Thr-. i\.,U Ii.,.-i,„'^K rrwUa; < hmptrle ,s./ujo/ RajUltr, Collrge Cumniqi, 
ind othiT school supplies, will be niftilett free to any teacher on application. Addreas WILrLIAN-XS & R.OO&RS. RocaJ^t^atieir. N. Tf". 




I St.— The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty bool<s 

in orjer to learn the System. Only six liooks. 

2d.— The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loops, ovals, iic. 

Ihe first complete system to present abbreviated forms of capitals. 



-^ — ^ 

, , .. ,v , ^ 





.J-/.^/xi /J 








// 4 




'5 - 





i t 








RNESJ.CO. ff^ 


3d.— The lateral spacing is uniform, each word filling a given space and I 

stretching !■■ secure such results. See above copies. 
4tll.— Heautifully printed by Lithography ! No Cheap Relief Plate Printing ! 

Barnes' Ink has just been adopted for 
elusive use in the Public Schools 
of New York City. 


.Vhsoliit.l) uiisui-imssed for Eliislieit). 

Smoothues>i. and UiinUillIt}. 

Send 10 cents for unique card of different 


1 ' '' 






/ / 


, / V 


^y ^ 






5th.— Words used are all familar to the pupil. See above copies. 

urque^ne. xvlus. terK.lly, mimetic, and XI 

6th.— Each book contains four pages of practice paper — one- 

■and the paper is the best ever used for copy books. 

7th.— Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed 

attractive to the pupil. 
8th.— Very low rates for introduction. They are the cheapest books in Ami 

Contrast them witb such words as "zeugma, 

paper than in the books of any other 

ted paper, rendering them very 


Scores of books are now being made to^mitate the Barnes' but they are merely *' connecting links." 

An Elegant Specimen Book contai ning all the Copies of the Se ries sent GRATIS to any Teacher. 

"^rroTrN A. S. BARNES & CO, Publishers- ; '"Termor"" 

Published Monthly 
1 202 Broadway, N. Y., for $1 per Ye 



B. F. KELLEY, Associate Editor 

Copyright. 1899, by T AMES. 


Vol. Xril— No. 5 

Practical Writing.- 
No. 2. 


[TheM fmsons were (jpflun in the April num- 
brr of The Journal. Back numbers 10 
rents each.} 

As a clear conception of form is of fun- 
daraeotn! importance, wc have chosen this 
jihase of the subject for treatment in the 
present article. 

We teach form by huiMing^ by associa- 
tion, and by comparison. 

Our building consists of writing first 
the straight lines of an exercise upon the 
board, and adding the curves afterward — 
the former serving as construction linew 
upon which to build the exercise. Take, 
fur example, the word "yielding." 


dotted lines represent the curves 
ary to complete development, 
i mode of treatment gives special 
-sis to the fact that the down strokes 
r'|.ii'sciitcd lire absolutely straight, 
iiiiittcis .if ,-|;int, height aud spacmg. 
www (,is)-^ jnipils arc required to 
I f. \v .x.ic iscs. with pen or pencil, 
i-in-. <if correction. Building is car- 
i iiioif extensively in the lower than 
iipprr grades, although it is a pow- 
niRctive throughout. 


We compare letters as a means of de- 
termining their relation and similarity. 
Wi- may accomplish this by arranging them 
iiit<» family groups, but our favoritt iiliiii is 
li) monogram those of similar forinntions. 

This shows the relations iind diiiun- 
-^ioiis of letters, and dissipates the idea 
tliitt 5y distinct characters must be mas- 
t'Mii. Pupils soon discover that the en- 
lin ;ilpluil)L-t is embodied in a few found- 

■ charts will give 
Dart of our plan, so 
led, bvit space forbids 
ny little stories used 
■t with young pupils. 

loop and pointed-oval letters; locates thi 
lower turn in //, the. resting point of tliu 
oval in g and the beginning point in /, 
just one space to the left of loop crossing, 
and constructs the n d, f/, q and the figur 
9 u|)ou the same nvul. The /. / and t ma 

illsoI.CStTIl in th^ llln,M,u'l:il1L 

Chart 4 introduces the direct loop-letter 
family, gives the same finish to r, w and h 
and compares the heights and widths of the 
r and a and of the last parts of h and k. 

The relations of small letters are so in- 
terwoven that if pupils can make a good 
III, n, pointed oval stem aud the direct aud 

staiuhird A,A'> 
plain to be seen. 

In like manner we monograi|i the twin 
letters T and F, II and K. and S and L, 
presenting each pair separately. We then 
throw the A, N, M, S, L, 7', F, H, K, I 
and Q into one monogram to show the re- 
lation of the stem to each and its modifi- 

Tlie old style P, B and R may also be 
treated in the same manner, orthe new 
standard B and B. 

The idea of double benefits and relation 
or similarity does not stop with letter 
studies. We extend the principle to 

We teach pupils to regard certain be- 
ginnings, endings and component parts of 
words as identical with parts of otlier 
words. We also treat them as siugtc 
characters to be executed with a single ef- 
fort. These word studies are confined 
chiefly to intermediate and advauced 

There are more than 500 words in the 
English language beginning with th, and 
the two letters are thus combined in differ- 
ent partsof hinulreds of other words. The 

mmediate coini 

To illustrate, 
ng diagrams 

b,-- .1 w-.nls. These be- 
iliiiL'-, iiful filhers of like 
'tend, [liar.- at the pupil's 
land portions of hundreds 

kve will present the follow- 
d words: 
One or both of these diagrams are placed 
upon the board to show how few letters 



Chart 1 shows the last two strokes of 
small i, ('. r, I:, r, n and a to be alike; 
designates the points of blending in the t 
and erossiui: in the/.- measures the heights 
and widtlis of til.- lust parts of the k, r w 

r A and the first half of 
. — in this chart show the 
!iipths and widths of the 

mparcs the pointe<l oval and 
showing the difference in their 

Ah this lesson is intt-ndcd to be miaccl- 
liineoiis rather timti elementary or aerial, I 
will give only a few introductory hiuts 
previous to a regular study of the desigos 
before us. 

The positions usually taught for holding 
the pen are all good, but my favorite ooe 
is to throw all the tinsel's back of the 
hnlder and to leave the third aud fourth 
out free, instead of curling them under 
the palm; the side of the hand oear the 
wrist or side of little tioger acting as alid- 
ias-rest. In any inatauce. keep the wrist 
well bent back, as it trying to make back 
of hand touch the culf or coot-sleeve. Ad- 
just paper with left hand to suit stroke, 
ftod as often its occasion requires change 
position of arm, but uever of hand or pen, 
except occasionally wheu making delicate 
piirts like an eye or putting in filigree 
work. Keep the arm as light and the 
.■Ibow as limber as possible. With a firm 
hold upon the pen throw on each stroke 
with a decided, swift motion; and it is 
often well to make several imaginary 
strokes previous to the real pen-stroke. 

At first practice upon hair - Hue and 
/;;/Af/.V-8haded exercises, to acquire freedom 
and regularity of movement, as well as 
delicacy of tou-h and accuracy of form. 
M'lkiug too long, hard, or heavy shades 
is a cijiuin)U fault; it not only retards 
the nuition. but like too much shading, 
spoils the pleasing effect. Pupils, in their 
Inve to see and feel, as it were, the ink 
fiow from the pen, aud in their admiration 
of some master-hand throwing oS deep 
i\ud heavy strokes, aud their desire to 
imitate him, often mistake the flow of ink 
for real skill, and neglect just the practice 
wlii.h \\nuM L;i\i what they moat covet. 
1',.,.. . , ,■ iM til |.i I lire mentioned, culti- 
v:,h I li-lii ' I I 'I' !"ueh and movement. 
kiMn^ ju-i wUaI \uii aie to do, then, con- 
fident and fearless, strike out, and you 
will soon develop the bold, forcible stroke 
so fascinating. Again, students arc too 
apt to crave something new or pretty, 
rather than what is most helpful; too eager 
to attempt a whole before they can make a 
part. It is a great mistake to leave the 
elements half mastered for something 
more to the fancy. Remember, a rover 
makes little headway, and that your suc- 
cess depends largely upon how well you 
nia-iler the fundamental principles. To 
produce the dilR -alt, you must first learn 
to handle the simple. Having done this 
to at least a fair degree, you are ready to 
take a new step, the study of form, and to 
weave the elements into varied shapes. 
At first copy simple yet correct designs 
from acknowledged masters. Meantime 
praclicf sketching leaves, twigs, flowers, 
A.., whi.h later you may combine to ad- 
viiiit.tL'e with your flourishing, and thus 
plfiul thu seeds of originality and design- 
ing. This takes us to the 


The specimens herewith presented are 
original in design, executed for the first 
time, at a single attempt and very quickly. 
However much time and thought may be 
given to the designing of an off-hand 
piece, its execution requires comparatively 
little time. To do a thing ofi-hand 
means to do it quickly, and when there is 
a great expenditure of time, be assured 
that much of the work is not off-hand 
but slowly and laboriously drawn. 

The upper design containing the pheas- 
ant-like bird aud lettered band furnishes 
au illustration of what is iisuallp termed 
"pure flourishing." A,9ide from the let- 
tering it requires no sketching or peucil- 
ing, and is designed to serve as a copy 
for practice in reproduction without direc- 

The piece on next page, our maiu study, 
also represents a pure off-hand design, 
though it consists not merely in a labyrinth 
of lines, but employs in combination a suf- 
ficient amount of off-hand sketching to 
give beauty and variety of design. Such 
scope and freedom should be encouraged 
and given all pupils of an advanced grade 
or to those capable of utilizing it, and for 
such is this lesson intended. 

The first step toward reproducing any 
given piece that isatall iutricate, consisting 
of more than one thought or subject, is to 
take it apart, or in other words to analyze 
it. Examiuiug the design before us, we 
find it contains a bird, twigs, buds, blos- 
soms, leaves, grosses, streamer and filling 
Hues, and that its whole is in a diamond- 
like outline. We next notice that the 
bird's foot marks about the center of the 
piece, so that the whole bird should be 
thrown off-hand and at once completed 
just above the center point of your board 
or paper. You will find no marked dif- 
ference between this bird aud any you 
may have made, aside from the sliort tail 
and lung bill, which liken it to the wood- 
cock or snipe family. As our subject does 
not admit of entrance into special details 
upon bird-making, I would suggest a 
careful observance of proportion, natural- 
ness and beauty of form. See that all 
parts correspond so as to present at least 
ao marked deformity. Adhere to nature 
in all possible particulars. Many erroi-s 
are made in this respect because of failure 
to conceive correct idea of each stroke or 
to know what kind of a stroke is required 
to represent nature most clearly ; also, in 
failure to master the stroke so as to give 
correct expression to it. For instance, as 
the main strength of a wing lies in its for- 
ward part, the wing strokes can be made 

in a proper position relative to the body, 
in forming a foot that is natural and dis- 
tinct, in ^iviim lifi lik.' I'xpression to the 
eye, but Muiirl uiin-i -'< much precision 
as robs till \\hnii III n ii:iiural poise and 
grace. IJciir in nnrul lliat no amount of 
shadiug, no collection of smooth lines, can 
make a beautiful picture, bird or other- 
wise, when the outlin^is defective. Beauty 
of form or beauty of line with reference to 
form is first iu importance. 

The bird completed, the next step is to 
locate the bud:i and blossoms, the twigs, 
leaves and a few of the main grasses, 
noting their direction aud distance from 
the bird, and to indicate them by sketch- 
ing their outlines iu part and faintly with 
pencil. Then sketch them in full with 
ink and finish with open and scant shad- 
ino-. The more oflJjaud yoa can make 
them the better willbo the effect. The 
slKukd or outer strokes of tlie yni^wA 
sliontil \'i- llnnwn on offdiand and the 
li^liiri ,.y iiMin „iu's peuncd more carc- 
t"iill\ ill niiih li wiilioiii elmnging position 
nt jii'ii. 'riicshTiiiLiiT was an after-thouglit. 
it m;iy lii">it Ijc lightly iudicated and tiien 
inked or thrown in incidentally like the 
one you see. Now, the main features of 
the sign arc all represented and only the 
filling lines left to be thrown in to taste 
and with respect to the contour of the en- 
tire picture. First sketch the diamond 
outline, then flourish within its border to 
jour best knowledge, adding any finishing 
touches or strokes that may have been 
omitted. Never mistake confusion for 
beauty; let there he some orderly ar- 

the piiii.. i I ' ■ 111"' 

OJICU i1l'::-1^1i 1; !n UlI , 1 1 Uj <.A |iM. : - :lll nV 

pure oruauieut, more tilliug may be em- 
ployed, and to secure a contnust much 
fiUgree may be pardonable. As a rule, 
however, it is better to err in the way of 
simplicity than by an over-abundance of 


When you have succeeded in skillfully 
jmitatiag' this design or have rendered it 
more perfectly, the next step is to see how 
you can vary it so as to make a new de- 
sign. By this I mean some new combina- 
tiou of what is already given or a removal 
or addition of parts, according to some 
sensible plan and rot ns ynur thoughtless 
fancy may dict:itr Vnv iit (-nice, the out- 
line might bcili^' .1 I'li. inirii of a 
circle, an eUiii-^- ■ n|. plying 

appropriate fonni | ■ i n be left 


ml'.' clabor- 

„,,cl iD pu- 

III r omitted 
ili ;iQd quill 

twi;4ii !iiul loaves of the 

linil ll.nui.l 
take the |>1 
flowers, &e. 

The step which takes us to designing is 
a creditable and important one, since 
creation is far ahead of imitation. One of 
the best hel])8 I know of in this direction 
is to make good use of your eyes. Learn 
to see as wSl as look. Many strain their 
eye.'i looking who uever see lialf. Sugges- 
tions aljound on every hand whicll, with 
thought and eare, nuiy be wrought into 
many a novel and beautiful design. 

Fielding Schofielp. 

Enterprise at a Premium. 

Business College, 
Institute of Short- 
hand, Type-writ- 
ing, Correspond- 
ence and Sihool of 
Transeontincn t a 1 
Languages and 
Literature has 
long been knoT\ n for its business enterprise 
ind enthusiasm manifested in gathering 
in from the highways, hedges and cran- 
berry swamps of Buck County and Pungo 
Ciossroads the unsophisticated boys and 

A JonRNAL renorter who recently visited 
Ijogtown to examine the methods of ad- 
M,rtising was giectcd by a very young 
man wearing a Robert Elsmerc collar and 
a bland smile, but withal pleasing in the 
cvtreine (distance). It was Prof. Nibs 
Inkwell, principal, proprietor, president, 
secretary, treasurer and founder of the 
Bogtown Business College, Institute of 
Shorthand, Type-writing, Corrcspoildencc, 
School of Transcontinental Languages and 
Literature and International Pen Art Hall, 
Wellnware, Ohio. Selah ! 

"I called," said the reporter, "to get 
an insight into the methods of adver- 
tising employed by this college, tor the 
readere of The .Iournai.." 

" It is contrary to the cast-iron rules of 
the institution to give any pointers to any 
one, JoCBNAL reporters not excepted. I 
have lain awake nights for ten years try- 
\n^ to devise a scheme that would bear me 
on its broad shoulders to an achievement 
that would make the world marvel and 
stand aghast, aud now that I have accom- 
plished my objert I am the last one to 
give it away. It is a secret .shall l)e 
aa heirloom, and when I die ray little son, 
Prince Inkwell, will inherit it along with 
my vast wealth." 

At this juncture a man with one suspen- 
der slung over his shoulder, a quantity of 
dried clover blossoms in his hair and a pur- 
pose in view, tripped heavily into the 
office in a pair of cowhide boots and blue 

'' Be you the principal of this 'ere col- 
lege! " 

"I enjoy that distinction," replied the 
affable Professor. 

"I got a boy," continued the farmer, 

•' that wants to go to business col ." 

TiiiiHi-liiif/, tiiifl-a-lhiil, ling, linrj ! 
■' Hilln ' Yes, this is the Bogtown 
l.iiMiii - i..n,.^.. What do you want! 
\ li,...k 1,1 1 |K r ^ Sorry, but we just 
-I III mil 111! i:i-( voung man we had who 
was qualiticd. The demand goes way 
ahead of the supply. Call next week and 
we may help you then. Good-bye." 
" You want to send your son to college, 

do you! Well the sooner " 

Tiiig-a-Umj, tmg-a-ling, liitg, ling! 
" Hello! hello! ! Yes, this is the Bog- 
town Business College; who are you! 
Oh! Mr. Brown, cashier of the Bogtown 
Seventeenth National Bank. Type-writer! 
No. 1 am aftaid we have no one iu school 
at present who could — well, let me see — 
why, yes, we can send you a young man 
to-morrow. Will that do! Good-bye, 
Mr. Brown." 

*' As I was saying," continued Profes- 
sor Inkwell, •• the sooner you send your 
son here the sooner he will be ready for a 

Tiiig-ii-liiig, ting-ii-Ung, ling, ling! 

"Hello! hello! ! Bogtown Bucket 
Shop! No, we can't send you a book- 
keeper like the two wc sent you yesterday. 
Glad you like them and arc going to raise 
their salaries to *I50 per month. Come 
in on Saturday and see what we can do. 

" We have a great many calls from Bog- 
town business men, for book-keepers, sten- 
ographers, type-writers, clerks, cashi'^rs. 

&c., and although we have over 1000 
students in <1iiily nttendance, we ei 
gradufitc them fast enough to keep up 
with the de " 

Ting-a-linff, tiny-n-lintj, Untj, Urtj! 

' ' Hello ! hello ! ! The Bogtowu Wagon 
Factory? Yes, we can send you a bright 
young Tiian in two or three months. Hi* 
fat liBTii- here now making arrangements 

Balked by a Perpendicular 

It is not often that Henry N "VViiley, 
the polite clerk at the Grand Pacific, is 
nonplussed by any gag or trick perpe- 
trated by the would-be funny guests that 
quarter themselves at this popular hotel, 
htu one evening last week he was com- 
pelled to own up beaten. A serious-look- 

He always watches a man registering, and 
has accustomed himself to reading letters 
upside down, so that when he catches the 
first few letters of a man's name, he guesses 
at the rest, and when the guest has fin- 
ished writing and looks up, Mr. Willey at 
once calls him by his name, though he ap- 
pears to be looking at anything else but 
the book. In this way it makes no differ- 

By Fielding Sckofietd {Photo-Engtaved}. See Lesson on ^Preceding Page. 

for him to go to school. I will place your 
application for a book-keeper on file. 

At this point of the interview the 

''-ner pulls out his well-worn wallet and 

„ ; $50 for a scholarship, promising to 

iadhis boy in on the morrow. Wliiie 

"rofessor Inkwell is showing hira to the 

>r TuK .louHNAt, reporter peeps behind 

1 office desk— and there beheld the 

irt. An electric buttery connected with 

Jie telephone and oporate'd bv a "button" 

lender the Professor's fool 

iug individual, one who, it would seem, 
did not even know the nature of a joke, 
came in with satchel and umbrella, and 
taking the pen the ever-ready Willey al- 
ways hands with a bow and a smile that 
twists his blonde mustache into acrobatic 
contortions, he made nine perjieudicular 
dashes on Ihe register. It may be said 
right here that Mr. Willey hits the repu- 
tation of knowing everybody, but it is only 
his cuuniug that has earned it for him. 

and say, might I ask your na^ne ? " " Oh, 
cxcme me."' said the stranger, "I ncg>- 
Jected to finish my signature," and, tak- 
ing up a pen. made a horizontal dash at 
about the middle and in between the first 
three pairs of uprights, when the signa- 
ture read, " H. H. Hill." Mr. Willey 
owned that for once he was beaten. — Chi- 
rtigo Trihffiit'. 

Uncle Sam's Stro 


A GIlmpMC liilo the i*lniu 

lulli Trcn 

nre Vault a1 (lie Nalloii 

U Capital 

encc if a man comes there for the first time 
in his life, Mr. Willey will surprise liim 
by putting out his hand and calling the 
proper name. On the occasion in ques- 
tion Mr. Willey was done up; he had 
never seen the man before and he could 
not make anything uut of the straight 
lines. With his pet flourish hcswung the 
register around and said: "What price 

Bv the 

what do those lii 


The $100,000,000 vault in Washington 
is the largest construction of its kind in 
the world. As it now appears it looks 
like a modern improvement on the old 
inquisition in Spain, Italy and Austria. 

Descending into depths of the massive 
foundations of the Treasury, about 30 feet 
below the surface of the public thorough- 
fares outside, and crossing a dingy, dimly- 
lighted, bare apartment, a great sipiare of 
steel, standing partly open in a steel 
casement, suggests the entrance to the 

The door, about 8 feet high and 6 feet 
wide, is 8 inches thick, and weighs 5000 
pounds, or 'Z\ net tons. 

To move it on its tracks into its steel 
casing requires the desperate exertion of 
five men. A mechanical device is now be- 
ing constructed to lessen the demand for 
this amount of muscle in handling the 
ponderous portal. A lock, 1 foot in di- 
ameter, resembling the highly -polished 
bottom of a dishpan, and operated through 
a combination of the most delicate me- 
chanical appliances by means of a key 
throws the powerful bolts into the slots in 
the frame, and a time-lock holds them there 
against anything short of blowing up the 
building by the roots, until the hour fixed 
for the motning rounds of the official 
custodian of the vaults. 

Passing through the jaws of this mon- 
ster of human contrivance against bur- 
glarious attempts, the chill, dami) air and 
inky darkness suggest the strength and 
iaoliition of this vast treasure- bo.\. It is 
85 feet long, 50 feet wide and 12 feet 
high, surrounded by massive walls of 
masonry and brick 5 feet thick. In the 
dim light of a candle the weird lattice- 
work of interlacing steel which forms the 
.16 cells, each 10 x 20 feet, may be vaguely 
seen. Around the inner cage leads a nar- 
row corridor, where the custodian of the 
vault may make his rounds of inspection. 
Upon a transverse central corridor the cells 
open. Each door is fitted with an in- 
genious device for fastening, which will 
not catch until the door is entirely shut 
and the key removed, 

Each of these cells will hold $6,500,000, 
or 300 tons of silver dollars, or a grand 
total of 3500 net tons, equal to 100.000,000 
silver dollars. If the corridors were used 
for storage this aggregate could be in- 
creased to $128,000,000. Some practical 
idea of the extent of this treasure may be 
formed when it is realized that to trans- 
port it would require at least 1800 wagons 

silk ThrcadH In Bank Notes. 

'he paper on which bank notes s, ,.|,s „r 

I'll silk .'iiT ni 

xcd with 

the liquid pulp 

The tin- 

ished material is 

•onducted to a 

witlumt, pnssing 

thnmgli an\ 

back of till 
deeply imb 


ftoTtriaiib '•TlcparliHCut 

Ml m.ittrr intrn.M for t/n» .Irpnrtmmt 
(irirht'/iiuj i^horthnxl rj-r/utmjts) nfioilld he 
^rnf to Mn. L. 11. Parlnrd, 101 Bn^t 2^d 
ntrrrt, Nrtr Vi/rk 

The Morality of It. 

Till- " Ifiw of supply and dcmHod " is a 
beautiful liiw in theory and a pretty ef 
fpctivc one in practice. It is, nevcrthe 
lc!*H iin unjust law in some of its aspects, 
and often makes its iniustice felt to the 
edifiwition if not to the moral regeneration 
„f ilioMc who enforce it nnwistly. As a 
gcnrral proposition we will say that to em- 
ploy a mature jK-rson at a rate of wages 
known to be below the cost of plain living 
is a moral wrong that must react "jwn the 
one who perpetrates it. Upon the princi- 
ple that "something is better than noth- 
ing," and with the prospect of future 
advancement, it may be well sometimes to 
accjpl a mere piltance, and the employer 
in Huch cii.'^e miiy be acting quite within 
the boundn of good husiness policy and 
fairness; but to reduce the employment 
market to the plane of tiaffic in commodi- 
ties without taking the higher considera- 
tion into account is a species of wrong 
which it becomes not only teachers and 
philosophers, but those who purchase and 
those who sell service, to contend against 
and repudiate. 

At the present rate of "turning out " 
stenographers from the shorthand schools 
it may he iuferred that the market will 
soon be supplied, and when there is an 
oversupply the natural result must be 
looked for — either a reduction in wages or 
the highest degree of excellence in those 
employed, to the exclusion of the incom- 
petent. The latter alternative seems the 
most reasonable as well as the most desir- 

And, after all, there will remain a fair 
nIuuc of shoddy employers— those who look 
to ,)uantity rather than quality, and to 
whom a dollar a week saved in wages will 
more than offset double the value in real 
service. The world will never be without 
dealers in ehronmsand pinchbeck jewelry, 
and we may just as well settle our minds 
to the fact that a fair proportion of those 
who employ peiijile to work will get them' 
at the "bottom price," and ruu the risk 
of moral eonsenuenees. 

It behooves those who are aimingto sup- 
ply the public with good stenographers 
not to play into the hands of a set of sharp 
and unprincipled employers who rejoice in 
a possible glut in the clerk market, on the 
ground that it will enable them to keep 
down prices. There is nothing more com- 
mon in the daily experience of shorthand 
schools than to receive requests from so- 

Among all the mechanical inventions 
for which the age is noted— and in the 
production of which we Americans lead 
the worid, as admitted by everybody cx- 
a few Btublwrri foreigners- none, perhaps, 
has more rapidly come into general use and 
popularity than the type-writer. The 
pen-written business letter has become the 
exception. The wise author has his mat- 
ter carefully copied on a machine before he 
sends it to tlie publisher. The foolish 
author still clings to that scraggy style of 
penmanship closely resembling the tracks 
of a perambulatory hen which is supposed 
to go hand in hand with genius; but he 
chiefly r.'aps rejections and bitterness. A 
young and unknown aiithor who writes 
any but the best of hands improves his 
chances of acceptance 50 per cent, by 
submitting his burning words ne;itlv 
written on a type-writer. 

Used in correspondence the type-writer 
has its slight drawbacks. Sometimes it is 
almost too j.lain. Those of us— and we 
are of the name Legion— who have never 
mastered all of the orthographic eccentrici- 
ties of the English language had a trick 
when we wrote a doubtful word of writing 
it poorly- of making the "a" which we 
had a lurking suspicion ought, perhaps, to 
be an "e"so that it would posi muster 
very well as either; and sometimes we 
slipped a quiet, unobtrusive dot over it, so 
that if need be— worse coming to worst- 
it might slip in as an "i." This eased our 
consciences; there it was — if our corres- 
pondent called it wrong it was his own 
fault— Ae«i soit qui, &c. With the type- 
writer nothing of this kind is possible, 
but — God tempers the wind to the shorn 
lamb — we can, and usually do, ungallantly 
rrors at the door of the young 
fortunately, so far is obliged 
ime name as the machine she 

cilUd busines-* houses to have o 

uc or two 

St. n...;!:.!, In 1- ;i|i[.lv for positiou 


Sin li tr,|ii. -I- Tiiorely that 

the puta- 

tJM .ni|il>.wi li 1- ;i stenographe 

r who dc- 

sirt's luid ilrsrrvrs im ;idvancr 

in salary. 

and he wislus ti> t'r ;il'lr I'l -:i\ 

" Iiim {or 

her) that h.? <iiii un 1 Hi' ^M■^k , 

• Ur ;lt less 

wages. This is th^' ■•r-ju,,,.,.!:. 

1 ■'<( hoini- 

nem that settles the business 

The old 

stenographer is kept at present salary, and 
the innocent applicants have unconsciously 
helped to promote a scurvy trick. 

It is not olways easy to guard against 
this class of disreputables, but there is no 
necessity of being duped twice by the same 
individual. In the absence of a rogue's 
gallery to pillory theie offenders, a little 
shrewd vigilance on the part of those who 
have services to ofTt-r seems to he called 

Mr. Grove A. Grunian, of Minneapolis, 
furnishes for this number some pho- 
nographic script which does him credit, 
both in selection of matter and in mechan- 
ical execution. A key is given herewith. 

lav all such 
lady who, \ 
to bear the 

But the type-writer has its limitations. 
It was only a few months ago that a Boston 
young man was promptly rejected when 
he proposed to a young lady with a type- 
written letter. It served him right. The 
telephone is the very limit in these things. 
It was a New York young man who rang 
up the object of his affections with the 
teleplione while a hated rival— a youth 
from Philadelphia— was trying to enter- 
tain her in the parlor, proposed, was ac- 
cepted and ten minutes later sent ii dis- 
trict messenger boy around with the i iiiir. 
This was enterprise, and the lady itc-og- 
nized it. The Boston man's effort wjus 
simply rashness; he might as well have 
given his lawyer power of attorney and 
sent him to ask the "low, sweet question." 
The type-writer will, perhaps, do in every- 
thing save in the office and affairs of love. 
To become expert with the type-writer 
in original composition retiuiring much 
thought is, we are given to understand, 
somewhat difficult. After all, we doubt 
if good poetry can be written on the ma- 
chine. But this does not hinder the poet 
from copying his poem on the type-writer, 
and the Trihuut takes it upon itself to 
speak for the great anny of editors and 
ask him to do so. bhakespeare could 
not have written "A Midsummer's Night's 
Dream" on a modern type-writer; the 
jingling of the bell at the end of each line 
would have dl-^turbed him ; he would 
have cast it away before the second scene 
aud returned to the goose t|uill, though it 
must be admitted that he needed a type- 
writer about as badly as any one. Judg- 
ing from his autograph, it would seem 
that he must have lingered pretty 
well toward the foot of the writ- 
ing class at the Stratford-upon- 
Avon school. We suspect that it was a 
good thing for Shakespeare that he never 
tried to get his living by running a col- 
lege of penmanship. Talents differ widely ; 
wrote "Hamlet," yet hij 

writing here in New York who 
can make beautiful penmanship birds and 
scrolls and capital "W's" and "H's" 
with feathers on their legs, still they can- 
not rhyme a couplet. 

The type-writtris constantly growing in 
favor, as it deserve^. The time is coming 
when it will almost or quite as much super- 
sede the steel pen as that has the good 
gray goose quill. — The Tribune. 

The Plilladelplila SlenoKrapliprpt* 

This association was organized April 5, 
with Francis B. Hemperly for president I 
and Henry C. T. Wise for secretary. It 
is composed of practical stenographers. 
Any stenographer who -has used short- 
hand for practical purposes for six con- 
secutive months or is able to write 75 
words a minute and read it correctly is 
eligible to membership. 

The association intends to have club- 
rooms located in the central part of the 
city, open every evening in the week, 
where members of the association can 
meet for social purposes or for study. 

Rooms are to be provided for dictation, 
where the reading will be graduated to 
suit the needa of members. 

An employment bureau is to be estab- 
lished, through which positions will be 
obtained for members, the system being to 
tender eligible positions to the unem- 
ployed, and in case there are none, to the 
ones receiving the lowest salary. The 
rooms will be supplied with all the stand- 
ard type-writing machines. From time to 
time debates, mock trials and addresses 
by eminent members of the profession will 
take place at the rooms. These not only 
afford opportunities for i^erhnt'tm report- 
ing, but are also interesting and instruc- 

lirs of the association 
are conducted by an executive committee, 
whose official acts are subject to the ap- 
proval of the association. Elections are 
held annually, and all members, male or 
female, are eti^ble to office. No officer 
or member receives any salaiy, nor is there 
anv charge for obtaining positions. 

The initiation fee is two dollars and 
monthly dues fifty cents. 

At It Asalii. 

We have it now in the form of a duplex 
writing-machine, that rolls off 102 words a 
minute, just like falling off a log. with a 
possible 250 " " 

ailed "The Dcnni^ 
by Miss Clarke, of l>es Moin 
operator is very i 


, Iowa. The 

iidcliiimsall the 
honor for the machine. Until the returns 
come in we shall persist in thinking it is 
the ^rl. There are lots of smart girls in 
" the boundless West." 

Tl»«- «lrl WUo will Oet teft. 

If business men who need stenographei-s 
are to have their pick — and they most 
surely are— then of two applicants, one of 
whom can spell correctly and be ab'e to 
correct ungrammatical English, and the 
other cannot, the one will be taken and 
the other left. If one can write a good 
business hand, construct a letter both in 
form and matter, whether from dictation 
or from a brief intimation, and the other 
cannot, the one will be taken and the other 
left. If one is neat and ladylike, pronipt 
and courteous, etHcient and uncomplain- 
ing, self-respecting without arrogance, and 
the other is not, the one will be taken and 
the other left. 

Mr. J. U. Williams succeeds Forest and 
Cook as proprietor of the University School 
of Shorthand, and publisher of the Stand- 
ard Stenographic Mujuziiie at Des Moines, 

We have reprinted the shorthand portion 
of The Journal for June-July, 1887, 
which was missing from a number of sets 
sold, containing Mrs. Packard's lessons. 
Purchasers of these sets who did not re- 
ceive their full omplement of papers may 
have the missing numbers supplied by 
dropping us a postal. For special short- 
hand premium announcements see page 72. 

ever, it gathers momentum sufficient to 
sweep away barriers and in a large vol- 
ume flow onward to the sea. 

In like manner work, whether of brain 
or muscle, continuous and well-directed, 
will triumph over obstacles and march for- 

Toilcrs are permanent builders; they 
lay a good foundation. The trained eye 
discovers beautv in rude marbles which 
the trained hand molds and chisels into 
statues of surpassing loveliness. Art is 
something more than genius or inspira- 
tion; its created forms in their highest 
type are the result of long years of pre- 
liminary study and toil. The old masters, 
whose paintings are the wonder and study 
of modem artists, won their fame and 
g'ory not so much by their creative 

f cuius as through the patient labor and 
evotion bestowed upon iheir art. They 
not only studied well the anatomy of the 
human form, but nature also in all her 
moods, and as a result they threw upon 
the canvas faces and forms of almost 
divine beauty, clothed in colorings as 
natural as glowed in earth or sky. Genius 
is a gift to be appreciated and prized; but 
if, like an untamed colt, it is left without 
discipline or training, it becomes wild 
and erratic. Genius uncultured is like a 
meteor flaming for a moment in the sky 
and then suddenly disappearing in the 
gloom. Work, unceasing and patient, is 
like the sun traveling in the greatness of 
its strength, shining more and more unto 
the perfect day. Work is the genius ol 
civilization. It is the great elemental 
force in nature an^i in trade. It is the 
philosophy of progress. They who would 
gather fame, riches and honor must toil 
and wait, for work will always win success. 

[The following open letter is being sent 
nut by the secretary of the Metropolitan 
Stenographers' Association, for the pur- 
pose of acquainting the profession with its 
objects, purposes, and methods.— EniTon.) 
Mr. Henry Brown, New York City. 

Dear Sir: I am in receipt of your 
favor of this date, in which you ask for 
information in regard to the Metropolitan 
Stenographers' Association. In reply I 
beg to say that this society is a body of 
practical stenographers duly incorporated 
under the laws of this State, and was or- 
ganized about three years ago. Its chief 
object is to protect and advance the in- 
terests of its members. Of the many 
societies of this kind started in New York, 
this is the only one that lives and prospers. 
From 11 iiun\v<i slart, il Ims ii.nv become 
a potent in ^liuilliim.i ;itr.iirs ill this 
city, wl.iK>..l.i-:i.l i' li.-ilM iv,,nt;,tionof 
beingtlie I;ir;;<".t ;is well ;is tiir most active 

body of its kind in this country. Any 
stenographer of good moral character of 
either sex may become a member. A 
suit of rooms well located and nicely 
fitted has been leased, w^hich are open to 
members at all hours of the day and even- 
ing. Separate rooms are set apart for the 
use of slow and rapid writers, and readers 
are selected each evening, so that 
all who wish can meet for the pur- 
pose of taking dictation to increase their 
speed. Perhaps the best work done is 
that effected by the employment bureau, 
through which places are found for mem- 
bers without charge of any kind. All the 

signature might frighten 
coming u|>on it suddenly. 

timid person 
There are pro- 

Key I 



In the established order of things work 
and progress go togsther. Advancement 
is often of slow growth by reason of sur- 
rounding circumstances, yet under the 
most unfavorable c9ndition8 systematic 
energy will force its way. 

The stream near the fountain is easily 
obstructed. By its unceasing flow, how- 

rvriting machines have 
been plmcl in tin- iix.nis jind are free to 
auymiinl.rr Tlin, is also a well-filled 
library, wlii< h i nuinins n\\ the text-books 
on sliortliiiinl ^iikI a i^'iiod selection of 
standard library works. From time to 
time debates, mock trials and lectures by 
well-known members of the craft take 
place. The good which has been attained 
by the united efforts of this body with its 
present membership shows what can be 
done when a majority of the stenographers 
in this city act in concert. No one con- 
nected with the association receives a sal- 
ary, and its affairs are conducted by a 
board of trustees composed of the mem- 
bers. The fee for joining is fl and the 
dues are but $1 per month, while for la- 
dies they are only 50 cents per month. 
The rooms are open every evening at 200 
West Twenty-first street, where I will be 
glad to have you call at any time. If you 
wish to bring your note-hook along and 
spend an evening in the practice-room, 
you are invited to do so. During the 
season a series of speed contests will take 
place in the rooms, and prizes will be 
given to the most rapid writers. Tliis 
contest is to be confined solely to mem- 
bers. I suggest that you call ot the rooms, 
where you can secure in a few minutes a 
better idea of the work which is being 
done than it is possible for me to give you 
in this way. Very truly yours, 

F. M. Appleoate. Secretary. 


■'iiggiisliun J. together.-.-^ -- 

superlk'ial-iy , <V : traiisubstantiDtion A. 

■•uriiriso.j?.?* _ _ irulhll .1 ~~1.^.^ . 

swill ._.P. .^--fv^-vj Understood .>rrr^.. 

swori-..'^ °^ __ United Sillies ..f... 

symputliy .?~>_.T>..«r> C.'T^ iis»al-ly _j. r-^ 


In.nk-ed .^ . (^ ^- 
„ ( 

Che,, _( L 
,l,o,n ( (o 

'■-'■ y 



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Teaching Writing in the Public 

■Awartlfd Semnd PrUr in Thk JorilNAi.V 
/V«<r Cumprtttion, JW 2. 
tlow M) teach writing, espcMally io puli 
\u: schools, is a problem of more than oi- 
iliimry interest. Copybooks, " keys," 
rliarti, compcndiums nnd mechanieal aids 
have Ih'Cii tliorougbly tested, and the best 
n-Hult thus fur obtained has been a slow, 
mr(haiti<id iinitntion of the copy, devoid 
..f cluinutcr, unlit for business puiposc-s 
him] drjjc II crating into an illegible scrawl 
whenever pupils are forced beyond the 
Himil's paee at whieh it was acquired. 
And this will continue to be the imiver.»*al 
mid inevitable result until finger move- 
ment, tracing, drawing and minute and 
senseless annlysiR are abolished from our 
public schools. 

"Writing for business should be con- 
structed in the plainest manner possible; 
it should be written with a free, rapid 
movement, be of medium size, with but 
little shade and no flourishes." This de- 
scription of practical writing is accepted 
us correct by all experienced teachers of 
writing, but before writing possessiug 
these essentials can be secured inteiligeut 
phifiitud tffiiniriff must supersede the la- 
borious and futile methods now employed. 
The majority of poor writers are not so 
liecause they arr* ifrnornnt of form, but hr- 
niune of Ih-'n n..,^.;i;, , ,.. .....f v..llh,' mox,-h-s 

writing, arm lifted and position changed 
almost every time a word is written. 
Correct by chan^ng seat, or raise desk 
witli Ijooks, as it is i> jthynir/d hnjKfhHibility 
for pupils t« assume and maintsin correct 
position where desk is not projier height. 

st'turingthc 'sliding strokes. Piipilsshould 
be instructed to notice the position of the 
hand closely while using the stick, then 
remove the' stick and try and retain po- 
sition. A few trials will give the desired 
position, and an occasional word of warn- 
ing will be sufficient to confirm even the 
nio-^t <:irclfs<. Should the pupil experi- 

, the 

teacher \\li- ■ ' ■ '!■ ■■■ \" units iiimvl- 
ment to be .iiiuiiml im luiin, or who 
fails to nuike cuntrol of the muscles used 
in writing the prime object of the writing 
le.ison, is negligent of his duty and guilty 
(if gross and inexcusable injustice to his 
pupils. To toll teachers what they should 
do is of but Httle value unless accompanied 
by instruction adapted to their require- 
iiit-iiis. and of such character that they 
iiii'l' rKtiuiil and can apply it. I will there- 
fore endeavor to give such instruction as 
will enable them to avoid or correct the 
common errors in writing, and try to so 
Bitnplify the work that they can teach 
writing successfully and with ease to 
themselves and pupils. An investigation 
of this subject will convince any oue that 
the failure to teach writing in the public 
schools is not because of the teichers' 
Ignorance of form, position, movement or 
peoholding, but because of their inability 
to discover the e<nt.»K of errors, or, having 
discovered the cause, furnish a practical 
method of correction. I will therefore 
depart from the time-honored custom of 
minutely describing penholding and posi- 
tion and advancing learned and scientific 
arguments in favor of a certain movement, 
and endeavor to aid the teacher by e.\plain- 
mg the cause of the most common mistakes 
made by pupils, and giving methods by 
which they can be avoided or corrected 


The accompany ingillustrat: 
regular and allowable position^ Rolling 
the hand too far to the right is the most 
common fault. Where this is not caused 
by the desk being too high, or ignorance 
of correct manner of holding the pen, it 
is simply a matter of habit or carelessness. 
Correct by drilling upcn oval exercises, 
slanting Imck or to left of vertical, without 

ence difHculty io keeping the stick m 
position, a stiing, strip of cloth or strap, 
passed over the hand as in illustration, 
will obviate that difKeulty. Cramping the 
fingers, squeezing or pinching the bolder, 
is caused by using short pieces of chalk at 
the blackboard and slate and lead pencils 
in other written work while the muscles 
are weak and undeveloped; or by using 
tin or nickel-plated holders, which are too 
smooth to hold in position without an 

When the dcnk is too high pupils will, 
in trying to assume a correct position, 
elevate their right and droop the left 
shoulder. The hand will re-st upon its 
side instead of the third and fourth 
fingers, head will he turned sidewise and 
brought too close to paper; pupil will sit 
upon edge of seat, and grasp desk or seat 
with left hand. Uesvdt, finger movement, 
inability to slide hand to the right, crowd- 
ing letters together, failure to write words 
of medium length without frequently lift- 
ing pen, or running letters " down hill,'' 
cramping and pain in back of hand and 
wrist, as shown by pupil pausing and rub- 
bing hand and yrt'x&t. Correct by giving 
pupil suitable seat, or by raising seat with 
books or box. 

Where desk is too low pupils will bend 
legs so as to bring them under the seat 
and rest upon toes. By doing this the 
body is thrown forward against the desk, 
arm spread out and Fupjiorting the body. 
Uesult, pupil eiLsily fatigued, slow, heavy 

changing position of body or paper. This 
will cause the pupil to place the elbow 
further to the right, and by so doing turn 
the hand to correct position. Should this 
fail, have pupils procure a round stick 
about the size of their index finger, and 
sufficiently long to project about 1^ inches 
to the right and left of the hand, to be 
held as in the accom[)anyiug illustration. 

This will prevent the hand from rolling, 
keep the wri*=t frte from anil assist in 

effort. This can be corrected by hollow- 
ing out small places on the holder -where 
the thumb and fingers should be placed. 
With young pupils, keep thumb and 
fingers in their proper place by passing a 
light rubber band over the weak joints, 
and, where possible, abolish pencils dur- 
ing writing hour, and use clastic pens. 
Slate pencils should be wood or cloth- 

A rubber "sleeve" on penholders and 
pencils, or, where that cannot be obtained, 
giving the holder a light coat of glue and 
then wrapping with yarn, or covering with 
a woolen or velvet cloth, will prove of 
great assistance in enabling the pupil to 
hold the pen in correct position. There 
are many other minor faults in penholding, 
but the methodb herein given will correct 


I nearlv 

There are but few, if any, mistakes in 
learning movement that cannot be cor- 
rected by rapid practice upon suitable 

Usrd In 

Elevating the elbow will cause 
the pen to catch, and the arm tires much 
sooner. Where the elbow, shoulder or 
wrist is stiff or not working freely, the 
pupil can work neither rapidly nor grace- 
fully, and the work has a stiff, constnuned 

Pupils should understand that move- 
ment must be rapid from the start, and 
that motion must follow as well ils [ire- 
ccde execution. Starting or finishing 
without a preceding or following motion 
gives the writing a rough, irregular and un- 
finished appearance. 

With pupils under 12 years of age but 
little should be said about movement, as 
they are very apt to misunderstand the 
mstruction, and by devoting too much 
time to large exercises, neglect the small 

They should, however, be drilled daily 
upon the slide drills until they can write 
across the page without extending or con- 
tracting the fingers. Then, in connection 
with regular work, drill upon small loop 
letters, making them proper size, then 
double the size, and finally increase to 
three times the proper size. By follow- 
ing this method it will be but a short time 
before pupils having sufficient develop- 
ment of muscles of the arm will be using 
the correct movement in all simple letters. 

In oval exercises pupils will frequently 
make oval narrow at base and broiid at 
top; this is caused liy iiiiikiii',Mln\vn strokes 
with finger movement 
at: base and narrow ;i 
using fingers in n\< str.ik.-^. Cornet by 
drilling with arm free from desk. 

Irregular spacingand height are caused" by - 
bunching the fingers underneath the band,_ 
using finger movement or allowing the. 
third and fourth fingera to remain station- 
ary instead of moving in unison with tho 
pen. Correct by drilling upon small » andj 
II connected until pupil can slide handl 
across tin- |Ki-r witliinit lifting the pen. 
Curving ib'^Mi -imIv -^ iu upper loops is 
caused li\ Iiniiiiil: n|hiii ;irra, rolling band 
too far tn rij:lii ot lirraiisf the arm is not 
drawn far enough over edge of table. Curv- 
ing lower loops, same cause or because 
wrist rests upon desk. Leaving o. n, tl, g 
and 7 open at top is caused by not curry- 
ing pen far enough to the left before de- 
scending. Correct this and all mistakes 
in form by making incorrect letters three 
times the\T proper sise, and running to the 
opposite extreme of the fault. To illustrate. 
a is left open at top; cause, not enough 
curve and slant in first down stroke. CcsB- 
rect by making a as large as a capital *)idi 
carry first down stroke at least three tjHiies 
as far to the lejt before descending as it 
should be carried to secure correct form.. 
Making angles where turns should occur,, 
and vice versa, is simply a matter of care- 
Jessness, Observing the following rule- 
will correct these faults. When angles are' 
desired, the pen mmt»to}>; where turns aiw 
desired they should be made as short at 
possible toithoiit stopping the pen. 


The most suitable time for the writing 
lesson is the last half of the first hour in 
the morniugor afternoon— morning session 
preferred. Too much cannot be said 
against llif- rnsiotn nf giving the writing 
lesson im[iu'ili;it'i\ nlhT iTcess. The vio- 
lent cxciciM' L:riiii;ill\ indulged in at re- 
cess whi'lly ii](;i]iiiiitiites pupils from 
securing good results in writing for at 
least fifteen minutes after being called to. 
order. Where time is taken just before 
recess, or noon, the pupils are always more- 
or less nervous and anxious to be at liberty. 
The teacher will therefore secure much 
better results by using the time already 
suggested. Lessons in public schools 
should not be less than thirty minutes each 
day in high school, grammar and junior 
grades. In the intermediate, secondary 
and primary, fifteen to twenty minutes 
each day will be sufficient, as young pupila 
tire easily, and when once they lose inte^ 
est improvement ceases. Copies cannot 
be too perfect ; but when lithographed, 
copper or steel engraved copies are used 
pupils should beinfbrmed that the beautiful 
forms are simply specimens of the engrav- 
er's skill, and that the "whole-arm capi- 
tals" were originally executed with the 
fingers; that such forms cannot be ex- 
ecuted with any degree of certainty, even 
by professional penman; but that they are 
modcN ^>1m' !i if ■ I ■ h studied, will give 
the iiiii'i' ' ' ' I ■ I'finii of the correct 
andtn 'I. I' ; 1 I ). I iicinent foundation 
for U-L-ii ^ li 'I i Ml lying the form of 

chanieally or tracing it. That a thorough 
knowledge of form must precede itsesecu- 
tion, and that, having a thorough knowl- 
edge of form, copies 

Analysis, to be practicfll. imist sim[tlify 
the work by showing similarity of compo- 
iH-iit parts of lettere, commoD faults, meth- 
oiU by which they can be corrected, and 
■•imple general rules by which legibility, 
rapidity, and uniformity can be secured, 
iiiul does not require a set of drafting 
loold. nor a knowledge of higher mathe- 
matics. Movement exercises should pre- 
rrde csch lesson, care being taken to use 
drills wliich apply directly to the forms of 
litters which are to be practiced upon. 
Pupils should commence writing as soon 
■.\& they commence the other studies. The 
Homan and script letters should be taught 
at the Slime time. The little folks are 
niixious to learn and easy to tench, and as 
tlu-y all have a natural desire to draw and 
write, it should be cultivated and turned 
hito its proper channel. They should 
miike the first efforts in writing with pen 
:iiid ink. The large amount of writing 

Should it 

not. "the class should be requested to stop 
writing while the teacher goes to the 
blackboard, ilUistratea the faults, explains 
the cause and gives the method by which 
they can be corrected. This done the 
teacher is again with the pupils. 

Here a word of advice and encourage- 
ment givea fresh impetus to discouraged 
pupils; a quiet warning recalls tl»e careless 
to a sense of duty, and a word of commen- 
dation to the successful ones will cause 
others to emulate their example. In short, 
try to teach writing with the same energy 
and enthusittsm^ that enable you to 
secure good results in other branches, and 
you will make good writing in your school 
the rule rather than the exception. 

do pupils will consider writing of less im- 
portance, and lose interest. Do not place 
poor writing upon the board, through 
earelessnci^. nnl«'ss you wish your pupils 
to hand in pour wriliiijr in their written 
work. Al\v;iv; ktiji yimr best things and 
discoveriiN for tin- l;i.-t jiart of the lesson. 
Be sure tjon tuiiUi-»t<ind the lesson before 
presenting it to the class. Be sure theij 
uri'Ierstand it Jtef ore taking up another 
lesson. Apply the same rules to your 
business and letter writing that you do to 
your writing lessons. Criticise your own 
work closely, and whenever you detect a 
fault practice until you have corrected it. 
Never scribble; always have some definite 
object in view — some form or letter which 
you are trying to perfect. To furnish 
oritHnal and new ideas upon this subject 
requires a greater knowledge and more 
Pen should always face the paper. fertile brain than I possess. I have, 

■^ (iIlfr<f»Tifcii!wminIIiTiirV-^'i6w«'^''-l''"'"^ 


<!p»ta}! uTJiEwinat III IlljiUUiliiljw fill luu^Ciuluiu* ^— 

<f . (2 . -W,:-. 

wwmmn \u\&i\fSt hi rmur _ -- 

Photo-Engraved by Our JVeiu Process From a Piece of Engrossing Executed in the Ojfive of THE Journal. 

ciatiou " the matter of an Easteri 
tion can hardly be regarded as a doubtful 
experiment. Even though the West be 
progressive and pushing, we of the older 
East do not care to acknowledge that they 
are in any way ahead of us in interest in 
and love for the work of our chosen call- 
ing. If, thou, they can make a neighbor- 
hood meeting of penmen a grand success 
in every respect, so too can we. 

We have the material to draw from. 
Scores of New England boys feel lonesome 
and buried from the world of fellow-work- 
ers because they cannot travel half-way 
across the continent to meet them in happy 
and proBtAble conclave. Bring the meet- 
ing to their very doors and they would 
come with their hearts full of enthusiasm 
and their minds teeming with brilliant 
thoughts. Let us see who would come: 
Ilinman can be depended upon to be 
there filled to the brim with new ideas. 
Shaylor, Portland's great artist, would 
come with n pajier on the art as 
valuable for its literary merit as for sound 
ideas. Burnett would come to establish 
the new society's reputation for handsome 
men. Perhaps Huntsinger and Hall and 
Davis and Christie and Dennis and Regan 
and the Burdett brothers might all be in- 
duced to come. What an array of talent ! 
How much help the younger ones would 
getl How plea.sant for all! Wake up, 
brethren ; let's hear from you all. What? 
Oh, yes, I would be there with a copy of 
the Directory in my pocket. Fraternally 
yours, . F. S. Heath. 

GossvUIe, N. H. 

Picture* for Patrlollo Household!. 

It is doubtful if any other work of iwn art 
ever produced attracted 8(j wiilespread atten- 
tion as the Centeuiiial Picture of Progi-ess, i-e- 
dULi'd copies of wbich we have for some years 

executed with lead and slate pencils by 
school children is a great injury to their 
writing, as the bad habits acquired require 
ntore skill and patience to correct than 
would be required to take them from the 
start and teach them to write well. Do 
not attempt to make left-handed pupils 
write with the right hand. If you can't 
teach left-handwriting, let them work out 
their own salvation; they virill make far 
better writers with their left hands, with- 
out ony assistance from you, than they will 
if forced to use the right hand. Too much 
cannot be said in favor of personal or indi- 
vidual instruction. By studying the nus 
takes of pupils, short and simple methods 
of correction will be discovered. Some of 
the most valuable things I know regarding 
writing I learned while trying to correct 
the mistakes of pupils. 

By individual instruction I do not mean 
that" the teacher shall stoj) at each desk 
and correct the pupil's mistakes, and il- 
lustniting with pen. The time devoted 
in public schools is too limited for thnt 
kind of instruction. As the teacher passes 
down the aisle a single glance will be 
sufficient to discover 
takes. Repeating the rules and 

Never grasp or squeeze the holder, unless 
you want to shade. Keep back of hand 
toward ceiling and wrist free from desk ; 
feet upon floor. Body must not lean upon 
desk. Do not rest or lean upon arms. 
Practice, without theory, is bliud. Hav- 
ing a clear conception of form, work 
rapidly. In group work, uniform height, 
uniform space, uniform slant. Instruction 
which cannot give the " why " shows an 
ignorant teacher or worthless instruction. 
To overcome faults, run to opposite ex- 
treme. To increase space between letters, 
increase slant of up stroke. Avoid super- 
tluous lines. Brains control the muscles, 
the eye criticises the forms. Down stroke 
in small letter straight, z, o, « and first 
down stroke in a, (7, ff, and q excepted. 
Up strokes in small letters on connective 
slant, final up stroke in o, w, h, v and 
round r excepted. All up strokes curved; 
all turns as short as possible, without stop- 
ping the pen. In using copies, change 
leordti frequently, letters seldom. An ounce 
of perseverance is better than a hundred 
pounds of natural talent. Do not attempt 
too much. Do not talk too much. Do 
not inform pupils what the next lesson 
will be. Do not allow the writing to be 

therefore, tried to make this article inter- 
esting .".nd valuable to public school 
teachers by attempting to assist them in 
removing or surmounting some of the 
most common obstacles encountered in 
teaching writing. If I succeed in this the 
purposeof this article will be accomplished. 
If I fail it is not because I do not fully ap- 
preciate the importance of the subject, but 


The .Jo 

I have becii somewhat surprised to find 
that seemingly no notice has been taken of 
the little squib in a recent number of Tue 
Journal asking " Why not have an East- 
ern Penmen's Association T' I had looked 
to see the matter taken up by at least a 
good round half-dozen penmeu of the East, 
and the project well started toward com- 
pletion before now. With the splendid 
example of the " Western Penmen's Asso- 

readei-s know, is illustrating by sharp pictorial 
contrasts the progression of a century in our 
American history. The pictuie is [wculiarly 
apropos just now' that we Lave scarcely Uono 
celebrating the centennial of Washington's in- 
auguration. We have on file coiumendations 

iclutliiij^ governors, 

,,.,1,1,1- i. I !■ ~ ,, I , , h 1,-. beautifully 

I i,.,i iM- I |.ii.^ lii'l vi-ry suitable for 

iiriiniii- ^^ ■ 111" ! ■ ■1 'X'-'i-, a number of 
, ,,,,i, . ,.i I ' ,1 :ii a targeranduiucb 

„„„■,. L,„|..-ui_ -;\ ■ ■ - \ -10. Thi^isrealjy 
aspleiuiul pictuiv .oii ■ .!.l li^ivi' n place in 
eveiy houst'hulil 111 M ■■.inn. \ prmted 
key explaining th. 1. i • '^1 which 

the picture is mail' ', ' i "' "iihthis 

large print on 11-1 ii| I ' ■" i.! i-i limited 

ain-V'- ' ' ' ' ' 'N-vf. who 

willsrn,! .. ■ . !■■ ■■'■ I - ■'' >1 topay 

for tl).- -.-nn. I !!■ ■■■ ■- ■ '■■ ' !■■ ■ -'ill also be 

o agents, and would like 1 

ripher <'orrcitpoudeQvc on tue 

A device for secret writing by means of 
the type-writer is reported as a recent in- 
vention. It requires two type-writers, simi- 
larly adjusted. They are so constructed 
that the type can be shifted from their 
normal position, so that the operator, strik- 
ing the key in the usual way, really writes 
other letters than those in his copy, form- 
ing a cipher copy. The receiver adjusts 
his mnchiiie in an opposite direction and 
writes IriiiJi lln ■ iplit i ropy, and the ma- 

chine ri'iMiil- till iit'i 1 

111 theoriginalcopy. 
Miple, and it at once 

The prin. i]il.' i^ '-'I- - 

\ i)f ]ijiplving the 

principle of tlii ' ' !Mi> 

1.1(11,11 loi k loauch a 

contrivance foi i 

each owner of 

' ;i to any 

combination, wiiii h ■• 

1; ]|,' Mill lii-i corres- 

pondent should know. 

Thi^ must befeas- 

ibie. and if the new 

invention is of any 

use at all, its usefulucs 

s would be much in- 

creased by such a plan 

Thev reach fio 


' After 

giving Ames' Best Peas a thorough trial, I 
am satisfied they are indeed hat." The 
above comes with an order from O. .1. 
Willis, principal of Willis's Business Col- 
lege, Oakland, Cal. 

'ENMAN's Art Journal 

niMhrd on applicalio 
taken for Uaa than 92. 


IsNt year over 


SvbtuTiption : 

cfnlK. No fTet> , „,. 

nifentu who are subBcribrrH, to aid them 
tahinff nubscriplionti. Premium litt on p. 77. 

Foreipn subacripiions {t< 
till f'nion) $l.'25 per year. 

'edited agent in that citi/ 

Now Tork, ITIar, 18 


Ktlcnl W ritlnir-No S 
D \\ H f 

Poumaimlifp 111 Public Schools —Second Pilzc 
■ ■' ■ 70 n 

F J TiUinil 
rn I iimuisi rntntioii "I 

I' I T 7^73 

Wmit«mi btuttei 

Chartaand Woi-d DlairruinB Illuatrating Hro- 

fomor Hoff 8 WrltTnK Lesson (12 cute). U6 
FlomlilKwJn ndltiiir'^h flrlUfwc) (B-07 

Adrian CoJlctrc Dlplon 
Fanpj Vlpliubet (H 


Tli<- brenks 
gradcti U'S 



jsofMrs. Packard's 

fs — - - Munson phonograpy, 

caused by the cxhaiiston of several issues 
ofTiiK JomiNAL, have been filled by the 
republication of the shorthand portions 
of the missing uumbers. We are now 
therefore, enabled to offer these lessons 
complete. They include eighteen numbers 
of Thk Jouknal, from October. 1880, to 
April, 1888. They are thoroughly prac- 
tical, progressive and romplete. teaching 
the Hysteui precisely according to its head, 
Mr. MiniBou, and prepared by his author^ 
ity. In the reprinted portions references 
are mode to the "(Complete Phonog- 
rapher/' Mr. Munson 's ofRcinI text- 
Ixiok, as an ndjunct to which, embodying 
as they 'In ;>ll tlir l;ii,,i modifications of 
tbcM^lrni Ml, 1., .,,.,„ wilt be found iu- 
vahiulilr III, |ni.(. uf the complete 
serirs, w nil li^nMUi.rm- binder, is ,$2; 
witluml biii.Ki, *i.r,o. Ten sets without 
bindei-8, tl2..')0; binders, 50 cents each 
additional when ordered with papers; 
76 cents each ordered separately. 


For *2 we will send Tiie JouitNAL for 
one year and the complete Lessons as 
pnuiiiim. (No other premium given.) 

For IS.50, two subscriptions to The 
JoiTHNAi, and two eoinnlcte sets of the 
Lessons as premiums. (No other premivim 

Or wo will send the Lessons free as a 
special premium for three subscriptions 
and ♦:Uo pay fot the same, each sulwcriber 
to be entitled to choice of our regular 

None of these premium offers includes 

Some of Jfext atonth*s AtlractloHM. 

Pruf. llolT's writing lessons (illustrated). 

kibbi-'s lesson in lettering (illustrated). 

1 iiL'e ies.sou in flourishing (richly illiL^- 
Ivattill. by M. B. Moore, first prize winner 
HI TitR JoiTRNAi/s nourishing Contest. 

Fancy alphabet by A. J. Zimmerman 
\ :ilp:irairo, I:id. 

Strikingly unique ])en flourish and 
drawing by G. W. Harmon. Penman 
Soulf's Business C'oll(«e, New Orleans. 

Written specimen by B. F. Williams, 
Sacramento, Cal., Business College. 

Bird flourish and seE of capitals by C. 
N. C'randle. 

Specimens by Thk .Ioueinal's staff and 


Cade.— Here's a villain! 

— Henry IV. 

The comments of The Jouunai., March 
issue, respecting the attitude of the Na- 
tional Educational Association to special 
writing-teachers, have brought out the views 
of a number of men and women engaged 
in that work. The teachers, as might well 
be expected, are a unit in condemning the 
apparent apathy of the representative or- 
ganization of American teachers on the 
subject of penmanship. It is quite an- 
other question whether any impression has 
been made on those who shape the course 
of the National Association Perhaps not 
Pcrhap** none is hkeh to be made so long 
as present influencts dominate that orgaoi 
zition We believe it is the prc^idtnt of 
the association himself Mr Marble of 
Worcester Masd who distinguishid him 
self by the observation that penmanship is 
without the slightest educational signih 
cance — oi something to that effect It 
would be at least interesting to ha^c this 
sentiintnt brought before the convention 
for an exprctsion of individual views but 
that 11 perhaps too much to hope for As 
the case st inds the official attitude of the 
National Educational A-'soci ition to those 

schnol-s and in colleges, do all they can 
toward bringing this subject before 
National Educational Association, because 
we certainly believe there is no better 
time to have the subject discussed. I can 
assure you that should any of the teachers 
from this city attend the association, they 
will be in sympathy with the above re- 

Mr. Purdy goes on to give a brief sketch 
of his methodsof school-room work, which 
show him to be a careful and intelligent 
teacher. This we reserve for use hereafter. 

Here are some observations by W. H, 
Carrier, superintendent of writing in the 
public schools of Adrian, Mich. : 

"I am in hearty sympathy with any 
movement which will give penmanship 
that recognition by our public-school 
teachers and educators which it right- 
fully deserves and justly demands at their 
hands. The importance of the place it 
holds in the education of every individual 
needs no demoiistDition nr argument. The 
point to he fniplin-^i/. .1 now i-* the need of 
better instnnn. Ml. An r\[urieiice of ten 
years' teachiii;j m di-lriil, tuiuinercial and 
city schools eum iueu.s me that such a need 
exists beyond a duubt 

A machiDL which will enable one man 
to do the work of three or four men with- 
out it IS justly hailed with dtlight and ac- 
counted a blessing to mankind But are 
there not more people who earn their bread 
with the pen than by operating any one of 
the numerous labor saving machines ? If, 
then with proper instruction und train- 
ing a person may acfjuire twice or three 
times the speed and ease in wniing that 
he would attiin without it is it not time 
that steps, were taken to bring up this ne- 
glected and most practical branch of edu- 
cation ? In all reason yes' 

Mr Carrier s school methods are also 

to get a solitary subscription from the 
amiable proprietor (his own) at the rate 
given to clubs of a hundred. 

Then there is the man who persists in 
ordering goods, naively stating that he 
will remit at once on receipt. If we have 
any doubt of his financial standing and 
business integrity, he respectfully refere us 
to Squire Ephraim Bluhbertub. Sitka, 
Alaska. But please ship the goods in- 
Htanter, as every hour of delay involves 
him in great pecuniary loss. Of course it 
is necessary for us to waste time and post- 
age in writing to say that our business is 
conducted on a strictly cash basis, and we do 
not care to open accounts. That is usually 
the last we ever hear of the pressing order. 
Of course, too, we are occasionally de- 
ceived in spite of precautions, and swin- 
dled. We state conspicuously in The 
Journal, in connection with our supply 
department, that no goods will be sent 
unless the price is received, exceptC.O.D,. 
at the purchaser's expense. Even then we 
require an advance payment amounting to 
at least one-third of the amount to pro- 
tect us. No one therefore has a right to 
expect us to send goods when these con- 
ditions are disregarded. We have occa- 
sionally, though, been misled into doing 
so, and had to suffer for it. Here is a case 
in point — a very small transaction, there- 
fore all the more contemptible. 

A. W. Lowe, Wilbraham, M:lss., whom 
we had mistaken for an honest man, re- 
cently ordered some card-board. It was 
sent by express C.O.D. for fiO cents (pre- 
cisely as provided for in our supply an- 
nouncement), and the package was refused 
by Lowe, on the ground that he would 
not pay the C.O.D chargas. We were 
notified of this refusal by the express 
agents and wrote protesting, but to no 
purpose. The package came back, cost- 

who are teaching the boys and girls of 
America to write, solemn enough though 
these pedagogic functionaries be, confoi-ms 
very nearly to the classic jest j:iveu above. 

The following is taken from a recent 
letter from Mr. S. S. Purdy, special 
teacher of writing in the public schools of 
East Saginaw. Mich. : 

"As teacher of 'penmanship' in the 
public schools, and one who is deeply inter- 
ested in this branch of education, I feel 
that too niiH'h rin|ih;i-is raunot be placed 
upon till n. ' . irv .1 iii,|.nssiiig this sub- 
ject upon I uikI^ ,,i 111,, public in gen- 
eral and luni, p.iiii,Mi;i[ly upon the minds 
of the -nuhuul li-iiehers throughout 
the country. If special teachers in writing 
tannot be and are not employed in the 
majority of public schools, so much more 
necessary is it that the public teachers 
should take it up and strive to instill into 
the minds of the young the elements and 
principles of coriect writing as well as 
correct form and graceful movement. 
People nowadays, particularly business 
men, do not object to having clerks who 
can write an intelligible, free, off-hand 
style of penmanship, but rather insist 
upon it as a necessity. Quite frequcnttv 
have we observed instances where ap- 
plicants for situations were requested to 
apply or reply in their own personal hand- 
writing, thus showing ' penmanship ' to 
be one of the important qualifications. 

" No intelligent person will, therefore, 
doubt the necessity of careful attention 
being given to this branch of education 
in our public schools, because understand- 
ing, as every one does, the importance of 
it, we at once come to the conclusion that 
in youth is the time when these principles 
should be taught, and that the school- 
room is the place in which to teach them. 
We therefore believe that a great deal of 
importance rests upon our public teachers, 
whether they make this subject an im- 
portant study in the school-room or 
whether it is neglected, as is too often the 

"Now, feeling as I do in the matter, 
I would strongly urge that the special 
tejichers in writing, both in the public 

reserved. We shall give them in brief, 
with those of a number of other special 
writing-teachei-s, next month. 

Theke are few better vantage-points 
perhaps for the study of human nature at 
long range than the office of such a 
periodical as The Journal. Every estab- 
lishment with wide-spread business rami- 
fications, of course, catches a good many 
queer fish in its nets. What we call our 
" Curiosity Box," representing the odds 
and ends of mail for w.w^. U '^dM cimuo-h 
for . - - - . ^. 

are letters in all lauyuages liuL-luding 
hinguages known only to the writera), 
threateuing letters, vilely abusive and in- 
sulting letters, begging letters, laughing 
letters and crying letters, and so on to the 
end of the catalogue. 

eiiuiiiiuns club 111 view. He is by nature 
a smooth, eloquent and mellifluous liar, 
and some of his artifices are amusing. 

Then there is the proprietor of the Pun- 
kinville Clearing- House University, Pen 
Art Hall and Institute of Shorthand, 
Type- Writing, Telegraphy, &c. — plus— 
who writes on paper torn from a blank-book 
and forgets to give his State. Or he for- 
gets to inclose the money for his order. 
In either case letter number one is usually 
followed by a cyclonic communication, in 
which the aggrieved Punkinvillian threat- 
ens to withdraw his patronage and tear up 
our business by the roots. He is more nu- 
merous than he ought to be. 

Another interesting type is the amiable 
school proprietor, who writes frequently 
to bestow some words of burning compli- 
ment on the paper, incidentally (though 
invariably) inclosing his circulars for no- 
lice. He, too, always has a large club in 
view. Could we oblige him by givingour 
very, very lowest terms to agents t Cer- 
tainly, Sometimes we are fortunate enough 

iug us |1,15 for express charges. The 
backing for this package to preserve it 
properly Cost us, besides labor, 20 cents. 
The loss to lis is, therefore, $1..1fi, besides 
the waste of labor and time, postage on 
several letters and leaving the board on 
our hands. Had the goods been accepted 
the profit on so small an order woiild have 
been not more than five cents. As a petty 
swindler A. W. Lowe, of Wilbraham, 
Mass., is something of a success, at least. 

There are a number of accounts on our 
books of a similar character, representing 
iu the aggregate a loss to us of hundreds 
of dollars. Some of these rascals richly 
deserve to be written up, and they may 
yet come to their deserts. There are 
various grades and sizes of swindlers on 
our Black-list, but the sixtv-cents swin- 
dler is almost too small an object to be seen 
even through the most powerful micro- 
scope. Next time we may have a more 
interesting subject. 

We want to repeat here what we have so 
frequently and so explicitly said before. 
Our terms are strictly cash. A deposit of 
at least one-third of amount of order is re- 
quired when goods are to be sent C.O.D. 
All express charges, includiug C.O.D. 
money charges, must be met by the pur- 
chaser. Goods sent by mail *are at the 
purchaser's risk, unless ten cents additional 
be sent to pay for registering package. 

The wiNNEit in our prize competition 
No. 1 (essay on The Art of Penmanship) 
IS F. S. Heath. Gossvilie, N. H. His 
paper will be presented next mouth. 

We should like to have the present ad- 
dress of J. P. Wilson, who formerly wrote 
cards in the Sherman House, Chicago- 
K. W. Massey, late of the College of Busi- 
ness, Birmingham. Ala. ; J. G. Anderson 
formeriy of Jackson, Tenn. ; C. J. Connor 
late of Storm Lake, Iowa; P. L. Bryant| 
who once advertised from New Haven' 
Conn. Can any friend help us? 

J. B. Graff, pen artist. Philadelphia 
wntea to say that he would gladly enter 

npctition (orDamental peiiwork) 
* recently siigg^eatcd by F. G. Sttde. He 
the thin], but at least ten more arc- ue- 

Award of the Amateur Letter 
- Prize. 

Thineon yoiiug men sent letters com- 
peting for the gold pen prize offered by 
II. K. ORtrom in the March issue of The 
.lot'itjjAL. It is proper to say that many 
of these letters were barred out of the 
competition because the most important 
condition was violated in their execution. 
In other words, the ink was too light, or 
tfie lines too ragged, or both, to admit of 
reproduction by means of photo-engraving. 
The prize was awarded on the basis of a 
business letter, having a due regard for com- 
position, spacing, arrangement, &c. The 
winner, John P. Schroeder, is a pupil of 
Prof. J. F. Fish, in the Ohio Business 
College, Cleveland. He is only fifteen 
years of age. 

Jrhn H. Millert, 710 North Thirty- 
sixth street, Philadelphia, spoiled a very 
pretty letter by putting it in backhand. 
A haadsomely-wntten letter by Leonard 
Hyams, 129 East Seventy-ninth street. 
New York, lost half its effect by over- 
spacing between the lines. Overs'hading 
did the work for Charles W. McKelvey, 
350 West Twenty-eighth street, New 
York, and Jacob Woolf, 22o East Broad- 
way, New York. Harry T. Bennett, Des 
PlftiiKw, 111., marred liis letter by over- 
crowding. M. V. Hester, Ridge Farm, 
HI.; F. O. Putnam, Logan, Iowa: C. G. 
Fcchncr, New Berlin, Tex. ; and W. E. 
Lawford, Ihapah, Utah, submitted letters 
that in the main were extremely credit- 
able. The best of the remainder were 
from Charles Adams, Montreal; Miss M, 
A. Ostrom, Alamo City Business College, 
9an Antonio, Tex. ; W. J. Deziel, Arch- 
bishop's Academy, Montreal; Charles 
O'Brien, 53 Taylor street, Brooklyn. 

"The Journal's" New Home. 

Till .T,.iii\u I,,,. removed its quarters 
to '.ill.' |: ...h , I pu-ite its old home. 
The IP ,1, large, airy and 

hauiKr u 111 nil i-Qoms, approached- 

by >i prt^setigLT elevator and fitted with alt 
'111- .ippliuuces to be found in the modern 
"iti. c. The location is in the heart of the 
l.ii^iiu'ss part of the metropolis, overlook- 
ing the busiest thoroughfare in the New 
World at its busiest point. The new 
rooms are far more convenient, elegant in 
• appointment and generally desirable than 
tlin=.- v;i(!it.'f). (>,ir friends visiting the 
to call upland 

— CircTilars announce that the Stockton, Cal. , 
Business College and Normal IiLstitutv will 
open on Mov V.i and continue in sesiion for 
six weeks. D. K. Trask and W, C. Rani-say 
are at tht* head of it. 

— F. G. Thoraijson is looking aft^r the pen 
iban^hip deoai-tment of the Westbrorik Com- 
mercial College, Olean, N. Y., and getting 
good work out of the students. 

—One of Prof. F. H. Hall's pupils and assist- 
ants in the penmanship department of the Troy 
Business College is George F, Page, who has 
mastered a handsome style and win ripen into 
a highly accomplished penman. 

— Tlie National Business College, Ottawa, 
Out., is presided over by C. H. McCargai-, a 
well-equipped teacher and penman. All the 
commercial bi-anehes are taught and the ener- 
getic propnetor has built up a good patronage. 

— The teacher of i>eiimansihip and book- 
keeping in the Normal University, Princeton, 
Ind..isJ. H. Bacbtenkircher, whose pen-talent 
we have had occasion to compliment onanum- 

— R. J. Magee, the veteran penman, has es- 
tablished a connection with TTiompsou's Busi- 
ness College, ttiis city. 

— D. C. Rugg. of the Archibald Business Col- 
lege, Minneapohs. is a level-headed teacher 
and a good penman. Neatness, smoothness 
and distinctness ai-e mai'ked characteristics of 
his writing. 

— K. J. Knowltou has his hands full instill- 
ing into the citizens of East Wilton, Me., the 

M. L. Mmei 
—J. W. 1 

s from the Interlake Business 

niest, a clever young penman, is 
itb the Hazleton, Pa., Business 

I. C. Domey ha** i-esigned as secretary of 
klleiitown. Fa., Business College and will 
a school of his »wu in that city. The 
w-ill be the American Business College and 
m Office Training School— which covers 

Warner's Ebnira, 

„ ..jitAins eummenda- 

of the school from a large number of 

graduates who are now profitably employed. 

That is an excellent way to advertise. 

— H. C. Clark and lady gave a home r 

Indiana. May 16. 
meet a business engagement in Engla 
visit Scotland, Ireland, France ana, i 
mits, other countries. On his ret 
booked for an engagement to 

ever sail through untroubled v 

—In Young Folks' Society, Louisville, Ky., 
of recent date, we find a sketch of the busi- 
ness career of Prof. Enos Spencer, of the B. 
and 8. College, that city. Professor Spencer 


■So many capable young n 

for httle wonder when one of them s 
upon us a batch of elegant speciii 

: to light every day o 


find : 


;H we can safely say to be the largest 
I most varied collection of penwork on 
I continent. 


ofo-Enyraved fro 
the Oold Pen Pr 

tlui Ink' was not Adapted for that Pui-pose. 

Letlsr by J. F. Schroeder, Cleveland, Ohio, and Award 

Offered by H. R. Ostrom for Best Letter by an Amate 

af Age. The Letter Loses Something in Photo-Engi aving. 

—The catalogue of the Southwestern Busi- 
ness College, Wichita, Kan., is a distinct 
achievement in the line of school publications. 
It opens %vith a beautifully lithographed sheet 
showing vai'ious notes, drafts and other com- 
mercial forms made especially for that School. 
E. H, Fritch, the principal, has ti'e benefit of 
the services of a ' ' ' 
a large faculty t 
At the bead of t 
E. M. Barber, wl 
Kobins. Practu 
it is aimed to ha' 


ipV'U U' u^ath »i iby Aurora, III., nn>i- 

i-e is u chormhig vigor and fri-slm, - i,, 
nanship of A. (J. Coonrod, ii.n.i ,>u. 

tf II witli a coai-se pun. strint^ht Imliter being 
used. At some future time we hope to give a 
specimen by Mr. Barber. 

— W. N. Ferris has, besides his loi'ge school at 
Big Rapids, Mich. , another at Musgekon, 
Mich. The first annual exercises of the latter 
school were recently held and the 

Leader : " The medal was the official 
of the Ohio Centennial Commissionere that 
the display of ijeninaiiship execut^i by the 
scholars of the public sehiKits of Chillicothe 
wii?. tbL' (iufsl display of the icind made at 
OIuo's gieat exiKiMtioii, It was otfleial evi- 
(Iftifi.- of thi- fii.'t tijat tliL' sclidlai-s uf the pub- 

— A- J. Williamson, late of Richmond, Va., 
is of the firm of Williamson & Sullivan, who 
have opened a business college at Sheffleld. 
Ala., and another at Floi-enoe, Ala. They 
report good prospects 

McCready, Allegheny. Pa. Tht. „„,^ 
Las a very taking sweep and finish, and all of 
o"i' friends will do well to possess themselves 
of Mr. McCi-eady's specimens. 

— G- M, Smitlnlealliasadded to his Practical 
M...;!,,'";-^ ( ■oil,.-.- I^ir-innond. Va., a well-organ- 

'"'' ''I'lit r shorthand and type-writ- 

the management of J. E. 

'■■ ' >> j.lL-ased to note that this 

of penwork engraved fro 


be has a good command of the pen. 
—We have received a very neatly-written 


_ — _,, „. .. „, — , „„^estown, N. 

Y.; a. G. Brown, HaiTisburg, Pa., and J. H. 
Bacbtenkircher. Princetown, Ind. 

—When it comes to work with the auto- 
matic ^n C. E. Jones, Tabor, Iowa, is on 
" reminded of this by looking 

This branch 
before, i 

i twenty-third annual 
May 14, the 


Cal.,and J. W. 

— C. J. Lysmg, Nipi 
Jones, Osmau's, Ohio, h 
ing that their 
specimen exchangers, f he 

" e on the list. 

North Dak. . thinks 

s^iguedto facilitate frewlom of 
a positio: 

bt to be cultivated by every young 
, .ji gjyp y^y "poiuter^i," 

— W. F. Martin, Princeton, Kan., contributes 
a variety of specimens, written and drawn. So 
does A. H. Barbour, Tabor, Iowa, including a 
batch of students' work. Clarence E. Ormsby, 
Stafford Springs, Conn., shows what a four- 
teen-year-old can do. His conception of form 
is good, but there are evidences^of balky move- 

— C. M. Weiner, South Whitney. Ind., sends 
us a pen-drawiug "Midsummer Greeting." 
The design is in the form of an angel holding 
a spear with a banner on Which is the legend 
" ;H8D," while with the other hand she shoivers 
upon th^ grateful earth flowers from a cornu- 
"' "' 1^ student, 

—It is a long time since we have seen a more 
graceful, well-graded, elegantly-written set of 
written sUps for home practice than that sent 
us by Prof. W. H. Patrick, of Baltimore. 
They are the same slips that he is serving bis 

iional to take Patrick's 

the specimens. 

-Handsome specimens of i 

for the sake of 

student c 

fully-flom-ished specimens. J. A. Willis, j^-..- 
man of the Little Rock, Ark., Commercial 
„n J, - .. ajTumetrical figure, 


I greater admiration for bis 

beautiful penmanship. An elegant set of cap- 
itals and a bird of no uncertain feather re- 
mind us that the pen of om- old friend W A 
Moulder, Adi'ian, Mich., is in no danger of 
losing its cunning. 

— Here is another penman who goes right on 
doing good work, and is equally at home in- 
structing claswes, dashing off card-work or 
Svmg a poetical twist to a pen-peacock's tail, 
e IS J. G. Harmison, of the faculty of that 
highly prosperous institution, the Commercial 
College of the Uuiveirsity of Kentucky, situ- 
ated at Lexington. Harmison is well situated 
and gives the greatest satisfaction to em- 
ployers and pupils. Like scores of others be 
got his place originally through The Jouk- 
NAL. His automatic-pen mottos, by the way, 

— O. O. Runkle, of Mai-shalltown, Iowa, re- 
news his compliments to The Journal in a 
well-executed set of capitals. W© are mdebted 
to C. E. Ball, of Hopkins, Mo., for a number 
of graceful specimens. W. B. Robinson 
wnting-teacher. Murphy, N C, contributes a 
httle pen-drawing gem, repi-esenting a winter 
scene. From J. T. Perry. Pleasant Praule, 
Iowa, we have a bii-d flourish and visiting 
cards. The latter ai-e very creditable the 
flourish indifferent. J. W. Jones. Osman's, 
Ohio, sends somecleverly-execut«d fancy card 

—The penmanship of the letters received 
from the following persons is pai-ticularly 
deserving of mention: J. C. Kane, Eaton & 
Bennett's Busmess College, Baltimore: L. Mor- 
ris, Central Business CoUuge, Sedaiia Mo ■ 
S. B. Wibert, Andover, Ohio; C. H. Sage" 
president Three Rivers, Mich^ Busme*« Col- 
lege; C. O. Ferrin, secretary Buffalo, N Y 
College of Commerce; G. W. Wallace, Wil' 
igton, Del., Commercial College; F W 

Wis. ; W. H. Reid, Tacoma, Wash. Ter : n 
A. Van Dyck. Albany, N. Y.; A. S. Guthrie. 
San Bernardino, Cal. ; D. L. Stoddard. To- 
peka, Kan.: W. W. Blair, Boston; F. J To- 
land. Canton, III. ; L. B. Lawson, Los Angeles. 
Cal.; T. J. Risinger. Utica, N. Y., Business 
College; M. V. Chambers, Mt. Vernon, Iowa 

Club« for April. 

The kuig club for the past month Is agahi 
divided, thirty-oue subscriptions coming from 
E. H. Robins, of the Southwestern Business 
College, Wichita. Kan., and the same number 
from the Detroit Business University. The 
queen club is from T. J. Rismger, of the Utica, 
N. Y., Business College, It numbers 34. A 
club of ai comes from a well-known Illinois 
Business College, the name of the sender being 
withheld by request. L. B. Lawson, Los An- 
geles, Cal.. sends 18 subscriptions; D. C. Rugg, 
Archibald Business College, Minneapohs. 17; 
M. V. Chambers, Mount Vernon, Iowa, and 
O. C. Dorney, Allentowu, Pa., 14 each; L. E. 
Kimball, Lowell. Mas*., 11; J. E. Gamer, 
Harrisburg, Pa., C. H. McCargar, Ottawa! 
Unt., J. O, Harmison, Lexington, Ky,. J. H. 
Bacbtenkircher, Princeton, Ind.. S each. An ^ 
unusually large number of smaller clubs has 
been received. 



MStnteomia)."J41 (MMinty 

scratch for it just 

, , I ,,' " l.nown tflescr>i)e maker, 

, ,,,,! . |,,,,, to comtruct a 40-inch 

v. III.' Ini tlii-nliMTvntory of the Uuivonrity 
..utlHTii unlitoroia. Tliis will sui-pa** i" 

niid piiwcr aiiy wlesoope ever iimdc. it 

i>(Mt iliiiii.niio. 

,,.! Hi.-ii> 'were 1^ Anu-ricjin students 

M.I, 111 whit-ll tlie 
I thf morning, take 
quarterly couvorsa- 
rda of the pei-sons 

there?" Tramp: " 1? Nothing: oulv hanmng 
some peare on the tree again that had latleu 
down."— Mail and Bxjirem. 

' ' Lie on the left side," says a health Journal. 
Ifithad been a law journal it would have «nd: 

,1, ... Mil M.vv .-xmus.veg all the .,..»-. . -.. 
I,, Hm |.ii" I an officer was killed yester- 
I ,, ! li. . I. -.lunging his duty."— Sftoe and 

HnusekwiHT. after dining a tramp: " Why 
don't you go to work*" Tramp: " I am not 
able to do hai-d work, madam. As a boy J 
was obligwi to go to Sunday-school in all 
soi-tfi of weather, made me very delicate, 

Cari»et Dealer: " Yes, madam, that is a fine 
stair-cai-pet and very durable." Woman: 

Mother : " Johnny, Vm shocked to hear you 

II foi- Pemis^'Ivam'a, Ma. 
for Washmgton. Pu. 
Mit we don't Tike Wash. 

reacUfd l»'rJ. " Mijumia, the coiisc-cutivene 
nnd th^- pievalency of these interroinable casi 
irntions arc slowly sapping my very hie.' 

■ wiiiii I-. ;i ni:iii nl-war?" said a teacher to 
(,,.,1,-- ' \ . ; iiH r," wasthepromptreply. 
" \\ ] :> n .1.. ii jiir" "Its screw, sir.' 
. u Its crew, sir."— Occoii. 

\,. I . w lint sort of a band does 

Mr>. T'liiiiijay; "Housed towltoabeautiful, 
large llowiug hand, but one dav he shook 
bauds with John L. S\illivan, and since then- 
his writing has beau very cramiK'd."—/*ar/inj/- 

Tbe lettering is well done, and aliaded 
very much as if a double-poioted shnding- 
pen had been used. 

Sllrrine Vp »lie Peunien. 

The follov;ing extract from n letter from 
Prof. S. R. Webster, of Moore's Business 
College, Atlanta, shows how The Jour- 
KAi.'s prize competitions are regarded by 
one of the beat-posted men in the penman- 
ship profession: 

1 tliink your piiw' L-.mii)etitions have in- 
fused bv ("" ■ ' iiiiiir-t throughout the 

fore com.- Mm ...' Ill- nf what might be 

madea^.M ■■ various branches 

oftbemt I.. |ii-t svl ii ixlcnt this oppor- 
tunity tor a match oi iivmn imd bra%vn among 
the stunly kuiglits of i\n, iiuill has touched tbe 
responsive cboi-d along the line is letter known 

oommerctnl branohoa. v.m.f"-."' f 

Send photos and staM? Mlary. Heference. To 
begin Sept. Ist. Address "COHMEBCIAL.'; 
care of Thb Penman's Abt Journal. *-tf 

raercial < 

WANTED— A (Iret-class Teacher of Pen- 
manship for the ne.xt school year. Must 
h^ .. ^,...A UKatnoea wHror nil cx pcrienoect and 


r JODRNAL,2n5 D'dway, N. Y 

WANTED— about September Ist, at one of 
the oldest and best-eatablishea busmesa 
colleges in the country, a first-class, experienced 
and successful Teacher of Penmanship and En- 
Bllsh Branches. Applicant must be a superior 
penman and good disciplinarian, and present 
best of references. Good salary and permanent 
position to acceptable party. Address, at once. 

l>oy wlio bad 
I brother, " I 
at the sqiiai-e 

• tilts br 

t of (iod 1 have 

captmvd by the 

I any of you tell mo whoi-v he was after 

Chorus: " Yes, ma'am." 

" Well, this dear little boy may toll me." 

Dear little boy; "In the soup." 


'3S-:,M-'OT -^^i^m^w^-. 



S?i^3i6i:«t Cliilan to^c.y. 

The Above Cut ia a Reduced Fac-Simile of a Diploma Executed in The Journal OJ? 
The Size of the Diploma is 16 DC 20 Inches. We Keep in Stock Various Diplom 
any School. Special Deaigns Made to Order Promptly. Send for Our Diplom 
Styles of Various Stock Diplomas. 

for the Adrian College, Adrian, Mich. 
Suited for Use in any Department of 
; Circular Giving p7-icea and Shoudng 

i-.t wellt" CarpetDealer: "Madam, 

.ai-s ago I sold a piece of that carpet 

111 and she used it ten years steady." 

oumii: "Then did she throw it away?" Car- 

t Dealer: "No, madam, I should say not. 

pet Dealer: " No, madam, i snou 
For the last four yeara her boy has 

nvai^^nv TinntK." — .Tuilfie. 

A Corn-stalk Pen 


Thinking I have 
heard of before, I 
iTiv lettering witl 
-stalk pen. Tliis 

lething you never 

y double-pointed 

. I my first attempt, 

as I have no steel ])en. I have since or- 
dered some double-pointed pens, so I hope 
to do better work. 

The pith of a dry corn-stalk is also very 
nice to clean the point of a pen with 
while doing flue work; I think much bet- 
ter than rt cloth — it does not heat the pen 

to yom-self than to othei-s; but it is evident 
fi-om tbe specimens produced, the "n'n'oiis 

peumauistic n 

POSITION WANTED by a first-class 

■* - ■ inship nnd Commercial 

■ood Business College. 

Teacher of Penmanship nnd Comraen 

beat of lefei-cn. 
anil ability. Address 


ryt^ BUSINESS < 

Three dollars payx foi "" ■•'■ ' 
Ibis kind [not exceedin'j n, . ■ ■ 
iiif/il anrf eutitlea ^A*- .n^ 

without extra t-harye. M'. hnr.' 
hund reds of sit ualiona in this way. 


1 class Penman and " 

pct^it teacher of c 

s College, Br 

■aoSyn; E^"^:'.^. 1 

1 ttlEN: 
of an A 1 


lighfa Bu8- 

1WANT El»IP1.0\'inENT.-Can teach 
Book-keeping. Plain and Ornamental Pen- 
manship, Letter-Wniiug, Grammar and assist In 
Business Practice Department. Good habile, and 
can give excellent reference*. Address 




All the pencil guide-lines uswl id this 
copy are showu in aud arouud letters L, 
M and N. They should be mndc very 
Iifi:litly. so tlmt when the j) 

npletc HtHf 
Tlir I.M 

..1 i- I- 

'ill be 


L'd iind tilt 

\\ he 

lied I 


l.ositioii. Make the <,Toiip of lines A A 
first, idiiiineneing lit the outside aud 
making; them closer aud heavier as the 
letters are ajiproached. Work from A 
to N across the top, then turn the sheet 
from N to A across the bottom, stopping 
when the top and bottom of the letters 
are reached, as seen in J K. Next lay in 
the lines immediately back the letters 
and then the sloping lines from A to N, 
and from N to A, making them from the 

Fill in the sloping lines back of the 
Icttei-s and then proceed at pleasure to the 
liuish, with such other lines as seem 
necessary to produce the desired effect. 
OutUne the letters very carefully with 
pencil, and when working with the pen 
and ink be careful to not make such mis- 
lakes as you see illustrated in the tongue 
of Q. This we count a graduating exer- 
cise in lettering, but shall give you one or 

e supplying a good t 

only t9, and \ 

them, because a saving of ?.1,5 

pen artist, no person intending to l)econie ^ 

artist, can afford to l>e without these standai-d 

works. We are aLso still supplying 

Compendium" as a special prom' 

sender of a club of ten subscribers 

with regular premium. H. H. Todd, 

than pleaj*ed 

Great Is the Klntrdom of the ITIIt-hf- 

A spring whose water is a perfect writ- 
ing fluid has been discovered m Michigan. 
Now all that is needed is the discovery of 
a lake of writing paper, a mine of postage- 
stamps and a i|uarry of steel pens in the 
same vicinity to make that portion of 
Michigan a "literary center." — A'ew York- 

AiithorH ITite Violet Ink 

Violet ink is becoming distinctly thi- 
author's ink. It is curious how general the 
use is spreading among auth.irs. The poet 
Whittier rarely uses ink of any other color, 
and manuscripts or notes from his pen in 
black ink ore only occasional. Mr. Howells 
is entirely given to employing violet ink 
in all his work, and Julian Hawthorne only 
uses black when his favorite ink is un- 
obtainable. Biisiness and social letters 
written by the Century editor, Richard 
Watson Gilder, are invariably in violet ink. 
Charles Dudley Warner's passion for the 





If J 


sn Uliy of B. H. SPKX- 
PENMANSHIP. aciul 26 oeiita to him 
Biid wcclven dozen beautifully written ctirds, 
A linndsoine Souvenir contniulngi sample cat^ 
mailed to you for 15 cents, together with clr- 
eular glvlnii n liberal commission to u^nu. 




prices on Pens. OWIquu Holtlers. &c. 

Kj H H Khbe llluitiatmy Ha Lesson Aicompanying [Plu,to-i,ngraved) 

I Avvuog 


be usiil by ;ill stinU-iit^.ir Fouiuonshlp li 

. CARHART. Publlalier, 

I alphabets before proceeding to 
as in engrossing. 

1 Fayette, 

Aiitueraph Ti^le nt I 

Since we prmted the doubtful 
fered by Professor Robinson, o. ^^ .-o»ci-w 
]nd.,a number of frieads of The Jocrnai 
have sent us autographs more or less obsem-e. 
The signatiu-e preseiit«i by Mr. Robinson was 
given in The Jopknal more as a novelty than 
anything else, aud we don't cai-e to go into the 
prnctice extc'usiwlv- After all. it signiHes 

fa^biun si 
luiy attempts 

Cily (£an.l Busmess i 
stand for H. F. Sinmis, 
accurate ivsemblanee ' 
stat« of dilapidation. 

A UtK'riil Devic 

L young ] 
tvd a de' 

' copies of Gaekell' 
UR, aL>out two hundre' 
side. The book is fllle*! 
s of Amerierm and foreitru pen- 

Hand-Book," about two hundre^l 

Ifl»iiey-SaviuK Arllhiiit'llc. 

+ 7J< = 12!^. iJo say the aiithmetios. We 
'• discovered a trick, however, worth two of 
t, "Ames' Compendium'' («5). added to 

•• New Spenceriau Compendium" (*7.50) 
lid natm-ally cost the purchasei- $13 HO 
are still supplying them, however, for 

color extends to the violet flower. It is 
extremely seldom that any "copy" by 
him is seen in black ink. Bayard Taylor 
always dipped his pen in a staiid of violet 
ink when in his study. Among women 
writers, strange enough, the practice does 
not seem so marked, Mrs. Custer is given 
to it, and likewiseisAugusta Evans Wilson 
and Grace Greenwood. One explanation 
of the practice is undoubtedly that the 
violet color is softer to the eye, and this 
is an important consideration with people 
who constantly use the \ien.~-liontoii 

Another Short Sentence. 

EoiTon OF The Journal: 

There have lately been published in 
The Journal and in other papci-s scvcnil 
attempts to construct a s\u,\\ sniirn, c < mi- 
taiuing all the letters .if iln' .iliili.ii.rt 
You published one not Ion- n-u u hi, 1, pin- 
ported to be the shortest, llir \viii,r i Lum- 
irg that it consisted of only twenty-six 
letters, and yet comprised all the letters 
of the alphabet. On looking it over I 
found two duplicates' and two omissions, 
Q and W not appearing at all and S and P 
being repeated. I now inclose a sentence 
that does contain ev.ry letter of the alpha- 
bet, and none is repeated : 

J. Q. Vandz struck my big fox whelp. 
I think this cannot be excelled for brevity, 
however defective it may appear in other 
respects. Youra triUy. 

" G D. C. 

Woi-cester, Mass. 

" G. D. C.'s " point as to the brevity of 
his sentence is certainly unassailable. The 
sentence, however, is open to the criticism 
of employing arbitrary proper names. 
Why not take the alphabet through 
straight ? 


And may be worth $1,000 to you!! 

Can there be any truth in the above 
branch of education which is id buaine^ i 
S500 or gouo a year to $1 .000 or 81.500 a year 
have, then the thought, the word, or tae ob 
truthfully couDted worth luao}^ tfaousaods'of dollars, 
women lo-dar hold good positions which they ^B 
Write well. A gobd position may be open to you j 
lie? Will it meet the (teiniLnfU nf b..«in»af ir A 
which Is to place within 

8 demand e 

Inspired you [< 

sider: If i 

f salary i 
r position than you otherw' 


r ability to 


* and figures, with illustrated 

ne all capitals, su 
. for rtfty cents. / 

written in good, rapid business s 
dons for pen-holding anc 
say they may be worth JS.Oi 

Lie or the Best Linen Paper for execiillnir vonr Rneelmen 
of Writlue and Plouri>hlns on """* *"'"^ ■pecinicn 

the beat paper that can be bad for anp price and gives_ great satiafactron. 

i Hourishio 

I, and the p 

st possible 

iis $1.60 for ^„ 

', and smaller packages a 

1 furnish i 
.id. We 


Gold, pust'pai 

Black cart 

being gaudy. 

th the name written in yetlow or vermilion are un 
I INK is the finest, richest and brightest you i 

e and very 
' saw. banijik 

hand-worked copy. i 

Price, post-paid. J.'J, 

e and proflt. 

very moderd 

to the elaboi 

Samples an I 

,=^,i iiT'*'^^ ''■?'" *^-^" upwarj. accord- 
BM.u"J?."'*', '° " ""''■V o' eirective 
I applicatlo i from those in position to 


t the Japan Ink we st 

It a sample nourish and our autouraph. execuiediuVl 

u that not only the ink hut the peas also are Just what you w 

graved from our pel-work, suitable for iiluitratioia i 
■jnatantly inoklnsr additions ti 

•lees seat on oppUcatlwn." 

[1 the world for elegant writing 

f they please you. Proofs luTJ 

H. W. KIBBE, Pen Artist, 

P.ii-Woik, U<-iil<r ill P.iiiii 
lislKT o( Al|)liiiliels 
XJTIC-A. - - - 

So many people know about tlicsc 
Looks tliat it .cenis ipiite unnccessarv 
to advertise tliem, but we owe some- 
thing to tlie professional journals, 
and especially to the Pknman's Art 
JoUKNAl,, that does so much for our 
kind of education, and so nehly de 
serves support. The P. A. J. is an 
excellent advertising mediinn for 
thos(! who wish to reach live teachers 
and thoughtful studentn. These peo- 
ple all take it and read it. They 
even read the advertisements, if they 
arc worth reading and that is why 
this advcrtiBemeut goes in. If it is 
not worth reading it won't be be- 
ca\isc tlie things it talks about are 
unworf y. Everybody should know 
better than that. 'Take tlio " Packard 
Coinmercial Arithmetic," for instance 
—a book that is outselling any other 
commercial arithmetic ever pub- 
lished in this country. It is simply 
wonderful how that book has grown 
into favor during the past few years. 
No school of any account thinks of 
doing without it, and the number of 
single copies sold to jirivate students 
is almost past bi-lirf. It simply 
qoea. Thereare t\V" I'liti'in- "I this 
book, both good, thi: .■..mplrtr 
tiou that retails at ^il.od, and tlic 
school edition that sells for a dollar. 
Then there is " Packard's Complete 
Course"— a little book of 100 paj^cs 
that sells for 50 cents, and contains 
all the instruction in book-keepin;; 
and eorrospondonce that some 
schools need. Tliis is not ecinal in 
merit, however, to " Packard's New 
Mannal of Book-keeping and Cor- 
respondence," a more recent and ex- 
tensive publication. This book is a 
charming text-book and is used in 
all tirst-class schools. Quite a nmu- 
ber of people have tried to imitate 
it, but all have failed. It stands ab- 
.solutcly alone and unapproachable, 
and ni'ily cost.s at retail one dollar. 
It isTi't iicicssiiry to say that these !in- |iiit l"r'th by the author of 
tlic oM lir\:int \- Stratton text-books. 
Kvnvl.nih kiHiwstliat. Itiswellto 
kiiuw. iiU.i. ili;it tliey are the result 
1,1 Hinrr (Ikui thirty years of contin- 
in.ui- work in the field they ti-averee. 
It might be well for the few people 
who liavcn't examined them serious- 
ly to do so now. Whoever may be 
seized with such a desire, and will 
mention t/iis advertisement, can have 
either of the books by remitting 
one-half the /etail rates, as stated 
herein. Address 


im Eiist -iM St.. Now Yorlc. 

There is Mliing Like 

My Written Compendium is 

provMii; a pcrtVct Mibstitiitf lessons 
Ijy mail. Those who have bought it 
are jilidin^ into a free movement and 
easy style of writing with .is little dif- 
ficu'lly as 1 could ask were they under 
my personal supervision. The Com- 
pendium is a success as a /wwf instruc- 
tor, because 1 use a method in the 
first exercises which compils the right 
mm'tmrnl. 1 firmly believe any joung 
person of common sense may become 
a graceful writer by following up the 
idea carried out in this compendium. 
It embraces everything necessary in a 
fifteen lesson course, and would be a 
big help to traveling teachers. I'rice 
One Uolhir by mail, post-paid. 


lO Ceiils. 


10 Cents. 


I(> Cents. 


lO Cents. 

515 East Stale Street, Trenton. N. 1. 


Rapid 'WrIHnir is this: f'*"-S;xty Cents 
he illl mail you ~Blxler*8 Physical 
Training Im Peiiinantthlp," ^^ipag". 
full cloih (.nKliriK, "I'l i'"; " I*eopie'» Wi'rit- 


.,~ i-MF 1.. Oil made, li is fjum 

BIXLER, Piitlislier, Waosler, OMo. 


Clgantlc. \ 





Standard Typewriter. 


il pri'e< 


,,,iii|,i, I i, ,,! i<:l|>|'1-^ oil applicatic 

Championship of the World, 

At Toronto, in open Contest, Aug. 13, 1888. 

327 Broadway New York. 

iB The Modern Wayl 


hL- nhl ilnidficry of cniKlucliiii; correspond, in . 

onally v 
and to 

I Ihir 

stiiiiograiillers and tyiicnriters 
is increasing every day. No well regulated 
house will do without one. Young men and 
young women alike fill these desirable situations, 
IVe Vroiure Sitnullous for our Orndii- 
ates. Shorthand taught by mail. Send us your 
name and we will write you full particulars. It 
will cost vou nothing. Address 

W. C. CHAFFEE, Oswego, N. Y. 

>rt. fluurlsbinK, 
ritin? of all dcseriptii'us. 
mq 2.— Ttte " Business l»eu " for book-lieep- 
B. biiok-keenlng studeote, and all wishing a 



BOX 63, "STATION W.." 


Pernin Universal Phunojinpliv. 

The only Non-Sliailiii«^ 

■ - ■ - .t-Han.l - I 

_ompletes a cmrSL- lij iii:iil . 
.1 lesson and ciruulaii* 1 itc. \v 


Ulilent i 
c aud i 

the vcrv »h(.rUst tin,.- possilde. 'l-lu- plan 
for conductiu!; tlli.^ course i.^ onKiuiil, and 
to it I credit the wonderful siie-cess I have 
had teaching by mail. 

That I have had wonderfid success is 
showu by the following specimen of im- 
lirovemeut ; 



The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

Price Ileductd to »%ti. 


miakes Writing a Pleasure. 

The old style I clipped from his letter or- 
dpriug the com-se, and the uew stylejie 
sent me after completing the course. His 
P. C). iuldress is Chitmbersburg, Pa. lie 

"I most sincerely thank you for th** Uiodlv iu- 
terest you maDife-ted in me as a student. I am 
more tban 88tisfled, and miny times repaid for 
[uy small investment of $4.00. 

' I. C. WALK." 

Those who wish to become tine penmen 
iit small expense, and are willing to give 
the subject a little attention, will find in 
this course just what they want. 


ii>t oiiouKb so tbut iheT ai 

ascentsj-ach or three tor 6 
u Oblique Holder sent lor 1. 

Finest quality. .'lOO sheets, sljte 8 x 10, ruled. 
ja.aJ: ^TiO sheets. $1.50. Unruled. BOO sheeti* 
$3 00; 850 fcheeta. $1,20. 6ent by express, 


lot do fiood wiitini; with pc 

black a 
ror^l . 

quart, Uei,ipe for 


W8 freely. Sent by express 
king the Brilliant Ink,60v. 

iiost skillful penmen 
The following packai 

; uork pcnbolder, 

iriie of the finest twrtfew 
Mr. Dakin is »n« (ff the 
I the covntry. 

D. y. -■*«£.«. 
8 will be found to eo&t4iQ 
vill equal the nark of any 

rlt'c 20 cunts, contains 

I of 

B pens and samples of 

Ice 40 ceiilM, contains 

business capitals and 

ntH, contains 

1 of llouriibing, 


/Ifteniorv -^^"X.zr\ i i 

^ pructloal reliable ' 
iiH'tbiid. Tlioroujihly taught by corres- 
pondenire. Imlorsed by lending edueatora. 
Spet'ial inducements to tenchers. Descriptive 
pamphlet fi*e- 

ri.2 C W. nth St., New York City. I 

with the beaulifui 
which 1 CI 
ove should 

A. W 

possible styles 
pleaste you but 
original BVyle^ 




30 Johnson St., SYRACUSE, N. Y. 

Charge yonr Memory to try AMES' 
llEST PENS. Bv 111) imnsibility 
,MV fmi;.-! tlic lt-<i"ilt. 

\ effort- i 

ulOullv 1 



Cor more riahornte descriptions and rtclUy 11- 
luBlrat*^! list send teD cuts for Tue JornvAL for 
December. ItW». 


Kiir fl we will "Piir! TUE Jovrnal one yi-ar 'with 
i-lioii'o dF Wtf followitiR elegant preinluus/rpf : 

plonrisljed Eagle " 2ixia 

Flourished Sl«g " Mx88 

(•enicnnial Picture ot Progress " « x 28 

Oarllfld Memorial .- , " ^ x 21 
Family K^'cord ' IS * 82 

Man'i»K'?'''''-iilii'f''- " ^^^'^^ 

'""[Vn'.'i'i.n.'llip 'lT,-!.i'h.iii') •• 24x80 

Th.-i I'll iiiJiini iitr uiiliout etfeption careful 

r(.|ii,,,|.|, ii.ii- ,,i - .iftliemost elegant speci- 

TiH'jj- 111 iiiiuiiii. >>ir sliown ill this country. 

Iiililnce ofanyof ihe-aliove.a subscriber rem it- 
liiiKjl The .locuNAMiiay receive as premium 

Sl.;5. Boll. Ill- • ' "■■! ' ■'/"/ NWm have 

rea.d.(>,lal...niMi|..u- -M, .n,.| ,,,■■■ l.ui'jM fy;n 

].Mi' ii. ii 'i ,.,. - . ii. r. 'ii.ui of n person of averagp 
oil.. ^. .1 n ■'■ I" ■l.ah mid a copy oi tlie 

Special Premiums for Clube. 

TosiiiiKilak'UHxe who interest theniselvrs in 

,„-p.>- '1. < <i 'H i>K.< be eatlllfd 

to ,1 1 rh I'.iiiii |.i 'MS enumerated 

:ihii\. 1 1 I ( ■■ ■■ -' - '" itie sender of 

(lit- til. I. UhtiL j<n iiiiu;ii.-. ,iik afiii- by express 


PorS3we will seni^ two subscriptions and an 
exlrii i.remiiiiu nf .j^j.s' ««<>/? ia*clotb. 

Fi.i *i" t. II -111 ■■ riptinn-sand a copy of Amfn' 

,„,<,: , , ; thi* superb work, recog- 

iii/. I I ' I, I II I I- >'', We have heretofore 

I .1 - I iiiii-- and a quarter-gross 

,i,..i -iiiihiiM.i ~. I.'. ii..i(^. suitable fur entertain- 
~ ments. private readings, £o. 

For «8, two subscnplions and Historu of the 
United st'itca, beautliully printed and bound, 
Price 81. 

For $ii, six suliBcrlplioiis and the Wontlir 
Ciim.rii Pho oijiaphtc Outfit by express. This 
outm 'OHiaiiisnll that is needed to malce a coui- 
pleio i)holoRriiph. 

l"iir ?!!. nine siihypriptions and the Uitiijne TvU- 

lilt 111 !!■ ■! i.i-'-! I i|i. checkered, Iweuty-tiv.i 

iiii I A I.S are beaulifully bound. 

,1-1 !i I li of them in TnK JouiiNAi, 

1 ui ;1l. llilui'm ^nliscriptions and Dn-kniB' 
.■■•in]il fi \\'tiik\, roiirtcen volumes, handsomely 
iiiiii\d. By express. 

{:^'A treseutsubscriber sending subscriptions 

The International Cyclopedia 




the South, 
with partlee 

hi'ls made for c 
ited with 
iimblo price 

Northern Illinois College of Pen Art, 


WeW York Fine porti'ait Gompanij 

studio, 46 West 23d Street, New York, 

Will make you Elegant Crayon Portraits from $5.50 to 

$7.50, for which the prevailing Market 

Price is from S25 to S60. 

These prices ai-e to introduce our work, after which we shall charge more — and 
you will pay it willingly. Good agents make excellent wages without wearing out 
their shoes and their lungs, as our portraits canvass for themselves. Rpfei to Prof. 
1). T. Ames, editor of This Pen-man's Akt Journal. 





Most Durable, Most Elastic, Most Satisfactory 
and in the long run far the Cheapest. 



Traiiip Ynunir Mon. lloyp, Micldle-ajretl Men 
a YouuK Ladies for a succeesf ul start in Uuei- 
s Life. The Larjiest and most popular School 
till- ii'iiTitrv. t'uuree of study combines 

,,i s IN iiii I I 11 1 li I-, by a system of buslnees 

1 III rcalvalues. No Vacations. 

.1 I iiis agisted to situatlooa. 

p and Cnllego Journal 

National Business University 



writing it, wi^'h inatniotlons; or send me a 8-oent 
stamp, and 1 will seud vou addresBe<I in mv own 
hand, price list descriptive of lessons by Mall, Ex- 
tended Movements, Tracing Sxerolses, Capitals, 

Cards, Flourishing, 

A. B, P/ 

P. S.— No postal 


|irtNi-nt iiabHCiiber who will sejid us one 
jri|iiiou (not a renewal; and $1 to pay for 
will send The Complete Book of Home 
■ut». a splendid volume of eutertainmeut 
oine circle and social gatherings. The 
r also gets his choice of our regular pre- 

13 T. .AMIES, 

We Use no Other. ^^^ 

i" Ames' Best Pens. 

Sales larger tlian of any pen ever put ou the Americiiu 
market (in an eiiual period), yet the pi-ice of Ames' Best Pen is 

a little higher than that of other pene. 

But is it not worth your while to pay a few cents more on 
the gross and jjet a pen that will give you better service and 
outlast two of the ordinary f-ort? 

Quarter gross, 35 cents; one gross, $1.00. Special intro 
duction price to scliooU 

n. T. A IVIES, 



iourishing have received the hlffhest commenda- 

a first-class 
. . Le 
possible ni 

tshlnc. Lettering 

[-■ ij A. E. UEWHURST, Utica, N. Y. 


OurComolete Work, $1.00. with 
$5.00 Certificate. 

Rook -Keeping and Shorthanu 

Taujhl by Mail. Catalogue Flee. 

H A R R I ^PJ^^fS'^^iL^i 

til 111! si ciioirra pliers. Speelmen copies free. 

Tin- i>i'iccs Kiveu umliT the iMtrti 
moil, twputy-five * ' 

■nz'- inclu'l" t-nst .>f .tnuvin - find nii 

1 Oiemost boautir 
tnwf qualilii: look at thrbeauiifwt ., 

[■0,1— nf till- various =,ize= anrl styles intlicftted. Where cuts are to be sent 

,/. f,,,. /J,, ,;,.„. 'I'll,, ii)iTii)i'>rt><l cuts repi'esenta few of the hundreds of 

,1 i, , I,,. II ji.ihnr other cuts for sale, illustrating every 

,, .,,r ,1 1. M,, I ri-om your originals or oui-s. Rienatures 
, , , , ; iifices. Our work gxiaranteed to be the 

ID. T. .A^lvIES. SOS "Bro£Lc3.-wa.y I>Te-vv- ITorlc. 


Description of those Made by 

N«. 1 la a compromise between Old Knfllsli aud 

. _ _ . _ Bmblea No. 1. only the peu is n 
and the Bhade comia on the lert, having 
pleasing effect. „.,... 

Vn. 418 based on the "Germ&cText," and adapt- 

Dittirul Snrlpt, and eepeclaliy adapted 

"No. 61» Itased on the "Marking Alphabet," and 
' Bd to rapid and pliiin worlt. 

s i^lmilar to No, '■!, but e'peelally for ^mall 

'^ No. 8 may be called the "Block," aa the letters 
leem to be made of square piecea. 
No. is based on the " Old English." 

3 reaemblea No. 1 
be shai' 

4^8 b J 

. 3. Sisab 
small pens ; 

IB adapted to rapid and pliiin work. 
No.r' ■ " ■ 

a be 'made of square i> 
,._. J is based on the "Old _ „ 
Ho. 10, the Figures, useful and o 

Any or all of above, 15 cents each. 
Ornainrnts and Ornnmentnl nesigns, 
Inflnlto In number. 10 cents each. $1 per dozen 
t by Hall n specialty. 

12 le-is 



C. E 

aH«=sons, HO 

Tabor, lo 




The only Penmanebip Paper ia the South 
published monthly. It is beautifully illus- 
trated, practicil, proKressive and instruct 
ive. Its columns are devoted to the inter- 
ests of penmanship in all its departmeDta, 
to self improvement and practical educa- 
\ijn. SubscriptioD, 50 cents per year. A 

mple copy for 




Any of the following articles will, upi>n receipt 
of price, be promptly forwarded by mail (or express 
when ao stated): . , ^ ,, 

When 10 centa extra are remitted merohandlxe 
wilt be sent by registered mail. 

All ex[n-ess and C.O.D.charjrcs must bu imid 
by the purchaser, 
imes' Compendium of Practical and Oma- 

nieutal Penmanship $■'• "0 

Amos' Book of Alphabets 160 

Ames' Guide to Practical and Artistic Pen- 
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Amefc* Copy Slips for self-Teacher? M 

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cei Brothers ■ . ■ - 

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Kibbe'sAlpnatjeta, five slips. 2 

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Little's Illustrative Handbook 

Grant Memorial 

Kamlly Heeord 

Marriage Certificate 

Garfield Memorial 

Lord's Prayer 

Bounding Stag 

Fliiurished Eagle 

Centennial Picture of Progress. 

Eulogy of Lincoln and ( 
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c; complete 

I Drawing... 

ISxSJ " 
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Penman's Journal nud send 1 

to tbo Joseph Dixon Ciiicibic lo.. 01 jcitst:',* 

City, N. J ., for samples worth double the money. 



No. ISS. 

Expressly adapted for professional use and orna- 
mental penmanship. 



All of Standard and Superior Qaality. 








11. -.1 KKKE to any jmrt of the United States 

J<ir tlox fontatnina Ona-ftntyth ilnmn. 

for a ttutk GrogM. 

for Four One-fourth Gnmg lit.xeit fii 


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rllVV/ hr rriidlj Jll^list 1st.) 





COMMERCIAL ^^^ag^r^^ - ^ - -- . ...-^g^^yL _ 1 SEVENTY LESSONS IN 


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sale, $1.10; Introduction, 75c. Introductive Bookkeeping ; 115 pages 8^x12 inches. Prices: Retail, $i.2j^;' Wholes.ile, 750. ; Introduction, Coc. (The 
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100 pages 5 JxS^ inches. Prices: Retail, 75c.; Wholesale, 50c. ; Introduction, 37tc, This is a new work now in preparation, and will come from the press about 
.\ugust 1st, 1889. It is designed more especially for young pupils in common and district schools. The principal part of the book is devoted to single entry, 
but it contains sets illustrating the principles of double entry. Each of the editions contains a large number of elegant script illustrations. 

Commercial ArithLmetiC— Cloth, 275 pages 6J.^xio inches. Prices: Pvetail, $2.00: Wholesale, 

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: from the press about August 1st, 1889. 

Practical Gramnnar and. Correspondence.— cioth,ioo pages 6j.^xio inches. 

Prices: Retail, 75c.; Wholesale, 50c. ; Introduction, 37JC. 

Seventy Lessons in Spelling.— Cloth, 130 pages 4x6 inches. Prices: Retail, 30c.; Whole- 



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3d.— The lateral spacing is uniform, each word filling a given space and 1 

stretching to secure such results. See above copies. 
4th, — Beautifully printed by Lithography ! No Cheap Relief Plate Printing \ 

Barnes' Ink Ii:is jimt bet-n udopted for 
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of New York City. 


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Send 10 cents for unique card of difTerent 


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5th.— Words used are all familar to the pupil. Sn- .il)ovc copies. Contrast them with such words as "zeugma, 

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6th.— Each book contains four pages of praciice paper— one-sixth more paper than in the books of any other 

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7th. — Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted paper, rendering them very 

8th.— Very low rates for introduction. I Imi .m ll.c- cheapest In.oks in America. 


Scores of books are now being made to imitate the Barnes' but they are merely "connecting links." 

An Elegant Specimen Book contai ning all the Copies of the Se ries sent GRATIS to any Teacher. 

"^rroTr^ \ a. s. barnes & co., Publishers. ;"'*:rror"" 

Published Monthly 
adway, N. Y,. for $1 per Year 


ered at the Post Office of New YorU 
N. Y , as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
Copyright, I8B9. by D T. AMES. 

NEW YORK, JUNE, 1889. 

Vol. XIII— No. 6 

Pcuncn may diflfer as to which position 
at desk is the best, but any physician will 
say that the " front "is not only thestrong- 
est and most romfortahle, but the most 
limUhful (see cuts'l and 2). Every line in 
these figures is indicative of strength, 
comfort and endurance. 

We wrifr permit pupils to assume the 
"right-oblique" or "right-side" posi- 
tions. Either of these causes the lower 
part of the spine to bend to the left, owing 
to the curved slope of the seat (see cut 
'i) ; forces the left elbow off the desk, thus 
removing the prop from the left shoulder, 
allowing it to fall two or three inches lower 
than its mate, curving the upper part of 
the spine to the right, and bringing the 
weigbt of the body on the right arm, thus 
_ impairing' -ito^wtioo. 

Again, a sloping desk lowers the left- 
hand end of our rulings. In order, then, 
that each eye may view the work from an 
equal distance, the head is inclined to the 
left, its weight producing a constant strain 
upon the muscles of the neck and continu- 
ing the curve in the spine. 

We are expected not simply to equip 
pupils with a position which may be en 
dured for a few minutes, but with one 
that may be carried into the business office 

That position of the hand which ad- 
mits of the freest action of the fingers is 
in all cases most advantageous, especially 
for children. They must depend wholly 
upon their fingers to construct letters 
until muscular development and mature 
judgment render forward and backward 

and used for hours at a time, day after 
day, nud yet neither endanger health nor 
inflict bodily pain. Habits of positio i 
formed in the school-room are rarely 
changed in after-life. For these habits 
the teacher alone is responsible. 

The "front" position levels the feet 
(the lower braces), the hips, the elbows 
(the shoulder props), the shoulders and the 
head, leaving the spine straight. 

and rotary vibrations sufficiently easy to 
be susceptible of control. Until then 
"muscular" movement is a physical im- 

In teaching pen-holding we first pose 
the hand as in cut 0, at the same time 
giving general instructions as to the de- 
tails of its position. Then a single item 
is introduced and made a subject for 
special study and practice for one week. 

when another is introduced and made the 
specialty for the next week, and so on, 
until the complete hand has been devel- 
oped. The aim is to retain each point 
when once attained. 

To keep the matter constantly before 
the pupil, we sketch first that portion of 
the thumb and forefinger seen in cut 4, 

Position h, in cut 4, is the position we 
aim to secure. Position c is quite a preva- 
lent mistake with young children. As a 
corrective we sketch the thumb as in po- 
sition a. This soon reaches the majority. 
The minority receive special treatment 

dmfcg our molding process, which con- 
sists of taking the child's hand and press- 
ing each misplaced linger into position 
(nener hy superior force, but by a gaitU per- 
irunsive presHure). In no cage do we con- 
sider our instruction complete unless pupils 
understand the reason for and advantage 
of the position required. 


The influence of the thumb upon hand 

calling special attention to their relative 
position. The next week we add the tip 
of the second finger as in cut 5 ; next the 
third and fourth; then the wrist (cut 6). 
and finally the fore arm and elbow. This 
is done in every room in the city. Many 
of these hands will measure three or four 
feet in length. The average time required 
to make these sketches complete is about 
five minutes. 

fiositions can hardly be overestimated. It 
ends the same support to the fingers that 
the keystone does to the arch. Its position 
relative to the fingers determines their cur- 
vature and capacity to act, also the slant 
of the holder, and the consequent liability 
to .><hade. If it is placed too near to the end 
of the first finger, as in cut 7 or 8, the 
reaching capacity of the fingers is limited 
to that of Ihe 'thumb. Their action in 

i elastic than when the thumb iR 
niiftcti, M in cuts 9, 10 and 11. Now. if 
vou will phicc the thumb low, «nd reach 
forvviinl and baek (w fnr as i-oiivenient, not 
to luovi- the arm. then repe«t the experi- 
ment with thumb high, as in cuts 10 and 
II vou will tind the reaching capacity 
n.liriv (i'liibUd in the latter vat^v. The 
furlluT buck vou reach in the former casr 

the more the grasp tightens (see cut 8); 
but in the latter ctisc the holder rocks 
acn>«« thf '-nd of Ihnthumb, and the action 

j,s ;ili^.i|iiti'l\ Inc from friction. 

fuv- i.';iiiii l:i ^linw that the relative 
pdviM'U -.1 1 1 II tliuiiih and first finger de- 
tcriiiin'- til. i|jr< Minn in wliich the latter 

must bend and the degree of its curva- 
ture. The lower the thumb the more the 
thigcr bends inward; the higher, the 
stronger the outward cm'vc. In nearly 
every eiise the slant of the lower joint of 
the linger irnd that of the bolder corres- 
ix.nd (//■(/ it). 

Ifllie Ml of the thumb presses the 
holder jiupils are more apt to squeeze it 
than if the pressure comes against the end 
<if the bone, as in cut 6. It requires more 
preMure in the former case to produce pain 
than in the latter, and greater effort to pro- 

duce the same pressure, owing to the po- 
sition of the thumb. (Srf f) Then, too, in 
eontraetingthc fingers the end of the thumb 
rm-ks against first finger, thus impeding its 
aetion (try ibis). The inbending of either 
thumb joint prevents its action and lessens 

the reaching capacitv of the fingers. iHarr 
;/o„ ffsful thi«») 

If the end of the thumb is placed nearly 
<m top of the holder the result is an ob- 
lique downward pressure. This presses 
the holder over against the end of the 
second tiugcr and that part of ihf first 
nearest the knuckle, while both are bowed 
up at tlie center. The holder thiis foi ms a 
brace across the base of the arch, prevent- 
ing any action of the fingers save that al- 
lowed by a slight giving of (he muscles 
.-igamst which it is held (.Iccu/f after 

The fiiil of the thumb should strike the 
holder squarely at such an angle that it 
will point directlv through the center of 

the fingers at the first joiut 
both its joints beet outward. The holder 
should rock over the end of the thumb, as 
in cuts 11 ar.d 12. 

It is the office of the second finger to 
drive the pen forward and strengthen the 

first. The first palls the peu back. 
The third and fourth constitute a 
sliding-gauge, not "rests," to steady the 
hand and regulate the pressure at pen 
point. They must be curved back to al- 
low the pen fingers full play The lower 
the wrist falls the stronger the position, 
and the less the liability to press down at 
point of pen. The wrist must n-c-t-c-r 

The elbow should protrude from one to 
one and a half inches over the edge of the 
desk nearest the pupil, and the arm-rest 
should never he shifted. Move the paper 

We require the same positions in all 

in Flourishing. 

Ofl-hand flourishing, although dis- 
])aragcd and even denounced by some of 
our business educators, and even penmen. 
I regret to say, is an accomplishment which 
any one may well be proud of — not only as 
an" accompUsbmL-nt but when considered 
from a financial stand-point as well. As 
long as there is a demand for embellish- 
ment and the beautiful in art, off-hand 
flourishing will continue to grow and have 
a host uf warm friends and advocates who 
can truly appreciate its value as only those 
who have thoroughly mastered it can. Of 
course, like all other classes of art, it has 
its place and must not be coniotinded with 
business writing and thinga with which it 
has no connection. Nor does it deserve to 
be cried down simply because it daes not 
happen to be essential to the acquirement 
of something else. It is deciaedly the 
most available means the itinerant penman 
can employ in making attractive displays 
for wnting-classes and card-stands, and 
should any doubt his ability to execute 
the designs ho exhibits it is only necessary 
to dash off one right before their eyes to 
convince the most skeptical of his skill. It 
will require but a few minutes to do this, 
and yet it may be the means of securing 
several students that would otherwise have 
been lost. 

While objects in nature cannot be truth- 

acquainted, and has the special advantage 
of not rubbing off or sticking to another 
piece of paper or the fingers when damp 
or wet. I use the ordinary straight holder 
with bulge, as shown in cut. A good 
quality of flat writing-paper of about eight 
or ten pound weight should be used for 
practice. Select a quality with a good, 
firm surface, slightly grained, but not 
rough. Avoid soft papeis and those hav- 
ing a sleek, glossy surface; they are not 
fit for practice, no matter how high they 
may be in price. 

Having laid in a supply of the above,we 
are now ready for practice, and conse- 
quently want to know what position to use 
and bow to gain control over the muscles 
of the right arm, in order that the ideal- 
istic forms pictured out in the mind may 
be truthfully reproduced on paper. 

There are* two ways of holding the pen, 
both good and used by many expert flour- 
ishcrs, and therefore I do not pretend to 
say which is the better of the two, but 
will leave it entirely to the discretion of 
the student, suggesting that he try both 
and adopt the one that appears the more 
natural or with which he can produce the 
best results. The outline drawing shows 
the one I use. The other having already 
been illustrated in these columns many 
times, it would be superfluous for mc to 
introduce it here. 

By referring to the drawing you will 
observe that the pen is held between the 
thumb and first and second fingers The 
thumb being bent slightly outward at the 

Photo- Eny raved from Original Executed by M. B. Moore, Morgan, Ky. 

grades, but the movements differ in pri 
mary, intermediate and advanced grades 
as will be seen by our next. 

Tlio Portraits on 

n Ban 

II would perhaps be difficult to tell 
whether the frequency of circulation or 
the value of the note determined the rela- 
tive esteem in which our Congress held 
the various men whose faces appear on our 
National currency. The following list 
tells what portraits are on the different 
notes: On United States— -1:1, Washington; 
|2, Jefferson; f), Jackson; |ilO, Webster; 
$20, Hamilton; $30, Franklin; #100, Lin- 
coln; $500. General Mansfield; $1000, De 
Witt Clinton; $5000, Madison; $10,000, 
Jackson. On silver ctrtificates— $10, Rob- 
ert Morris; $20, Commodore Decatur; $50, 
Edward Everett; $100, James Monroe; 
$500, Charies Siminer; $1000,W. L. Marcv. 
On gold notes— $20, Garfield; $50, Silas 
Wright; $100, Thomas H. Benton; $500, 
A^ Lincoln; $1000, Alexander Hamilton; 

s great, and has the support 

The Jou 

of the entii-e ^vritinp profession. It still stands 
at the head of the list as the leading penman- 
ship publication in America. There is no doubts 
iug this fact, and there is no use in supprefisine 
th© truth.— Wnting Teacher, Bichmond, Va. 

fully represented by pure flourishing alone, 
it can, In connection with u little peu-draw- 
Ing, be made to represent any animal or 
bird so completely that no one need be in 
doubt as to what class it belongs, and the 
effect is most beautiful when the subject is 
well rendered As an embellishment it 
may be used around lines of lettering in 
engrossed designs, for borders around de- 
signs, in connection with pen-drawing, &c., 
with very pleasing results, 

These are only a few of the uses to which 
flourishing may be applied, and, to say 
nothing of its value to the student who 
wishes to become a professional penman, 
in adding grace and beauty to his pro- 
fessional writing, should justify any one in 
mastering this branch of pen art. 

In learning any art the first great req- 
uisite is good materials, without which 
we cannot hope to obtain the best results. 
Next we want to know how best to use 
them in order to attain the object in view. 
The former is easily supplied, as good 
pens, ink and paper are now placed upon 
the market at prices within the reach of 
all. But the latter will require more time 
and the student must have a good supply 
of will-power, patience and perseverance 
to carry him safely to the heights aimed at. 

Use a good, elastic steel pen, like or 
similar to Gillott's No. 004 E. F. Ar- 
nold's Japan ink, diluted with a little of 
Arnold's writing fluid to make it flow, is 
decidedly the best ink with which I am 

first joint, just about the same as when it 
and the ends of the first two fingers are 
allowed to drop together in their natural 
position. In making heavy strokes or 
shades the pressure is imparted to the pen 
by a slight action of the thumb, also by a 
downward pressure of the hand, which is 
gradually relaxed as the shade emerges 
into a hair-line, which requires very little 
or no pressure at all, the weight of the 
fingers and thumb being sufficient to 
keep the holder firmly in place. The third 
and fourth fingers should be well curved 
in toward the palm of the hand, the end 
of the little finger being seen just a little 
forward of the second joiut of the thumb. 
The whole arm movement being used, the 
hand rests only on the side of the little 
finger, from first joint to tip of nail. In 
some cases the finger-rest cannot be used 
on account of blotting the shaded strokes, 
and then the rest is extended to the hand, 
on the under side, near the wrist. In 
making designs it is often necessary to use 
no rest at all, save that of the pen's point 
as it glides over the paper, which requires 
a very delicate sense of touch in order to 
prevent the pen from hanging in the 
paper, which might cause senous results. 
A flat-topped table is generally preferred, 
and the student should sit squarely in front 
of it. with the body erect, slightly inclin- 
ing forward from the hips, and the feet 
flat on the floor, the weight of the body 
being thrown upon the left arm. 



A few simple exercises for practice art 
herewith given, slao a separate piece show- 
ing how easily they may be applied ' 


formation of a finished design. In prac- 
ticing, always turn the paper to suit the 
direction of the stroke. This is skillfully 
done with the left hand, the right hiitid 
remainiog in one position, having a range 
of five or six inches, thf^ point of the pen 
being on a Hoe nearly at right angles with 
front edge of table, at center of body, 
when commcDCingsn exercise and moving 
off gradually to the right. The ambitious 
student should become thoroughly ac- 
quainted with the muscular apparatus uf 
the right arm. He should study every 
little delicacy of action or variation of 
motion, so that when a perfect stroke or 
exercise is made he may be able to repeat 
precisely the same action of the muscles in 
his next effort, and so long as he can do 
this the result will be exactly the same, 
and by a continual repetition a habit of 
the correct way will soon be found which 
will enable him to produce the beautiful, 
graceful strokes with seemingly no effort 
at all. ■ ' 

In making the heads of birds and also 
the tiuishing touches and filling-in strokts 
the pen is held in the ordinary position 
for writing, the forearm or finger move- 
ments being used as the case may require. 
Of course these can also be made with the 
flounshing position, but the writing posi- 
tion ia often more convenient. Very small 
work, such as flourished cards, &c., may 
often be executed to good advantage with 
the forearm movement, holding the pen in 
the flourishing position. 

To the student who wishes to make 
the most of his time I would say by uU 
means subscribe for all the penmen's 
papers you can. read everything you can 
get hold of on the subject and study all 
the designs that appear, endeavoring to 
find out just what it is that produces the 
greatest artistic effect, &c. Not only 
this, but you should avail yourself of a 
number of original designs fresh from the 
pen of some of our leading flourishers. 
They will possess a charm and artistic 
effect not found in the en|>raved ones, and 
will add new inspiration to your efforts. 
Don't be a mere copyist, but brunch out 
and originate new designs for yourself. 
By studying the works of the njasters you 
- -wrff gntn"1aen5''from each which will en- 
able you to make new designs entirely differ- 
ent from any of them. Combine study 
with practice and practice with study, 
which is the only sure way of becoming 
thoroughly conversant with the subject in 

Every student should possess a large 
scrap-book, and considerable pride should 
be taken in adorning its pages with a great 
vanety of fine specimens. 

Only a few exercises and examples for 
practice have been given in this lesson. 
They were all made off-hand on one sheet 
with the exception of the separate design, 
and are no better than you can soon be 
able to do'by applying yourself diligently 
to the work. There are many other ex- 
ercises that should be practiced. You 
will find them scattered about in the 
various works on penmanship. Search 
for them — it will do you good, and you will 
run across many valuable pointeis in look- 
ing them up. 

In practicing you are not expected to 
make all of the exercises on one sheet. 
Take them up in the order in which they 
are given and make one or two sheets of a 
single exercise, &c., before attempting 
another. Strike out with boldness and 
perfect confidence, so that you can later on 
make them all on one sheet nearly or quite 
as good as when practicing them sepa- 
rately. Many designs are spoiled from a 
mere lack of confidence. Go to work on 
a design with just as much confidcuce a.s 
you would have in making a simple 
exercise on a scrap of paper, and you will 
come out with a better design in every 
ease than you would if you were afraid of 
spoiling it at every stroke. The execution 
of flourished vi\nh Is an excellent practice 
and will iit uiuT tullivate a very delicate 
sense of t^iiiih and ii tine taste ford.esiguiug. 

Any oue who will c.irefully follow the 
suggestions roughly mapped out in this 
lesson will in due course of time become 
master of the beautiful art of off-hand 

Morgan, Ky. 

From W. H. Wright & Sons, a leading 
mercantile firm in Ogden, Utah; "Please 
send us 10 gross of Ames' Best Pens." 
This is the outcome of a little trial order 
sent shortly before. It is the same story 
all down the line. 

The Penman's Journal is a work of art. 
Aside from t>eing the organ of the interests of 
Bood peunianship, its mechanical work is of the 
hast, and includes a large number of original 
designs— r/if Butlget, MaryviUr,fal. 

Special Writing-Teachers. 

Editor op The Journal; 

In response to yo'ir request respecting 
the list of towns employing special writ- 
ing-teachers, already given in The Jodr- 
NAL. I mi^ht add that I tind the report of 
the Comniissioncrs of Education very in- 
completf on that branch, for by taking 
only four or live counties of Ohio, where 
I have been acquainted with that line of 
work, I can mAtion Oberlin, Elysia, 
Berca, Wellington, Clyde. Monroeville, 
Tiffin and Mansfield, all of which have 
employed special writing-teachers within 
the last three years, and some regularly 
for years; yet the reports say nothing 
about it I venture the assertion that 
there are more towns in Ohio alone em- 
ploying special writing-teachers than the 
entire list given. 

I am not familiar with the other States. 
The teacher here is W. H. Carrier, who 
1800, instead of |600, as given. 
Detroit the teacher is Professor Lyon, 
somewhere between $1300 

W. A. Moulder. 
rnon, Mich., Businens College. 

Editor of The Journal: 

I know of but three cities in California 
-Aplojing special teachers of writing 
regularly, although these, and others as 
well, have special teachers of drawing or 
music, or both. The towns indicated are 
Oakland, salary lloOO; Stockton, $1250; 
Los Angeles, $1125. 

L. B. Lawson. 
Los Angeles, Cat. 

Miss Sarah FrankjSpecial writing-teacher 
in the public schools of Carthage, Mo., 
writes that, so far as she is informed, no 
other city in that State employs a special 
writing- teacher. 

Editor op The Journal: 

The salary paid the superintendent of 
writing in the Cleveland, Ohio, public 
schools has never, to my knowledge, been 
as low as $730, as reported in the March 
issue of The Journal, but has ranged 
from $1500 to $2000 per school year (40 
weeks). Respectfully, A. A. Clark, 

Cleveland, Ohio, June I. 

Albums for Paruell and GladHloiie. 

All the most prominent New York papers 
have noticed the beautiful albunLs engrossed 
in The Journal office for presentation to 
Messrs. Pamell and Gladstone respectively. 
Tne following is fi-ora the Daily News : 

The joint resolutions passed by the Senate 
and Assembly congratulating Mr. Pamell upon 
bis complete Tindication from the charges of 
the London Times and for having had Mr. 
Gladstone's support in his stniggle for home 
rule have been engrossed by the weUki 

to Parnell, 

The albums ai-e bound in black seal, hned 
with white watei'ed silk, and each has the name 
of the distinguished recipient carved i 

; bT Bcclierclic Pen 


By M. B. Moore, Jllualrating His Lesson 

Dean Stanley sent a note to a shoemaker 
about a pair of shoes that were making for 
him, and the writing was so bad that the 
hoemaUer couldn't make it out. So he 
returned the note to the dean, with a note 
of his own sajing that he was "un- 
accustomed to the chirography of the 
higher classes, " and askpd for a translation. 

The price of " Ames' t'ompendium "' is 

$'}. Its worth to pen artists is incalcula- 

We send it as a frees|)ccial premium 

the sender of a club of ten subscribers 

at $1 each, with regular premium. We 

make a special combination price of $9 for 

the "Ames' Compendium " and the "New 

eerian Compendium" (price $7.50), 

saving the purchaser $3.50. 

The consumption of lead-pencils in this 
country is estimated at $250,000 a day. 
This is at the rate of one per dav to every 
200 population, or about 78,000,000 ft 

All mnttrr intended J or this department 
{indwling ahort-kand exehnnga) shauld he 
tent to Mr». L. H. Pachird, 101 Ea»t 2U 
street, Nnr Tori: 

Speed at the Wrong End. 

Nothing is more unfortiiuttte — we had 
almoitt Mia more Ameiican— than the 
habit of unthr roughness. It is particu- 
larly 80 in mnttere of learning. The habit 
of unthoroughnesfl cornea through the prac- 
tice of unthoroughness, and the practice 
comes often through an honest desire to 
achieve rapidly. The same individual who 
never hiw time to eat, who gets off and on 
the strcet-cnra when in motion, who lets 
hiKfchoeago without blacking because he 
"haan't lime just now," and who never 
reads an article or paragraph in the paper 
through— this is he (or she) who grows to 
be slovenly in work and inconsequent in 
action— who cannot see the seoBe in being 
"80 awfully particular about little things, " 
and who, iw a sure consequence, must fail 
in big things. 

These remarks apply with peculiar force 
to the learner of stenography, and recog- 
nize the false notion which some learners 
have concerning speed. No doubt speed 
is desirable, to a certain point essential, 
but speed is not everything, and there may 
be a sort of speed that does not deserve the 
name; that kind, for instance, in short- 
baud that is too rapid to be read. There 
are students in short-hand who can write, 
by the watch, from 125 to 150 words a 
minute, and yet cnnnot read more than 15 
iir 20 words a minute. That is unfortu- 
nutt', and in the cool, unbiased opinion of 
an employer would be a serious detriment 
to progress, if not to salary and continuity. 
The trouble with such students generally 
is that they get their speed at the wrong 
end. In order to secure rapid reading it 
is of the first importance that correct forms 
be made — forms that mean some exact 
thing, not anv one of a dozen things; 
forms that can be read as far as possible 
without reference to their "connection." 
A vivid memory and good guessing pow- 
ers are valuable helps to a stenographer, 
and even the ability to substitute other 
words for the main thought may be appre- 
ciated; but these do not make the verbatim 
writer, nor can they atone for the lack of 
literal renilering. 

All of which is to say that the rule for 
the beginner in short-hand is to male haste 
sloidy at the start, in order to make haste 
rapidly in the long run. The slovenly 
habit of making doubtful forms, relying 
upon memory or "gumption" to supply 
the doubt, should be strenuously resisted 
by the beginner, even if permitted by the 
teacher Those pupils who quickest and 
most surely attain speed in short-hand are 
thcv who never conclude that they have 
uritten anything unless they can read it. 

Girls to the Front. 

The class in stenography and type- 
writing of the General Society of Mechan- 
ics and Tradesmen of the City of New 
York offered for graduation, at their rooms 
in East Sixteenth street, on Friday even- 
ing, June 7, thirty bright young ladies. 
The occasion was u joyful one, and the 
limited space was iwcked like a box of 
sardines, the very doors and windows 
being crammed. The ventilation was — 
suffocation, and yet it did not interfere 
with the "good time." There were ad- 
dresses by .Judge Shannon, General Biit- 
tcrfleld. Mi-a. Martha J. Lamb. Mr. S. 8. 
Packard and President Robert Rutter; 
and salutatories, and valedictories, and 
class ^listories and poems by the young 

UesidcBlhis mixed programme there were 
exhibilions of proficiency in short-hacd 
and type-writing under the inspiration of 
the teacher, ^r. W. L. Mason, in which 
the graduates distinguished themselves. 

After this there was a privai 
of ice-cream and cake in one of the upper 
rooms, and general jollity along the line. 
It was remarked by The JoimNAL com- 
missioner that the young ladies were par- 
ticularly bright in their appearance, and 
that their part in the prog.-amme was ad- 
mirably performed. It was stated by Mr. 
Mason that a large number of the gradu- 
ates were already in places, and most of 
the others were "spoken for." The Gen- 
eral Society should be congratulated, not 
less than the " sweet girl graduates." 

A Western editor thus comes to the de- 
fense of the type-writer girl: " She may 
chew gum, but she never dallies with 
tobacco nor toys with the serpent lurking 
in the wine-glass. In these respects her 
superiority over her male competitor is 
palpably evident. She never indulges in 
draw poker nor high-low-jack, therefore 
she can work for a smaller salary than a 
male and save more,too. The proprietor 
swears the office boy doesn't whistle as 
much as before the advent of the type- 
writer girl, 

Short-Hand and the B. E. A. of A. 

The considerable attention elicited by 
the "School of Short-hand" at the last 
session of the Business Education Asso- 
ciation, held at Minneapolis, gives encour- 
agement to the hope that during the 
coming meeting at Cleveland further ad- 
vances will be made in methods of lu- 
st nictiofl, and toward a consensus of opinion 
as to the work of teaching and of utilizing 
the art of short-hand. 

It is to be hoped that the same policy 
will be pursued as last year in subor- 
dinating " 8ystem8"of phonography to the 
general question in which the teachers of 
all systems are interested. A good deal of 
experience has been had during the past 
year, and those who havt! had it should 
give their co workers the benefit of it. We 
have heard of a teacher who thinks it very 
unbusiness like to give away to one's com- 
petitors the secrets tipon which he relies 
to "lay them out," Of course that 
teacher will not be represented at the Cleve- 
land meeting, but the other need not stay 

The use of the word counter is not lim- 
ited to type-writing machines, but it can 
be used in writing and in dictation by 
keeping it at hand and making a slight 
pressure at the end of each word. Some 
operators attach it to their desks and work 
it with a string fasteued to their feet. It 
is a useful invention, especially in teleg- 
raphy and in making an article of a 
specified length 

Whnt Nliall We Call Them r 

The oracular Trihuuc has been wrestling 
with the "type-writer" and " type- 
writist " problem, and has come to the 
conclusion that the work done by the 
type-writer operator should be known here- 
after as a " typoscript;" that the machine 
shall be called "graphotype," and that 
the red-headed girl shall continue, as she 
has begun, to be only a "type-writer." 
The difficulty has been, up to this time, 
that the girl and the machine have been 
too much mixed, and as no type-writing 
instrument can truthfully be called a "girl " 
and as no self-respecting girl will submit 
to be called a "machine," some recog- 
nized distinction was imperatively de- 
manded. The Trihune has done a benef- 
icent work, and we congratulate the 

The name of any one who shall send a cor- 
rect transcript of "Lichens and Mosses," 
on the next page, to Mrs. L. H Packard, 
101 East Twenty-third street, New York, 
will be printed in the next issue of The 

Exercise for Practice. 

[Words Inclosed In parentheses are to be joined 
in phrases. The more infrequent of the con- 
ti-actions and words out of position are itall- 

A young man asks if he can learn "a 
little phonography— jt«r( enottgh to teach it 

-in tw 


A lady, recently left a widow, wishes to 
learn phonography, " not to take a thor- 
ough course, but merely to be able to re- 
port sermons and lectures." 

A teacher of phonography in a rural 
" business college " was asked if he was a 
practical phonographer. "Oh, no,'isaid 
he, "I never studied it until I began to 
teach it. I just keep a lesson or two 
ahead of the class, so they won't catch 

1 alw 

To Couul the Words on the Type- 

A telegraph operator in Minneapolis hw* 
invented a word-counting machine, which 
may be used by itself or attached to a 
type-writer. It is much the same as a 
pedometer, only more accurate. It is as 
large as a small clock. The works are in- 
side the nickel case, on one side of which 
is the face. The machine will count up to 
2500 words, and can be used for any num- 
ber by keeping tally of the number of 
times it passes the 2500 mark. There are 
two hands, like the hour and second hand 
of a watch. Every time a word on the 
typewriter is finished the same motion 
which spaces for the word registers on the 
word counter. When the second-hand 
counts up to twenty-five words the large 
hand moves forward a quarter of a space. 
The face is divided into twenty-five spaces, 
one for each hundred words, and a glance 
at it shows at once how many words have 

Never ask (for your) services more, and 
never accept {tot them) less, than {they 
are) actually worth. (If you) demand 
more compensation than (you are) {capnhle 
of) earning (you will) either not be en- 
gaged (at all) or (will be) dismissed (as 
soon as) (someone) (can be) found (l4>take 
your) place. (If you) accept (less than) 
(you k.DOw) your tuvperience and ability 
(ought to) command, (you will) throw 
(out of) employment (some one else) (who 
is) only {atpable of) earning a small salary. 
Most business men who demand skillful 
services are able (to pay) (for them). (Ou 
the other hand), (there are) certain firms 
who cannot afford (to pay) high salaries. 
(For the sake of) economy the latter are 
willing to accept less competent labor. 
Positions (of this kind) should therefore 
be reserved (for those) whose capacity is 
only sufficient (to fill) them. A man whose 
business is large and time consequently 
valuable (will not) cavil about a few do!- 
Un-K a week (when he has) (to decide) 
between a skillful and ati unskillful em- 
ployee. But (when the) skilled artisan 
will accept the salary (of the) unskilled 
the employer (does not) hesitate (to avail) 
himself of (such fi.a) opportunity, (and the) 
bread is thus taken (out of the) mouths (of 
those) whose workmanship is estimated (on 
a) lower scale. 

Never chat during business hours Re- 
member that although (you may not be) 
occupied (at the time, ) others (in the) office 
(with you) are, and your conversation (will 
be) (very likely) (to disturb) them. Era- 
ploy your leisure hours in reading or study 
and (you will) be mrprised (to see) (how 
much) (you can) thus add (to your) stock 
of knowledge. 

Be as ladylike (in an) office (as you) 
(would be) (in a) parlor; and (above all 
things) avoid undue familiaritj/ (with the) 
clerks (with whom) (you may be) asso- 
ciated. Treat them always with kindness 
and be ever ready (to do) them a favor, 
but rrmfmher that familiarity breeds con- 
tempt. The dign\tir.d and refined manners 
(of the) young ladies who first entered the 
different kinds of business awakened re- 

spect and made a place (for others.) (Do 
not) (by your) careless behavior in public 
offices destroy the good opinions (which 
have) thus been earned. 

(Do not) receive letters or social calls (at 
your) (place of business.) Although (you 
may have) leisure (for this purpose), such 
calls will probaUt/ (be an) annoyance (to 
those) (with whom {you are) associated (in 
business.) (In a) printing office or UQ a) 
manufactory, at noon, business ceases (and 
the) employees are given an hour for lunch, 
but in most offices where ladies are em- 
ployed the machinery of business con- 
tinues all day. (Some of the) employees 
(must be) constantly (at their) desks, and 
(it is necessary) (that there) (should be) no 
disturbance or interruption, and that quiet 
and order should always be preserved. 

Never (use the) telephone (for your) 
personal basiness, except in cases of ab- 
solute necessity. (Yon may be) alone (in 
the) office (of your) employer, (and a) 
little chat (with a) friend (through the) 
telephone (may not,) (at that time,) in- 
terfere (in the) slightest degree (with the) 
interests (of your) employer, but what (do 
you know) (of the) engagements (of the) 
young lady at (the other) end (of the) 

To most young women (in business) the 
advice (we have) given above is entirely 
unnecessary. The good (common sense) 
and judgment displayed by most (of them) 
is proverbial, but (to the) few who 
through thoughtlessness are (in the habit) 
of snhjecti/ig their employers (to these) 
annoyances, a few hints (of this kind) 
(will be) useful. 

The fact that employers (do not) com- 
plain of anything (of this kind) (is not) a 
proof (that they are) satisfied. Most (of 
them) dislike e.Kceedingly to find fault 
(with the) refined and ladylike girls (in 
their) employ, and (rather than) do this 
will either bear these annoyances in 
silence or, (which is) more often the case, 
conclude (to dismiss) the young woman in 
fault and hire a young man. 

(If all) employers would take the same 
course as one (of whom) I recently heard, 
who requested a young lady (in his) em- 
ploy not (to receive^, (at his) office, calls 
from young lady friends, such auggeationa 
(would not be) necessary. But unlortu- 
uately (this is) very seldom the case. 

(We do not) mean by these remarks (to 
imply) that young ladies generally (are not) 
quite as business-like and quite as trust- 
worthy as young men. (On tjjp other 
hand), the statement (that they are) far 
more trustworthy than young men has/re- 
quently been made by employers, ^or 
this reason), (my dear) girls, (I want) vou 
(to keep) up the record. (We do not) feel 
n-»i'i"isil'J' (fr.r tlif) conduct (of the) young 
men; Init (wr niusi) remf>nt>cr (that the) 
employuu-iit uf women (has not) yet in 
popii.hii- estimation ceased (to be) an ex- 
periment, and (that the) ni intakes made by 
a few are recorded agaidst us all. 

A man who at some time had (in his) 
employ a giddy girl (who was) (in the 
habit) of spending her leisure time in chat- 
tiig (with thei clerks can never be con- 
vinced (that this is not) the common hnbit 
(of all) women (in business) unless pre- 
viously (he had) employed one who (had 
been) a valuable assistant. 

(If a) young man (in his) employ proves 
troublesome or incompetent, he dismisses 
him and employs another. Women (have 
not), in popular estimation, reached the 
heights where they (can be) considered as 
individuals. (We have) not yet attained 
(to the) dignity of having our work esti- 
moted (as that) of Ellen, Sar^Ji or Jane. 
We still belong (to the) iuconglomerate 
mass called " women " and must stand and 
fall together. 

(When the) standard of womanhood (haa 
been) raised, when (we have) advanced (to 
such a) position (that we) (may be) judged 
as individuals, then the responaihilities 
which rest upon our shoulders (will be) 
lighter; but under present conditions, and 
in every act (of our) lives, let us all remem- 
her that on (each of us) rests the responsi- 
Mlitij of sustaining the dignity (of all.) — 
BuninesH Woman's Journal. 

[A phonographic traoscnpt of the above will 

be niailed to any subscriber who sends a 

' stamped and superscribed envelope to Mrs. L. 

I H. Packard, 101 East Twenty-tliird street. New 

ma j^oW. 



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Methods of Teaching Writing. 


With reference to the work of " peo- 
mouship" in our city, I am pleased to 
Dote (hat we ore gradually makiDg progress. 
This progress is due partly to the earnest- 
nesH aod Kcal ntanlfefited by the teachers 
in general, became they underNtand the 
importance of good writing, and have 
realized that children can be taught to ac- 
quire an easy, graceful movement along 
with a reasonably correct form. It has 
been my experience to notice that the best 
results in writing have been produced 
where the teachers have given this subject 
their careful attention and insisted upon 
the reqiiiaites for good writing, rather 
than allowing the pupils to write in a 

We begin with children in the first gi ade, 
who work with slate and pencil exclu- 
sively, on the easy exercises in whole-arm 
and muscular movement, lead-pencils not 
being used at all. This practice is kept 
up till satisfactory results are given. 
Then they arc taught the elements and 
principles with their combinations. After 
they have become fully acquainted with 
these they are given the letters of the 
alphabet, beginning with the small ones 
and ending with the capitals. All this is 
done with careful attention to position, 
form and movement. This covers the 
work for one year. The second year they 
are given pen and ink, and are subjected 
to the same kind of drill as in the first 
grade, on piaetice-paper which is provided 
for them, but for a less length of time, 
usually for about two months. Copy-books 
are then introduced and are used during 
the remainder of the year, with frequent 
exercises on practice-paper. The work is 
similar in all the higher grades. I find 
that one of the secrets of success is earnest- 
ness on the part of the teachers, who are 
careful that the pupils be^n right and 
maintain the same discipline throughout. 


Suiurinfeiiilent of Writhig in thf PuUie 
Schooh of Ea»f •Sngliiittn, Mich. 

Editor of The Journai,: 

There are five school buildings in this 
city, thirty-two school-teachers and an en- 
rollment of about 1400 pupils. We have 
a commercial course which extends over a 
period of two years, during which time 
classes are taught in book-keeping, short- 
hand, type-writing, commercial law and 
political economy. As I represent the 
entire teaching force in this department 
it will be readily understood why the 
greater part of my time is taken from the 
special work of teaching writing. The 
afternoon session only, which is a half- 
hour shorter than the forenoon, is devoted 
to giving instruction in writing. This 
enables mo to visit all the rooms in the 
central building, of the fourth to eighth 
grades inclusive, twice each week, and 
give a lesson of twenty minutes. Writing 
is not taught in the high-school room, but 
those wishing instruction have the priv- 
ilege of coming into the commercial room 
for a lesson twice a week. On Friday 
afternoon two of the branch buildings are 
visited. The other two are only visited 
occasionally, as the pupils are all below 
the fourth grade and do not use pen and 

The teachei-s iu charge of rooms where 
writing is taught are required to teach it 
on days not taught by me. They receive 
no special instruction from me for this 
work, but remain in the room during the 
time the lesson is being given by me. This 
lesson consists of two ports — first, a con- 
cert drill on tracing or extended-move- 
ment exercises, special attention beiugpaid 
to position and movement ; second, special 
attention is giveu to the formation of some 
particular letter, word or sentence, owing 
to the stage of the work, with individual 

criticism. The work of this lesson is done 
on practice- paper from copy on board. 
The teacher in charge the following day is 
required to open the lesson with the same 
movement drill that was given the day be- 
fore. After using these exercises a few 
minutes on practice-paper the teacher re- 
quires the pupil to write the copy proper 
in blank wnting-books made for this pur- 

As to results, they have been in the 
main quite satisfactory. Many of the 
pupils write legibly 30 to 40 words per 
minute. However. I think much better 
work could be done had I more time at 
my disposal for this work. I think the 
ufQ of pen and ink should begin one or 
two grades lower at least, and that the 
high-school pupils should all be required 
to write during their entire course. 

W. H. Carribr, 
Supennttndent of Writing in the FuhHc 

School* of Adrian, Mich. 

Editor of The JocRNAr,; 

We commence our work with slate and 
pencil when the child enters the school. 
We work with ruled lines, giving the 
child form and movement combined. Chil 
dren enter our schools at five years of age. 
It is wonderful how soon their little minds 
grasp the idea of how to write. Much 
stress is put upon a correct position of 
body and hand. At the close of ten 
months they have mastered all the small 
and capital letters, and can write their 
reading lessons upon slate without copy. 

Second year, pen and ink. A practice- 
book for small letters is used. During this 
year they have learned thoroughly all 
small and capital tetters and do sentence 
work, teachers putting all letters on the 
blackboard for pupils to copy. In this 
way every lesson is discussed and all points 
drawn out, ITie general work, as well as 
the copy-books, are examined by me. 
Once a week I give a lesson in every room 
in the city. Throughout the schools all 
of the work is carefully examined and 
corrected; thereby uniform results are pos- 
sible and are obtained to a remarkable de- 
gree. Movement as well as form is insisted 
upon. A room of from forty to fifty 
pupils all moving and in the most perfect 
position is our daily work. Teachere are 

herself an excellent writer. — Ed 


The following relating to the work of 
one of the gi'eat masters of the penman- 
ship profession is taken from the Wash- 
ington, D. C, Press: 

Prof. H. C. Spencer, of the Washington 
Business College, has instituted during 
the present school year a remarkable re- 
form in the matter of systematic writing 
in the public schools. It consists in es- 
tablishing at the outset of the child's 
educational life a course of exercise of the 
muscular system of the body, arms, wrist 
and fingers that will lead to the most per- 
fect results in all subsequent stages of the 
educative process. Prof essor Spencer says 
that the imperfection of training of the 
arm and fingers can generally be traced to 
the first year of school life, and that if 

ing it; then the uses of the hand, gently 
closiqg the hand, fingers testing on the 
palm; opening the hand outward, repeat- 
ing the motion many times; moving the 
fingers, one at a time; unclosing the large 
or middle finger, all pupils at once. Then 
a few minutes' practice in tracing large 
ovals with the upper end of the pencil 
in free sweeping motion of the arm, first 
toward the body, then the reverse ; tracing 
small ovals, then compound ovals like an 
elongated figure 8 ; tracing angular forma- 
tions like letter u, turned formations like 
letter m, ovals like 00, loops like / and e. 

The practice and development of arm 
and finger muscles are more important than 
the mere formation, says the Professor, as 
he watches the interesting scene. 

Mr. Spencer is enthusiastic over the suc- 
cess of the experiment of this radical sys- 
tem thus far, and says that great improve- 
ment in the actual writing which follows 

By B. F. Williams, Penman, Sacramento, Cal., Bu iness College (Photo-Engraved). 

what is called a ' ' bad habit " gets a firm 
hold of the manual organism of a child in 
and during a whole first year of school 
life it is very difficult to correct or reform 
the habit and replant correct principles of 
manual training after uprooting the evil 
manner of working at the penman's art. 

Now, he has volunteered entirely with- 
out compensation to do a noble work for 
the benefit of the schools by commencing 
at the foundation of the system of public 
education. How is it being accomplished? 
Some months ago he assumed the direc- 
tion of the instruction of the first grade 
children in the Franklin School Building. 
Later, about forty-five normal students 
Irom the Magruder Building commenced 
meeting at the Spencerian College rooms 
for special instruction and drill in the 
fundamental principles of physical train- 

arm drills and tracing is noticeable in all 
the practice classes. 

The result of the course of instruction 
above described will be the thorough 
preparation of nearly 90 teachers of first 
and second year scholars next year by a 
system of introductory practice, uniform 
in its purpose, and which can have but one 
general result, the establishment of correct 
habits of writing and the cultivation of 
that wonderful instrument, the human 
hand, to highly artistic uses. A very im- 
portant result gained by this system of 
drill movements is the habit of obedience 
to command it begets in the class, grad- 
ually growing into the character, uncon- 
sciously to the pupil, perhaps, but event- 
ually crystallizing, as it were, into a quality 
conducive to the discipline and good order 
I of a school. That is what the Professor 

By A. J. Ziminennan, Valparaiso, Ind. (Photo-Engravt 

all zealous, enthusiastic workers in this 
branch. If we get a teacher who, when 
she enters our schools, does not like this 
branch of work, before she has been with 
us long she will be right to the front, most 
enthusiastic of all. A pleasant spirit of 
emulation prevails and each tries to see 
who will do best in her respective grade. 
Copies are all put upon blackboard, which 
seems to be a greater incentive to pupils. 
They see the work done, which is much 
better than imitating an engraved copy in 
a lK>ok. We send out beautiful isnriters 
from all grades. 

.Jennie P. Willis. 
Wriling Superintendent in Public Srhooh 

of Winonm, Minn. 

[Accompanying the above was a batch 
of specimens showing the work of pupils 
in all grades. These specimens amply 
attest the claims of proficiency on the 
part of pupils made above, and are ex- 
tremely creditable to the superintend- 

ing to promote the best habit« and the 
most improvement in the practical pur- 
suit of the study of penmanship. 

While these students, who are to gradu- 
ate this year as teachers iu the next year's 
schools, are taking this course of prac- 
tical instruction, the Professor is giving 
two similar lessons each week at the 
Franklin and Webster buildings, where 
there are about forty other students study- 
ing the art and philosophy of teaching, 
and daily exemplifying the knowledge and 
ability to impart instruction- gained by 
actual teaching in classes of children from 
the first to the fourth year. 

It would be well to see what Professor 
Spencer is trying to do with the little boys 
and girls — the 6 and 7 year olds — in the 
Franklin Building. The organization of 
the normal titudents into a corps of ob- 
servation OS well as demonstration accom- 
plished, the teacher of methods, with a 
class of fifty first-year pupils seated before 
her, drills them in concerted movements 
of the body in uniform time, bending for- 
ward, rising to an erect position, move- 
ments to the right and left, training the 
I arm to describe a circular sweeping motion, 
I first in a large circle and gradually reduc- 

Ideal Writing for Business. 

Writing Jor huaimss purposes should be 
IcgibU mill rapidly etrnciited. With this end 
in vifw it is taught without slurde and with 
as few line4 as possible leitJiout impairing 
Ugihility or ease of execution. 

Note. — See cut on title-page of The 
.Journal for April, tff which it will be 
necessary to refer iu order to understand 
the full force of the argument here pre- 

For two reasons I seriously object to 
the sentiment quoted above. First, it is 
erroneous and ambiguous. Second, it 
violates its own sentiment. 

No one capable of judging will deny 
that writing for business iturposes or forany 
purpose should be legibk-. That it slioiild 
necessarily be rapid or rapidly executed 
under every and all conditions is a 
question eJsily settled by competent 

I am aware that speed is a necessary 
accomplishment in the transaction of 
business to a marked degree, but to go 
daft about it with utter disregard to every ■ 
thing else is a sin we shall be accused of 
committing by our children. Is it neces- 
aary to have writing one-half the size of 
copy (referred to) to be legible ? I am 
positive that one-third the size would in- 
crease its legibility and I am very positive 
that it would increase the speed. So we 
justly conclude that size has a marked 
influence both on legibility and speed. 
The larger the writing the less will be the 
speed and the greater the difficulty in ren- 
dering the results le^ble. The larger the 
writing the more skill is required in pro- 
duction and the greater the time con- 

For these two reasons, then, we justly 
conclude that writing should be small and 
well drawn out to be legible and rapidly 
written, because the space passed over is 
less, requiring less time. The movement 
which produces speed more readily con- 
forms to small than large forms. There is 
no such thing as speed as applied to the 
short letters on a scale of one-eighth of 
an inch. There is no such thing as speed 
where writing is crowded, making letters 
like n. and u higher than their width, with 
other letters in proportion. 

We object seriously to large writing and 

4. Is it possible to write rapidly and 
have introductory and ending lines as short 
as found in copy? 

5. Is the lopping off of seemingly super- 
fluous lines advantageous to rapid execu- 

6. Totheskillful executioner, doesshade 
prevent the highest rate of speed? 

Kwhil; Iowa. 

The editor invites comments on the 
above, the comments to be restricted to 
three hundred words. 

A Tyro Seeks Advice. 

That The Jodrnal's readers may be 
led to appreciate the showers of interroga- 
tive letters which have rained upon me 
ever since I ceased to pour my soul and 
salary through the Gazbtte'8 columns, I 
have thought it a good idea to pubUsh the 
following letter, along with a transcript 
of my reply. It comes from a young man 
over in Canada, and bears the date of 
May 4, 1889 : 

Friend Scarbobouob : A friend of mine 
who bought a sample copy of the Magazine 
when it was first started told m« that if I 
really wanted tlrstclass advice on penmanship 
and things 1 should write to you, inclosing a 
one-cent stamp, and you would fill the bill. He 
said you would give me all the admonition and 
capital exercises I would need to pull through 
the summer on. He also said that since the 
(tazette ceased to monopolize your thinking- 
pulp and drain yonr mental reservoir he knew 
your head was fairly bursting with new ideas, 
and that you would gladly pour tbein into a 
hungry mmd for the asking, 

1. Do you think I can ever master writing 
sufficiently to teach it t 

the desired food 

use of navy tobacco, the extract of which 1 
discover about the head-lines of your letter. 
I hke ornament as much as any one, hut when 
a man portrays Cuba and its native efBuvium 
on the head-lines of his letters ^vith the secre- 
tions of a three-oimce cud of navy tobacco 1 
think that's carrying realism in ai-t just a trifle 
beyond the bounds of common decency. Y(Mi 
ought to get rid of the stub-pen habit and chew 
hemlock bark as a substitute for the stupefying 
navy plug. 

In replying to your second question, I should 
say the most objectionable feature I notice in 
your wi'itiug is the ink you use, which smelLs 
like a paste-pot on Monday morning. Wliy 
don't you nse bluingf You will fhia it flows 
better and will prove much more pleasant to 
yom- correspondents than the fetid concoction 
you are usmg. There are a few other minor 
faults I detect by the aid of a powerful micro- 
scope. For instance, your Vs resemble a con- 
vention of standing tadpoles, and your small 
rf's remind me of some East Indian war-clubs 

language ^vill be just as strong if you use 
smaller d's. Then your /'s are a trifle out of 
plumb. The one you »ise at the beginning of 
your letter is very much like a link of tough- 
skinned sausage when the butcher smites it.s 
middle with a dull axe, and the two ends turn 
up and bark at each other. And, again, why 

you persist in sharpening v 

'.«, causmg 

such words as " monument'" io look like a 
of picket-fence? 

The third question is a hard one to answer. 
If you glance dowa the bridge of yonr nose 
while writing this wart may till the office of a 
sight and aid you in producing exact work. 
Is the wart movable or stationary f If movable 
you can use it when occasion demands on the 
left side of your nasal hunch. 

lids him loi liMu^, e^jxnhcs If you e 
I In 111 a i. t rninung country, 
I I M 1^ f •■■.! n J II plant and pot- 
\\ I tl inajorit} of our 

., 1 I „ -I II u li and a free-arm 
I ^ 111 \Mi „ inilKt thinugh theconi- 
I After mastfiinj, a fiu motion 
.cyllie the -jblique penholder and 

ijbhque pen holder i 
rts wiM lie no strani 

Points for Penmen. 

-The stenograpbei-s at Wa-ihinglon have 
in kept so busy since March 4 that cpiite a 
mber make seventy dollars a week. 
—A fine exhibit of Washington autographic 

House, New York, recently. 

— The idea of an Eastern Penmen's A^ 
tion suggested in The Journal ought b 

Sub-Treasury on Wall -street. It wiU take 
fourteen experts twenty-one days to do the 
work, and when they Qnish the task they will 
have handled very close upon two hundred 
million dollars. 

"A Solution of tha Race ProhlenV By. G. W. Harman, Penman SouWs Commercial College, Neip Orleans (Photo- S!ngravei 

will hinge another idea later on upon its 
application to copies. 

The pen used in writing determines 
whether it shall be shaded or unshaded. 
It is a conceded fact that a coarse pen is 
preferable to a fine one for general business 
purposes, and so no shade in the sense of 
shading is possible. With a coarse pen 
there is no desire to shade, and hence the 
teaching is simply directing what instru- 
ment should be used. The end is de- 
termined by the means. 

It is simply nonsensical to declare that 
with the least number tf lines we get the 
greatest speed. To the uneducated in 
chirography the large, bold hand, as bare 
of superfluous lines as print, seems won- 
derlully attractive and practical; to the 
skilled penman from the staud-point of busi- 
ness writing it is simply coucentrated 
bosh. Saying one thing and doing an- 
other is cause enough for comment. 

We can have legibility with a far less 
number of lines than has ever been pro- 
posed, but we cannot get ease and rapidity 
of execution without writing smaller, 
without extending the letters and words 
and without having introductory and end- 
ing lines of greater length than prescribed 
by the average printed copy. 


1. Must writing be large to be legible? 

2. Must writing be large to be rapidly 

3. Must writing be crowded to be 
rapidly executed? 

3. What is the most prominent fault in my 
vriting as you see it t 

3, Do you think the wart which you notice on 
ny nasal hunch iu the inclosed tin-type will 
jrove a handicap or an auxiliary to my prog- 

penman get who 
What style of whiskers would you 

order to keep my 

7. Should a pen __ 

should he subsist chiefly on pie-plant and pot^ 


8. How 
and muscular movement? I dave several works 
on physical culture, but 1 tielieve you can tell 

best develop both whole-arn 

a helping hand to a struggling scribe, I shall 
-* *■*-- post-offlce until y 
Yours anxiously, 

camp at the post-offlce until your reply i 

Jerome Burnside. 

After wading through the above jungle 
of miscellaneous questions I was not long 
in concocting the following stirring and 
pointed reply: 

Friend Jerome: Yom- friend was right in 
selecting me as your adviser. Had he knoivn 
how anxious I am to give advice be would 
have prompted you earUer to take the wise 
step you so freely take. Now. Jerome, if I 
don't give the advice that suits you just return 
it and I will gladly exchange it, Your ques- 
tions are not hard ones. Itiave answered the 

afford to answer them _._ ^ 

inclose. Had you depai-ted from the regiila- 
tion questions in the slightest degree I would 

but knowing it to tie a pei'^ional i 
very near to you I desist. 

The salary of a penman ii 

I the depth of his ^ 

the width of his 
whiskers." but oftener on the extent of his 
family. The deep voice is a good thing and 
may prove a power in the open-air 

of grease eradicators and corn bouncers 
sbomd you ever be called to that branch of 
oratory. The whiskers you may also cultivate 

of hirsute. It does not point at the projier 
angle; it seems to have struck out toward the 
horizon for it^lf while quite young. A full 


and will aid you in securing light work at good 
pay, provided you cultivate a pious spirit and 
thoughtful brain to match. You had better 
commence a beard while young, lest your 
" cheek '" become too concrete to sprout it, 
Your diet, Jerome, should be very light while 

Rursuing the study of penmanship; a six-weeks' 
ist would probably be the l>^t method of 
quieting your nerves. If you have been in the 
habit of taking something of a substantial 
character into your system three times per day, 
however, this would prove too f^reat a sur- 
prise to yom- gastric pouch. A mixture of red 
clover and baled hay you will find a good i 

— A curious rehc of Revolutionary days ii> 

f reserved by the Mm yland Histoi ical Societ> 
tisa pen and mk drawing showing Wa^ihmg 

ishmjf A quaint i 

A llo 


r nuro vuiu 

The explorer of the Fayum, Mr. Petrie, 
has discovered "a splendid fragment of 
the Second Book of the Hind, wrilt.-n on 
papyrus in the finest (Jnik U:i\i'\. before 
therounded uncial oi mr-ivi.' -^i ripi iume 



found rolled up under Un- head of a 
mummy wliich was buried simply in the 
sand, without tbe protection of a tomb. 
It measures apparently from three and a 
half to four feet in length. The date of 
the manuscript is about the second or 
third century. It will bo edited by Pro- 

of penmanship. The long, ' 
cessful exiierience of Prof. D. 

I'ENMANs Art Journal 

AdrfrtiMng ratt*, 30 cent* per nonparei/ 
line fi.m per inch,«ach insertion. DtacounU 
for tenn and »pace. Special **f™f.'" A 
niithed on application. " """ '' 
taken for leM than |2. 


So advrrtuemmtii 

15,000 perl" 

Nuhnrription : Oiig year $1 ; one number 10 
crnU A'o fret, mmples except to bona fide 
nyt^itK who are gvbscriberK, to aid them in 
taking aubacriptionB. Premium list on p. 77. 

Foreign subscriptitms {to countries in Pos- 
tal I'nion) $\.'^ peryear. 

New York, Juiie« 1889. 

Lessonfl In Fracttoal WHtinK— No. 3 8I-8S 

D. W. Hof. ^ 

Portraits on Amerloan BBnk-Notes , K 

LcssuQ In Flourlslilng 8Z-SJ 

Jtf. B. Moore. 

Special Writlnn Teaohera ~ 

Ovcnome Uy H^chercM Penmanship e3 

Albums for I'Hrnell and Gladatone 83 

Shorthand Departxent M-oo 

Mrs. L. H. Packard. 

SiH'pil lit thu Wrontr End; Glrtato tbe Front: 

MinitlifiiKl nn<l the n. E. A.; Wanted; To 

I . .111.1 tlii\Vi>r.L«onal>pe-Writer; Wbot 

Miiili W'.- full ■nirini' Exercise for Frac- 


heard of, except through 
casual buBiows correspondence, for indorse- 
irent of their qualibcatiofls as penmen and 
teachers. Sometimes the writers are ap- 
parently well educated and intelligent; 
sometimes the contrary is the case. In no in- 
stance, however, is the request granted. 
No one's penmanship needs a recommenda- 
tion. It speaks for itself, and the person 
always has it at hand ready to show. No 
one can judge acruratcly of a person's 
teaching qualifications by a mere letter. 
Many educated people are totally unfit for 
teaching. We have known, too, many ex- 
cellent penmen who proved utter failures 
iq the school-room. In fact, the mere 
ability to make pretty script forms, unsup- 
ported by other accomplishments, is of no 
particular value. The subjoined is a gen- 
uine reply sent a few days ago to a letter 
soliciting a lecommendation sent us by a 
young man whose really excellent penman- 
ship nas been shown in The JonnNAL. 
The letter is only changed enough to 
cover the identity of the person in question : 
Your favor of the 15tb inst. to hand and con- 
tents noted. We have had occasion before to 
commend your writing, and we wish you every 
success in the world. Still, we do not feel 
called upon to give you a recommendation 

teacher, though your writing might hove the 
grace and the perfection of tbe oest copper- 
plate, until you have mastered the spelling of 
our simple, expressive, eloquent Anglo-Saxon 
Trusting that wbat we have said may be of 

, and wishing you every : 
n whatever you may undertake, but aa- 
j you to go about your work intelligently. 

Lessons and presentations in each school will 
be given by tbe must prominent and successful 
teachers of tbe prof c ssion. 

This is the reply— and it fully justifies 
the good opinion we had conceived of the 
young man's integrity of purpose and nat- 
ural capabilities: 

Tour favor of the a2d inst. replying to my 
letter came to hand. 

I am very glad that you wrote and that you 
just, told me what I needed yet. I see vou are 
right that 1 have to learn spelling and gram- 
mar first before I could teach writing, and I 
feel very thankful for your kind advice. Well, 
now I will go to work and study those branches 


there is really no inducement to discuss 
them, positively or comparatively. Any 
one blessed with as much as an eye and an 
inch rule can make his own measurements 
and draw his own conclusions. Besides, 
there are engravings and engravings. 

The Business Educators' Ap- 
proaching Meeting. 

New business to be considered. 

Adjourn to 11.80 a. hi. 

The several sections will meet in the various 
rooms assigned to them on tbe adjournment of 
the morning session of the general bo<ly. 

Tbe outline of Wednesday's proceedings fore- 
shadtfws substantially tboseof each succeeding 
day of meeting, subiect, of course, to such 
modifications as may be incident to the occa- 

Followlng is the assignment of the several 

schools or del 

of investigation, 1 

-ith the chairmen and vice-chairmen 
of the same: 

Chairman, Enos Spencer, Louisville, Ky. 
Vice-chairman, Byron Hoi-ton, New York. 

Chairman, R. E. Gallagher, Hamilton, 
Canada , 
Vice-chairman, J. M. Meehan, Des Moines, 

Vice-chairman, C. L. Bryant, Buffalo, N.Y. 

Tn II Vdunt,' Man who Wishca to Teaoli ; The 
i(. E A, (with Revised Proirramme of 
their Aiiiiroacliin? Ateetlng). 

PreferouL-es of 112 Penmen 88-6 

H W. Kibbe. 

■S 90-06 

Position ami Pen-Uoldlng-Ten Cuts UluB- 
tratlna' Professor Hoff's Writing Lea- 

Buti ......81-82 

BinI PliHuish. (M. B.Moore) 82 

Flourii-hinK Exerciises. (M. B. Moore— with 

U-ssim) 83 

Phuiioiri-aiihlc Script (full nap-e). ■ ^ 

(\»in|.limi-ntttiT Note. (B. F. wmianiB) 88 

Fuiiuy Alphiibet. (A. J. Zimmerman). 

■li 111 IS of 112 Penmen, (rf. 


I I. iVi red Capitals. (H. C. 


I TtusiiK'ss Capitals. (C.N. 


1 that esch will do his 
li'Vfl b**it. And then there will be Crandle and 
Oakin bdiI Dennis and about all the great pen 

lt-.<^ than three) shall be 
At.. Then The Jodb- 

be in The Jourkal office by September 1. 

Club ifattfrs. 

The kuig club for the post month comes 

from J. ({. Rider, of the Rockford, 111., 

utv-s^ College. It numbers 23 names. J. H. 

, of the Princeton, Ind., Un 

-I . In.m^ >.-h,.nl^ IS really the 
■iini^^:;,"Hi |,,.i,in:m>hi|. (lajier into 

Hiiil |ir^ntii..' » liilo ut home and 

other premium oiTers that we make. 

stating that you would be capable of teaching. 
How should we know whether you are capable 
or not ? As a matter of fact we coula not 
conscientiously recommend you for work in 
that capacity at this time. One particular de- 
fect that impi-esses itself upon us from reading; 
your letters is your very poor spelling, and a 
teacher should ha by all means a good speller, 
even though he only teaches writing. There 
are half a dozen misspelled words to each of 
the three pages in your letter of the 15th 
which we are now answering. As it may be 

allready for already, eicperiance for 
perience, folowing for following, musscuier 
for mtucular, magazin for magazine, woorks 
for ioorks, itsself for itself, ect, for the abbre- 
viation etc., unfiH for until, learne tor learn, 
arangments for arrangements, sliakey for 
shaky, dayestor days. 

Now, young friend, do you think it would he 
well for you to start out as an instructor nf 
youth) Don't you think it would hf. more prof- 
itable in the end, and fai' more satisfactory, to 
study something besides penmanship, and 
equip yourself for the important duties of iu- 
structfonf If you don't learn now you never 
will, and it is highly important that every 
person know how to spell. It is often brought 
up as a reproach to teacbei'S of penmanship 
that so many of them know nothing about 

n spelling, you would certainly bo called upon 

found de5cient in this n 

g;t a good spelling book. Swinton's "Word 
ook " perhaps is as good as any. Study it 
night and day, even if you have to neglect 
your penmanship a little, for, take our word 
for it, you will never amount to anything as a 

an event that should interest all the 
thoughtful men and women engaged in 
training young people for business pur- 
poses. The occasion is near at hand. 
There should be a full attendance and a 
liberal representation of the business col- 
lege interests of the country. The doors 
are wide open. Any man or woman of 
good character engaged in commercial 
teaching is eligible to membership and 
will be heartily welcomed. Apart from 
their business value, these annual meetings 
are particularly inviting from a social point 
of view. The officers of the asbociation 
report that the prospects for a well- 
attended and highly successful meeting are 
gratifying. The following is the official 
programme as issued by the Executive 
Committee, Mes-srs. E. R. Feltou, A. D. 
Wilt and L. L. Williams, and revised to date: 
The eleventh annual niL'eting of the Business 
Eklucators' Association will ae held at the 
rooms of the Spencerian Business College, 
Cleveland. Ohio, July 10, 11, 12, 13, 15 and T«. 

Address of welcome by E. R. Felton, Esq.. 

Address of welcome by His Honor Mayor 
Geo. W. Gardner. 
Re3pon.oe by President G-. W. Brown. 
Address by J, M Sturtevant, D.D. 
Response by Col. George Som^. 
Address by Prof. Chas F. Olney. 


from friends of business education. 

and short papers 

Vice-Chairman, Mary C. Askew, Jackson- 
vUle, III. 

Chairman, C. C. Curtiss, Minneapolis, Minn. 
Vice-Chairman not named. 

Chairman, W.W. Osgoodby, Rochester, N.Y. 

Vice-chairman, Miles (1. Baxter, Cleveland, 

The chairmen and vice-chairmen of the sev- 
eral schools will please prepare at an early day 
a draft of the outline of work as they would 
present it, and forward same to E. R. Pelton. 
chairman Executive Committee, who will put 
the same in print and see to its proper dlstribu- 

Preferences of One Hundred 
and Twelve Penmen. 

Editor of The. .IorRN.\i.: 

At the Educators' Cimvcntiou 
held in Milwaukee, Wis., July, 1887, I 
made a report based upon the 

of fifty of our prominent pen- 
aod teachers of penmanship, which 
were carefully tabulated. The report, 
illustrated by plates of script, was pub- 
lished with the proceedings of that con- 
vention, and also appeared in substance 
in The Jodhn.vl. 

The work of obtaining a consensus of 
opinion was continued until in all there 
were expressed preferences of one hundred 
and twelve persons ; those persons, with 

one ejcceptioD, being teachers of penman- 
ship, excelling penmen, and heads of 
business colleges where practical penman- 
sbip foruiB an important part of business 
trnining. The exception mentioned was 
the senior member of the firm of Ivison, 
Blukemun & Co., New York, publishers 
of Spenceriaa PenmaDship for thirty years. 
I was curious to know, after such long ex- 
perience, what Mr. Ivison'a individual 
choice would be. He chose simple forms. 
He writes a quick, orderly hand, without 
a wrsted stroke. 

At the Business Educators' Convention 
held in Minneapolis, Minn., July, 1888, I 
reported the reeult of the tabulated pref- 
erences of the one hundred and twelve 
persons, showing that it was substantially 
the same as the one reported the previous 
year based upon fifty. The second report 
also appeared in the published proceedings 
of the convention, but I have not fulfilled 
my promise to furnish it for The Journal 

The accompanying plates .show the cap- 
itals in the order in which they have been 
selected. To illustrate : The "first A, the 
largest, has been chosen by the greatest 
number of adepts ; while the second, or 
next in size, has been chosen by next to 
the highest number ; and the third, or 
smallest size, is the third choice, and so on 
through the alphabet. 

The variety of styles which were sub- 
mitted to the hundred and twelve persons, 
from which they selected, were all one 
size; but we have in this report graded 
the sizes in order to illustrate to the eye 
of the reader the relative prominence of 
the letters in the estimation of the adept 

It will be observed that we have pre- 
sented the first-choice letters again in a 
separate alphabet, that there may be no 
misunderstanding or confusion in regard 
to them. 

who contribute io the make-up of the 
number are W. J. Kinslev, C. P. Zaner, 
A. E. Dewhurst and W. D. Showalter. 
The compiler generously acknowledges aid 
extended him by various penmen in the 
preparation of the directory, and espe- 
cially bv W. F. Giesseman, the accom- 
plished penman of the C. C. College. Dee 



Editor of The Joubn.\i.: 

The success of the Western Penmen's 
Association ought to be an incentive to the 
Eastern brethren to organize an Eastern 
Penmen's Association. 

Penmen of the East, let us join together 
and keep up the spirit of emulation in our 
profession. With the many shining lights 
in our Eastern ranks, the organization of 
an Eastern association can hardly be re- 
garded as a doubtful experiment. 

It would become a potent factor in pen- 
manship affairs here in the East and agi- 
tate the great need of reform in teaching 
penmanship in our public schools. 

This purpose can be effected at once by 
a small number as a nucleus for an as- 
sociation. H. R. OSTKOM, 

228 n^. Fifty-eighth utrfet. New York. 


; of that big institution, ( 

tendance of 316 scholars during the past y 

mented by engraved work of some of his 

—We find in the Suvidaxj Olobe, of Lincoln, 
Neb., the portrait of a good-looking young 

with the 
Order of American Woodmen. 

—Rev. Wm. Lloyd, D.D., talked to the 
members of the Packard Alumui Association 
OQ the evening of May ol, on a " Ramble 
Through Norway." The lecture ^ 

annual excui'sion of the Packard students and 
tbeij" friends took place on Jime 1. 

—The annual paduatiuji exercises of Prof. 

June 6. Rev. J, H. Hurlbut, D.D., de- 
livered the annual address. 

— C. W. Loomis, Waterbury, Conn., is hav- 
ing great Buccess teaching short-hand by 
mail. He is also agent for short-hand t 

I commendations from his pupils 

those who know hira we judge that uis methods 
must be of a very superior order. 

S. Osborn, who a couple of yeaiTs ago 

business college work t 


' of the most accomplished all-around pen- 
men in the profession. 

— F. J. Toland. late of Canton, 111., has 
opened the Ottawa Busine^ University, Ot- 
tawa, 111. W. G. Lowe is secretary, while 
Mrs, Toland has charge of the department of 
type- writing and stenography. 

— F. H. TnttersaJl, Taimton, Mass., and 
G. W. Allison, Newark, Ohio, have written 
since om- last issue requesting that their names 
be added to the list of specimen exchangers. 

' of Oskaloosa, Iowa, 

and Musical 
Oskalcxjsa Bus 

force. Welei..^ „ - 

that city that Miss Barnes, of the abo' 
tution, " kept time to the ijuartette boom for 
Oskaloosa, while Miss Carpenter at the other 
side of the stage was kecpmg books after the 
latest approved methods. The song was com- 
posed by the Busines^t College quartette, and 
sung to the time ' Marching through Georgia.' 
and well sung. The quartette consist«a of 
Fred Logan, Harlan Young, Ira Welch and J. 
W. McCaiTell.'' To show how thoroughly 
the Oskaloosa Btisiness College-bi*ed muse lets 
itself out on such festive occa ' ~ ^ 

a section of the song referred 
" Yes. and here are business ii 
his trade: 

Hardly can they be resti-ained from making 

a tirade. 

All for the boom of Oskaloosa. 

'The 'Magnet' with ' Noiix>n's stand,' then 

came the Racquet's had ; 

The ' (Jolden Eagle' sci-eamed aloud, the 

' Old Horse sale,' 
Booming still for Oskaloosa. 
' The ■ bummers' at the Downing heard the 

But Oskaloosa Business College bravely 

marches Cor 

Helping the boom of Oskaloosa." 

In other words, there are no insects to speak of 

browsing on the Oskaloosa Business College 


The Preferred Alphabet.— See Accompanying Letter from B. C. Spencer. 

At the same time that we submitted the 
capital lettera for expressions of choice, we 
also submitted the sentence containing all 
the letters of the alphabet, "John quickly 
extemporized five tow bags," in three 
distinct styles, headed: "Full forms of 
small letters,'' "Partially abbreviated writ- 
ing," "Abbreviated writing." Expressions 
in regard to these styles were as follows: 
Seventy -five persons marked the ' ' Partially 
abbreviated writing" their first choice; 
eighteen persons marked the " Full forms" 
as their first choice; and fifteen marked 
the "Abbreviated writing" as their first 
choice, while four out of the one hundred 
and twelve failed to mark cither style, 
probably not understanding what was de- 
sired of them in respect to the connected 

It should be explained that in our com- 
munications we requested our correspond- 
ents to mark the writing submitted " in 
the order of their preference for businesii 
use." And further, that through The 
Journal we invited all our penmen to send 
in their opinions, not wishing that any 
should fail to be represented who felt an 
interest in the matter. 

Prom four to seven Spencerian styles of 
each capital letter were submitted from 
which to make choice 

Hearty thanks are hereby tendered to all 
who have co-operated in securing this 
of opinion in regard to hand- 
lud I trust the results may tend 
1 good of the rising genera- 
ions throughout our beloved country. 
Henry C. Spencbh. 

iVuahington. D. C. 

The PcniiiaiPa DIrerlory. 

At last we have the long-promised 
"Penman's Directory," which comes to us 
with the (.-oraidiments of F. S. Heath, its 
compiler. It has 16 pages, half size of 
Joiits.u, pages, and a cover. We have 
not had time to examine it critically, but 
ifthe list of penmen is in any degree ac- 
curate, the work is valuable. It is an ef- 
fort that deserves encouragement, and the 
small price of 10 cents a copy puts it 
within every one's reach. Among those 

— G. Bixler, Wooster, Ohio, proprietor of the 
penmanship school of that place and author of 
various works on writing, has invented a new 
toy game, from which he hopes to reap large 
profits. The name is " Turning out the 

—The students and friends of the Hamilton, 
Ont., Business College, accompanied by the 

outing. R. D. Nimmo, giaduate 
hand department of this college, has accepted 
a position as teacher of short-hand and jten- 
manship in the Peterborough, Out., Business 
— It is no cliild'^ play to get out such a catn- 

th year. E, L. Mc- 
llravy, the superintendent, is a very accom- 
plished penmnn, as is C. L. Martin, who assists 
nim in that department. The school has a 
large attendance. 
—The death of Prof. H. A. Stoddard, late 
principal of the Illinois Business 

Mr, Stoddai-d 

— Mr. and Mrs. M. J. Caton entertained their 
friends at the second annual reception and 
May party of the Euclid Avenue Business Col- 

lege, Cleveland, Ohio, < 

ConuellBville, Omo, has been presented by the 

display of ornamental penmanship. We have 
recently had oceasion to examine the work of 
some ot Miss Btednian's pupils and cem there- 
fore very well understand why the medal was 

s that he is gratified at 

lutions expressing - -„- -- - . - 

ing many compliments to their old teacher. 

^gret at oarting, 

— One of the best college papers that we re- 
ceive is the Jownai of the College of Com- 
mercE, Philadelphia. It is beautifully printed 
on the best of paper. The contents are well 
selected and the paper is in every resjiect a 
model college publication. 

— We have received from the author, D. A. 
Griffith, a little pamphlet printed on card- 
board entitled "Science of Accounts in a Nut- 
Shell." So fur as we have been able to exam- 
ine it the scheme ot the work is as practical as 

— We acknowledge the pleasure of i 
vitation to be present at the commenc 

of the Brooklyn Preparatory School 

— The address of Mr, Wanamaker, of Presi- 
dent Harrison's Cabinet, to the students of the 
Spencerian Business College, Washington, on 
the o<'CHsion of their twenty-third annual 
graduating exercises, held i-ocently, is full of 
good sound advice to boys and girls who con- 

1 Mr. Wanamakei 

—The annual catalogue of Shaw's Business 

-Prof. C. S, Qhapman, the well-kno^vn pen- 

joint director of the Cm-tiss Commercial Col- 
leges of Minneapolis and St. Paul. Here is a 
business college team that is exceptionally 
strong at both ends. Prof. J. B. Duryea, who 

- -, I and teachera in the West, 

will, we understand, remain in that position. 

—The Journal has had the pleasure of 
calls recently from the enterprising proprietor 
of the MetropoUtan Business College, Chicago, 
O. M. Powers; from J. i:;. De Pue, of De 
Pue's Business College, Oakland, Cai., who 
was retiuning from a trip half-way round the 
world (the great Paris Exposition being apar- 
ticular objective point), and from R. H. Hill, 
of Hill's fiuaine* College, Texas, who is on 
his way to Europe for an extended pleasure 

—Scribner^s for June gives the post of honor 

of the 
Striped Bass 
Fishing," a cbamung paper that smells of the 
salt sea. and Eugene Schuvler's " Count Leo 
Tolstoy Twenty Yeai-s Ago." Mr. Schuyler's 
reasons for changing the accepted spelling of 
the noted Russian's name are not apparent. 
The July Scrihm-r will be a distinct novelty, 
in that it will he wholly given to fiction — "as 
becomes the season," the pubhahere exi)lain, 
and of us will be quite ready to assent. 

— Fiom the wealth of good things served for 
the delectation of younii (and old) folks i 

Jewett's serial, "A Bit of Color," has come to 
the end. The verse and the jingles and the 
pictures of the number ai-e all so bright and 
fresh that no years can make a person feel old 
who reads them. 

— AnorhtT delightful high-class publication, 
primarily designed for young people, is Wide 
Awake, published by D. Lothrop, Boston, The 
Lothrop magazines include Pansy and other 
young folks' periodicals, smuples of any of 
which may be obtained by sending o cents to 
the publisner. The youngster who may be for- 
tunate enough to secure Wide Awake has the 
proepect of a large amount of happiness he- 
fore nim. It is an admirable pubUcation. 

—Bright, crisp and always entertaining is the 
Budaef. Marysviile, Cal. But on whose au- 
thority docs our friend state as a settled fact 
that Edgar Allen Poe was bom in Boston? 
Surely not on the word of the great poet's per- 

Kleet« Practical Book-keeplii 

Prof. Thomas A. Rice, 322 Chestnut street, St. 
Louis, Mo., announces his "Practical Book- 
keeping.'' Taking the above for his text, the 


—A clever sketch, «hon-jng a lion's bead, and 
cards, comes trom C. N. Faulk, of the Sioui 
City, Iowa, Biuinees College. 

— W. 8. Chamberlain, penman of the Wilkes- 
barre. Pa., Business College, sends us a beauti- 
fully written letter inclosing cai'ds and 
flouriihes, all of which exhibit a high degriw of 

—A »peclmen of writing by George F. Slater, 
Dunkirk, N. Y., shows great improvement 
from former specimens submitted, and is not«d 
with pleasure ax an encouragement to that 
rtrlvlng young penman. 

— J. W, Jones, Oimnani), Ohio, an entbusia-itic 
young scribe, contributes a number of speci- 
memi, including two well-executed seta of capi- 
tuLi uud someeways in the direction of Bour- 

—Two sets of business capitals of good form 
come from J. H. Bachtenkircher, of the Prince- 
ton, Ind., Normal University. The same pen- 
man sends a model letter. Other business 
capitals, remarkable for thoii" simplicity, come 
from F. M, 8isson, Newport, R. I. 

— Thot clever young pcuman, R. M. Mc- 
Creody, Allegheny, Pa., places us under tresh 
obligations by another batch of card spwi- 
mens that show great freedom and skill of ex- 
ecution. We have sotne pretty canls also from 
L. A. Carter. O'Quinn, Texas. 

— From C, C. French, penman of Bayless Busi- 
oesH College, Dubu(]ue, Iowa, we have two sets 
of capitals full of sti'ength and poetry of outline. 

— E. M. Ohaitier, the Lone Star penman, con- 
tributes an elegant set of variety capitals. 
These he re-enforces with a brace of flourished 
specimens that take the honors of all the offer- 
ings in that line received during the mouth. 
Take him where you will, Chartier is an ele- 
gant penman. 

—We are indebted to E. G. Qonstead, of For- 
ward, Wis. , for some flourished specimens of 
medium excellence and some very superior card- 
work. A. A. Clark, supeKntendeut of writing 
in the public schools of Cleveland, Ohio, re- 
news his compliments in a dainty bird-flom'ish. 
B. F. Williams. Sacramento, Cal.. sends a 
variety of beautiful cards. 

— Examples of copy-writing full of grace and 
(lash come to us from the facile pen of P. T. 
Bentou, of the Iowa City Business College. 
G. A. Hohiian, Westerly, R. I., a precocious 
sixteen-year-old, submits various exercises and 
card examples that show him to be full of the 
stuff penmen are made of. 

—Prom the Iowa Business College, Des 
Momes, we have a photograph of a large 
double bird-Sourish, executed bv the penman 
of that institution, J. B. Duryea. The design 
is very creditable to that particularly clever 
peimian. A handsome engraved bird specimen 
comes from the pennmusbip department of the 
Stockton, Cal., Business College. It is en- 
graved white on black. 

—P. 8. Heath, he of the " Penman's Direc- 
tory," is represented by sundry harmonious 
productions in the line of writing. The com- 
pliments of F. J. Hahn, a promising fifteen- 
year-old, who is learning the ways of busiueai 
at Packard's, or© conveyed in a letter notable 
both for its penmansliip and com]X)s[tion. 

—Various connected capitals and movement 
exercises have been received from the students 
of J. M, Baldwin, teacher of writing in the 
public schools of Manistw, Mich. The wnt- 
era ai-e in the younger grades, 10 and 11 years 
old, autl apparently have a very good com- 
mand of the pen for students of that age. 

— A, W. Dakin, Syracuse, N. Y., sends us a 
very attractive sample-book showing various 
grades of his card-writing. He has a truly 
wonderful command of the pen, and his invent^ 
ive genius enables him to execute cards m any 
style that may be i)i'efer!'ed by the person or- 
dering. One of his newest conceits is "steel- 
plate" woi'k, and it would really take an ex- 
pert to say whether some of these cards, very 
popular among ladies, were executetl nith a 
»t««l pen or were done on a steel-plate printing- 

— Au entirely unique book of specimens 
comes to Uh from the studeuts of the Capital 
City Commercial College, Des Moines, Iowa. 
Every page attest* what we have fi-equently 
bad occasion to :say befoi*e— that Principal 
Mehau, of that college, is very fortunate in 
haviug the services of W. F. Gleffieman as con- 
ductor of the penmanship department. The 
writing of the students is smooth, fluent and 
graceful. It is the kind of writing that may 
be read at a glance— just the kind of writing 
a young man might possess to the highest ad- 
vantage when starting out iii the world to make 
his liinng. 

—Wo are ludehted to G. W. Harman, of the 
faculty of Soul6's College, New Orleans, for a 

specimens -' 

, flourished and 

drawn by his pupils. G. H. Quatrevaux is 
represented by a creditable copy of the old 
" Home, Sweet Home" design. E. J. Jacquet 
has redrawn with considerable skili one of Tac 
JoL'RN'Ai^'s prize ornamental designs. Both 
tha-ie young men send exceptionally well- 
written letters. Other letters showing pen- 
proflciency are from Maggie L. Taylor, J. 
Hirsch and 8. J. Lichtenstein. 

—A large number of specimens have been 
received showing the work of pupils in the 
public schools of Chillicothe, Ohio. The re- 
sults of the first year in school (pupils' average 
age six years), as shown in a number of speci- 
mens, are astonishingly clever. The writing is 
done with [leacil, on paper ruled for small let- 
ters. The sheets from a single class of a gram- 
mar grade (average age 13 years) were written, 
at the last regular examination. The work is 
uniformly excellent, and we don't wonder that 
the Chillicotheans lay great store by their 
writing superintendent. Prof. C, W. Slocum. 

—Here is another enterprising Western com- 
munity where the teachers have not "pro- 
gressed " (as the president of the National Edu- 
cational Association is reported to have done) 

and exhibits a flattering degree of stdir 
Ryan's brush-marking is excellent. No. Si 
leads OH capitals. Among the othei-s repre- 
sented by good work are Frank Elerlich, U. 
Clark, Lisette Jungfermaim, L. D. Smith, 
Louis Kliobenstein, D. B. Littlefleld. E. R. 
Bushby and Thomas E. Duggan. In another 
olace we have referred to a number of speci- 
showing the work of the Southwestern 


g Colli 


Colors Come Fron 

A well-known artist gives some curious 
information regarding the sources from 
which the colors one finds in a paint box 
are derived. Every quarter of the globe 
is ransacked for the material — animal, 
vegetable and mineral — employed in their 
manufacture. From the cochineal insects 
are obtained the gorgeous carmine, as well 
OS the crimson, scarlet and purple lakes. 
Sepia is the inky fluid discharged by the 
cuttle-fish to render the water opaque for 
its concealment when attacked. Indian 

to that point where they find " no educational 
significance in peumansDip. " The city ref eiTed 
to, is Winona, Minn., whose intelligent writing 
superintendent is represented by a communi- 
cation printed on another page. We have ex- 
amined a large number of specimens showing 
the work of pupils in various grades, showing 

the advanced grades shows a clear and 
curate conception of form and a good control of 
the muscles. One of the most accomplished 
writing-teachers in that section, we are reliably 

book of instructions that comprehends the 
subject very intelligently. 

— W. Douglas, principal of the commercial 
department of tne Geneva Normal School, 
Geneva, Ohio, favors us with a number of 
specimens showing the work of his pupils be- 
tween the ages of II and H. The authors of 
the specimens are Lena D. Martin, Frank 
Dickinson, Maud J. Massingham, Marie Wil- 
kinson and Maggie E. Austin. M. L. Miner, 
of the Interlake Business College, Lansing, 
Mich., sends a large number of specimens 

f his pupils. The work is 

yellow is from the camel. Ivory black 
and bone black are made out of ivory 
chips. Th» exquisite Prussian blue ia got 
by fusing horses' hoofs and other refuic 
animal matter with impure potassium 
carbonate. It was discovered by an acci- 
dent. In the vegetable kingdom are in- 
cluded the lakes, derived from roots, 
barks and gums. Blue-black is from the 
charcoal of the vinestalk. Lampblack ia 
soot from certain resinous substances. 
From the madder plant, wliich grows in 
Hindostan, is manufactured turkey red. 
Gamboge comes from the yellow sap of 
a tree, which the natives of Siam catch 
in cocoannt shells. Raw sienna is the 
natural earth from the neighborhood of 
Sienna, Italy; when burned it is burnt 
sienna. Raw umber is au earth from 
Umbria, and is also burned. To these 


l>le pigments may probably b« 


India ink, which is said to be 


from burnt camphor. The Chi- 


vho alone produce it, will not 


the secret of its composition. 


the base of varnish, so called, it 

t of wood ashes. 

Neat and beautiful penmanship is very desir- 
able in business coriespondenoe, but it is most 
important thot you should not spell God with 
a little " g" or codfish with a " k.^' Ornamen- 
tal penmanship is good, but it will not take the 

The MS. of the first letter ever written by 
Mrs. Stowe is preserved among her papers. 

It is hard to %vrite 
because it is unruly. 

paper without Unes, 

Business College proprietom who wish to em- 
ploy teachers to oegin in the fall, and teachert 
who wish employment^ would do welt to make 
their rngagfments noiv, while there is a 
wirirr firM oh hnth 9iflry tn rhnn^r from. 


desiring positions in the South should 
write to the 

for full particulars. 

WA!VTED-A first-classman to take charye 
of Ai-tmil Btw(H-v« Depurtment in a Com- 
mercial Colle(i:cHt Uuffulo, N. V, A unotX pen- 

ferred. Address, in own hatxlwritiiiK, statinir 

experience and salary expected, 


care Penman's Art Jocknal,2(B B'dway. N. Y. 

WANXBD— A first-class Teacher of 
manship for the next school year. ', 
be a good business writer, an experienced 
successful teacher and not afraid of hard n 
To the riifht man a f^ood salary will be \ 


I Teacher of Pen- 
$1000 cash, to Join 
the subscriber in enlartriUR a wetl-estabtlshed 
liuslnesfl ColWfre in a tionriaiiiiio- tnwn nf •L'i nm 
popututiun. No other J 

district. The country 


) tlnest in America. Cor- 

2B'way.N.Y. tt-1 

Department and perform the duties usually r 
quired of a Teacher In a Business College, desir«> 
emplovment. Good references. Willing to l>e- 

W ANTED— A position to teach in 
good Business College by a young lu; 

lent qualities, and who has had se 

of experience. Can teach in any depart- 

excellent qualities, and who has had several 

- - - -'experience. Con * — '■ ' ' " 

icept Shorthand; 

8 Mathematics. Best of refer* 

. habits, ability, &c. 

244, AtWnta, Oa. 0-lB 


seven years' experience. Fin 
a and book-keeper. Prefer position 

i, Hopki 

IS College. Beat 

character and 


ANTED— A posltloi 

Branches by c 
IdresB C. W., ct 
Broadway, New York. 

references. Addrt 

would pi'f fer to teach Actual Busiu< 

Theory of Bookkeeping or Arithmetic. 

Address "JONES." c — "* — ' 

Broadway, N. V. 


WANTED— Position as Principal, Manager 
or Teacher in a good Business College. 
Overlive years in fuU charge of office of large 

a good Buslnes.>< College. 
._1 charge of ofli 
Twelve years . 

manager and principal. Literary College ffrad. 

teach all subjects 

tlons and experience possessed by few' 

engage temporarily for .luly and August. 

Address " Uusinkss Man," care D. T. Ames. 
ae Broadway, New York City. 12-1 

, ANTED-Position ii 

D ifood school a 

"' Teacher oFbooV- keeping. Arithmetic 
and English Branches. Con furnish best of 


to secure a beautiful Motto, such as " Home, 
Sweet Home," " Kot^k of Ages," "No Cross, No 
Crown," &c., executed In four colors with an 
utic shading pen, ^inch ' " 
Heavy Bevel-edged Curds 

fide, for fiOe 
dozen; blank, 15 to 18c. per pack. Sena 

1-edged Cards, written, 30c. 



Lexington, Kv- 

if Rtal PeniuatiBblp, t'omprlB^K forty 


[Contributions for ttiiE DeiiBriment may l>e 
addrececHl to B F. Kelley. office of Tbe Pen- 
man's Art Journal. UriRt iMlucaUonal itt.-iB!» 


Fifty colored men are shidyiug for the 
priesthood in Rome. 

Feiinsylvania University will establish a 
course in journalism. 

There are H recent graduates of Yale Col- 
lege engaged in joui-nalisni in New York. 

In Wic-. 

titles a school-teacher t 
cbusett£ 50 year». 
There are 37 Japaiie^ 

a peHKioD. In Massa- 
studente at the Uni- 

of Yale University 

WasliingtJin ivccivid' the degi-ee of LL.D. 
from four Easti-^m colleges, and was chancellor 
of the College of Williaiu and Mary from 1788 


Mrs. Hendricks: " Is John doing 

father, taking her aside, said: 

Lawyer: " And so you really think, Bobby, 
>f becoming a law>-er when you grow upP' 

Bobby: "Yes, sir; my Uncle Jamee thinks 
[ ought to be a lawye " 

"No, sir; because I ask so many fool ques- 
tions.' — Texas Siftings. 

" I dont want to go near the house "' said the 
spring cliicken, with a sad little siiiile. "The 
Iwss is laying for me with an nxe. " 

" Indeed !" said the rooster, with affected sur- 
priae. "I thought you were laying for the boss." 

And then the spring chicken went straight to 
the slaughter-house, and laying her neck on the 
axe surrendered up the ghost. 

Instruction in Pen-Work. 

In our last lesson we gave au alphabet 
rcquiriuR very careful outholug and conse- 
quently coDBidcrable time in the finishiDg, 
such as can be employed only when a fair 
price is to be paid for the work. In this 
lesson we give a style about as far as it is 
poBsible to get to the other extreme, one 
that can be very rapidly executed, re- 
quires little or no outlining and yet can be 
used with good effect in many places. It 
will look well in almost any size, and may 
be used for a main heading, sub-hea(ftDgs 
or for bringing into prominence a word or 
words in a body of writing. 

For all the work on this alphabet, ex- 
cepting the ray-shading and the light 
ornamentatioD about the lower line, use a 
very coarse pen — one that has been worn 
or ground down until it marks as 
smoothly as a brush. Notice the ray- 
shading is made irregular or waving, in 
keeping with the face of the letters. 
Grind your India-ink up black, so that 

w, &c.. began with Octo- 
euded April, ISSS. We sell the 
>i Sl.'J), <'v ?■-' «ith binder. The 
uliii'j TiiitttiT i-iiutatned in them 
II ii lai-;;.' i.."ik. Ten sets with- 
fiLV^rii Hihi|(.M->. r>0 cents each 
With i>a["i-v. ;.■) L'eutseacb when 



Holders.jion Acttniic Lanip. lOSDry Plal«. For 9i 

Autliuny's Eureka School OiitHt. 

E. & H. T. ANTHONY & CO., 

.'S91 Brnndnnr, New York, 

Manufacturers of PbotoKraphIc- Apparatus and Sup- 

you ?" 


Baby: " Well, how did you feel 'fore he put 
your head on /" 

Who would ever suspect that Bauyh-naugh- 
claugh-pa7i(ih sjtelled " bonnyclabber ( " 

" George, dear, what kind of fruit Ls borne by 
an electnc-light plant ?" " Electric cuiTeata, 
of couree. "—Teire Haute Express. 

" Yes," said tbe proud Boston mother, 
" Winthrojiis doing wellat college. He writes 
nie that he is the comma of his mne." 

"Comma T' 

" Yes, I believe that is what they call the 
short-stop at Harvard."— i?nr/)er'« Bazar. 

"Well, Mildred." remarked Amy the morn- 
ing after the election, " tbe jig's up." " Yes," 
replied the higb-scbool girl, " that variety of 
dance is altituoiuously efevated." — Burlington 

whom the maternal eye has detected : 

Hagrantactof disobedieuce that "shifts into 
the shppered pantaloon." 

Sunday-School Teacher: "Jeunie, I hope 
you don't hang over the gate with any young 

Jeonie: "Oh, no, ma'am." 

Sunday-School Teacher: "Im very glad to 
hear yon say so." 

Jennie: "No, ma'am; father took down the 
fence day befoi"e yestenlay." 

fiom CUitagu and Bl t u under the title of 
" Pork and Beans."— jl/wiiwy'js Weekly. 

Why not abbreviate Alaska to L.S., which 
would sufficiently identtfyit as the place of the 
seal/ — Boston Transcript. 

It may sound somewhat contradictory, but 
the first thing in a boot is the iaat.—r)etroit 
Free Press. 

Invention Enthusiast: "I understand that 
Keelv has constructed a cylinder that will 
stajid a pressure of aiOO pounds to the square 

Pretty Girl (who has not l>een hugged for 
ayeori: "Huh! 1 don't think that's much."— 
Neiv York Weekly. 

the lines do not turn brown 
Bright, strong, steely effects 
produced in lettering with \ 

We have on hand back numbers of The 
Journal as follows: 

1878. — Two copies February; one copy Octo- 


Price 50 c 
18T9.— Pew C( 
August, Septeui 

February, April, July, 

?h; the 

1880.— Few copies all months except March, 
April, May, September " ' "' 
the eight forCt. 

1881. — Fourteen complete 
ber, Price SLil for the i 
January and November 20 

September. Pince »l.r>0 per set. Six , ... 

cept May, June, September. Price $1.26 pei 
' Single copies 10 cents each, except Maj 

1885.— T^venty- Ave complete sets. Price *1. 

1886.— Complete seta except Octolier, Novem- 
lier, December (short-hand poi-tions of missing 
numbers reprinted). Price, with short-hand 
reprints, 81 ; without. 80 cents, 

IK87.— Complete sets except June - July 
double number (reprint of short-hand portion.. 
Price $1. 

1888.— Complete sets, $1. Very limited num- 
ber of cojjies of November issue remaining, and 

The price of single back 
uumbei-s when nit otherwise specified is 10 
cents each. The publisher reserves tbe i-ight 
to leturn the money where single papei-s or- 
dered might break a set. 
Combination Extraordinary.— Trk 
iplete (with oxceptio 


have mndo arrantrenients to plve a short, 
^harp, practical Busloees Coui-se at the fammt^ 
lOCO litianii Parff, A'. r'.,(1urin|f July and AugUBt> 
Special attention will be jriveu to the best 
methods of teaching Commercial Subjects in 
Public and Miirl.>n|« ,r U. McKay, the 
prjte ea8n.vjst m Thk .Iuihsal's cotopetitlODBi 
will suiierintt III iln l'< iiiii:'ii^lii|> Ucpartmeot. 

PJtlOE-^ THAT TA^Llt : 


SiDgle and Double Entry Bookkeeping. 

I'lty. Franklin 

. Rice, 

L.M., LL.B.. 

I'^xpeii Accountiiot and ?ecretaiy of Mound 
'■■*-. Franklin, Irmh-Amerl 
and Garfield Building J 

introduces thesboi'test 

s the best text-book of 

It contains 319 pagee, printed 

-class style, and will be mailed, 

postpaid, for $2 by addressinu the author at 82a 

'HKtjTNDT Street, St. Lodis, Mo. 6-12 

t^' Liberal discount to teachers ami trade. 



Kansas City, Kan., or Missouri. 

(H. U. TnonSLOT i- <.'o,, proprictoi-s.) 
CoHtroU alt Territory Utut of the . 

We supply our members with Books, 
id Music Books, Watches, Jewelry, 
Periodicals, Priutiny, Binding and Art 
Goods at actual wholesale prices. 

Save money hy joitiing the Exchange. 

Particulars for stamp. Agents wanted. 

(including Jauu 

t years 1883-8. inclusive, i 

above) for the 

or iivithout short^h'and reprints, i^ 
new handy binders (i^ill bold all the numbei-s), 
$6. Binders cost separately 75 cent^ each 
As A Special Premium.- We will send the 
years named (not including 

subscri (lei's a 
our short^haud friends we wi 
short-hand department of Th 

1 of October. 1H86. Since 

printed the short-tiand portion of the ^^ing 





comblUBtluUH. &c. F.ftDh purchaser Kets a ipcclal staeei 
('outalnlBK blx iDlttals c-omblued In many beautiful 





Any of th© fo]lowln(t article* will, npon receipt 
wf pnoe, be promptly forwarded by mall (or express 
when NO ttatad): 

When 10 cents extra ere remitted mercbandlze 
will be Bent by registered mail. 

Amen' Compendium of Practical and Oma- 

mcutal Penmanship $S 00 

Amex' Book of AlptiabeU IH 

Amec' Guide to Praotloal and Artlstlo Pen- 
manship, In piper 50a.- In olotfa 7& 

Amed' Copy Slips for seif>Teachers . .., 50 

WillUuna' and Pacltard'a Oemi 5 00 

blandard Practical Pe&manehlp, bytbe Spen- 

cei Brothers 1 00 

New Hperjcerlun Oompendfnm. complete In 8 

Bonnd oomnlele 7 60 

KIbbe's Alpnaoeta, five slips, CSo.; complete 

set of S7 Blips I 00 

Little's Ilhialratlve Handbook OQ Drawing... fiO 

Grant M-mcirlal 88x28 Inoliei 60 

Family Kecord ISxtt " 60 

Marriage Certlflcate 18x28 " 60 

11x14 " 60 

Oarfleld Memorial ISxSI " 60 

Bou nding Stag "] .".V. .W.].'.'^.'.'. 84x88 ' ' SO 

FlourUhod Eagle UtS2 " 50 

Ccntenniul Plctoreof Progress. ..28x26 " 50 

Ealogyof Lincoln and Orant 2!x83 " 60 

Ornamenial and Flourisbbd Cards, ]2deBlffns, 

new. original and artlstlo, per pack of 60, 80 

lOOb^mall 60 

1000 " $4,66: byexpress ..'!..!!'..!.'. !.! 4 00 
Bristol Board, S-sheet thick, ifixSS, per sheet. 60 

French B. B., S4k84. " ' " ... 76 

" " 26x40. " ■■ ... 1 28 

Black Card-board. 2SxS8, for white ink 50 

Bliick Curds, per 100 85 

Black Cards, per 1000, by express 2 00 

Whatman's by mall, "by ex. 

Drawing paper, hot^press. inxSO.f .15 $ I 90 

_; ;; i7x3s.. .20 200 

£lx80" ;25 8 75 

28x40.. ,ft5 7 00 

S1X88.. 1.75 80 00 

Wlnsor A Newton's Snp'r Sup. India Ink Stick 1 00 

Prepared India Ink. per bottle, 5U 

Amea' Best Pen, H groea box 35 

Ames' Penmen's Favorite No. i, per gross. . . 90 

Engrossing Pens for lettering, per doz 85 

Crow-QuiirPen, very fine, for drawing, doz . . 75 
Sonneoxen Pen, for text lettering— Doable 

Points— set of three 30 

Brosd-aetof five 25 

Oblique Penholder, each lOo.; per, dozen 1 00 

"Double" Penholder (may be used either 

straight or oblique), eaoQ 10c.; per dozen, 1 00 
ObUQue Metal Tips (adjustable to any holder). 

eaoh 5c.; per dozen 86 

Writing and Measuring Ruler, metal edged . . 80 

Now Improved Pantograph, for enlarging or 

diminishing drannnga j 25 

Ready Binder, a simple device for holding 

New H anil y lViii(ip*r. light' and strong. ' " 75 
Common Sense Binder, a fine, stiff, oloth 

binder, Journai, size, very durable 1 60 

Roll Blackboards, by express, 

No! 8| ;; 8Hx8H'e_et!!."!!„"!;;;!;;:';;; itb 

stone Cloth, one yard wide, any length, per 

yard, slated on one side 1 86 

46 inches wide, per yard, slated both sides. S 96 
Liquid Slating, ibe beut In use. fur walls or 

woodeu boards, per gallon 6 00 

on good bank note paper is kept in stock, and 
orders will be filled by return of mall or express. 
The f raotlooal denominations are : ] 'a, &'s, lO's, 86's 
and 60's,ln convenient proporllonsi the bllLs are 
In the douomlnatlona of I's, 2% 6's. lO's. SO's, SO's. 
lOO's. 6O0's and l.OOO's. which are printed on sheets 
of fifteen bills each. They are proportioned so as 
moke 3 otu^, 8 tmot, 3 Jtret, 2 tent, and one each of 
the !». 60, 100, BOO and 1,000 dollar notes. 

The proportion In wblob the different denomina- 
tions are printed is that which long experience has 
demonstrated to best ment the demands and onn- 
venlenoe In business praotlce. We cannot furnish 
the Script in other proportions than those named, 
except upon special order and at additional cost. 

Fractional Cnrreuoy per 100 notes... . t 75 

" 600 800 

'1.000 ' 6 00 

"8.000 " 800 

760 notes repre«entUig $83,330 capital $ 7 00 

8.000 '■ " m,3M " !!;;;; ao oo 


are kept In stook and sent by return mall, or ex- 
ureas, 80 cents each or $3.00 per dozen. Orders 
(or new and special designs promptly filled. W*) 
have stook diploma.^ for business ooUegea ani 
mlsceltaneourt instltnttons. 


For the preparation of all manner oi display cuta 
our faoilitlos are unequalled. Send for estimates. 
Also we have ttie bust facilities for making pboto- 
eugravul cuts from pen aud ink copy. 


Of most of the thousands of outs that have ap- 

SBiirod In Tub Joornal and our pubUoatloiu, 
uplicatcs will be furnished for low prices. 
We wlU supply, at ptMU/urt' rat*i. any standard 
work oil iHjumanshlp In print ; also any bookkeep- 
bjg, commercial aritbmeUo or other educational 

Send the money with order. In all oases. Unless 
this requirement is met no goods wlU be sent by 
mall, <R an]/c<ue. nor by express, C. O D., unless a 
sufficient advance Is made to protect ns against 
contingent has. Don't waste your time and ours 
by writing us to " send so-and-so (you have forgot 
the price) and you will remit," or to ask us If we 
•■ can't take less." Wx can't. We handle nothing 
but reliable goods, and ail who favor us with 
orders ar« assured of prompt and efficient service. 

Addpeas, D. T. AMES. 

'2U'i Brofdwmy, New York 


lO Ceuts. 


10 Coiits. 


10 Cents. 


'» V .Vis r, 



Rapid -Wrltlnif is this: For Sixty Ceiiii 
he will mail you << Blxler'S Physical 
Tralnlnir la Pen mans hi p." 64 pages, 
full cloth binding, and (he " People*8 Vftit- 
Inff Xeacher, " a handsomely lllusiraied 

for Book and Paper 

mplete self 

Hand8om;Bt DIPLOMA 

lliat baa ever been made. It n rrom 

the pen of thai master pen .irtist M B.MOORE, 
Morgan. Ky , and »(^ p.iid him StpO for the 

GIDEGH BIXLER. Pililislier. Woosler, Otlo. 



nriMmgte tmtenu Wanl^S CotalOflM FRBE.I 

IHARB AOH OftO AN CO. BOB nE^ It- Pkflrf^ r»l 

Standard Typewriter 





Embraces tbe Latest and Highest AcMeve- 
ments of Incentive Skill. 

Wit Broadway, N. Y. 

Full Mnp nf Tjiipwriter Supplies. H-12 


lupylled wlttacompetet 

^ Tile Modern Way 


The old drudgery of conducting correspondence 
personally with a pen is a thing of the past. The 

demand for stenographers and typewriters 
is increasing every day. No well regulated 
house will do without one. Young men and 
young women alike fill these desirable situations. 
We Frornre SiftKttious for our Grttdii- 
(Ifes. Shorthand taught by mail. Send us your 
name and we will write you full particulars. It 
will cost you nothing. Address 

W. C. CHAFFEE, Oswego, N. Y. 

By H. J. Pulman 4 W. J. Klnelev 

The Latest, Best, Most Complete 
and Cheapest thing of the kind. Seven- 
teen beautifully lithographed slips aud tin- 
finest and most explicit Instruction Book 
published: enclosed In a neat and substautiii 
case; mailed toany part of tbe world for One 
Dollar. Send for our new descriptive circular 
giving testimunials, &c. 

Potman & Kinsley's Pens. 

No. I.— Double-elastic, for students' prnc- 
ttee work, HourisblOK. cai-d writing and fine 
writing of all descriptions. 

No. 2.— The " Business Pen " for book-keep- 
ei-», L)<n3k-keet)lng studenta, and all wiebing a 

PUTMAli & KINSLEY, ^*b';n2«d'*o-a'L.'r,r« 

Pernin Universal Phonography, 

The only Non-Shading, Non-Position, Connee- 

Hand. Note-Takinir Stvle in 

^(rible a 
_ .__ __. gible ai _ . 

•Ive Weeks completes a course by raiiil or at 
itute Ti-ial lesson and cirouIai-9 free, WnU- 

Detroit, Mich. 

1 Shorthand for sale. PrI 


*J rates: succe^guaruutced. Studenta of all 
Bvstemfi helped. Pupils wanted. AgeDt for 
Fouutain Pens, Pencils, Typewriters, and all 
Shorthand Books. C. W. LOOMIS, Steuog- 
rapber, Waterbury, Conn. C-12 


practical verbatim reporter. 16 years' experi 
cnce. No failures. (situations guaranteed 
Book and circulars free. 

FRANK HARRISON, Stenographer, 
5-tr 721 Broad St., Newark. N. J. 


The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

Easy. Accurate and Reliable. Send stamp for a 
ai^page Circular. MaoblDen rented on trial. 


Prict Bta 

■> •ZB. 


Natural method, 
liort. Sensible. A 
ractlcal reliable 
methijcl. Thoroughly taught by corres- 
pondence. Indorsed' by leading educators. 
SpeL'lal inducements to teacbere. Deseriptive 
pamphlet free. 

5-2 B W. 14th St.. New York City. 

Charge your Memory to try AMES' 
BEST PENS. By no possibility can you 
ever forget the result. 

1 mil still givittff iiiy eour»f of titehe 
kggons in plain venmanship by mail for 
$3.00, cash in advance. 

I ara going to say very little about this 
course. The fact that I was obliged to 
stop oiy advertisements because I was get- 
ting more students than I could attend to 
is in itself sufficient proof of it.s merits. 
The instructions and copies for this course 
are nil fresh from the pen and will always 
be my very best work. The student is 
taught to write a rapid, easy style and in 
the very shortest time possible. The plan 
for conducting this course id original, and 
to it 1 credit tbe wonderful success I have 
had teaching by mail. 

That I have had wonderful success is 
shown by the following specimen of im- 
provement : 

S- c 9f..^^ 

The old style I clipped from his letter or- 
dering the course, and the new style he 
sent me after completing the course. His 
P. O. address is Chambereburg, J»a. He 

sincerely thank you for the kindly in- 

" " I in nie as a student. lam 

imes repaid for 

I, C. WALK." 
Those who wish to become fine penmen 
at small expense, and are willing to give 
the subject a Uttle attention, will find in 
this course just what they want. 

my small investment of $3. 


straight holdei. . _. 

ordinary bolder but do i 

Cork Penholder f If you 

They are much larger than the 

uut do not weigh half as much 

just enough so that they are very 

rite niih. Thoxe using this bolder I 

guarantee never to have writers' cramp. 

B by mall, 25 centa each, or three for CO cents. 

The Spenceriau ObUqu'e Holder sent for I& oenta. 

pleasing to wri 
Price by n 


Why use a poor pen when a good one 

cheap ? The kind that I use have a very 

do not scratch aud are vety elastic. P 

quarter gross. 85 cents ; one gross, $1.31 



I sheets, size 8 x 10, ruled, 
ed, 600 sbeeta, 
sheets, $1.20. Sent by ejcpresa. 

F sheets. $1.G 


good wilting witb poorlnk. Uy 
glossy, but TClU not r 
for 81 .80 per quart. 

favorite is i 

by express 
quart. R'eclpe Cor making the Brilliant Ink, 50c. 

. W. Daki: 
If tkiUful 


( of the firi' 

Mr. Dnkin is one of the 
I the country. 

D. T. AMES, 

The following packages will be found to contain 
my very best work and will equal the work of any 

Packajic No. 1, price 20 cents, eontains 

one set business capitals, two written cards, three 
pens and samples of copy writing. 

Paekaijre No. 3, price 25 i^nlii 
a brautirCl set of cap- ' 
Hourisblng and samplet 

PacKatee No. 4^ price 35 cenin, contains 
orite pens and samples of 


, i>rlee 40 c 

one cork penholder, 

writtfU cards, a set 01 dusidcss 

Package No. 6* price 50 cei 

capitajs and specimen of Houruhii: 

. ulx best 

I possible styles 
dorigiOAl stales 


No. 30 lohnson St., SYRACUSE, N. Y. 



For more elaborate deeciiptlons and richly Il- 
lustrated Ust send ten cuts for Tax JoviurAL for 
December, 1SW. 


For fl we will h^diI Tuk Journal nne ^ear with 
fholce of the following elegant premiums /rse; 

Flourished Eagle " 24x83 

nourlahed SUig " 84x83 

Centennial Picture of Frogreu " 84 x28 

Grant Memorial " 28x88 

Garfield Memorial '■ 19x81 

Family Record " 18 x fc! 

Marriage Certiflcale " IBxii 

Grant and Lincoln Eulogy <our newest 

Penmanship Premium) " 34x80 

These premiums are without exception careful 
reproductions of some of the most elegant speci- 
mens of penwork ever shown In this ooimtry. 
Price by mail, 60 cents each. 

In place of any of the above, a subscriber remit' 
ting$l forTBK Joubnal may receive as premium 
a package of Ameg' Copy Slips, or a copy of Amet' 
Guide to Practical and Arti»tic Penmanship, 
bound in paper, or the same In cloth binding for 
$l./5. Both the Outde and Copy Slips have 
reached a liemendous sale, and are tauyht /mm 
In some of the leading business colleges and clas- 
sical schools of this country and Canada. They 
contam everything necessary to make a good, 
practical busine^ penman of a person of average 
intelligence. For 83 we will send Thk Journal 
one year, the Qii'V'e In cloth and a copy or the 

Special Premiums for Clubs. 

To stimulate those who interest themselves in 
getting subscriptions for The Jocrnal. we offer a 

pay them for their lime and trouble Under this 
arraneement each Rubsrrlber will als" bK entitled 
to choke or th« refEUlar prPnitDms enumerated 
above, the extra premium going to the sender of 
the club. Where premiums are sent by express 
the receiving party will have to pay the express 

For S^ we will send two subscriptions and an 
extra premium of Ames' Guide in cloth. 

For 5l0. ten subscriptions and a copy of Ames' 
Compendium of Practical and Ornamental Pen- 
manship. The price of this superb work, recog- 
nized as the standard, is $5. We have heretofore 
sent it with a club of tmelve. 

For a two aubscrlptlona and a quarter-gross 
box of Ames' Best Pens. 

For ja, two subscriptions and a book of Recita- 
tions and Readings, comprising nearly fo>ir hun- 
dred standard selections suitable for entertalu- 
e readings, &c. 

~luuHi»ipnoDB~ffia Btttory o/ the 
, beautilully printed and bound. 
Price 81. 

For 8fl, six subscriptions and the K'onder 
Camera Phoiographtc Outfit by express. This 
outfit contains all that is needed to make a com 
plele photograph. 

For $0. nine subscriptions and the Unique Tete- 
l/raph Outfit, by express. 

For $10, ten subscnptlons and the celebrated 
Flobert Rifle, Remington action, oiled, cose, 
hardened, pistol grip, chsckered, tM-enty-two 
caliber, sent by express, 

For 825. twenty-five subscriptions and an ele- 
gant breech-loadluc double-barreled Shut Gun- 
with complete loading set. 

For 830, thirty subscriptions and a line extra 
heavy rolled gold-plate Watch, elegant hunting 
case, plain or engine turn back or front, with or 
without monogram. It hoe the sweep second 
movement and stop attachment. Sent by express 

For 8'-. two subscriptions and choice of two 
hundred Popular Wtrrks. Alta editloa, compricing 
pottry. travel, history, biography, adventure, 
flclion. &c. These books are beautifully bound! 
List of over one hundred of them in Thk Journal 
for February, 1889. 

For $17. seventeen subscriptions and Dickens' 
CompL'ff Works, fourteen volumes, handsomely 
bound. By express. 

^^A ireseufc subscriber sending subscriptions 

inclndo hi* own renewal among the number. In 
that cose his time will be extended on our boohs 
tor one year, whether his uresent subscription is 
out or not. A person working for a club to secure 
an extra premium may send his subscriptions as 
he geU them, and they will be placed to his cre<)lt 
and the extra pi-emium sent when the requisite 
number ol subscriptions have been received, ihe 
club worker, however, nmst notify us that he is 

give him credit for ail the subscriptions he may 
send. Unless he does so notify us at the time of 
sending the subscriptions we will not recognize 
his claim. 

There is absolutely no chance for a club worker 
to lose any part of tlie fruit of his toil. If, for in- 
stance, he should start out to send us thirty sub- 
scriptions for the Watch, and should only buc- 
ceed in getting ten subscriptions, he would be en- 
titled to receive the Flobert Rifle or any five of 
the special premiums offered for two subscrip- 

To any prcient subscriber who will send us one 
nen 8ut>scription (not s renewal) and $l to pay for 
same we will send The Complete Book of Home 
Amusements, a splendid volume of eutertatnment 
for the home circle and social gatherings. The 
subscriber also gets his choice of our regular pre- 

To any pre«e&t iiBbKcriber who wiU send us two 
new subscriptions mot renewals) and fi to pay for 
same we will send our Famtlj/ Cyclopedia, one of 
the most useful books of universal Information m 
print. Each oi the subscribers wUI also be en- 
titled to choice of regular premiums. 

Wewnntftgents ecerywheretotakc subscrip- 
tions and sell our specialties. 

908 Broadway, X T. 


And may be worth $1,000 to you!! 

8.^)0 or 8000. 
hove, then 

the IhoughU 

good positi 

mess demand ei 

toe object whi( 
isands of dolla 
1 which they I 

I Inspired 

sider; If improving yourself tn ( 
r position than 

each copies and ■ Inst 

effort necessary to make rapid 
opies. written in good, rapid b 
istrated instructions for pen-holding and' 
" will say they may t -• ~ 

the Beat Linen Pape 

salary from 

'provement i 

e secured but for their ability to 
Is your writing what it ought to 
ome to the object of this notice, 
■hich will enable you to improve 
cheap, but tht-ylack the power 

tyle, includ'ne all capitals, small 
1 movement, for fifty cents. And 
■orlh 85,000 to you 

cntluc your Bpeclmeii 

nd Flourlvbii 

8 high, but it iethe best paper that can be had for any price and gives great satisfaction, 
p the writing and flourishing to the best possible advantage. We can fumlah it In letter - 
1 wide ruling, or unruled, and the price is 5l.«^i fo-- 3 pounds, postage paid. We cannot pack 
ess than three pounds at the same rate, and smaller packages are more habte to get folded 


are made from the best material known. We can send 
Gold, post-paid, for thirty 


written in yellow or vermilion are uniqu 

6lJR GOLD INK is the finest, richest and brightest you evei 

being gaudy. 

very attractive without 
Samples of cards and 


I can now send you the best cheap P autograph that has befln diftdefor the 
of black walnut and cherry, armi 28)^ inches long, simple in construction, we 
good work, and is practically as valuable an io^irument as can be purchased elsewhei 
%h. It enlargeaor reduces designs. Every instrument guarantee a correct Some of i 
now on the market are not correctly made. Sent by mall postage paid. Six by express 

construction, well made and will do as 
n be nurchased elsewhere for less than 
Some of the Pantographs 
- r$3. 


handsome band-worked copy, six sheot^ of brlstol board, six assorted bottles of Ink 
lor cups in box. and Instruction'. Price, post-paid. 83- 
1 mteresting art. from which you can derive much pleasure and profit. 


e diplomas complete, on bristol board or parchment, at prices from $2.50 upward, accord- 
"lorateness desired; also engross names on engraved diplomas in a variety of effective 
moderate prices. Samples anl prices sent on applicatioa from those in position to 

^ to the elaborateness desired ; 
If you have any doubts 

)rld for elegant v 

We have a few cuts, photo-engraved from c 
,pers, and for making advertisements attract! 
e offer them at prices Ihat will sell them if th' 

e constantly making additions 

in books or 
I application. 

H. W. KIBBE, Pen Artist, 

Instructor It 

Pen-Work, Dealer in Penman's Supplies and Pub- 
lisher ot Alphabets, 

xjTio-A- - - - isr. Y. 

[y-T^oo"!)* PHOTO-- I 


Flourishing, Copies Signatures. 

Mention Pe.niii 

Short Talks About Portraits. 

No. 3. — Tricks in Trabes. 

The man who said there are " tricks in uU trades " was not far out of the way The Portrait 
business is no exception. You may And plenty of concerns who advertise to make portraits 
" free." just for the love of you, us it were. " But." they say. '" of course the patron will want a 
frame and "—the result is that your " free " picture (of no value itself I will not be forthcoming 
until you pay at least *I0 for a frame that te not worth $3. 

Our patrons are not expected to buy frames from us unless they want to. We don't Qiec 
awau portraits, but we will make you an elegant crayon firom $5.50 to $7.50, for which the pre- 
vailing market price is (25 to $01). 

N. Y. Fink Poutbait Co, 

Gentlemen: i am highly pleased 
likeness is striking and the artistic quality and finish of 

t you made for a 

— k faultless. 

D. T. AMES, Editor Penman'6 Art .Iournal. 

Agents wanted everywhere. (Must give references.) 


46 West 23d Street, New York City. 




Most Durable, Most Elastic, Most Satisfactory 
and in the long run far the Cheapest. 

We Use no Other, "i^i^s," Ames' Best Pens. 

Sales larger tha n of any pen ever put on the American 
market (in an equal period), yet the price of Ames' Best Pen is 

a little higher than that of other penp. 

But is it not worth your while to pay a few cents more on 
the gross and get a pen that will give you better service and 
outlast two of the ordinary sort? 

Quarter gross, 35 cents; one gross, $1.00. Special intro- 
duction price to schools. 

E). T. A IVIES, 


is one of the leading schools of Amer- 
ica for the preparation of young men 
and women for business life. A spe- 
cial school of Shorthand in connection. 
Send for catalogue. 


J. M. MEHAN, Proprietor. 



Tlie leading school of pen art In the South. 
DestKQS and drawlDfis of all kin<is made for en- 
eravtng. Correspondeace Bi.llcited with partlea 
deslrlne first-ola»s work at rea<onHble prices. 

For oirculara and specimens of pen-work-address 
A. C. WEBB, Naohville. Tenn. 6-19 

Sortliern Illinois College of Pen Art, 


Tliorough instruction in every branch c 

mnnahinaml Ppn Art. Ora<^.U 

Enclose t' 

,,reen stamps 
illuUrated circulars and engraved specimens. 
C. N. CRANDLE. Penman. 

COLLEGE, Ne-warlt, N. J. 

Trains Youug Meo, H<»y8, Middle-aired Men 
and YouDg Ladies for a successful start In liusi- 
ness Life. The Largest and most popular School 
in the country. Course of study combines 
Theory with Practice, by a system of business 
transactions, based on real values. No Vacations. 
Kutes Low. Graduates assisted to situations. 
The Iliustrnted Ciitalogue and College Journal 
mailed - - ■ > 


These Schools are all connec 
among the best of their kind in A 

Good board in privite familic!^ 
week. Circulars trrc. Address 


J Send me your name written In full, and 25 cents, 

md I will send you addressed In my own 
■ice list descriptive of Lessons by Mali, Ei- 
Movement^. Tracing Exercises, Capltalii, 

Cards, Flourish lag, 

. E. PARSONS, Wdton Junction, lo' 
—No postal cards need apply, 8-1 



Executes all Kinds ol Ornamental Pen-Worlt 
To Order. 

Our Engrossing, Pen-Drawinit. Lfitering and 
Flourishing have received the highest commenda- 


is the designlog of Ornamental Pen-work, Resolu- 
tions, Testimonials. &c . executed In a flrs^clasa 
manner. Large pieces of Flourishing, Lettering 

and Pen-Drawings done in t'-' — ' " ' 

Correspondence solicited t 

3t possible 

2 A. E. DEWHURST, Utica, N. Y. 





No. 29. 

^^i/l'l\^ ^^=^-T=:- ^^^^^ <=q(! '^^ ^ W \ 




i and newspaper advertisint^ . tf|M-i tiy niLo by number wheu writiug for prices. 

. __^ _ __ , _. , , , us what you want; we can supply if', or we can make you any cut you wish to 

order, i-ither from vour originals or ours, .Siguatiii-es photo- engraved in the most beautiful st%'ie for $2 upward. Portrait* of every description. Plates made direct from photograph a specialty. 
Every mauuer of photo-engravinu douo at reasonable prices. Our work finaranteed lo bt Ihe inwtf quality; took n( the beavliful work prt»led in every issue of The Jocbnal, and compare it 
- ._..i *i. ..->^i.__. .-i_. .._.,.. . „ . pogit eq„ai ,o at, leas); one-third of the order when goods are to be sent C. O. D. This is imperative. Address 

utireds of cute we have in stock, suitable for business colleg* 
"- ' * -' " ' imamental penman}' ' ■"" " 

a the most beautiful 

„ „ -- prices. Our work 

with the xoork of Cheap~John eatabUshments. Cash must accompany oruebs, or a deposit equi 

ID. T. -A-In^IES. 202 "Broaci-wsLy , ISTe-w TTorlt. 


1. Commercial Arithmetic. (Complete edition. ) Generally accepted by commercial teachers as the standard book on this 

subject. Used in over lOO business schools and enthusiastically endorsed by all. Retail price, $1.50. Liberal discount to 

2. Commercial Arithmetic. (School edition.) Containing the essential part of the complete book. The most beautiful 

te.xt-book before the country. Retail price, $1. With proper discount to schools. 

3. Packard's New Manual of Bookkeeping and Correspondence. A logical, simple and complete treatise 

on Bookkeeping, arranged for use in Business Colleges, and a most acceptable text-book. Retail price, $1. With proper 
Any one of these books sent to teachers for examination at one-half retail price. 

Menlion this journal. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 101 East 23d St., New York. 


Description of those Made bjr 

No. 1 l8 a oompromise between Old Euglluh and 
ualer ttian cillier. 
ttlled the "Solid Head." 

the left, having a very 

No. 418 baaed on the "German Text," and adapt- 
ed to small size pens. 

No. 5 19 a beantlful Soript, acd especially adapted 
to small pens ; very useful. 

Ni>. 6 Is based on the " Markins Alphabet," and 

German Text, «ualer than eilhe 
No. 2 may be railed " - ■ ■ 
No. S reflembles No. 

No. 7 1h filmilar to Nu. i, but e:>peclally (or small 
No. 8 may be called the "Blook," as the letters 

res, useful i 
Any or all of above, 15 cents each. 

Infinite In number. 10 cents eaoh. $1 per dozen. 

Ij«8Son8 by Mnil n apeelalty. 

12 le.3son», $2 50, ao lessons, $4.00. 

Ad'iress, C. E. JONES, 

Lock Bos 44. Tabor, Iowa. 

THE^.^ ^ESTE^ ll.-L.-_P|JiMAN. 

Contains more orieiual anecimens of Penman- 
ship than any ottier Penmen s paper. A cumpar- 
iBon will substantlat« thU staU^ment. 
mple copy FKEli:. 

ONE 8 

Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. I 5 & 1 7 Beekman St., 




A thoii»ind years iis a day No arltbmetlo 
teaches it. a short, simple, practical method by 
K. C. ATKINSON. Principal of Sncmmento nusl- 
98 Collcgf , Sacramento. Cal. By mull. 50 rents. 

Address a& aboro. 





City. N. J-.forsampli 




No. 1«S. 

BzpresBly adapted for professional use and orna- 
mental penmanship. 



All of Standard and Superior Qaallt7. 






KS^'rt '<?.".C«' 6"" WE g." 







irtakes WriUng a Pleasure. 


C orrespondence 
B USINES S C ollege 

449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 


Business Education 


By means of direct Personal Correspondence. 

The Fint Sohool of Ha kind In America. 


StxuUnU note rtgitUred from evety StaU and 
Territory <ite( nearly all BritUh. American Province*. 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 






DlBtasoe no obJeotloD. Low rates and uUb- 

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Bootc keeping. — Published in four editions, as follows: Complete Bookkeeping; cloth, 225 pages, 

Sixia inches. Prices : Relaii, $2,50 ; Wliolesale, $1 35 : Introduction, Jioo. Bookkeeping; cloth, 175 pages Sixi2 inches. Prices : Retail, $2.00 ; Whole- 
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I St.— The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty 

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3d.— The lateral spacing is uniform, each word tilling a given space and no 

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4th. — Beautifully printed by Lithography ! No Cheap Relief Plate Printing ! 

5th.— Words used are all familiar to the pupil. Contrast them with such 

words .IS "zeugma, urquesne. xvlus, lenafly, mimetic, and xuthus." 

6th —Each book contains four pages of practice paper— one sixth 

more paper than in -the books of any other series— and the paper is the best ever 
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Scores of books are now being made to imitate 

the Barnes' but they are merely 

"connecting links." 

An Elegant Spe 

en Book containing all the Copl< 
sent GRATIS to any Teacher. 


A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers. 


Published Monthly 
>dway, N Y., for $1 per 


EfVered at the Post Olf-ce of New Yor^ 
N Y,. as Second-Class Mad Matter. 
'Copyright, 1889, by D. T. AMES. 


Vol. XIII.— No. 7 

Lessons in Practical Writing.— 

[These If^sons were begun i 

As iDtiTnatcci in our last., the present 
articU' will Ik- devoted chiefly to the dis- 
cussion of " movement." 

First, we will iindertake to 
define the various move- 
ments employed in the differ- 
ent stages of the pupil's 
progress, making such dis- r 

tinctions hetwcen them as to 
leave no doubt in the minds I 

of our readers as to the na- | 

ture find application of each. 

Four distinct movements ; 
arc employed in the execu- I 
tion of juvenile, amateur and fe 

professional writing. They f 
are commonly known as ['; 

" finger." " ranscular " or 
"fore-arm," "combined " and 
"whole-arm " or '- freo-arm." 

Tfie ^rat named m jrracti- 
ctMe only for yonng children, 
and the only available one /07- 
them. The second and third 
are each used by intermediate 
and advanced pupils, and by 
professionals. The last is 
properly used for large capi- 
tals tis embodied in certain 
classes of professional work 
and for blackboard writing. 


That movement in which 
the action of the fingers pre- 
dominates is called "finger 
movement," but, in reality, 
it combines the action of the 
fingers with the lateral sweep 
of the fore-arm. The fingers 
shape the letters as the arm 
conveys the hand from left to 

The so-called " muscular " 
movement consists of a com- 
bination of forward and back- 
ward and rotary vibrations of 
the entire arm, in running 
combination with lateral fore- 
arm sweeps. In this the mus- 
cles of the upper arm and 
shoulder are self-active and 
embody both the propelling 
force and the shaping power, 
absolutely no action of the 
fingers being permitted. The 
muscles of the fore-arm are 
semi-passive. They simply 
rest on the desk, taking no 
part whatever in the execu- 
tion except as their tension 
restrain? or liberates motion 
or as they arc forced to move 
by the action of the muscles 
in the upper arm They serve 
as a sort of regulator or steadv- 
Their flexibility 
1 great extent 

third arm vibration jmd u two-thirds finger 
reach, while for capitals the proportion 
would vary according to the form or 
length of the letter, the arm motion pre- 

The distinction between the "free- 
arm " and the " muscular " is that in the 
former case the arm is kept free from the 
desk, the shoulder instead of the arm- 
rest serving as the center of motion. This 
is .^ilso called the "whole-arm." But 

movements except the "free-arm?" 
not the action upon this muscular 
very similar in the "combined" m( 
ment 'i What, then, does the name ; 
nify ? Why not say "finger," "an 
"combined" and "free-arm" mt 

The development of skillful movements 
necessitates clear conceptions of correct 
form, position and movement, and the 
establishment of correct position, to the 

^■«W( the Commercial /educator {J. At. 

Mehan)y Dca Moines^ loita. 

TttB Penman's Art .Journal, pub- 

eel Ici 

ivith I 





tile of Mii- 

detennincs to 
the force 

H'Hsary to € 

journal with the exceptiim of : 

bers, and could scarcely br indiici-d to 

part with them. When a suIiscriDtioii is 

taken for The Penman's Aut 

JoiiuNAr, in our school we 
feel that we have done the 
student a valuable service. 
There are papers and pa- 

liiiKiul 111 miijlrra ,^e» *, pemoo of euuiilii-liiir iir.-iis, ^ 

PrrndpalBandTeachers nf the Public 5chDol5 of iheTuiElfth Ward 





i^m^ liw^iuu'ily ;niii nuilriiri' nj" mii s, liuiils, 

This is a very appropriate 
name for thai movement 
which vinites the tWT simple 

"muscular" and the "finger." 
nceptiou of this movement, in 
its most practical form, is that for 
short letters it should contain fonr- 
fifths iimi vibration and one-fifth finger 
articulation; for extended letters a ooC' 


but Tir 

always welco 

So Say They Aj,[,.— The 
"Ames' Compendium " ar- 
rived in good order. Each 
tmie Itake a look at the hook 
I rind somethinc new, and 
am certain that"l will' now 
take a greater interest in 
pen-work and i>ractice H 
more. — lMuigKrhfrn\ Jtigo^iier 

Don't snub ii boy because he 
wears shabby clothes. 

When Edison, the invent- 
or of the telephone, first en- 
tered Boston he wore a pair 
of yellow linen breeches in the 
depth of winter. 

Don't snub a boy because 
his home is plain and unpre- 
tending. Abraham Lincoln's 
cariy home was a log cabin. 

Don't snub a hoy because 
of the ignorance of his par- 
ents. Shakespeare, the world's 
poet, was the son of a man 
who was unable to write his 

The author of the "Pil- 
grim's Progress " was a tin- 

Don't snub a boy because 
of physical disability. Mil- 
ton was blind. 

Don't snub a hoy because 
of dullness in his lessons. 
Hogarth, the celebrated paint- 


stupid boy at his books. 

Don't snub a boy because 
he stutters. Demosthenes, 
the greatest orator of Greece, 
overcame a harsh and stam- 
mering voice. 

Don't snub any one. Not 
day they 

nione because e 
may far outstrip ; 



why ? Does not the whok nrvi move in 
both the "muscular" and "combined?" 
Again, why "muscular" movement? Do 
we not employ muscular action in all 
writing movements? Why say " fore- 
nnn " movement ? Docs not the muscu- 
lar part of the fore-arm reat in all writing 

extent, at least, that when in such posi- 
tion muscles may act with comparative i 
ease and naturalnesp. Knowing that good 
position Is the indhpotsahh /trere/jamtt to 
good movement, and that good results can 
be secured in no other way. our first care 
is to IpT fi foundation pf po'eitibn. ' 

e of life, but becL „ 

neither kind, nor right, nor 

This Puts it Hatukr Neat- 
ly. ^I want to say a word about 
Ames' Best Pphb. Almost all 
pens ore advertised as the btwt 
made, so I hod come to the eonchiBion that 
Ames' Best were highly spoken of and tbat was 
all there was in them. 1 know (don't f/wcs* or 
say it for advertisement) that Ames' Bert Pens 
are tholxBt I have ever used.— A'. Hnffera, 
ncipal Northern Mivhiyan Buiiinean 

College, hhpeming. Mich. 

Practical Advice from Brother 

TliL- n-inurks of Postnuister- General 
WanamakL-r to the graduates of the Spen- 
cerinn Bu»inc«* College, Wjichinpton.D.C, 
on the recent occasion of the comracnce- 
meiit o( that in»titution, are thus rei>ortcd 
by the Wiuthington Etcning S(4tr : 

"Mr. PrrJii/hnt, ladks and gentlnnen : 
I iini Kmtefnl for thia kind reception. It 
would he an ungracioiia thing iit this hour, 
after these mo8t beautiful cereinonies, to 
attempt to make an a3drca» to you. I ac- 
cepted the compliment of this invitation 
becauHC I wanted to encourage the men 
and women that are training those who 
arc so soon to take the places of oldejruien 
and women, and are giving them a'^ better 
start in life than the fathers of many of 
them have had. 

" It is a great, grand work that is hcing 
done by the business colleges of the land, 
and I am here as a business man to say 
that and more; that they deserve at the 
hands of alt men strong encouragement 
for their patience, their wisdom, their 
liractical work. 

"One day when old Peter Cooper, the 
philanthropist of New York, entered the 
great building known as the Cooper Union, 
he passed into a room where a painter on 
a ladder was frescoing the ceiling. Not 
knowing the whitc-hatted, white-headed 
old man, the generous soul, the painter 
said to him : ' Old man, please hold the 
ladder for me; it's a little shaky.' There 
stood the splendid old man holding the 
ladder for the workman while he plied 
his brushes to the ceiling. The business 
colleges nre holding the ladder. The 
young people go to the top and do the 
work. Whatever experience, whatever 
strcBpth these teachers have, they want to 
give It to these fine fellows and to these 
their beautiful sisters who have life's 
struggles before them, and for whom to- 
day in every heart there is a great wish 
that means more than good-will. 

*' I am glad to be here to-day and to put 
on record my confidence in the good work 
of such a college as this. There are those 
who believe that the only line of service 
for business is to become in some measure 
an apprentice. Not that it is possible in 
these days to go back to the old system 
that hud in it so much of good, but that in 
some measure those who have gone before 
and know the ditiicultics shall <«ay to the 
younger brother, ' Come and sit by me 
and let me teach you. It shall not he so 
hard for "you when yoxi tjiko your place 
aud do battle if I can give you a leaf out 
of my book. You shall learn where the 
rocks are; you shall catch from ray hand 
the skill to guide the little boat in which 
you are to sail on to the other shore.' 

"It is no small matter nowadays to keep 
tip in the great race. Business has come 
to be such a different thing in these days 
when ships skip like a deer across the 
ocean, in these days when everything 
seems to have swift feet and must be done 
on the minute. It is trained people that 
must come to take hold, and unless they 
have wit, have it about them and have it 
sharpened, they shall fall to the rear. So 
it comes to pass that your beautiful col- 
lege opens its doors; that with your text- 
books, your practical teachers, you are 
leading boys and girls, men and women to 
go on and out and upward to higher and 
better work than their fathers were able 

" I say in my heart, ' Bless the men and 
women who, turning their backs them- 
selves upon business that might give them 
larger incomes, for the love of education, 
for the love of theh fellow-man say, 
" We will be helpful, we will be stepping- 
stones; upon our shoulders you shall rise 
to greattT success than perhaiw in your 
brightest dreams, your sunniest moments, 
ever downed upon your lives." ' 

" I rejoice in what I see here to-day of 
the interest Washington evinces in such a 
college. I am glad also to see such a 
splendid set of young people ready to take 
their places. I am glad to have the honor 
to hand them, not u diploma of good-will 
only, but something that, by their hero- 
ism, their courage, their patience, they 
have earned, that belongs to them by good 
right. 1 Applause.] 

" And you, dear friends, are ajiplauding 
ilu-ni and not the sueaker while I muke 
this slHl.niu'nt. [Applause.] 

" l,ifc at best is a great struggle. Let 
us help vach other, every man of us, every 
woman, by kindly words, by encourage- 
ment. If you should possess a good art 
to achieve succeas, do not put a patent on 
it. Let us hand it around, give it to the 
next one; say to him, ' Pass it on to your 
brother,' and so let the world be filled 
with joy and brotherhness and uplifting. 

until this great world shall be filled with 
good-will to man. [Applause.] 

"I had the greatest respect for a little 
boy on a winter day that sat on a street 
comer rubbing his knee. He had slipped 
down in passing from the curb, and to the 
man who came right behind him he said : 
'Mister, don't step there; that is where I 
fell down.' We will say that, marking 
the places where we slipped, but we will 
say more : ' Here is the way to get up ; 
take hold of this hand, and this one, and 
let us help each other.' 

" A friend said to me yesterday that in 
one of thcseautomatic machines where you 
drop in a nickel to get a piano— or some- 

you, and you shall be that much less a 
man. We can only really "et what we de- 
serve to have in this world and the next, 
and that is my speech to you to-day »s 
your friend. Keep on in the line of ear- 
nest endeavor upon which I congratulate 
you to-day, and you shall find the flowers 
at your feet, and the music further on, and 
still higher up the friends to greet you 
and smile upon you and bless you, and far 
beyond it all the best of friends to give 
you welcome, when all this weary world 
and its work are behind you, a friend who 
shall say, ' Well done, good and faithful 
soldiers ; enter into greater joys and blessed 

^iVo^t-fta-nb S)cpat>l'HicHl' 

B\l C. E. Webber, Penman Davenport, Iowa, Business College. [Photo-Engraved.) 

thing else — that when they came to open 
the box they found that some people had 
put buttons in, and little strips of leather, 
and stones, and a bit of lead, and a lot of 
things that were not nickels by any means. 
I do not know what happened when these 
articles were dropped into the slot, but 
this I know, that there did come a day 
when the machine was opened, when it 
was found out that somebody had some 
day proved untrue. They tried to get 
and maybe did get a prize without the 
proper pay, but the day came when it was 
all told out against them. 

' ' To these young people let me say there 
is but one true way to get things, and that 
is by paying the right price. By your toil, 
your faithfulness, your diligence, you 

" I salute you as your brother and friend. 
In the name of your president and faculty 
as you come to stand before me I shall 
have the pleasure of laying into your hands 
what shall be to you not only a sweet 
mtmory of these days you have spent to- 
gether, but an inspiration because of its 
encouragement. When this is done you 
shall say: ' I shall do a great deal better — 
see if I don't, and you help me, and God 
bless you.'" 

To John Gernek, Newark. — You 
have written us several times inquiring 
about a former letter you say was sent us. 
We have endeavored to reach you by mail, 
but our letters were returned, owing to 
imperfect address. We never received 

Hi/ T. T. mhon, Quincy, III. {Photo-EHgraved.) 

have won what I shall have the honor to 
put into your hands. So let it always be. 
If you try to get things without toil, with- 
out honest endeavor, even if you should 
appear to succeed, it will not be worth 
anything to you. You will say; 'I ob- 
tained this for nothing, and I can get an- 
other and another for nothing.' And it 
will take out of you, besides your self-re- 
spect, the spirit of effort, and it will dwarf 

the letter you are inquiring about. 

you are as i ' " '" 

ters )is you 

you are inquiring about. If 
careless in addressing your let- 
i are in giving your own address 

we don't wonder at its having gone 


Mrs. A. S. Barnes has presented Cornell 
University with a fine portrait of herhusbanil, 
the late A. S. Barnes, Cor Barnes Hall, wUicli he 
built for the Cornell Christian Association. 
The portrait is by a German artist. 

All inattrr intemifd for f/ii-i dcpartmrn 
i'meluding short-hatul cxchamjeti) slumhl h 
gent to Mrs. L. II. Pfirhtnl, 101 East S3i 
Ktreet, New Tork. 

their discussion, 
glected, but is tc 
with short-hand, 
will be devoted t 

The Short-Hand Section of the 
Business Educators' Conven- 

The programme of the coming cOuvcu- 
lion of the business educators offers but 
cold comfort to such authors aud teachers 
as desire to exhibit or discuss the merits of 
various systems of phonography, stenog- 
raphy, short-hand, »&c. The subjects to be 
presented are eminently practical, bcAring 
directly upon the work of the teacher, 
and if properly handled, as no doubt they 
will be, under the inspiration of Mr. W. W . 
Osgoodby, the chairman, both teachers and 
learners will receive lasting benefit from 
Type-writing is not ne- 
receive equal attention 
An hour and a quarter 
each subject every day, 
though, type-writing being second on the 
programme, there is some danger that the 
enthusiasm of the short -hand era will over- 
step the limit and trespass upon the time 
assigned to type-writing. 

Occasionally there crops out in our cor- 
respondence a fear that because the chair- 
man represents a certain system that sys- 
tem will receive more than its share of at- 
tention. Oh, no, good fnonds; we have 
outgrown such narrowness long ago. 
What we want is to know how to inspire 
our pupils and make of them intelligent, 
practical amanuenses in the best possible 
manner in the shortest possible time. 
Many systems of short-hand have been 
proved good by the fact that they are suc- 
cessfully employed in business. The one 
which a teacher is thorough master of is 
the best for him and his pupils, 

Mr. Osgoodby in his outline of subjects 
has not lost sight of the fact that the pupi' 
when he goes out into the business world 
will have much to learn and many diffi- 
culties to overcome. The subject of the 
liwt day's discussion is " Sjiecial advice to 
a student upon graduation : 
"As to methods of work. 
" As to his relations to his employer. 
" .\s to the confidential character of the 

■■ As to making himself necessary to Ms 
tinpluytT by thoroughly mastering the de- 
tail of the business. 

"As to the necessity of keeping lists of 
peculiiu" outlines and how to keep them. 

" As to the necessity of special study in 
particular classes of work. 

" As to books of reference." 

Lichens and Mosses. 

Only one absolutely correct transcrip- 
tion has been received of "Lichens and 
Mosses," which, by the way. is froto Bus- 
kin, and one of the most exquisite bits of 
English to be found anvwhere. Miss Efti{- 
Cohn, of Trov, N. Y.^ is the successful 
translator. B. G. Shafier and H. J. 
Leonard have made itlmont perfect trans- 

"The Teaser," published in the Short- 
hand Itcjmrter in 1885, was also from Uus- 
kin, who is probably the most difficult 
author to read, his use of words is so 
peculiarly his own. A key to "Lichens 
aud Mosses" is glvun htri'with: 



^^^y^JU^^^ - ^ "- ™ 


\ "h" 





"A t^JcC^ 




At the annuiil convention of the Ca- 
nadian Short-Hand Society, to be held at 
Toronto, August 11. a bust of Isaac Pit- 
man will be unveiled with fitting cere- 
monies. The society extends a cordial 
invitation to the short-handers of the 
United States to be present. Among 
other attractions there will be a type- 
writer speed contest, open to operators of 
any machine, for the championship of the 
world, suitable prizes being offered. Mr. 
W. W. Perry, the Secretary, says to The 
JoDRNAi, readers: "Take your holiday 
just then, imd come along our way and 
spend a week in our beautiful city, which 
has many places of interest, one hundred 
and eighty-five thousand inhabitants, and 
the finest climate of any city in America. 
We have all boating advantages, parks 
near and far, by rail, by water or tram- 
way cars, with some of the most beautiful 
drives to be met with anywhere." The 
programme of the convention will be sent 
to anybody who will address Mr. W. W. 
Perry, at 139 Major street, Toronto. 

The Dennis Duplex Type-writer, upon 
which Miss Clarke, of Des Moines, Iowa, 
is said to have written 196 words in one 
minute, has two centers, enabling the op- 
erator to strike two keys at a time. The 
machine does its own spacing. It is a 
single-case machine, which is certainly 
not in its favor. Miss Clarke considers it 
quite as easy to learn to operate the 
Dennis as the Remington, and confidently 
asserts that its speed is 50 per cent, 
greater. The Dennis is not yet in the 

The future of short-hand ii 
tenographirs at tlie jiresent tit 

Tidison may inveut wonderful machine.*i 
and machines that seem to be possessed 
of brains, but no machine has yet been 
manufactured to take the place of brains, 
and no machine can be manufactured with 
brains. If such is the case why should the 
expert stenographer fear the graphophone 
or the phonograph ? As long as there are 
courts, as long as there are newspapers and 
as long as there are business offices short- 
hand writers will be in demand. — College- 
Journal, Iowa City, Iowa, 

3G,764 WordH ■ 


In 1881 the editor of an English short- 
hand publication offered a prize for the 
postal-card that should contain the great- 
est number of words written in Isaac Pit- 
man's phonography. Mr. Davidson, who 
was then short-hand clerk at Peek, Frean 
& Co.'s cracker manufactory in London, 
England, placed 33,363 words on the back 
of a postal-card and carried off the award. 
This performance, however, has now been 
eclipsed. Mr. Ford, the editor of the 
Shm-thand Magazine, offered recently a 
valuable prize to whoever might succeed 
in writing the greatest number of words 
on a postal-card, his challenge being 
unexpectedly and successfully taken up 
on this side of the Atlantic. In that 
gentleman's own words: "Mr. Sylvanus 
Jones, of Richmond, Va., took the award 
with a card containing 36,7(j4 words, and 
although he has had the advantage of us- 
ing a card larger than we bargaiuea for, not 
anticipdtiiuj that Americans icmdd com- 
pete^ he is far and away before the second, 
containing 25,990 words only." Mr. Jones 
is short-hand writer with the Brightbope 
Railway Company, of Richmond, and 
used the ordimirv inK-innti-Mutl [.ostal-card 
as sent from Fti-I mi.) t.. riu^- country. 
This is a lit\lf liiiu- I Hmu ili. I, d-lish do- 
mestic card, an<l ^^ ^- j^i :■ i " i ii> him for 
that reason, no si/.l .h dr-ui n-nun having 
been specified by Mr. VanX.^I'li'-i'ogrnpUic 

'ENMAN's Art Journal 

r Fulton St.), New York 

AdT<ertinjtg rata, 30 ( 

jVo odTfTtisfmemts 

rif/n mihscri/iliiins (to countr\ 

fri^miujn for rvery rubacripUon with larye 
Ugl of meciai prcmtumt for cluba Send 10 
ci-nts for copy of JOURNAL for December 
with iUuittratfd prnnium Hat. 


[.."(sonii In Pmc'tlonl Writliiif— No. 4 

D. M\ Hi>f. 
Tho Hoy's All I{1kIi«^ Don't Snub Him. . 

A 1 pirn bet. 


Nc-liool Va<-allou Half Niiiubor. 

Following its custom, The Jouunal 
contents itself in this midsummer number 
with hiilf of its usual output. Of course 
everything had to he drawn line. The 
August issue of The Journal will con- 
liiin the creum of the proceedings of the 
Business Educators' meeting, which will 
lie in session lit Cleveland the week end- 
ing July 17. Special tittentinu will be 
given to the penmanship and short-hand 
.'tictions nf the convotion. It may be 
thai The Jouunal will find it necessary to 
.\|)and next month &i\ or eight pages 

.-nd i 

al dii 

The Work of Business Training 

I'mf. (i. W. Brown, president of the 
HiHiiiess Educators' Asaociatiou of Amer- 
ica, in u letter to the iJrtiVy Journal, Jack- 
Honville, 111., makes a strong presentation 
of the good work business colleges are 
doing. The letter was brought out by the 
statement of Rev. Dr. Tanner, who is con- 
nected with a literary college, that 

A colltj^o may 6t a man to live, but it uuBts 
)itu) to make a living. Ho who would thrtve 
in bnsinejis Iins no busiuess in any college but 
n busioa** college. Such is the creed of tho 
win-ld, the ttesli and tho— other party. 

In the course of his letter Professor 



Tlio iutei-once may fairly be drawn from Dr. 
Tiimier's i-em»rks that business colleges are 
cti»i|K'titoi-s, and but tor their pi-««ence in the 
liiiui many more young men would go through 
ciiUege. Here is an error that a better undei"- 
stnnding of business colleges and their work 
and claims would cori*ect. Business colleges 
do not oomiwtc Avith any other class of schools 
i>r colleges. They no more compete with the 
l-egiilar colleges of the country than do the 
schiHils.if law ..r lui'dieine, They are purely 
priir«'s> aiul ski|i|.l.'nienta)y in both their 
wink ;iii.l 'I;!!!!!- I (i.iiiiit if those who object 

tji tlu-di .itlni 111 -)i itnioranceor prejudice, 

Imvi'jiiiv ju-t jiii|iiiTi:i(i(jQ of the work they 
do ami thiMiljfiiibitt- neee.ssity there is for it. 

I think I risk nothing in the assertion that 
ninety-nine out of every one hundred pupils 
who att4<udthehiisincs3 colleges never expeQt 
to attend lUiy other school thei-eofter. What 
tbey get is purely supploraentary education, 
something that without the business colleges 
they would not get This statement is enforce*! 
by the fact that of abour. 80 pupils who have 
completed the course at the Jacksonville Busi- 

nt-** College during the past two years, over 7."i 
per cent, held diplomas from literary' colleges, 
araderoies or high schools. Very few, if any, 
of the others would have gone to college even 
if there bad not been a business college in the 

Over .W.OOO young men and women in the 
business colleges annually, being especially 
trained for buaineffll How does this answer 
the claim that is persistently made in some 

the bui;iness college siirung into being simply 
and only because it was a necessity , These 
schools are increasing in numbers and vigor 
now because they are still a necessity and be- 
cause they are doing a great work for the 
youth of our country, which no other schools 
can do so well. But their work is supplement- 
ary in its character and will continue to be. 
Business colleges are very lai-gely now and in 
the future, I think, will become generally the 

o!iVvi't*t«K yl Ij 


quarters that all this work could be better 
done by schools of general culture ? It cannot 
be that those who patronize these schools are 
simply misled by unsubstantial promises, be- 
cause it is a fact which no one thinks of deny- 
ing that the patrons of these schools are their 
most pronounced friends and advocates. 

Anotlier fact must not be overlooked. Until 
about fifty yeare ago there was no such school 

Wrecked by the JolinMfowii Flood. 

Editor of The Journal: 

You of course know all about the Johnstown 
disaster and of the efforts being made to set 
people on their feet and get the town in condi- 

Photo- En graved. 

By J. W. Lampman, Penman La' 

Kan., BustTiesa College. 

as a business college known in this country. 
The schoo'a and colleges of general culture 
had the undisputed field for two hundred 
years. It cei*taiidy is not the fault of the 
business colleges that they did not keep it. If 
they bad met all the educational demands of 
the country's wonderful development it is 
quite certain that business colleger would not 
have appeared. This they failed to do, and 

tiou to enable the people to take care of them- 

To accomplish this desirable end, men in the 
various lines of trade are doing all they can to 
help Johnstown sulFerers in tho same line, and 
it is to call your attention to an institution 
that has lost nearly everything, except the 
principals and teachers, that I write. 

The institution to which I refer is Morrell 

Institute, the oidy private schiK>I in town 
which suffered any gi"eat loss, Messrs. Ben- 
nett and Greer, its proprietors, have lost 
nearly all they have accmnulated m the four 
years they have spent In building up the 
school, as well as the money tbey put in at 
the start. This was all destroyed in less than 
half an hour. 

Their I'^s is placed at $aOOO, which I judgt „ 
from a personal knowledge of their affaire, is a 
low estimate, and it seems to me that the many 
private schools in the country could and would 
readily contribute toward a fund to enable this 
school to continue its work this fall if the mat- 
ter were properly presented to them through 
TuK Journal. 

Were it not for the fact that I am myself 
out several dollars on account of this flood. I 
would gladly start the bad. As it is, I simply 
cannot. Now, cannot you present the matter 
to your readers in some way and see if some- 
thing caimot be donej 

As you ai'e aware, I was teacliing there dur- 
ing the past year, and we all had a very nar- 
row escape. My wife and I have been home 
only ten days, and I can assure you from 
personal experience and observation that any- 
thing that you can do for any one who was so 
unfortunate as to be there May 31 will go to 
a person who needs help, and as I have said 
before, Morrell Institute is one of the most 
needy, and help there will he of a lasting char- 
acter. Yom-s tnily, 


^a!e(er, Luzerne County, Pa. 
The above is from a private letter not 
intended for print in that shape, but it 
presents the facts so accurately that we 
have reproduced it without change. The 
object is a highly worthy one. The JouR- 
SAi. will be glad to transmit any funds 
that may be intrusted to it for the purpose 


— The Dannebrog, Neb., Sentinel ot recent 
date has the good taste to ornament its col- 
umns with a portrait and sketch of Mrs. A. M, 
Hiugis, principal of the short-hand depart- 
ment of tht' Uraiid Islmul Business College. 
Mrs Haigi-i has the reput^itioii of being one of 
the nirist iiei^oinjjIishtHi lcu<'liei-s in the profes- 
sion. She is agoiKlj. 
elocutionist, be* 

— A handsomely-engraved card invited us 
to attend the celebration of the Washington 
and Jefferson Literary Society of Davis 

has a reputation second to none in the S'outh. 

— On Friday, June 14, the students and 
friends of the Bryant & Stratton Business Col- 
lege, Fern Grove, Ind., enjoyed theii- twenty- 

, which went off very pleasantly for 
all concerned. 

—The fifteenth annual commencement of St. 
Mary's Academy, Austin, Texas, occurred on 
June I. This institution is in charge of the 
Sisters of the Holy Cross, 

— Ritner's Commercial College, St. Joseph, 
Mo., heads its ciicnlai- with an ornamental de- 
sign in which a bird figures as the center- 

— A. H. Barbour, lat« of Tabor, Iowa, has 
engaged to teach at Huntsinger's Business 
College, Hartford, Conn. 

—The fifth annual coinmencemont exercises 
of the Topeka Business College, Topeka, 
Kan., were held on June 21. Diplomas were 
awaided to quite a number of yoimg men and 
wonicu, both in the regular bnsmess coui-se and 
in the special department of short-hand. E. E. 
Roudebusli is business manager of this thi-iving 

H. S. Goldey, of the Wilmington. Del., 

Business College, sends out 
nouncement elaborately engi- 
Fi-ench ai-scnic b.jard witli 
backing in clnr, ih,- tu,, ,)i,., 
by silk cnnl, 1 !,.■ . ^..o- 

his annual an- 
ved on the best 
an ni-iiumental 

June 18. ^i■~^ i;.n ,:umi„ T 

Ki^u- -f Del- 

billed as tliVM..'iii''.i,''i'!'i ,.i' 

i'„'^,^,-,M,'ln "'"'* 

—From ihr ■■'■ ...■!. 1 ■ 1 1 1,. 

I'iM-iii-iii- hter- 

ature tbev >> i. i 

& Hanulti.n li . i 

make a suoi'.-- ..i hl. n lu-h 

-- .1- 11 It'iiiple 

—The Leesville, S. C, English and Classical 
Institute celebrated its eleventh auuivei-sary 
programme, lit^r- 

May : 

ary and musical, was enacteil on each day. 

—We acknowledge the pleasure of an invita- 
tion to be present at the second annual re- 
union and uanquet of the graduates and 
students of the Capital City Commercial Col- 
lege, Des Moines, Iowa. June 21 was the 
date. President J. M. Mehan responded to 
the toast " The Eternal Fitness of Thmgs." 
diile Secretary Gie-weinan explained to the 

•' Variety is the Spii 


lit-iwti imi'iii oi the Fort Worth. Texas, 
College at its tenth annual commeme- 
id on June 27. Diplomas were libo 
to twelve graduates of tfce ^MTt- 

haDcl ile[ukrtiucii 

department of p , 

Preuitt presiiled al tbe exercises. 

lUid in charge of t-- -, 

sibip in tbe iJaUa^, Texas, public scdooIb for 
tliree years poet, has been lecturing on 

— Wc and in tbe columns of the Sioux Citj, 
loHTi, Journal a warm conimetidatiou of tbe 
work accnmpliNbed at the Southwestern Busi- 

li McCaskie, 111) Iv. 

the works in thi>^ 
other side of tlji' 
for sale in the I'l 

a short-band 
with other 

Olid, West Hamp- 

llv y>i 111 iMirt m the 
' )ui>e his fist includes 
|)ei30dical published 
iqilifiosand stands for 

.-ently from Mr. D. M<l. i. Iil.m i > 

da Business (hDili, ' i< i m 
son his way t.i iln^ \\<l^- i m-.-i 
1 number of 1iuviiil-v.-i.uII<>,i-' im u 
; ta&eu in the great sbnw and othii-^ will 
!) before the fall tenu 0|>en9. The Jour- 
was al»o honored by a call from Mr. 


— The most notable contribution to the 
••Scrai>-Book" since the June i^ue of The 
Journal was issued comes in tbe form of u 
large oruamental design bv A. Philbrick. a 
pupil of A. i;. Webb, NashVille, Tenn. The 
design itself and the manner in which it is 
worked up would do credit to a much moro 
experieoced artist. Mr, Philbriok will be re- 
membered as one of the prizo-winuers m The 
Journal, oninmental penmanship compe- 
titious. But for tbe unusual size of the de- 
sign we should reproduce it in The Journal. 

— Fi-om T. T. WUson. Quiucy, III., wehovea 
bird flourish of graceful desi^ and good 
flnish. He also sends us some hnes of excel- 
lent copy-writing. 

— G. L- Gu]lickson, whose work has been 

showu in Tbe Journal, also contributes an 

elaborate bird design executed in India ink. 

He is quite a promising young pen-worker. 

-C. N. Faulk, Sioux City, Iowa, and M. H. 

Seill " 


— A large flourish of 
white, alter a "cll-kriown i 

>ii uu Houi-ishmt; 
:i The Journal. 
■ritt<?n and di-awu 
be a careful and 

The best submitted i 

t the spirit of their masters very mcely. The 
'itiiig IS nithout shade, simple as to form and 
easily read as print 

—The penmanship department of the Sucra- 
'nti, Cal., BHsiutfSs College, of whi.h B. F 

— " Specimens ■)f common busioees penman- 
ship " is tbe legend borne by various sheets sent 
US, showing the writing of uupils of Coleman's 
Business Collie, Newark, N, J. And yet, in 

least, there is nothing " 
about the writing, which is graceful, fluent 
and done with a good motion. It shows that 
W, L. Storkey, wh.> has charge of Mr. Cole- 

— C, L, Ricketts, the well-known penman of 
Chicago, has developed into an artist of no 
mean pretensions, \Ve have been shown a 
number of designs engrave<l from his work 
which for artistic iirrangemeut and finish it 
would be difficult to beat, 

-7V. W. A. A.. Erie, /owa.—We have re- 
rii\,'(t nil ijf your Specimens. We should be glad 

You ( 

It f 

fmni Miiir work that you have ■ 
uiilu.sli y onough, so we will try a little advice 
uu yuu. Don't make your letters so sprawley. 
Don't "sugar" your ink until it looks like 
swamp muck. Don't waste any time drawing 
such objects as you have labeled a "bird flour- 
ish." There is uot one sti'oke of flom'ishing in 
tbe wdole thing; it is simply drawn, and very 
poorly drawn at that. Some of ynm- forms are 
very well made. Tliey show that if you would 

•■ Vanity Fair." by William Makepeace 

" Hypatia»" by Charles Kingsicy. 

•'The Mill on the Floss," by Georffc 

"The Marble Fawn," by Nathaniel 

"The Sketch Book," by Washington 

"Lcs Misgrables," by Victor Hugo. 

' ' Wilhelm Meister," by Goethe (Carlyle's 


'• Don CJm.^ote," by Cervantes. 

Homer's Iliad (Derby's or Chapman's 

Homer's Odyssey (Bryant's translation). 

Dante's " Divina Commedia" (Loiifrfd- 
low'a translation), 

Milton's " Paradise Lost." 

Shokciipeare's works, 

Mrs. Browning's poems. 

Longfellow's poetical works, 

Goethe's "Paust" (Biiyard Taylor's 

I have named bvit 35 authors, but 
each of these, in his own line of thought 
and endeavor, stands tirst in the long roll 
of immortals. When you have the oppor- 
tunity to raakc the acquaintance of such as 
these, will you waste your time with 
writei-s whom you would be nshamed to 
number amoupr your personal friends ? 
" Will you go and gossip with your house- 
maid or your stable boy when you may 
talk with kiugs imd queens; while this 

By C, M. Weiner^ South Whitley, Ind. (Photo-Engraved). 

> has charge of the short-hand de- 

Mr. McK. 

partment of Messrs." Clark & Perrin's Col- 
lege of Commerce, Buffalo, which, he says. 

enjoying unusual prosperity. He has recently 

'■" ' " -omplete lexU)ook of his new system. 

we shall speok more specifically at 

of which 
another t 

-This is from the Burlington, Vt. , Clipoer. 
^ w. ..-in- n....,=..^y Busmen Col- 
on Friday. Under 
Pi-incinal E. O. 

in reputation imtil 
iiusiuess colleges in 
■V of students reg- 

eipal of au Imliinja In-h m 1 i, Uns already 

been eugagedas an :l^^|^|;uit tt-a._ljLT. Burliug- 
tou, and in fact Vermont, is to be congratu- 
lated upon having a leading business college 
in which its young men can fit themselves for 
the practical duties of life." 

— M. L 

that bis II 

—Among tbe passengers of the steamer Ad- 
riatic, which an-ived on the 30th ult,, was no- 
ticed the portly form of Mr. H. A. Spencer, 
home-n?turncd from a journey to Ireland 
Scotland. England, France, Belgium and Hol- 
land. The vileaess of Old WorUl cigai-s has 
cured him of bis thirty-years' habit of smoking. 

He begins a twenty-lesson 
in nructical penmanship ' 



e of instruction 

k teachers' 

Rogers, North Michigan Business College, 
Ishpeming, Mich. ; W. L. Poi-ter, Rbinelander, 
iv:. „i. , , I semis u set. of capitals and a 

well-n-ritr,T. t.ii^i 
Wn.xlh.n.l ^ .1 I.-,...- ( ..|lL-ge; 0. G. Hur- 
^i-n.rin..i.. a :;',:■ .,,,, '.») Third avenue, 
I'lilslmi.i, lit I'mbellishments; 

ami M, I'. i;..iu,...r, \ .liv.N.C. The lat- 
ter alau iiivui-s us "itti ji cieditable set of busi- 
ness capitals, a modk'l invoice and various 

— In mentioniug the card-writoi-s above we 
should havo includwl young ti. A. Holmem, 

tbeJuiie is- 

r; [ . 

look well (..Mm ,j I i,,i. u 

worthy of im iiii..|] l..'.ii- ihi' ji^uh.mi 
Ross, ClaudL'. Out. 

Thirteen-year-old Horace Russell, 
ler Russell, the weV ' " ' 

of Joliet, tll-.fav. 
bis writing 
JoUet public 
\vriting is very "■■! 
smooth. It would M. 
KateE. Daly, kno»> 
-A number of slips 

_- T .^ .. - . j^j,j.g[mj^^ La., have 
' " ' is by pupils 

Homer Russell, the well-lmown business-college 
"-""''"""* *" '-vn,>; us \vitb a specimen of 
1 th^ fnni-tli '.'rH.).' of tiie 

the pupils of J, D. Brii 

been received.. Most of the 

in the primarj- grade and is very crwiitable. 

— Coonrod & Smith, of the Atchison. Kan., 
Business College, give us an insight into the 
work they aiX' doing by submitting a large 

use a finer pen and one that is flexible, good 
ink ttud good paper and devote, say, hiUf an hour 
a day to careful practice you would develop 
into a good penman. Suppose you try this pre- 
scription for two mouths and let us have some 
of your specimens for comparison with those 
you have just submitted i 

Books tor All the World i 


I have before me a list of books— 
"books fashioned by the intellect of god- 
like men " — books which every person who 
iispires to the rank of teacher or scholar 
should regard as his inheritance from the 
master-minds of the ages. If you know 
these books, or some of them, you know 
much of that which is best in the great 
world of letters. You cannot afford to live 
in ignorance of them. 

Plato's Dialogues (Jorvett's transla- 

The Orations of Demosthenes on the 

Bacon's Essays. 

Burke's Orations and Political Essays. 

Macrtulay's Essays. 

Carlyle's Essays. 

Webster's Select Speeches. 

Emerson's Essays. 

' ' The Essays of Elia, " by Charles Lamb, 

"Ivanhoe," by Sir Walter Scott. 

" David Copperfield," by Charles Dick- 

eternal court is open to you, with its so- 
ciety wide as the world, multitudiuous as 
its days; the chosen, the mighty of every 
place and time ? Into that you may enter 
always; in that you may take fellowship 
and rank according to your wish; from 
that, once entered into it, you can, never 
be outcast but by your own fault ; by your 
aristocracy of companionship there your 
inherect aristocracy will be iwsurcdly 
tested, and the motives with which you 
strive to take high place in the society of 
the living measured, as to all the truth 
and sincerity that are in them, by the 
place you desire to take iu this company 
of the dead." John Ituskin — " Srmme 
and LilUeH:' 

CurioHlllca In Vlsure*. 

The digit 9 is the wonder figure. Mul- 
tiply it by any figure, large or small, and 
the figures of the product will "add up" 
one or more separate 9s. Try it. 

The nine digits arranged as a number, 
thus: 123,450,780, nnd multiplied hv 9, 
equals 1.111,111,101. Nn« it uill n„.niy 
be seen that mviltiplviiiL' i>- i ■• ■•'. ;i; t^'i, 
54, &c, (all multiple^., i ■ ■ , u,ul 
tiplying the numer 1,1 M i i ' '■'•. 

4, 5, &C., the product- l" ini;, .l • .in-r, 

2s, 3s, 4s, 5s, &c. 

Now reverse the order of digits, thus: 
987,654,331. This, multiplied by 9, \» 


8.K8S,8SR.S8n. mulli]ili' I I ■. I" 
777.778, miiUipliwl I'' 
01)7. mullipliod by ■'•''■ 
iiiiiltipliitl bv 4.> is 41 1 n, I 1 1 1 
,,li,(l bv r.4 is r,».:m.--m..i:A. 
lij li:i ji 112,222,828,223. mullii' 
is 71,111,111,112, multiplied !■■ 




market a ruhber mat 

|ie-wiit«rnn<l reduce tbe noise of the 
to II minlntum ^Ve Ixi^f^ ^^" uetng 
I- mut6 in The Joohnai. olHco for some 
shall continue to do so. 

/fujtim-sjt Vollffie propritrtora who ivish (o em 
jilou tfnehrrn to h«yin in the fall, nnd UacHrr 
who iri'.s/i employment, would do well to mak 
fhrir eimnyrments now, while there is < 
wilier fielil on both sidea to choose frovt 
Three ilolhirs pays for on ailvertisemenf w 
fliis f.iiid \nnl ej-eeedinq three-quarters of «i 
iij(7i) iinil riitilleM the advert iter I o rei7ia(r<i 
timi ill '•">■ Teiiehers' Employment Bvrem 
witliiiul i-i-frii ehorge. We have procurei 

^ this won. 


rood Toachera of Pon- 
ilii)ii>i in our ecboolfi. 
i.ii-li 'ilhiT branches 

',, ^111 uliiillt AugTistlst, 
■|M ;ilioii8. AiUly 



rof Penmanship antl Comni 

8 packed 111 a mHj-ihl 

Short Talks About Portraits. 



ibth St 




::,':''; '"1 

2 llroHdway, N«w York C 

TEACHERS, jou can imike yoi 

tnkinij: ordfi-s for u 
PUPILS, impiovp 


Are the Best, 


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Point, and Workmanship. 

Bamplee for trial of 1 2 different ^ty'''3^inaD,ga 

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A Dictionary of Fiction 

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era. bnok-keeitlntJ: studeuta, und all wi; 
pen for vapiil, uimhmled tvrlllna 

PltlCKS.— SftmpUs. lOr., Qmirter «ros» 


Pe.rnin Univprsnl Phonography, 

Theonly Ni<il--|' "•'■ <' ■ 

live Vowel t^lini i 1 1 . !■ I ...m;; .~i\ Ir 

five easy less...!- i i ■■ ' Hm-lim 

Style the nm-i i. lili.' .umI i.ii.t,-i m ii- 
Twelve Weeks c..nii.i.-u* ii i-..uisl> b> mnil ni 
Institute. Trial k^^mi and uiniihu-s free. ^^ n 


The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

Atxnirate and Reliable. Suui 
Circular. Machines rented c 
St. LoulB, Mo. 

with hinder. 



Try the world over, as we liave (lone, 
■ind you will take no other. 

One gross, $1.00. One-qnarter gross, 35c. 


E. & H. T. ANTHONY & CO., 

mUMirophlc Appar 


Descdptlon of Ihoie Made by 

No. 1 18 a compromrHe belweeu Old English and 

No' 2°mayVe called tiie" Solid head." 
No. Sresjcniblcs No. 1, only the i>en Is reversed 
and thb shade comes on tho left, having a very 

B bused on the " German Teit," and adapt- 

a. beautiful Sori^t, and especially adapted 


a adapted lo rapia ana piain wont. 
No. 7 Is similar to No. 2, but e-peolally for 

ed to small a 


o small pens ; very wBcful. 

I by Mall n specialty. 


Tabor, Iowa. 

1st. Writtcu Compendium of Poiinian- 
^liip, embracing nil the (,>9«t.-nMal 
olomontfl of a full couise in Plain 

Writing »1.0 

2d. Uoui-sc of 10 lessons, by mail 4.0 

Sd. System of copios for home practice... .S 
Itb. Large sheet Ullud with combination 

signnturcs i 

.'ith. Coinbi nation cupittils, " Pparltling 

titli. Sot of businofis c«i>it«l8 2 

7th. Your name on ao plain cards 2 

Hlh, Your name ou 20 bevel cards 2 

!Hh. Yournamc on 20 gilt edge cards 2 

HHh. Your name on 20 gUt bevel (heavy). . . .2 
II' you want a genuine bargain send $5.50 am 

I will send all tho nhove in my very bpst style. 




I^aper ATVarehouise, 

Nos. 1 5 & 1 7 Beekman St., 

X-lix NEW YORK. 

iNTnirscT :>i \T>K tasv. 



mid the only set reconnnenrtod 

Counting-House Bookkeeping." 

SMAM. Skt. lahok Book. 

rOMV.SSION SBT llooK Kon Genbrai, Usk, 

l)A^KI^o Skt. Business Forms. 

Dry Ooodb sbt. Practice Book. 
Second Bdsiness :?eribs. 

Favorable arrangements made with Biisinoss 
ftilleges and Public and Private Schools for 
introduction and use. Deecriotive List now 
ready. Correspondence Invited. 

The best Pen in the U. S., and b«t penman use them. 


r.i.tiM.-.l<.i thi' I "-St sti'fl. nod earefully selected, 

I In , 11, L.Li I :. iiLii l\ ^nl^ioifd for Public and 

I , , ,,. -, ....■ ,,,,.1 iiM..i.!.,Ti.(T'8 use Putui) 

I , ; I! , K. !'■ (IS. Sent, postpaid, 


o..2t 119 4 121 William Street. N. Y. 





Are unefinaled for suiootli, tougli leads. 

If vnur stationer does not keep them mention 
I'cnituin's .lournal and send 10 cents in stamps 
to the .losi'ph l>i.\ou Crucible Co., of .Tei-sey 
Citv N. J., for samples worth double the money. 





Expressly adapted for prof 




All of Standard and Superior Quality. 





Bookkeeping by a Bookkeeper ! 


Single and Doable Entry Bookkeeping. 

aucboi- At ae 

,, 6-1 

Capital City Cominercial College, 


is one of the Iciiling schools of Amer- 
ica for the preparation of young men 
and women for business life. A spe- 
cial school of Shorthand in connection. 
Send for catalogue. 

J. M. MEHAN, Proprietor. 











Kansas City, Kan., or Missouri. 

(It. IJ. TRursi.oT & Co., proprietors.) 

We supply our members with Books, 
Music and Music Books, Watches, Jewelry, 
Periodicals, Printiug, Binding and Art 
Goods ftt actual wholesale prices. 

Saxic money hy jo'min>j the Exchangi:. 

Particulai-s for stamp. Agents wauteil. 

Address r-h 


Kansas City, Kan., or Kansas City. Mo. 




tiorthern Illinois College of Pen Art. 


Thorough instruction in i > ■ l'''i 

luaufihip and Pen Art. i<\' ■ '' ■•ni-i' 

lllmlrated circulars and tti;,'iiiMii ^ij. . iint-u-. 

C. N. CRANDLE, Penman. 

COLLEGE, No-waxit, N. J. 

Younir Hen, Boya. Middle-tiitod Men 

mjr UxtVws Inr ii suif.'-^-fiil start in busi- 
L-. Till"' I 1I-I-' iii.l -I ii.ijmjur School 

Willi li ■■ . ■ ■:. iii'nf business 

,i(iTi-^, 1 1.1- ,: . .li i. -. Xo Vacations, 



449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 


Business Education 


By means ut direct Personal Correspondence. 

The First School of Its kind in America. 

nturly oil I 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 






Dlatance uo objection. Low rates and satiB- 

fttction ffuaranUtd. Send two letter stamps for 

82-pBge Anuouuoement and TeatlmonlalB. 


Penman and Df.signf.r. 

S40 BK.OA.D-WA.-y 

nllege Journal 
*. President. 


leOO and 1S02 rhvKt 







writing it, 
stamp, an 
hand, prlc 
tended M 
Cards, Flourlahing, 

A. E. PA , 

P. S.— No postal cards need apply. 

In full, and 2 

send sow addressed In my o^ 
icriptlve of Lessons by Mall, E_ 
• ■ Exerolaes. Capitals, 


Junction, Iowa. 



FlouiistitDK have received the highest comiiienda- 

2 A E. DEWHURST, Ulica, N. Y. 





Commercial Publications. 

Tlir iii,,'.i pr,i„,h,r ,iii,l xiirrr^sfii 1 . iind Ihr miUj comiiMe Series of OoimnerciiU Te.vt Hmks pn.hlishcd. These lioohs are now used hij near- 
hj nil, of III/: best Hiishuss Colle^i-.i and Commercial Sclmols in, the United States and Canadian I'rovithces, and are everywhere aece/ded us 
I he standard- works for commercial study. 

Bool-Cl-Ceepin^. — Published in four editions, as follows: Complete Bookkeeping; cloth, 225 pages, 

Sjxis inches. I'rici-s : Kelail, $.'.50 ; Wliok-salc, $1 35 ; Introduction, $1,00. Bookkeeping; cloth, 175 pages S*xi2 inches. Prices : Retail, 4:2.00 ; Whole- 
.•.ale, $1.10 ; Introduction, 75c. Introductive Bookkeeping ; 115 pages SJx 12 inches. Prices : Retail, $1.25 ;" Wholesale, 75c. ; Introduction, 60c. (The 
■'Hookkeeping" and "Introductive Bookkeeping "editions are abridgements of the "Complete Bookkeeping.") First Lessona in Bookkeeping; cloth. 
100 ])ages Six loi inches. Prices: Retail, 75c.; Wholesale, 50c. ; Introduction, 37JC. This is a new work now in preparation, and will come from the press about 
.August 1st, 1889. It is designed more especially for young pupils in common and district schools. The principal part of the book is devoted to single entry, 
but it contains several sets illustrating the principles of double entry. Each of the editions contains a large number of elegant script illustrations. 

Commercial ArittimetrC— Cloth, 275 pages (>%x\o inches. Prices : Retail, $2.00; Wholesale, 
$1.00; Inlrudiicnon, 75c. 

Commercial Law.— Cloth, 310 pages e^.xio in. Prices: Retail, $2; Wholesale, $i ; Introduction, 75c. 

Civil Goveriime lit. —Cloth, 200 pages ej^xio inches. Prices : Retail, $1.50 ; Wholesale, 80c. ; Iiitro- 
ilnction, 60c. This book has been prepared to meet the needs of class work in all schools — public or private — in which the study is pursued. Notwithstanding 
the many excellent books on this subject, most, if not all of them, lack many of the essential features of a good class text book. It is hoped and believed that 
this book will meet the refiuiremenls, in this respect at least. It will come from the press about August 1st, 1SS9. 

Practical Grammar and Corresponclence.— cioth, loo pages 63^x10 inches. 

Prices: Retail. 75r.; Whoitsale. 50c. : Introduction. 37JC. 

Seventy Lessons in Spelling.— Cloth. 130 pages 4x6 inches. Prices: Retail. 30c.; Whole- 
sale. 20c. ; Introduction, 15c. 

Sample ropie-s of any of the foregoing publications (Civil Government and First Lessons in Bookkeeping after August Ist.), will be mailed postpaid to teachers or school offieen^ 
;i( the special introduction price. Specimen pages of the books, together with our catalogue containinir testimonials and full particulars regarding them and also regarding our 
Tlirre Vfeekg' Btisinrgg Practicr, ComplHe School RtgisUr, ColUge Oarrfnnj, Oommerdal StudrrU's Pen, and other school supplies, will be mailed free to any teacher on application. 

Addrcs.1 WIljJ:,IA.IVtS & ROGERS. Rcjchester, N > 

Barnes' National System of Penmanship. 


One Quart Fine Ink. 

One Bronze Inkstand and two Flint-Glass Stands. 


In (iider lo convince our patrons that we manufacture the finest line 
of Inks m this or any otlier country, we herewith offer to send ihe above 
ilhistratctl COMBINATION OUTFIT. The cuts show for them- 
selves the elegant character of the articles. 

We propose to send these outfits, carefully packed, in ;iiiy part of the 
Ihjited States on the receipt of one dollar ($1.00). (The same articles, if pur- 
chased separately, would cost at least two dollars and fifty cents ($2.50). We 
guarantee the goods to be first-class in every respect, or we will refund the money. 

Remit by check, money-order, registered letter or postal note, at our risk. 

In ordering, please specify whether you prefer Jet Black Ink, Writing 
!■ luid. Combined Ink, or Copying Ink. Sample bottle of any one of these Inks 

HV^'rEin im THE BENT. 

—The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty 

books in order to learn the System. Only Bi.\ books. 

-The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loops. 

ovals, lie. Ilie (irst complete system to present abbreviated forms of capitals. 

-The lateral spacing is uniform, each word tilling a given space and no 
crowding or stretching t<i secure such results. 

— Beautifully printed by Lithography ! No Cheap Relief Plate Printing ! 

—Words used are all familiar to the pupil. Contrast them with such 

words as "zeugma, urquesne. xylus, tenally, mimetic, and xuthus." 

—Each book contains four pages of practice paper— one sixth 

more paper than in the I)in>k> •<( any other series— and the paper is the best ever 
used for copy books. 

— Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel ;iii.i prinud on 

linled paper, rendering them very attractive to the pupil. 

— Very low rates for introduction. They are the cheapest books in 


Scores of books are now being made to imitate 

the Barnes' but they are merely 

" connecting links." 

An Elegant Spec 

Book containing all the Copies of the Serle 
nt GRATIS to any Teacher. 


A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers.